Chapter 1 - Orientation and History

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jessjohnson0617
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231069
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Chapter 1 - Orientation and History
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2013-08-23 16:36:35
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FF1
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IFSTA Chapter 1
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  1. Define Unity of Command.
    an organizational principle in which you report to only one supervisor
  2. Define span of control.
    organization principle meaning one person can effectively manage only a certain number of people - usually 3-7, 5 is optimal
  3. Define division of labor
    • organization principle in which large jobs are broken up into smaller jobs to make them more manageable
    • it is necessary in order to: assign responsibility, prevent duplication of effort, make specific and clear cut assignments
  4. What is the main purpose of discipline?
    to educate
  5. What is the mission of the fire service?
    to save lives and protect property
  6. What are the main ways fire departments prevent fires?
    • code enforcement
    • public education
  7. What are the main responsibilities of an engine company?
    • deploy hoselines for fire attack
    • protect exposure
  8. What are the main responsibilities of a truck company?
    • perform forcible entry
    • search and rescue
    • ventiliation
    • salvage/overhaul
    • utilities control
    • provide access to upper lvl
  9. What are the main responsibilities of a rescue squad/company?
    • search and remove victims from areas of danger or entrapment
    • may perform technical rescue
  10. What are the main responsibilities of a brush company?
    • extinguishes wildland fires
    • protects structures in wildland/urban interface
  11. What is are a chiefs main responsibilities?
    • all operations within the fire department
    • obtaining funds needed to carry out it's mission
  12. What are the roles of the information systems personnel?
    manages the collection entry, storage, retrieval and dissemination of electronic databases such as fire reporting
  13. What is a policy?
    a guide to decision-making within an organization
  14. What is a procedure?
    • a written communication closely related to a policy
    • it is a narrowed down, specific plan of action
  15. What does NIMS stand for?
    National Incident Management System
  16. What is the purpose of NIMS?
    to standardize organization structures, processes, procedures, planning, training, personnel qualification standards
  17. What are the main components of ICS?
    • common terminology
    • modular organization
    • integrated communications
    • unified command structure
    • consolidated action plans
    • manageable span of control
    • predesignated incident facilities (rehab, ICP)
    • comprehensive resource management (planning/logistics)
  18. Who are the three people under the incident commander and what are their repsonsobilities?
    • Safety officer: monitors incident and advises IC on safety/health concerns, can stop ops at any time to prevent unsafe acts/conditions
    • liaison officer: point of contact for other gov't and non-gov't  agiencies and other private sector organizations invloved
    • Public information officer: interacts with public and media with info on incident
  19. What are the responsiblities of Operations Section Chief?
    • reports directly to IC
    • responsible for all activities focused on reducing the immediate hazard, saving lives, saving property,  establishing situational control and restoring of normal ops
    • in large scale, ops in responsible for staging
    • depending on size of incident, may be divided up into as many as ten braches
  20. What are the responsibilities of the planning section chief?
    • collection, documentation, evaluation and dissemination of incident info and intel to the IC
    • tracks status of all resources
    • depending on size of incident, may expand to include more units, such as payroll/food, resources, demob, any technical specialist unit
  21. What are the responsibilities of the logistics section chief?
    • all support requirements
    • includes two branches: support and service
    • service: medical, communications, food
    • support: supplies, facilities, ground support
  22. What are the responsibilities of the finance/admin section chief?
    • established when other agencies involved require finance and other admin support
    • generally activated on large-scale, long-term incidents
  23. What does assigned mean?
    a resource that is currently committed to an assignment
  24. What does available mean?
    a resource that is in staging, awaiting to be assigned
  25. What is a branch?
    • assigned by location, it is an organizational lvl between divisions/groups and the IC
    • ex: fire branch, EMS branch, Law enforcement branch, Hazmat branch
  26. Define Command
    the function of directing, ordering, and controlling resources by virtue of authority
  27. Define command post.
    • location from which all incident operations are directed
    • there is only one per incident
    • all agency reps are located here
    • planning is performed here
  28. Define a division.
    • geographic designation that carries out responsibilities within a defined area
    • they are assigned clockwise around a wildland fire or exterior of building and identified alphabetically
    • division A is at the heel of wildland fire or at the front of a building
    • inside buildings, they are designated by floor or area
    • all report to division supervisor
  29. Define a group
    • functional designation (forcible entry, salvage, ventilation)
    • always assigned by task and when the task is complete, group is available for reassignment
  30. What is an incident action plan (IAP)?
    • written or unwritten plan for managing the emergency
    • should be formulated for every incident
    • written only for large-scale ops
  31. What is the role of the IC?
    • overall in charge of the incident
    • determines incident strategy, formulating or approving IAP, and coordinating and directing all resources
  32. What does out of service mean?
    resources that are unavailable for assignment
  33. What is a resource?
    • all personnel and major pieces of apparatus on scene or en route
    • may be individual companies, task forces, strike teams, or other specialized units
  34. What is a strike team?
    set number of resources of the same kind and type
  35. What is a task force?
    any combo of resources assembled in support of a specific mission
  36. Which NFPA professional qualifications must a FF1 and FF2 meet?
    NFPA 1001

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