PSY 200 chapter 4 vocab

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bblair
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231385
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PSY 200 chapter 4 vocab
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2013-08-26 11:06:24
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psy 200 chapter terms
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vocabulary terms for PSY 200 chapter 4
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  1. the process through which we change or modify existing schemata to accommodate new experiences
    accommodation
  2. discrimination or prejudice against an individual based on physical age
    ageism
  3. the process through which we fit ---or assimilate--new experiences into existing schemata
    assimilation
  4. Piaget's third stage of cognitive development, lasting from ages 7 to 11.  Children acquire the capacity to perform a number of mental operations but still lack the ability for abstract reasoning.
    concrete operational period
  5. strong emotional ties formed to one or more intimate companions
    attachments
  6. in Kohlberg's theory of moral development, the stage in which actions are judged to be right or wrong based on whether they maintain or disrupt the social order
    conventional level
  7. a research design in which people of different ages are compared at the same time
    cross-sectional design
  8. Physically based loses in mental functioning
    dementia
  9. the age-related physical, intellectual, social, and personal changes that occur throughout an individual's lifetime.
    development
  10. the tendency to see the world from one's own unique perspective only; a characteristic of thinking in a preoperational period of development
    egocentrism
  11. the period of prenatal development lasting from implantation to the end of the 8th week
    embryonic period
  12. the period of prenatal development lasting from the 9th week until birth
    fetal period
  13. Piaget's last stage of cognitive development; thought processes become adult-like, and people gain mastery over abstract thinking
    formal operational period
  14. specific patterns of behavior that are consistent with how society dictates males and females should act
    gender roles
  15. the period in prenatal development from conception to implantation of the fertilized egg in the wall of the uterus
    germinal period
  16. the decline in responsiveness to a stimulus that is repeatedly presented
    habituation
  17. a research design in which the same people are studied or tested repeatedly over time
    longitudinal design
  18. the period during which a woman's menstrual cycle slows down and finally stops
    menopause
  19. the ability to distinguish between appropriate and inappropriate actions
    morality
  20. the ability to recognize that objects still exist when they're no longer in sight
    object permanence
  21. a sense of who one is an individual and how well one measures up against peers
    personal identity
  22. Kohlberg's highest level of moral development, in which moral actions are judged based on the basis of a personal code of ethics that is general and abstract and that may not agree with societal norms
    postconventional level
  23. In Kohlberg's theory, the lowest level of moral development, in which decisions about right and wrong are made primarily in terms of external consequences
    preconventional level
  24. Piaget's second stage of cognitive development, lasting from ages 2 to about 7; children begin to think symbolically but often lack the ability to perform mental operations such as conservation.
    preoperational period
  25. the ability to recognize that the physical properties of an object remain the same despite superficial changes in an object's appearance
    principle of conservation
  26. the period during which a person reaches sexual maturity and is potentially capable of producing offspring
    puberty
  27. Piaget's first stage of cognitive development, lasting from birth to about 2 years of age; schemata revolve around sensory and motor abilities
    sensorimotor period
  28. gradually subjecting a child to a stressful situation and observing his or her behavior toward the parent or caregiver.  This test is used to classify children according to type of attachment--secure, resistant, avoidant, or disorganized/disoriented
    strange situation test
  29. a child's general level of emotional reactivity
    temperament
  30. environmental agents--such as disease organisms or drugs--that can potentially damage the developing embryo or fetus.
    teratogens
  31. the fertilized human egg, containing 23 chromosomes from the father and 23 chromosomes from the mother
    zygote

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