Weather: Chapter 2, Section 3 Winds

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Author:
lcayward
ID:
231044
Filename:
Weather: Chapter 2, Section 3 Winds
Updated:
2013-08-23 11:28:52
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Weather Chapter Section Winds
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vocab
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  1. WIND
    The horizontal movement of air from an area of high pressure to an area of low pressure
  2. WHAT ARE WINDS CUASED BY?
    Differences in air pressure
  3. ANEMOMETER
    An instrument that measures wind speed
  4. WIND-CHILL FACTOR
    The increased cooling that wind can cause
  5. LOCAL WINDS
    Winds that blow over short distances
  6. WHAT ARE LOCAL WINDS CUASED BY?
    Unequal heating of the Earth's surface within a small area
  7. SEA BREEZE
    Wind that blows from an ocean or lake onto land/sometimes called a lake breeze
  8. LAND BREEZE
    The flow of air from land to a body of water
  9. GLOBAL WINDS
    Winds that blow steadily from specific directions over long distances/also created by unequal heating of Earth's surface
  10. CORIOLIS EFFECT
    The way Earth's rotation makes winds curve
  11. WHAT ARE 3 MAJOR GLOBAL WIND BELTS?
    • 1. Trading winds
    • 2. Prevailing Westerlies
    • 3. Polar Easterlies
  12. DOLDRUMS
    Regions near the equator with little or no wind
  13. LATITUDE
    Is the distance from the equator measured in degrees
  14. HORSE LATITUDES
    30 Degrees north and south of the equator where air stops moving towards poles and sinks
  15. TRADE WINDS
    Steady easterly winds
  16. PREVAILING WINDS
    These winds play an important role in the US weather
  17. POLAR EASTERLIES
    When cold air near the poles sinks and flows back towards lower latitude
  18. JET STREAM
    Bands of high speed winds about ten km above Earth's surface

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