Number of live births in 1 year per 1,000 population
An infant whose age at birth is less than 37 weeks is called __________.
Define Maternal Mortality Rate:
# of maternal deaths from births and complications of pregnancy, childbirth, and puerperium per 100,000 live births.
Puerperium is what?
the first 42 days following birth or abortion in which the females body returns to "normal"
The number of stillbirths and number of neonatal deaths per 1,000 live births is the ____ rate.
Perinatal Mortality Rate
Define Fertility Rate:
Number of births per 1000 women between the ages of 15 and 44, calculated on a yearly basis.
Low birth rate =
weighing less than 2500g (5lbs, 8oz)
Maternity Nursing focuses on what?
the care of childbearing women and their families through all stages of pregnancy and childbirth, as well as the first 4 weeks after birth.
Healthy People 2010 set what goal?
to improve health in aims of increasing the quality of year of healthy life and eliminating health disparities.
This approach to health care encompasses complementary and alternative therapies along with Western modalities of treatment.
Integrative Health Care
______ is a trained, experienced female labor attendant who provides a continuos one-on-one caring presence throughout the labor and birth process.
____ refers to guidelines for nursing practice that reflect current knowledge, represent levels of practice agreed upon by leaders in the specialty, and can be used for clinical benchmarking.
Standards of Practice
Define Acculturation :
changes that occur within one group or among several groups when people from different cultures come in contact with one another. Retaining some of their own practice, but start to adopt some of the new.
Gravida refers to what?
a woman who is pregnant.
Gravidity refers to what?
Multigravida refers to what?
a woman who has had 2 or more pregnancies.
Multipara refers to what?
a woman who has completed 2 or more pregnancies to 20 weeks of gestation.
Nulligravida refers to what?
a woman who has never been pregnant
Primigravida refers to what?
a woman who is pregnant for the first time
Parity refers to what?
the # of pregnancies in which the fetus/fetuses reached 20 weeks gestation - whether fetus is stillborn or live.
A fetus is viable at ____ weeks / weight.
20-25 weeks / 500g
Postdate/ postterm pregnancy goes to how many weeks?
beyond 42 weeks
Term pregnancies are ______ weeks.
Preterm pregnancies are from __ - __ weeks.
The umbilical cord contains what?
2 arteries / 1 vein
Normal range of fetal heart rate is ___ bpm.
110-160 beat per minute
Accelerations that come with fetal movement are called _______.
Accelerations - these are good
Non- reassuring FHR are associated with:
Fetal Hypoxemia (deficiency of oxygen on arterial blood)
Inadequate supply of oxygen at cellular level
What is IA?
Intermittent Auscultation - listening to fetal heart sounds periodically
How long is a baseline rate (minutes)?
How long will Lochia Rubra last?
How long will Lochia alba last?
eleven days or 3-6 weeks
How long will Lochia serosa last?
In what order will Lochia progress?
Normal head circumference is ____ inches.
13-14 (33-34.4 cm)
The transient bluish color of infant’s hands and feet after delivery; common in
newborns is called ________.
What is Cephalhematoma?
A raised area caused by effusion of blood between the skull and bone that is the result of pressure against the fetal skull during labor.
Does not cross suture lines.
The soft tissue edema of the scalp in newborns is called ____.
Caput seccedaneum - extends across suture lines - caused by vacuum extraction
What is the normal resting heartbeat for an infant?
What does Human placental lactogen regulate?
glucose for the fetus
How does progesterone work?
relaxes smooth muscle to avoid contractions
Oligohydramnios is what?
Amniotic fluid less than 300-500 mL at term - is associated with renal abnormalities.
Cephalic presentation is what?
Breech is what?
feet or Buttocks first
Effacement refers to what?
the shortening and thinning of the cervix during the first stage of labor (0-100%)