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points to a specific person, place, or idea.
"That is the best idea I've ever heard."
refers to a person, place or thing or idea that may not be specifically named;
"Nobody noticed the sign by the side street."
introduces a question.
"What are your plans for this summer vacation?"
refers to the subject and is NOT necessary to the basic meaning of the sentence.
"Mr. Hogan, himself, supplied the decorations."
refers to the one speaking, the one spoken to, or the spoken about.
"I can give you the telephone number she left."
emphasize its antecedent and is NECESSARY to the basic meaning of the sentence.
"Mavis reminded herself to speak slowly and clearly."
introduces a subordinate clause.
"Mr. Chang, who coaches volleyball, is admired by his players."