Animal Sciences Lesson 1
Card Set Information
Animal Sciences Lesson 1
Who is the Father of Medicine?
“Let thy food be thy medicine and thy medicine be thy food”
What was an old treatment of eye disease?
What is liver juice rich in?
Who treated eye disease with liver juice?
Who Compared the process of metabolism in the body to the burning of a candle?
Scientist and Artist Leonardo da Vinci
What was Dr. James Lind?
A Physician in the British Navy
Who performed the first scientific experiment in nutrition?
Dr. James Lind
What did Dr. James Lind experiment on?
What is scurvy due to?
A lack of Vitamin C
Who was the father of Nutrition and Chemistry?
Antoine Lavoisier, and french chemist
Antoine Lavoisier gave what element its name?
What two things did Antoine Lavoisier discover?
the process by which food is metabolized and that combustion is oxidation
What did Lavoisier say resulted in heat and water?
Food and oxygen
The combination of food and oxygen resulting in heat and water is the reverse of what?
When is the first time we see the function of a vitamin?
When Hippocrates used liver juice on eyes
What 4 elements is food composed of?
Carbon, Nitrogen, Hydrogen and Oxygen
Where is nitrogen typically found?
What is a Tryglyceride?
3 fatty acids on a glyceride backbone
Who was the first to point out the chemical make up of carbs, fats, and proteins?
Justus Liebig of Germany
What are carbs made of?
Fats are made of what?
Proteins were made of what?
Who fed chickens a diet of white rice, and what did those chickens develop symptoms of?
Christiaan Eijkman, Beriberi
What does outer rice bran contain?
What is Vitamin B1 also known as?
Who discovered the first fat soluble vitamin, and what is it?
EV McCollun, Vitamin A
Who was the first to coin the term "Vitamin"
Dr. Casimir Funk, a Polish biochemist
What 2 words is the word Vitamin from?
Vital and Amine
Who discovered the essential amino acids- the building blocks of protein?
What are two water soluble vitamins?
B and C
Who created the term orthomolecular nutrition?
Who Proposed that "by giving the body the right molecules in the right concentrations,
nutrients could be used by people to achieve better health and prolong life"
What Act set forth what can and cannot be said about nutritional supplements without prior FDA review
Dietary and supplement health and Education Act
What is the only mineral that is regulated by the FDA
Substances essential for live must be supplied by
Nutrients include: (6 things)
Protein, Carbs, Fat, Vitamins, Minerals, and Water
Why must essential nutrients be in the diet?
because the cells of the animal cannot synthesize the nutrient at all or not at a rate to meet cellular demands
Why are both essential and non-essential nutrients required by all animal cells?
For maximum cell metabolism
What is fiber?
The indigestible portion of foods which has many important functions for maintaining health such as lowering cholesterol
Digestion is the _____, _____, and ____ Breakdown of foods in the digestive tract prior to absorption
Physica, Chemical, and Enzymatic
Definition: The movement of substances (nutrients) from the digestive tract into the blood or lymph
What can help lower cholesterol?
Metabolism is both
Anabolism and Catabolism
Building up of body tissue and chemical components
The tearing down of body tissue and chemical components
What is a protein in the body that can accelerate chemical reactions?
This is a chemical compound produced in one part of an organ to regulate the activity of another organ or group of cells in a body
organs or groups of cells in a body
Enzymes are secreted in a ________ manner
Hormones are secreted in a ______ manner
What organ plays a role in both endocrine and exocrine secretions?
What organisms and substances contribute the intestinal health?
Probiotics literally mean what?
All plants, animals, and microbes share these similar 3 processes:
Glycolysis, Kreb's cycle, and Electron Transport
2 major groupings of organisms:
Autotrophs and Heterotrophs
Autotrophs require _______ _______ molecules
Heterotrophs require _______ ________ ______ molecules
"preformed" complex organic
Where does Autotroph and Heterotroph energy come from?
Photosynthesis and Combustion (Oxidation)