cj 300 ch.1

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alexusaldaco
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231765
Filename:
cj 300 ch.1
Updated:
2013-09-03 19:19:38
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research methods
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  1. exhaustive-
    • examining,including, or considering all elements or aspects.
    • fully comprehensive.

  2. albeit-
    • although.
  3. explicit-
    • stated clearly and in detail leaving no room for confusion or doubt.
  4. rigorous-
    • extremely thorough exhaustive or accurate.
  5. inquiry-
    • an act of asking for information - an official investigation
  6. empirical-
    • based on, concerned with or verifiable by observation or experience rather than theory or pure logic.
    • empirical research is a way of learning about crime and criminal justice.

  7. inductive reasoning-
    • generalization: reasoning from detailed facts to general principles.
  8. deductive reasoning-
    deduction: reasoning from the general to the particular.---->(a detail, individual item, used to single out an individual member of a specified group or class).
  9. quantitative-
    • relating to, measuring or measured by the quantity of something.
  10. qualitative_
    • relating to measuring, or measured by the quality of something rather than its quantity.
    • describing the quality of something in size appearance value.

  11. methodology-
    • how social science methods can be used to better understand crime and criminal justice problems.
  12. idiographic-
    • intention is to explain one case fully.
    • when we complete an idiographic explanation we understand the many causes of what happened in a particular instance.
    • pertaining to or involving the study or explication ----->( act of making clear or removing obscurity from the meaning of a word or symbol or expression) of individual cases or events.

  13. nomothetic-
    • seeks to explain a class of situations or events not a single one.
    • settles for a partial explanation rather than a full explanation of a type of situation.
    • of or relating to the study or discovery of general scientific laws.

  14. aggregate-
    • formed by the conjunction or collection of particulars into a whole or sum; total.
    • (combined actions & situations of many individuals.)
    • (social scientific theories typically deal with aggregate not individual behavior)

  15. attribute-
    • characteristics or qualities that describe some object.
  16. dependent variable-
    • variable that depends on an independent variable
    • dependent= sentence ( probation, prison)
    • independent= type of defense attorney. (private or public defender)

  17. independent variable-
    • a variable that doesn't depend on another.
    • (in cause-effect terms: the independent variable is the cause- and dependent is the effect)


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