AP Euro

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  1. Urban VI
    born Bartolomeo Prignano and was the head of the Catholic Church from 8 April 1378 to his death in 1389.
  2. Great Schism
    the split between the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church
  3. Clement Theory
    born Giulio di Giuliano de' Medici, was the head of the Catholic Church from 19 November 1523 to his death in 1534.
  4. Councilar Theory
     held that supreme authority in the Church resided with an Ecumenical council, apart from, or even against, the pope.
  5. Council of Pisa
    an unrecognized ecumenical council of the Catholic Church held in 1409 that attempted to end the Western Schism by deposing Benedict XIII and Gregory XII.
  6. Council of Constance
    ended the Three-Popes Controversy, by deposing or accepting the resignation of the remaining Papal claimants and electing Pope Martin V.
  7. Sacrosancta
    declared that the Concil of Constances' authority was greater than the pope's. 
  8. Martin V
    born Otto Colonna, was the head of the Catholic Church from 14 November 1417 to his death in 1431. His election effectively ended the Western Schism
  9. Renaissance
    literally means rebirth. A period of enhance cultural, economic and political changes throughout Europe.
  10. Growth of City-States
    many cities began to govern themselves as countries, especially in Italy, such as Florence, Venice, and Milan.
  11. Florentine class structure
    Nobles, Merchants, Middle Class, then Workers
  12. Ciompi Revolt
    a briefly successful revolt of the  lower classes, the ciompi, and contributed to the support given to the Medici a generation afterwards
  13. The Medicis
    a political dynasty, banking family and later royal house that first began to gather prominence under Cosimo de' Medici in the Republic of Florence
  14. studia humanitatis
Card Set:
AP Euro
2013-08-26 10:07:11
Unit Part

Unit 1 Part 2
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