a serious, progressive loss of mental abilities such as thinking, remembering, reasoning and communicating
A progressive, degenerative, and irreversible disease that is a form of dementia; there is no cure.
microorganisms that are capable of causing infection and disease.
a loss of function of lower body and legs.
the first part of the small intestine. where the common bile duct enters the small intestine.
tiny, grape-like sacs in the lungs where the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide occurs.
the pulse on the inside of the wrist, where the radial artery runs just beneath the skin.
the pulse on the left side of the chest, just below the nipple.
blue or pale skin and/or mucous membranes due to decreased oxygen in the blood.
6 principles of care
Heimlich maneuver ( abdominal thrusts)
1. stand behind patient and put your arms around their waist.
2. make a fist with one hand and put the thumb-side between the pt. naval and the bottom of their rib cage.
3. place your other hand over your fist.
4. give a hard, upward thrust against the pt. abdomen
care used after rehabilitation to maintain a person's function and increase independence.
bending a body part
moving a body part away from the midline of the body
moving a body part toward the midline of the body
for people who have special needs. for example may be used for a resident who has gone into shock and has poor blood flow.
position in which a person is in a semi-sitting position (45-60 degrees).
position in which a person is lying flat on his or her back.
the way the parts of the body work together when a person moves.
good body alignment allows the body to function at its highest level. Also helps prevent complications of immobility, such as contractures and atrophy.
the part of the nervous system inside the vertebral canal that conducts messages between the brain and the body and controls spinal reflexes.
actions, or failure to act or give proper care, that results in injury to a person.
a course of action to be followed.
a method, or way, of doing something.
Rescue the resident
Activate the alarm
Confine/contain the fired
Pull the pin
Aim to the bottom of the fire
Squees the handle
Sweep side to side
Federal law that includes minimum standards for nursing assistant training, staffing requirements, resident assessment instructions, and information on rights for residents
California code of regulations that all nursing facilities must use.
people who are required to report suspected or observed abuse or neglect due to their regular contact with vulnerable population, such as the elderly in long-term care facilities.
person assigned by law as the legal advocate for residents.
is information based on what you see, hear, touch, or smell; it is collected using four of the five senses: sight, hearing, smell and touch. It is also called "signs"
is information collected from something that residents or their families reported to you, and it may or may not be accurate it is also called "symptoms"
Diabetes Type 1
Is a condition that is usually diagnosed in children and young adults. It was formerly known as juvenile diabetes. In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas does not produce any insulin.
Diabetes type 2
is the most common form of diabetes; it can occur at any age. It was formerly known as adult-onset diabetes. In type 2 diabetes, either the body does not produce enough insulin or the body fails to properly use insulin.
a federal law that sets standards for protecting the privacy of patients health information
S/S of dehydration
Dry mouth and mucous membranes
Dry, warm, wrinkled, or clammy skin
Low blood preassure
swelling in body tissues caused by excess fluid.
the state resulting from pathogens invading and growing within the human body.
a condition caused when the blood supply to the brain is cut off suddenly by a clot or a ruptured blood vessel; also called a stroke
S/S of CHF
Reduction in the ability to exercise or be active
difficulty breathing, or dyspnea
Blood preasure ranges
S/S of approaching death
Cyanotic, pale, or darkening skin or mucous membranes
Skin that looks bruised
Extreme weakness and exhaustion
loss of muscle tone
Fallen jaw, causing the mouth to stay open
Decreased sense of touch
Loss of feeling, beginning in the legs and feet
lost of vision
Decrease appetite and sense of thirst
5 stages of grief
4 stages of pressure ulcers
1. Reddened skin
2. Blistering or breakdown of the top layer of the skin
3. Breakdown of the lower tissue
4. involvement of muscle, bone, nerves, and blood vessels.
How to prevent pressure ulcers
identifying persons at risk and assessing the skin for signs of problems
Changing the sheets and persons position
Attempting to maintain nutrition
Providing bedding and seating surfaces which support from friction
Refraining from massages over bony prominence
Knock the door
Ask permission to come in
Put the side rail up
Lower the bed to its lowest position
Leave call light witting reach
Wash your hands and thank the resident
Urine observation 4
Dark or rust-colored urine
Strong, offensive, or fruity-smelling urine
Blood, pus, mucus, or discharge in urine
is the term used for a resident leaving the facility without staff knowledge.
S/S of hypoglycemia (insulin reaction)
Low blood pressure
Cold, clammy skin
Numbness of the lips and tongue
S/S of hyperglycemia (diabetic ketoacidosis)
Nausea and vomiting
Loss of appetite
Rapid, weak pulse
Low blood pressure
Dry skin, dry mouth
C.N.A. responsibilities with the new admits
Inventory of resident personal items
Endocrine system organs
Ovaries (in female)
Testes (in male)
Nervous system organs
Cardiovascular system organs
C.N.A guidelines and renewal
completing 160 hours of training, including 60 hours of theory class and 100 hours of clinical skills training
passing state test
Renewing certification every two years
exercises to put a joint through its full arc of motion that are done by a resident alone, without help.
exercises to put a joint through its full arc of motion that are done by staff without the residents help.