Chapter 1 - Orientation and History
Card Set Information
Chapter 1 - Orientation and History
IFSTA Chapter 1
Define Unity of Command.
an organizational principle in which you report to only one supervisor
Define span of control.
organization principle meaning one person can effectively manage only a certain number of people - usually 3-7, 5 is optimal
Define division of labor
organization principle in which large jobs are broken up into smaller jobs to make them more manageable
it is necessary in order to
: assign responsibility, prevent duplication of effort, make specific and clear cut assignments
What is the main purpose of discipline?
What is the mission of the fire service?
to save lives and protect property
What are the main ways fire departments prevent fires?
What are the main responsibilities of an engine company?
deploy hoselines for fire attack
What are the main responsibilities of a truck company?
perform forcible entry
search and rescue
provide access to upper lvl
What are the main responsibilities of a rescue squad/company?
search and remove victims from areas of danger or entrapment
may perform technical rescue
What are the main responsibilities of a brush company?
extinguishes wildland fires
protects structures in wildland/urban interface
What is are a chiefs main responsibilities?
all operations within the fire department
obtaining funds needed to carry out it's mission
What are the roles of the information systems personnel?
manages the collection entry, storage, retrieval and dissemination of electronic databases such as fire reporting
What is a policy?
a guide to decision-making within an organization
What is a procedure?
a written communication closely related to a policy
it is a narrowed down, specific plan of action
What does NIMS stand for?
National Incident Management System
What is the purpose of NIMS?
to standardize organization structures, processes, procedures, planning, training, personnel qualification standards
What are the main components of ICS?
unified command structure
consolidated action plans
manageable span of control
predesignated incident facilities (rehab, ICP)
comprehensive resource management (planning/logistics)
Who are the three people under the incident commander and what are their repsonsobilities?
: monitors incident and advises IC on safety/health concerns, can stop ops at any time to prevent unsafe acts/conditions
: point of contact for other gov't and non-gov't agiencies and other private sector organizations invloved
Public information officer
: interacts with public and media with info on incident
What are the responsiblities of Operations Section Chief?
reports directly to IC
responsible for all activities focused on reducing the immediate hazard, saving lives, saving property, establishing situational control and restoring of normal ops
in large scale, ops in responsible for staging
depending on size of incident, may be divided up into as many as ten braches
What are the responsibilities of the planning section chief?
collection, documentation, evaluation and dissemination of incident info and intel to the IC
tracks status of all resources
depending on size of incident, may expand to include more units, such as payroll/food, resources, demob, any technical specialist unit
What are the responsibilities of the logistics section chief?
all support requirements
includes two branches
: support and service
: medical, communications, food
: supplies, facilities, ground support
What are the responsibilities of the finance/admin section chief?
established when other agencies involved require finance and other admin support
generally activated on large-scale, long-term incidents
What does assigned mean?
a resource that is currently committed to an assignment
What does available mean?
a resource that is in staging, awaiting to be assigned
What is a branch?
assigned by location, it is an organizational lvl between divisions/groups and the IC
: fire branch, EMS branch, Law enforcement branch, Hazmat branch
the function of directing, ordering, and controlling resources by virtue of authority
Define command post.
location from which all incident operations are directed
there is only one per incident
all agency reps are located here
planning is performed here
Define a division.
geographic designation that carries out responsibilities within a defined area
they are assigned clockwise around a wildland fire or exterior of building and identified alphabetically
division A is at the heel of wildland fire or at the front of a building
inside buildings, they are designated by floor or area
all report to division supervisor
Define a group
functional designation (forcible entry, salvage, ventilation)
always assigned by task and when the task is complete, group is available for reassignment
What is an incident action plan (IAP)?
written or unwritten plan for managing the emergency
should be formulated for every incident
written only for large-scale ops
What is the role of the IC?
overall in charge of the incident
determines incident strategy, formulating or approving IAP, and coordinating and directing all resources
What does out of service mean?
resources that are unavailable for assignment
What is a resource?
all personnel and major pieces of apparatus on scene or en route
may be individual companies, task forces, strike teams, or other specialized units
What is a strike team?
set number of resources of the same kind and type
What is a task force?
any combo of resources assembled in support of a specific mission
Which NFPA professional qualifications must a FF1 and FF2 meet?