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Lines that circle the earth parallel to the Equator and measure the distance north or south of the equator in degrees.
Lines of Latitude
Parallels north of the Equator
Parallels south of the Equator
Another name for lines of Latitude
Another name for Lines of Longitude
Lines that circle the earth from Pole to Pole. They measure distances east or west of the starting line.
Lines of Longitude
The starting line that lies at 0 degrees longitude on the earth, and runs through the Royal Observatory in Greenwich England.
Places east of the Prime Meridian
Places West of the Prime Meridian
For precise readings, each degree of latitude and longitude are subdivided into 60 units called_____________.
a specific place on earth
The exact spot at which the place is found on a globe.
Halves of the earth
The pattern formed when lines of latitude and longitude cross.
Locating a place in relation to other places
a particular space with physical and human meaning
areas united by specific factors
What three types of regions to geographers identify?
a region defined by a product produced there.
A central place and the surrounding area linked to it, for example by a highway system.
a region defined by popular feelings and images rather than by objective data.
a community of plants and animals that depend upon one another, and their surroundings.
A recurring theme in geography
movement of people, goods and ideas.
The study of the interrelationship between people and their physical environment.
name six elements in the study of geography
- Places and Regions
- Physical Systems
- Human Systems
- Environment and Society
- The Uses of Geography
Focuses on the study of the earth's physical features.
also called cultural geography, focuseson the study of human activities and their relationship to the culture and physical environments.
the study of weather, weather forecasting, and historical geography.
the study of places and human activities over time, and the various geographic factors that have shaped them.
studying and making maps
What research methods to geographers use in their work?
- direct observation
computer tools that process and organize data and satellite images with other pieces of information gathered by geographers and scientists.
Geographic Information System (GIS)