Anthropology 102 Lesson 2 Key Terms

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Anthropology 102 Lesson 2 Key Terms
2013-08-26 15:41:04
Anthropology Key Terms

For UNC CCO Anth 102
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  1. Culture
    Culture is learned. We accumulate knowledge about experiences and information both by direct instruction and through observation.

    Culture is all-encompassing, and includes all aspects of human group behavior.

    Culture is shared. It is located and transmitted in groups, which unifies us by a common experience.

    Culture is symbolic. We acquire information from symbols, which are verbal or nonverbal signs that have no necessary or natural connection with the things for which they stand (such as a flag, stop sigh, or corporate logo). Other primates can understand symbols, but only humans can learn, communicate, store, process and use symbols.

    Culture is integrated. Any culture is a system; changes in one face of the culture will result in changes in other aspects. Core values provide an organizational logic for the rest of the culture.

    Culture is both adaptive and maladaptive. Because behavior is motivated by cultural factors, not environmental constraints, sometimes our behavior can be maladaptive (for example, binge drinking on college campuses).

    Culture is human. Only humans can claim to have "culture" in the truest sense of the word.
  2. Enculturation
    Enculturation is the process by which we learn about our culture.
  3. Language
    Language is our primary means of communication. We learn our native language via enculturation, and the language we speak is based on arbitrary, learned associations between words and the things they represent.
  4. Lexicon
    A language lexicon is the dictionary containing all of the smallest units of speech that have meaning (morphemes).
  5. Phonology
    Phonology is the study of the use of speech sounds.
  6. Morphemes
    Morphemes are the smallest units of speech that have meaning.
  7. Morphology
    Morphology is the study of how sounds are grouped in speech.
  8. Phonemes
    Phonemes are the smallest sound contrasts that distinguish meaning, but carry no meaning themselves.
  9. Phones
    Phones are sounds made by humans that might act as phonemes in a given language.
  10. Syntax
    Syntax refers to rules that order words and phrases into sentences.
  11. Semantics
    Semantics refers to the meaning system of a language.
  12. Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis
  13. Sociolinguistics
  14. Style-Shifting
  15. Dialect
  16. Diglossia
  17. Prestige
  18. Dialect
  19. Historical Linguistics
  20. Ideal Culture
  21. Real Culture
  22. International Culture
  23. National Culture
  24. Subculture
  25. Cultural Universal
  26. Biological Universal
  27. Social Universal
  28. Ethnocentrism
  29. Cultural Relativism
  30. Diffusion
  31. Acculturation
  32. Cultural Convergence
  33. Independent Invention