CNA Final

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  1. Dementia
    a serious, progressive loss of mental abilities such as thinking, remembering, reasoning and communicating
  2. Alzhiemers Disease
    A progressive, degenerative, and irreversible disease that is a form of dementia; there is no cure.
  3. Pathogen
    microorganisms that are capable of causing infection and disease.
  4. Paraplegia
    a loss of function of lower body and legs.
  5. Duodenum
    the first part of the small intestine. where the common bile duct enters the small intestine.
  6. Alveoli
    tiny, grape-like sacs in the lungs where the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide occurs.
  7. Radial pulse
    the pulse on the inside of the wrist, where the radial artery runs just beneath the skin.
  8. Apical pulse
    the pulse on the left side of the chest, just below the nipple.
  9. Cyanosis
    blue or pale skin and/or mucous membranes due to decreased oxygen in the blood.
  10. 6 principles of care
    • Dignity
    • Infection control
    • Communication
    • Privacy
    • Independence
    • Safety
  11. Pale
  12. Jaundice
  13. Heimlich maneuver ( abdominal thrusts)
    • 1. stand behind patient and put your arms around their waist.
    • 2. make a fist with one hand and put the thumb-side between the pt. naval and the bottom of their rib cage.
    • 3. place your other hand over your fist.
    • 4. give a hard, upward thrust against the pt. abdomen
  14. Restorative care
    care used after rehabilitation to maintain a person's function and increase independence.
  15. Flexion
    bending a body part
  16. Abduction
    moving a body part away from the midline of the body
  17. Adduction
    moving a body part toward the midline of the body
  18. Eschar
  19. Trendelenburg
    for people who have special needs. for example may be used for a resident who has gone into shock and has poor blood flow.
  20. Fowler's
    position in which a person is in a semi-sitting position (45-60 degrees).
  21. Supine
    position in which a person is lying flat on his or her back.
  22. Body mechanics
    the way the parts of the body work together when a person moves.
  23. Body alignment
    good body alignment allows the body to function at its highest level. Also helps prevent complications of immobility, such as contractures and atrophy.
  24. Spinal cord
    the part of the nervous system inside the vertebral canal that conducts messages between the brain and the body and controls spinal reflexes.
  25. Negligence
    actions, or failure to act or give proper care, that results in injury to a person.
  26. Policy
    a course of action to be followed.
  27. Procedure
    a method, or way, of doing something.
  28. RACE
    • Rescue the resident
    • Activate the alarm
    • Confine/contain the fired
    • Escape/extinguish
  29. PASS
    • Pull the pin
    • Aim to the bottom of the fire
    • Squees the handle
    • Sweep side to side
  30. Obra
    Federal law that includes minimum standards for nursing assistant training, staffing requirements, resident assessment instructions, and information on rights for residents
  31. Title 22
    California code of regulations that all nursing facilities must use.
  32. Mandated reporter
    people who are required to report suspected or observed abuse or neglect due to their regular contact with vulnerable population, such as the elderly in long-term care facilities.
  33. Ombudsman
    person assigned by law as the legal advocate for residents.
  34. Hand washing
  35. Objective Charting
    is information based on what you see, hear, touch, or smell; it is collected using four of the five senses: sight, hearing, smell and touch. It is also called "signs"
  36. Subjective Charting
    is information collected from something that residents or their families reported to you, and it may or may not be accurate it is also called "symptoms"
  37. Diabetes Type 1
    Is a condition that is usually diagnosed in children and young adults. It was formerly known as juvenile diabetes. In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas does not produce any insulin.
  38. Diabetes type 2
    is the most common form of diabetes; it can occur at any age. It was formerly known as adult-onset diabetes. In type 2 diabetes, either the body does not produce enough insulin or the body fails to properly use insulin.
  39. HIPPA
    a federal law that sets standards for protecting the privacy of patients health information
  40. erythema
  41. S/S of dehydration
    • severe thirst
    • Dry mouth and mucous membranes
    • Cracked lips
    • Dry, warm, wrinkled, or clammy skin
    • Sunken eye
    • Headache
    • Irritability
    • Low blood preassure
  42. Edema
    swelling in body tissues caused by excess fluid.
  43. Impaired circulation
  44. Infection
    the state resulting from pathogens invading and growing within the human body.
  45. CVA
    a condition caused when the blood supply to the brain is cut off suddenly by a clot or a ruptured blood vessel; also called a stroke
  46. S/S of CHF
    • Fatigue
    • Reduction in the ability to exercise or be active
    • difficulty breathing, or dyspnea
    • SOB
    • increased pulse
    • chest pain
    • confusion
  47. CAD
  48. Blood preasure ranges
    • Systolic   100-119
    • Diastolic   60-79
  49. S/S of approaching death
    • Cyanotic, pale, or darkening skin or mucous membranes
    • Cold skin
    • Skin that looks bruised
    • Heavy perspiration
    • Fever
    • Extreme weakness and exhaustion
    • loss of muscle tone
    • Fallen jaw, causing the mouth to stay open
    • Decreased sense of touch
    • Loss of feeling, beginning in the legs and feet
    • lost of vision
    • Dry mouth
    • Decrease appetite and sense of thirst
  50. 5 stages of grief
    • Denial
    • Anger
    • Bargaining 
    • Depression
    • Acceptance
  51. 4 stages of pressure ulcers
    • 1. Reddened skin
    • 2. Blistering or breakdown of the top layer of the skin
    • 3. Breakdown of the lower tissue
    • 4. involvement of muscle, bone, nerves, and blood vessels.
  52. How to prevent pressure ulcers
    • identifying persons at risk and assessing the skin for signs of problems
    • Changing the sheets and persons position
    • Attempting to maintain nutrition
    • Providing bedding and seating surfaces which support from friction
    • Refraining from massages over bony prominence
  53. Beginning procedures
    • Knock the door
    • Introduce yourself
    • Ask permission to come in
  54. Ending procedures
    • Put the side rail up
    • Lower the bed to its lowest position
    • Leave call light witting reach
    • Wash your hands and thank the resident
  55. Urine observation 4
    • Cloudy urine
    • Dark or rust-colored urine
    • Strong, offensive, or fruity-smelling urine
    • Blood, pus, mucus, or discharge in urine
  56. Elopement
    is the term used for a resident leaving the facility without staff knowledge.
  57. S/S of hypoglycemia (insulin reaction)
    • Hunger
    • Weakness
    • Rapid pulse
    • Headache
    • Low blood pressure
    • Cold, clammy skin
    • Confusion Trembling
    • Blurred vision
    • Numbness of the lips and tongue
    • Unsonsciousness
  58. S/S of hyperglycemia (diabetic ketoacidosis)
    • Nausea and vomiting
    • Loss of appetite
    • Headache
    • Blurred vision
    • Rapid, weak pulse
    • Low blood pressure
    • Dry skin, dry mouth
    • Flushed cheeks
    • Drowsiness
    • confusion
    • Weakness
    • Unconsciousness
  59. C.N.A. responsibilities with the new admits
    • Height 
    • Weight
    • Inventory of resident personal items
    • Vital signs
  60. Endocrine system organs
    • Pituitary
    • Thyroid
    • Parathyroids
    • Thymus
    • Adrenals
    • Pancreas
    • Ovaries (in female)
    • Testes (in male)
  61. Nervous system organs
    • Brain 
    • Spinal cord
    • Nerves
  62. Cardiovascular system organs
    • Veins
    • Heart
    • Arteries
  63. C.N.A guidelines and renewal
    • completing 160 hours of training, including 60 hours of theory class and 100 hours of clinical skills training
    • passing state test
    • Renewing certification every two years
  64. Active ROM
    exercises to put a joint through its full arc of motion that are done by a resident alone, without help.
  65. Passive ROM
    exercises to put a joint through its full arc of motion that are done by staff without the residents help.
  66. Temperature ranges
    • Oral         98.6
    • Rectal      99.6
    • Axillary     97.6
    • Timpanic   98.6
  67. Musculoskeletal system organs
    • Muscles: 600 in the human body.
    • 1. skeletal muscles. voluntary muscles
    • 2. Smooth muscles. involuntary muscles
    • 3. Cardiac muscles. involuntary muscles

    • Bones: 206 in the human body.
    • 1. Long bones 
    • 2. Short bones
    • 3. Flat bones
    • 4. Irregular bones
Card Set:
CNA Final
2013-08-25 23:56:57

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