Quarter 4 GI pathology: small intestines

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bradley.knox
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231823
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Quarter 4 GI pathology: small intestines
Updated:
2013-08-28 23:25:50
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  1. hirschsprung disease
    Megacolon
  2. main area affected by chrons
    Terminal part of ileum
  3. characteristic features morbid anatomy of chrons
    • Ulceration of mucous membrane
    • Thickening of the wall
    • Narrowing of lumen
  4. chronic non specific inflammatory disease of the rectum and colon
    Ulcerative colitis
  5. complications of ulcerative colitis
    • Hemorrhage
    • stricture (due to fibrosis)
    • Malignant transformation (pseudopolyp)
  6. HLA-DR7
    Chrons
  7. HLA-DRB1
    Ulcerative colitis
  8. sprue, whipples disease, Coeliac disease
    Intestinal malabsorption
  9. Abdominal distension, epigastric pain, aphthus stomatitis or thrush(yeast infection of tongue)
    Tropical Sprue
  10. deficiencies associated with tropical sprue
    • Fat soluble : A, K, D,
    • B12
  11. twisting of a loop of intestine with obstruction of its lumen and mesenteric vessels
    Volvulus
  12. most common site of Volvulus
    Sigmoid colon
  13. invagination of a loop of intestine
    intussusception
  14. commonest abdominal emergency between ages 3month - 2yrs
    intussusception
  15. commonest site of intussusception
    ileocaecal junction
  16. intermittent abdominal pain and vomiting lasting 1-2min recurring every 15-20 min
    intussusception
  17. what type of enterocolitis is caused by E. Coli
    Secretory diarrhea
  18. Typhoid fever
    salmonella
  19. What are the most common agents of enterocolitis
    Entamoeba histolytica: giradia lamblia and cryptosporidium parvum
  20. where do carcinoid tumors mostly occur
    Ileum
  21. what organism is a direct causative organism for appendicitis
    Steptococci
  22. most common type of appendicitis
    Acute suppurative appendicitis
  23. necrosis and softening of the appendix wall
    Acute gangrenous appendicitis
  24. where do almost all adenocarcinomas originate
    adenomatous polyps

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