Ch. 2 Terms Patient Prep
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Weight loss, loss of muscle mass and general debilitation that accompany chronic disease.
Mechanical Dead Space
No gas exchange occuring in the Y piece of the breathing circuit.
Elevated CO2 levels in the bloodstream.
Minimum Patient Database
- Patient History
- Physical exam findings
- Results of pre-anesthetic labwork
Large bruises caused by leakage of blood into tissues.
Purple discoloration of the skin. Larger than petechaie.
Unresponsive to all stimuli, including pain.
- Reproductive Status
Cannot be fully aroused
Audible intestinal sounds caused by gas moving through the intestinal tract.
Can only be aroused with painful stimuli
Large molecular-weight plasma proteins that provide oncotic pressure.
Noisy breathing caused by turbulent air flow in the upper airways
A rhythm in which the heart rate cyclically increases during inspiration and decreases during expiration.
First Degree Heart Block
Prolonged PR interval. Not noticeable in heart sounds
Second Degree Heart Block
Missing QRS complex representing skipped beats. Audible in heart sounds.
Difficult or labored breathing.
The stomach swells and spins on its axis.
Patient is not expected to survive without the operation.
- Constant Rate Infusion
- Delivers slow, continuous amount of drug to achieve desired effects.
Anesthetic agents that can damage tissues if administered perivascularly
Decrease in the force of heart muscle contraction
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