PACOP1--Biochemistry.txt

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PACOP1--Biochemistry.txt
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  1. The inhibition in a concompetitive reaction:1. Competes with the active site of the enzyme2. Binds simultaneously with substrate other than the active site3. Increases the rate of reaction4. 2 and 3
  2. 2
  3. The order and sequence of amino acid in a polypeptide determines what protein structure?
    Primary
  4. Amino acids that cannot be synthesized in the organism are called _______
    Essential amino acids
  5. Which hormone regulates the level of blood sodium?
    Aldosterone
  6. It is a precursor of vitamin A
    Beta-carotene
  7. What is the precursor of vitamin D?
    Cholesterol
  8. Which of these class enzymes introduces a double by the removal of hydrogen?
    1. Dehydrogenase
    2. Dehydrolase
    3. Decarboxylase
    4. Lipase
    1
  9. The ionic property of amino acid is exhibited by its
    1. Zwitterion form
    2. NH2 group
    3. COO group
    4. Positively charged group
    1
  10. All of the following are simple proteins except
    1. Glutelins
    2. Globulins
    3. Albumins
    4. Glycoproteins
    4
  11. The simplest monosaccharide is
    Glyceraldehyde
  12. Denaturation of protein is a result of
    Breaking of H-bonds
  13. Competitive inhibition is a _______ reaction?
    1. Reversible
    2. Irreversible
    3. pH and temperature
    4. NOTA
    1
  14. In the Seliwanoff's test, the reaction of resorcinol and acid on the sugar forms
    Hydroxymethyl furfural
  15. High concentration of neutral salts causes the precipitation of proteins. This is called
    Salting out
  16. The type of enzyme inhibition reaction whereby the inhibitor competes with the substrate at the active site.
    Competitive inhibition
  17. The following are waxes except:
    1. Beeswax
    2. Sperm oil
    3. Bile acids
    4. Lanolin
    3
  18. The inactive form of enzymes are called
    Zymogen
  19. Which amino acids have no alpha amino group?
    Proline, hydroxyproline
  20. An enzyme is a substance which acts as a
    Catalyst
  21. Milk curdling enzymes present in gastric juice of infants
    Rennin
  22. Carbohydrates are
    1. Polyhydroxyaldehydes/polyhydroxyketones
    2. Polyhydroxy acids
    3. Hemiacetals
    4. Polymers of amino acids
    1
  23. Insulin is usually classified as
    1. Protein
    2. Enzyme
    3. Hormone
    4. Carbohydrate
    3
  24. What amount of glucose is present in the human blood?
    1. 60-90 mg/100 mL
    2. 5-6 g/100 mL
    3. 2% of the total human body wt
    4. NOTA
    1
  25. Is is the organelle which serves as the site of electron transport chain
    Mitochondria
  26. The end product of the hydrolysis of glycogen is
    Glucose
  27. Iodine test is a reaction which may be used to identify carbohydrates. The reaction is due to
    1. Presence of the free aldehyde group
    2. Presence of alcohol group
    3. Presence of amylose portion
    4. Presence of glucose
    3
  28. Benedict's reagent yield positive result to
    Reducing sugars
  29. Hypertonic solutions will cause the cell to
    Shrink
  30. Rancidity of fats maybe due to this process
    Oxidation
  31. The deficiency of this hormone causes diabetes mellitus
    Insulin
  32. The active proteolytic enzyme in gastric juice is
    Pepsin
  33. The site of oxidation reaction in electron transport chain is in the
    Mitochondrion
  34. Protein digestion starts in the
    Stomach
  35. The conversion of an amino acid to sugar is
    Gluconeogenesis
  36. Which of the following is not an amino:
    1. Leucine
    2. Choline
    3. Valine
    4. Glycine
    2
  37. The protein part of the enzyme molecule is the
    Apoenzyme
  38. Optimum temperature for the enzyme activity in the body.
    37C
  39. Glucose is stored in the liver as
    Glycogen
  40. The enzyme conformation adapts to the incoming substrate in this theory
    Induced-fit theory
  41. The process of converting glucose into glycogen is called
    Glycogenesis
  42. All are pyrimidine bases except
    1. G
    2. C
    3. U
    4. T
    1
  43. Glucose, amino acid, and fatty acid enter the citric acid cycle by their conversion into
    Acetyl CoA
  44. A hormone which stimulates glycogenesis
    Insulin
  45. Chemicals extracted from organism such as bacteria can inhibit growth or destroy other microorganism
    Antibiotic
  46. The gland or tissue that regulates the blood glucose level
    Pancreas
  47. Which vitamin is formed in the body by exposure to UV irradiation or sunlight?
    Vitamin D
  48. Excess vitamin A and D is stored in the body, but excess vitamin B and C is readily excreted. What property shows this?
    1. Vit C and B are water-soluble
    2. Vit A and D are fat-soluble
    3. 1 and 2
    4. NOTA
    3
  49. It is the entire genetic make up of an organism
    DNA
  50. The vitamin which is used in the prevention of degenerative changes
    B complex
  51. It is a model which best explains the enzyme-substrate action
    Lock and key
  52. The activation of pepsinogen requires
    HCl
  53. DNA is primarily found in the
    Nucleus/mitochondria
  54. It is the enzyme which hydrolyzes starch to dextrin and maltose
    Amylase
  55. A synthetic DNA is called
    rDNA
  56. Hydrolysis of ATP is an
    1. Energy-requiring reaction
    2. Energy-producing reaction
    3. No energy is involved
    4. Energy is absorbed
    2
  57. Which of the following is a characteristic of lipid?
    1. Zwitterions
    2. Amphiphilic
    3. Hydrophobic
    4. Hydrophilic
    3
  58. It is a condition that results when sugar level is below normal.
    Hypoglycemia
  59. An example of globular protein
    1. Albumin
    2. Collagen
    3. Fibrin
    4. Silk
    1
  60. Complementary base pairs in the DNA double helix are bonded by
    H-bond
  61. Which nitrogen base is not found in DNA?
    Uracil
  62. An organic cofactor in an enzyme
    1. Vitamins
    2. Coenzymes
    3. AOTA
    4. NOTA
    3
  63. At what stage of glucose oxidation is most of the energy produced
    Aerobic stage
  64. The best known building blocks of RNA and DNA are
    1. Purines
    2. Pyrimidines
    3. Fatty acids
    4. 1 and 2
    4
  65. It is responsible for storage and transmission of genetic information
    DNA
  66. Buildup of urea in the kidney is called
    Uremia
  67. The transfer of genetic information from DNA by the formation of mRNA
    Transcription
  68. What is the end product of electron transport chain?
    Water
  69. The enery producing reaction
    Catabolic
  70. The sugar involved in DNA
    Deoxyribose
  71. It is the molecule that directs the activity of the cells
    DNA
  72. The common metabolic pathway is
    Krebs cycle
  73. Rosenheim's is used to detect the presence of
    Choline
  74. Detects the presence of alpha amino acids
    Ninhydrin
  75. The process of producing fats from acetyl CoA is called
    Lipogenesis
  76. The following are test reagents to detect the presence of amino acids, except:
    1. Grignard's
    2. Xanthoproteic
    3. Millon-Nasse
    4. Sakaguchi
    1
  77. The condition that lowers the pH of the blood due to starvation is called
    Acidosis
  78. The substance responsible for the emulsion of fats is
    Bile acids
  79. Hubl's solution if used to ascertain degree of
    Unsaturation
  80. IUPAC name of acrolein
    Propenal
  81. The positive indication for the presence of glycerol in acrolein test
    Silver mirror
  82. Cerebrosides are positive in the following tests, except
    Biuret
  83. Osmic tests is used to detect the presence of _______ in lipids
    Prostate groups
  84. The most sensitive chemical test to detect the presence of cholesterol
    Liebermann-Burchard
  85. The following are phospholipids except
    1. Plasmalogen
    2. Lecithin
    3. Cephalin
    4. Choline
    4
  86. A mixed triglyceride contains
    3 different fatty acids esterified with glycerol
  87. The central compound found in the structure of sphingolipids
    Sphingosine
  88. Lipid whose specific test is the Furter-Meyer test
    Tocopherol
  89. Precipitate of _______ indicates the presence of phospholipids in the lipid sample.
    Ammonium phosphomolybdate
  90. The following are glycolipida except
    1. Globotides
    2. Phosphatides
    3. Gangliosides
    4. Cerebrosides
    2
  91. The parent compound oh phospholipids
    Phosphatidic acid
  92. A non-pentose sugar which is also.positive for Tollen's phloroglucinol test
    Cellobiose
  93. A reagent present in Molisch test which is responsible for the dehydration reaction
    Sulfuric acid
  94. ID test to detect the presence of.glycogen
    Iodine
  95. The only sugar that readily forms insoluble osazone crystals
    Mannose
  96. Important structural material found in the exoskeletons of many lower animals
    Chitin
  97. Hydrolysis of osazones produces
    Ozones
  98. General term for a group of polysaccharides present in the primary cell wall.
    Pectin
  99. Specific test for galactose due to the formation of highly insoluble crystals
    Mucic acid
  100. Type of RNA which serves as template for the amino acid sequence being synthesized
    mRNA
  101. Positive indication for anthrone test
    Blue green color
  102. Differentiating test between helical and linear polysaccharides
    Iodine
  103. The difference between Benedict's and Barfoed's test reagent lies in thr
    pH of solution
  104. Hydrolytic product of chitin
    Acetylglucosamine
  105. Glucose and fructose are
    Geometric isomers
  106. The complementary of CGACCTGAT
    GCTGGACCTA
  107. Alkaline bismuth reagent is used to detect the presence to
    Reducing agents
  108. Action of dilute alkali on sugars
    Tautomerization
  109. The following are the components of DNA nucleosides except
    1. Phosphoric acid
    2. Sugar
    3. Adenine
    4. Cytosine
    1
  110. Central dogma wherein RNA molecule is used as template for the synthesis of DNA molecule
    Transcription
  111. The following proteins are present in egg white except
    1. Ovomucin
    2. Ovoglobuln
    3. Albumin
    4. Osseomucoid
    4
  112. Anaerobic glycolysis occurs in the
    Cytoplasm
  113. Ketogenic amino acids
    1. Leucine
    2. Tyrosine
    3. Phenyalanine
    4. AOTA
    4
  114. Osazone test is also known as
    Kowarsky test
  115. Genetic defect characterized by mental retardation and cataract since the unmetabolized sugar is toxiic to the lense of the eyes
    Galactosemia
  116. Body functions of lipids
    1. Transformation into proteins and carbohydrates
    2. Catabolism to provide body with heat and energy
    3. Insulation and paddings for organs
    4. AOTA
    4
  117. Pyridoxine is a compound of this enzyme
    Decarboxylase
  118. The following are neutral amino acids except
    1. Methionine
    2. Lysine
    3. Threonine
    4. Leucine
    2
  119. In man the principal end product of protein metabolism is
    Urea
  120. Condition wherein acetone accumulates in the blood
    Ketonemia
  121. Glutamine is a ________ amino acid.
    Neutral
  122. Oxidation product of ketone bodies
    Carbon dioxide
  123. Phosphoprotein found in egg yolk
    Vitelin
  124. Amino acid positive for Sakaguchi reaction
    Arginine
  125. Histidine is negative for
    1. Pauly reaction
    2. Sodium nitroprusside
    3. Ninhydrin
    4. Xanthoproteic
    2
  126. An official simple protein obtained from corn
    Zein
  127. Principle involved in the isolation of casein milk
    Isoelectric precipitation
  128. Process of converting liver glycogen to blood glucose
    Glycogenolysis
  129. Genetic information is stored and carried in all cells by
    Double-stranded DNA
  130. Principal site for the synthesis of urea
    Liver
  131. Pentose present in gum Arabic
    Arabinose
  132. Which of the following is responsible for the transfer of genetic information
    1. ATP
    2. GTP
    3. DNA
    4. RNA
    3
  133. Only form of inorganic nitrogen which can be utilized by living cells
    Ammonia
  134. The following are essential amino acids except
    1. Tyrosine
    2. Lysine
    3. Methionine
    4. Arginine
    1
  135. The chief end product of protein metabolism
    Uric acid
  136. The principal end product of protein metabolism
    Urea
  137. Presence of glucose in appreciable amounts in the urine
    Glycosuria
  138. The following are tests for kidney efficiency, except
    1. Phenylsulfophthelein test
    2. Urea clearance test
    3. Water output test
    4. Crystallization methos
    4
  139. Growth hormone is also known as
    Somatotropin
  140. What is the anticodon in tRNA that corresponds to the codon ACg in mRNA
    UGC
  141. Condition wherein bile pigment is present in excess in the blood
    Jaundice
  142. The following are non-essential amino acids except
    1. Glycine
    2. Leucine
    3. Cysteine
    4. Glutamine
    2
  143. Principal digestive constituents of the gastric juice
    Pepsin
  144. Condition wherein the concentration of uric acid accumulates in blood reaches as high as 15mg%
    Gout
  145. The study of the composition and the chemical processes occurring in the living matter is
    Biochemistry
  146. What is wobble
    1. A mechanism that allows for a peptide extension in the 50S subunit of the ribosome
    2. The ability of certain amino acids to pair with codons that differ at the 3rd base
    3. An error in translation induced by streptomycin
    4. Thermal motions leading to local denaturation of thw DNA double helix
    2
  147. The most important function of HCl in the stomach is
    1. Hydrolysis of protein
    2. Neutralization of chyme
    3. Activation of pepsinogen
    4. Destruction of bacteria
    5. Stimulation of pancreatic secretion
    3
  148. Transamination is
    Conversion of amino acids to keto acids
  149. The lipid that is converted to vitamin D2 upon irradiation
    Ergosterol
  150. The metabolic degradation of hemoglobin takes place principally in
    The reticuloendothelial system
  151. The amino acid that is an important precursor of hemoglobin
    Glycine
  152. Serine is converted to ethanolamine by the removal of
    Carbon dioxide
  153. Ninhydrin gives blue coloration wihh
    1. Proteins
    2. Carbohydrates
    3. Amino acids
    4. Simple sigars
    3
  154. Which is the monomer unit of proteins?
    Amino acids
  155. The proteinase that is found mostly in gastric juice of young animals
    Rennin
  156. Conjugated proteins which are a combination of amino acids and carbohydrates
    Glycoproteins
  157. Gamma decarboxylation of aspartic acid produces
    Alanine
  158. Rotation of polarized light is caused by solutions of all amino acids except
    Glycine
  159. It is a disease due ti proteib deficiency
    Kwashiorkor
  160. Which of the following amino acids is not essential in mammals
    Tyrosine
  161. The following are examples of chromoprotein except
    1. Chlorophyll
    2. Hgb
    3. Cytochrome
    4. Heparin
    4
  162. For the amino acid cysteine, choose the appropriate description of ita side chain
    1. Acidic
    2. Basic
    3. Aromatic
    4. Sulfur containing
    4
  163. Which of the following amino acids has a net positive charge at physiologic pH?
    1. Cysteine
    2. Glutamic acid
    3. Lysine
    4. Valine
    3
  164. Sickle cell anemia is the clinical manifestation of homozygous genes for an abnormal Hgb molecule. The mutational event responsible for the in the beta chain is
    Point mutation
  165. When starches are heated they produce
    Dextrins
  166. Which is the incorrect statement?
    1. Ribose is an aldopentose
    2. Maltose is a ketohexose
    3. Galactose is an aldohexose
    4. Glucose is an aldohexose
    2
  167. The reducing property of sugars is due to this group
    Aldehyde
  168. The monosaccharide most rapidly absorbed from the small intestine
    Galactose
  169. A condition known as atherosclerosis resulrs as an aaccumulation in the blood vessels of
    Cholesterol
  170. Ketoses can be differentiated from aldoses by this test
    Seliwanoff's
  171. The clinical test for the determination of cholesterol
    1. Liebermann-Burchard
    2. Salkowsi
    3. AOTA
    4. NOTA
    3
  172. Concentrated dehydrating acids change monosaccharides to
    Furfurals
  173. A mucopolysaccharide which possesses an anticoagulant property
    Heparin
  174. What is the test for reducing sugars in the urine?
    Benedict's
  175. Lactose canbe differentiated from fructose by
    Barfoed's test
  176. Polymers that are responsible for the metabolic capabilities and morphology of organisms are
    Proteins
  177. The product obtained from the partial hydrolysis of collagen
    Gelatin
  178. The main carbohydrate of the blood is
    D-glucose
  179. A normal value of glucose in the blood
    80-120mg%
  180. Butter becomes rancid upon exposure to air due to formation of
    Butyric acid
  181. The cholesterol molecule is
    1. An aromatic ring
    2. A straight chain acid
    3. A steroid
    4. A tocopherol
    3
  182. Which of the following is a phospholipid:
    1. Glycogen
    2. Prostaglandin
    3. Sphingomyelin
    4. Oleic acid
    3
  183. The passage of the end productsof digestion from the small intestine into the blood stream
    Absorption
  184. Endocrine gland that is a small oval body situated at the base of the brain
    Hypophysis
  185. Cellular elements of the blood devoid of a nucleus
    RBC
  186. It is the sum total of all activotirs directed towards thr maintenance of life
    Metabolism
  187. Thia substance accumulates in the muscles as a result of vigorous exercise
    Lactic acid
  188. A common iintermediate of mmetabolism of carbohydrates, fatty acids, and amino acids is
    Acetyl CoA
  189. The principal site of glucose production in the human body is
    Liver
  190. The major buffer of the extracellular fluid
    Bicarnonate-carbon dioxide
  191. Separates from cells when blood iis coagulated
    Serum
  192. Glycolipids found in high concentrations in the brain and nerve cells especially in the myelin sheath
    Cerebrosides
  193. Alcohol in the body is
    1. Oxidized to CO2 and HOH
    2. Excreted mainly by lungs
    3. Excreted by kidneys
    4. Excreted by large intestines
    1
  194. Which if the following tissues contains the enzyme G6Pase and is able to supply glucose to the blood
    Liver
  195. Complete digestion of all foodstuffs occurs in the
    Small intestine
  196. This compound is not a normal constituent of urine
    1. Sodium chloride
    2. Albumin
    3. Urea
    4. Uric acid
    2
  197. Decomposition of carbohydrates brought about by the action of enzymes liberating ethyl alcohol and CO2
    Fermentation
  198. Blood clotting can be prevented by
    Sodium citrate
  199. Thia hormone elevates blood sugar concentration
    Glucagon
  200. Deficiency in this vitamin causes red blood cell fragility
    Vitamin K
  201. The end product in the hydrolysis of glycogen
    Glucose
  202. In which form is glucose stored in the liver?
    Glycogen
  203. Which of the followinf is not an ID test for proteins and amino acids
    1. Ninhydrin
    2. Bial's
    3. Biuret
    4. Xanthoproteic
    2
  204. What vitamin deficiency causes pellagra?
    Nicotinic acid
  205. All are pyrimidine bases except
    1. Cytosine
    2. Thymine
    3. Uracil
    4. Guanine
    4
  206. The sugar that yields only.glucose when hydrolyzed is
    Maltose
  207. Which of the following is not a B complex vitamin?
    1. Folic acid
    2. Nicotimic acid
    3. Riboflavin
    4. Ascorbic acid
    4
  208. The following sugars are aldohexoses except
    1. Fructose
    2. Galactose
    3. Glucose
    4. Mannose
    1
  209. All the amino acids below contain sulfur except
    1. Cystine
    2. Methionine
    3. Cysteine
    4. Glycine
    4
  210. The following are essential fatty acids except
    1. Oleic acid
    2. Linoleic acid
    3. Linolenic acid
    4. Arachidonic acid
    4
  211. This test detects the presence of two or more peptide bonds
    Ninhydrin
  212. This vitamin easily undergoes oxidation
    Vitamin C
  213. The end product if anaerobic glucose metabolism
    Lactate
  214. The inactive form of an enzyme is called
    Zymogen
  215. Photosynthesis is a process involved in tbe manufacture of
    Carbohydrates
  216. The major exteacellular cation is
    Sodium
  217. Which sugat will not fice a red precipitate with cupric oxide when.heated with Benedict's solution?
    1. Glucose
    2. Sucrose
    3. Maltose
    4. Fructose
    2
  218. Night blindness is a symptom of a deficiency in this vitamin
    Vitamin A
  219. The activation of pepsinogen requires
    HCl
  220. Nucleosides upon hydrolysis will yield
    1. Adenine and PO4
    2. Quanine and PO4
    3. Histones and ribose
    4. Cytosine and ribose
    4
  221. Protein digestion starts in the
    Stomach
  222. Major form of utilizable energy in all cells
    ATP
  223. Which of the following supplies the highest amount of energy per gram
    Fat
  224. The following are proteins in.milk except
    1. Rennin
    2. Casein
    3. Lactoalbumin
    4. Lactoglobulin
    1
  225. The conversion of beta carotene to vitamin A is carried out in the
    Small intestine
  226. This sugar is called an invert sugar
    Sucrose
  227. What type of sugar is found in nucleic acids?
    Riboses
  228. The biochemical function of hemoglobin is
    Oxygen transport
  229. The following enzymes catalyze hydrolysis reactions except
    1. Proteases
    2. Esterases
    3. Transaminases
    4. Nucleases
    1
  230. Porphyrins are involved in the building of
    Blood
  231. What is the sweetest sugar?
    Fructose
  232. Information and control.centers of the brain
    Nucleoproteins
  233. Hydrolysis of nucleoproteins will yield
    1. Nucleic acids and histones
    2. Nucleic acids and sugar
    3. Nucleic acid and purine
    4. Nucleic acid and pyrimidines
    ยน
  234. The condition wherein protein is founs in the urine
    Proteinuria
  235. Alpha hydroxy propionic acid is
    Lactic acid
  236. This test detects the presence of indole rings
    Hopkins-cole
  237. The steps of central dogma states
    Replication, transcription, translation
  238. Reverse transcription takes place in
    Viruses
  239. The number of chromosomes in the.human cells is
    46
  240. Digestion of starch starts in the
    Mouth
  241. The ordered steps in protein synthesis are
    Activation, initiation, elongatiin, termination
  242. Genetic code is
    1. Universal
    2. Compoaed of 3 nucleotides
    3. Continuous
    4. AOTA
    4
  243. What is transamination
    Conversion of amimo acids to keto acids
  244. Dextran is
    1. Carbohydrate
    2. Glucose polymer
    3. Glycoside
    4. Protein
    1
  245. A genetic disease due to defective mechanism for pyrimidine dimers
    Xeroderma pigmentosum
  246. The type of RNA molecule thay brings amino acids to the site of protein synthesis
    tRNA
  247. Most allergies are caused by
    1. Error in immune system
    2. Histamines produced by the body
    3. Dust
    4. AOTA
    4
  248. RNA which plays an important role in the structure and biosynthetic function of ribosome
    rRNA
  249. In the secondary structure of RNA
    1. Adenine always pairs with thymine
    2. Cytosine always pairs with thymine
    3. Cytosine always pairs wirh uracil
    4. Adenine always pairs with uracil
    4
  250. A nucleic acid is made up of
    Nitrogenous base, phosphaye, and sugar
  251. Bond between 2 amino acids
    Peptide
  252. Which of the following is not a test for protein
    1. Acrolein
    2. Biuret
    3. Millon
    4. Xanthoproteic
    1
  253. Acetyl CoA combines wjth oxaloacetate to form
    Citrate
  254. The proteins that make the fur, wool, claws, and feathers
    Keratin
  255. Liquid vegetable oils may be transformed into solid fats by the process of
    Hydrogenation
  256. The chemical messengers produced by the endocrine glands
    Hormones
  257. It is the sugar found in milk
    Lactose
  258. Prostaglandins are synthesized from
    Essential fatty acids
  259. Amino acid at an isoelectric point exists as
    Zwitterions
  260. The color of the skin, hair, and eyes is due to thr pigment called
    Melanin
  261. Starches are partially digested in the mouth by
    Ptyalin
  262. The only element in living matter that form strong multiple bonds is
    Carbon
  263. Serotonin is derived from this amino acid
    Tryptophan
  264. Alkaline hydrolysis of fat
    Saponification
  265. The main center in the bosynthesis of nucleic acid is
    Nucleus
  266. Normal pH of blood
    7-7.45
  267. Known as good cholesterol
    HDL
  268. Bloos minus ita cellular components
    Plasma
  269. Which of the following is not an amino acid?
    1. Leucine
    2. Choline
    3. Valine
    4. Lysine
    2
  270. Are fibrous proteins except
    1. Keratin
    2. Histones
    3. Elastin
    4. Collageb
    2
  271. The precursor of vitamin A is
    Carotene
  272. Are globular proteins except
    1. Collagen
    2. Serum albumins
    3. Serum globulins
    4. Hemoglobin
    1
  273. A type of antibodies thay plays a inportant role in allergic response which causes anaphylactic shock, hay fever, and asthma
    IgE
  274. An inherited disease thay affects red blood cells
    Sickle cell anemia
  275. Are esters of fatty acids with glycerol
    Fats
  276. The metallic salt of a high fatty acid
    Soap
  277. The following are enzymes found in pancreatic juice except
    1. Papain
    2. Trypsin
    3. Chymotrypsin
    4. Carboxypolypeptidase
    1
  278. The following are pathological constituents in urine except
    1. Glucose
    2. Albumin
    3. Creatinine
    4. Blood
    3
  279. All of the following carbohydrates are considered polysaccharide except
    1. Heparin
    2. Starch
    3. Glycogen
    4. Maltose
    4
  280. Which of the following hormones promotes rapid glycogenolysis in both liver and muscle
    1. ACTH
    2. Glutemine
    3. Epinephrine
    4. Prolactin
    3
  281. Fruity odor of urine is indicative of acetone bodies, a diagnostic value in case of acidosis is
    DM
  282. Rotation of polarized light is causds by solutions of all of the following amino acids except
    1. Alanine
    2. Glycine
    3. Leucine
    4. Valind
    2
  283. The precursor of vitamin D3
    7-dehydrocholesterol
  284. The enzyme present in the stomach which hydrolyzes proteins
    Pepsin
  285. The reaction that takes place in the cytoplasm
    1. Aerobic
    2. Anaerobic
    3. Oxidation
    4. Reduction
    2
  286. Compounds of protein with a carbohydrate component
    Glycoproteins
  287. What amino acid functions as a hormone?
    Thyroxine
  288. The pathway that occurs in the mitochondria
    1. Urea cycle
    2. Citric acid cycle
    3. Glycolysis
    4. Fatty acid cycle
    2
  289. Carbohydrates that cannot be hydrolyzed to compounds with simpler molecules
    Monosaccharides
  290. In the metabolism of protein the liver
    1. Synthesizes amino acids
    2. Breaks down amino acid
    3. Absorbs blood
    4. Stores amino acids
    2
  291. What is the stage of glucose oxidation thay requirdes oxidation?
    Aerobic
  292. An important protein in conteactile muscle
    Myosin
  293. Which is the main constituent of the group substance in the connective tissue
    Hyaluronic acid
  294. Raffinose, an important non-reducing sugar, is a
    Trisaccharide
  295. Non-protein molecules that are often associated with proteins are called
    Prosthetic group
  296. They are chemical messengers
    Hormones
  297. It is a polysaccharide
    1. Lactose
    2. Maltose
    3. Amylose
    4. Fructose
    3
  298. Which sugar contains an aldehyde group?
    1. Ketose
    2. Aldose
    3. Sorbitol
    4. Mannitol
    2

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