AP US Government Ch. 2

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MrsStreet
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231207
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AP US Government Ch. 2
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2013-08-24 20:44:41
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Ch. 2 Vocabulary
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  1. Anti-Federalists
    Opposed the new Constitution, feared the new constitution would erode fundamental liberties, and argued that the new Constitution was a class-based document serving the economic elite.
  2. Articles of Confederation
    document which outlines the voluntary agreement between states and was adopted as the first plan for a permanent union of the United Stated.
  3. Bill of Rights
    The first ten amendments to the Constitution passed after ratification specifically protecting individual liberties to fulfill promises made by the Federalists to the Anti-Federalists in return for their support
  4. Checks and Balances
    Each branch required the consent of the others for many of its decisions
  5. Connecticut Compromise
    The plan adopted at the Constitutional Convention to provide for two chambers in Congress, one representing states equally and the other representing states on the basis of their share of the population
  6. Consent of the governed
    people must agree on who their rulers will be
  7. Constitution
    A nation's basic law creating institutions, dividing power, and providing guarantees to citizens
  8. Declaration of Independence
    The document used by the signers to announce and justify the revolutionary war and which was specifically designed to enlist the aid of foreign nations in the revolt
  9. Equal Rights Amendment
    Was first proposed in 1923, passed by Congress in 1972, but was not ratified by three-fourths of the states; this amendment mandated equality of rights under the law regardless of gender
  10. Factions
    Groups of people, currently known as political parties or interest groups, who arise as a result of unequal distribution of wealth to seize the reins of government in their own interest
  11. Federalist Papers
    Articles written to convince others to support the new constitution
  12. Federalists
    argued for ratification of the Constitution by writing the Federalist Papers; included Madison, Hamilton, and Jay.
  13. Judicial Review
    the courts have the power to decide whether the actions of the legislative and executive branches of state and national governments are in accordance with the Constitution.
  14. Limited Government
    clear restrictions on what rulers and could do and which safeguard natural rights
  15. Marbury vs Madison
    Judicial review was established in this 1803 Supreme Court decision.
  16. Natural Rights
    These are rights to which people are entitled by natural law, including life, liberty, and property.
  17. New Jersey Plan
    a plan by some of the delegates  to the Constitutional Convention to provide each state with equal representation in Congress
  18. Republic
    a system based on the consent of  the governed where power is exercised by representatives of the public
  19. Separation of Powers
    each branch of government would be independent of the other
  20. Shay's Rebellion
    a series of armed attacks on courthouses to prevent judges from foreclosing on farms
  21. US Constitution
    the document where the foundations of US government are written, providing for national institutions to each have separate but not absolute powers
  22. Virginia Plan
    a plan by some of the delegates to the Constitutional Convention to provide each state with a share of Congressional seats based on its share of the population
  23. Writ of Habeas Corpus
    This enables people who are detained by authorities to secure an immediate inquiry and reasons why they have been detained

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