Card Set Information
Music elements terms and questions
the relative highness or lowness that we hear in a sound
What is the pitch of a sound determined by?
frequency of its vibrations
The faster the vibrations, the ______ the pitch.
The slower the vibrations, the ______ the pitch.
a sound that has a definite pitch
What is the frequency of a tone measured by?
cycles per second
the distance in pitch between any two tones
interval where tones are separated and sound very much alike
distance between the lowest and highest tones that a voice or instrument can produce
degrees of loudness or softness in music
color or tone quality of a musical sound
The range of a singer's voice depends on what?
training and physical makeup
slightly curved stick strung tightly with
musician plucks the string, usually with a finger of the right hand
playing two strings/notes at once
producing an expressive tone by rocking the left hand while pressing the string down
mute (string instrument)
veils or muffles a tone by fitting a clamp onto the bridge
rapidly repeating a tone by quick up-and-down strokes of the bow
very high-pitched tones when musician lightly touches certain points on a string
What instruments are only played with the fingers or plectrum?
harp and guitar
very thin piece of cane that is set into vibration by a stream of air
reed fastened over a whole in the mouthpiece and vibrates when the player blows into the instrument
two narrow pieces of cane are held between the lips.
right pedal; allows pianists to sustain tones even after keys are released
left pedal or soft peddle; veils the sound
middle pedal; rarely used, allows pianists to sustain some tones without sustaining others
strings plucked by a set of plectra; controlled by one or two keyboards
many sets of pipes controlled from several keyboards, including a pedal keyboard
the main tool of composers of electronic music during the 1950s
systems of electronic components that generate, modify, and control sound
melody used as the basis for a musical composition
the particular arrangement of note lengths in a piece of music
a regular, recurrent pulsation divides music into equal units of time
the organization of beats into regular groups
a group containing a fixed number of beats
the first, or stressed, beat of the measure
an unaccentuated pulse preceding the downbeat
a note emphasized more than the other notes
speed of the beat
series of single tones that add up to a recognizable whole
short units of melodies
the resting place at the end of a phrase
sets up expectations
gives an answer and sense of finality
repetition of a melodic pattern on a higher or lower pitch
ways the chords are constructed and how they follow each other