Barron GRE 4000 part B.txt

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Barron GRE 4000 part B.txt
2013-08-29 00:20:07
GRE Barron Vocab

Barron's GRE 4000 from
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  1. habitat: type of environment in which an organism or group normally lives
    E.g.So if you destroy the habitat in which these fish feed and breed then you're going to destroy sustainability of that fishery.
  2. hackneyed: repeated too often; over familiar through overuse
    E.g.When the reviewer criticized the movie for its hackneyed plot, we agreed; we had seen similar stories hundreds of times before.
  3. haggard: wasted away; showing wearing effects of overwork or suffering
    E.g.After his long illness, he was pale and haggard.
  4. haggle: argue about prices; bargain, as over the price of something
    E.g.They'll again haggle over a state mandate that would require businesses to give equal pay to men and women performing the same jobs.
  5. hail: call for; salute; greet; praise vociferously
    E.g.The US Embassy in Manila found itself under a hail of rotten fruit early today, the latest symptom of anti-American feeling reverberating across Asia in recent days.
  6. halcyon: idyllically calm and peaceful; marked by peace and prosperity
    E.g.Recalling the halcyon days of early 2008, Hedgie momentarily forgot himself.
  7. hallowed: associated with a divine power; made holy; worthy of religious veneration
    E.g.What was to be carried back to the ship and laid in hallowed ground in Scotland?
  8. hallucination: mistaken opinion or idea; delusion; illusory perception
    E.g.He refused to believe that the angel was a hallucination.
  9. halting: hesitant; faltering; imperfect or defective
    E.g.Novice extemporaneous speakers often talk in a halting fashion as they grope for the right words.
  10. hamper: put at disadvantage; prevent progress or free movement of
    E.g.The new mother didn't realize how much the effort of caring for an infant would hamper her ability to keep an immaculate house.
  11. handsome: skillful; handy; agreeable to the eye or to correct taste; having a pleasing appearance; attractive
    E.g.He is described as a handsome, charming and slightly older author.
  12. haphazard: not thorough, constant or consistent; by chance
    E.g.His haphazard reading left him unacquainted with the authors of the books.
  13. hapless: without hap or luck; luckless; unfortunate; unlucky; unhappy
    E.g.His hapless lover was knocked down by a car.
  14. harangue: noisy speech; speech or piece of writing with strong feeling or expression
    E.g.In her lengthy harangue, the principal berated the offenders.
  15. harass: irritate or torment persistently; wear out; exhaust
    E.g.In some instances, state public health workers have been found to harass and threaten people testing positive for HIV.
  16. harbinger: forerunner; an indication of approach of something or someone
    E.g.The crocus is an early harbinger of spring.
  17. harbor: provide a refuge for; hide; give shelter to
    E.g.The church might harbor illegal aliens who were political refugees.
  18. hardy: in robust and good health; able to survive under unfavorable conditions
    E.g.Strawberries are hardy and easy to grow.
  19. harrowing: agonizing; distressing extremely painful
    E.g.At first the former prisoner did not wish to discuss his harrowing months of captivity as a political hostage.
  20. hatch: breed; emerge from the egg
    E.g.It is not easy to watch that young birds, fish, and reptiles hatch.
  21. haughtiness: pride; arrogance; highness or loftiness
    E.g.When she realized that Darcy believed himself too good to dance with his inferiors, Elizabeth took great offense at his haughtiness.
  22. haunt: be a regular or frequent visitor to a certain place; bother; disturb
    E.g.Jason will once again haunt the cursed campgrounds of Crystal Lake, but this time, hockey-masked Jason is the real killer.
  23. haven: refuge; shelter; harbor or anchorage; port
    E.g.There was a bat haven saved in church roof.
  24. havoc: wide and general destruction; devastation; waste
    E.g.The earthquake has made great havoc of the city.
  25. hazard: danger; risk
    E.g.And across Baghdad there are hundreds of thousands of cubic meters of rubbish, and this is proving to be an increasingly serious health hazard.
  26. hazardous: dangerous; reckless; daring; inclined to run risks
    E.g.People who employ pregnant women and children in hazardous occupations do so because such labor is cheaper than the labor of adult men, it's a simple matter of maximizing profits.
  27. hazy: slightly obscure; unclear, confused, or uncertain
    E.g.I have only a hazy notion of what she wants.
  28. headlong: uncontrollably forceful or fast; done with head leading; headfirst
    E.g.The slave seized the unexpected chance to make a headlong dash across the border to freedom.
  29. healthful: conducive to good health of body or mind
    E.g.Granada is high in elevation and has a dry, healthful climate.
  30. heckler: one who harasses others;one who tries to embarrass others with questions and objections
    E.g.The heckler kept interrupting the speaker with rude remarks.
  31. heed: pay attention to; listen to and consider
    E.g.A tip that you may want to heed is to identify a product that buyers will need on a regular basis.
  32. heedless: unaware, without noticing; unmindful or thoughtless
    E.g.He drove on, heedless of the danger warnings placed at the side of the road.
  33. hegemony: domination, influence, or authority over another, especially by political group or nation over others
    E.g.When Germany claimed hegemony over Russia, Stalin was outraged.
  34. heinous: grossly wicked; abominable; hateful; infamous
    E.g.I'm a sincere believer that people who have engaged in heinous crimes deserve the ultimate retribution.
  35. helm: steering gear of a ship, especially the tiller or wheel; position of leadership or control; director
    E.g.The helm is made of two very large oars, firmly bound to a kind of bracket in front of the rear platform, and worked by a long curved stick.
  36. hem: edge or border on a piece of cloth, especially a finished edge
    E.g.When seated, the dress hem is still nice and long.
  37. herald: proclaim; announces important news; messenger
    E.g.I thought the swift darting beam was a herald of some coming vision from another world.
  38. herbivorous: grain-eating; plant-eating; feeding only on plants
    E.g.Some herbivorous animals have two stomachs for digesting their food.
  39. heresy: opinion contrary to popular belief; opinion contrary to accepted religion
    E.g.Galileo's assertion that the earth moved around the sun directly contradicted the religious teachings of his day; as a result, he was tried for heresy.
  40. hermetic: sealed by fusion so as to be airtight
    E.g.After you sterilize the bandages, place them in a container and seal it with a hermetic seal to protect them from contamination by airborne bacteria.
  41. hermetic: sealed by fusion so as to be airtight
    E.g.After you sterilize the bandages, place them in a container and seal it with a hermetic seal to protect them from contamination by airborne bacteria.
  42. hermitage: place where one can live in seclusion; home of one isolated from society for religious reasons
    E.g.Even in his remote hermitage he could not escape completely from the world.
  43. heterodox: unorthodox; unconventional; not in agreement with accepted beliefs, especially in church doctrine
    E.g.To those who upheld the belief that the earth did not move, Galileo's theory that the earth circled the sun was disturbingly heterodox.
  44. heterogeneous: consisting of dissimilar elements or parts; completely different
    E.g.This year's entering class is a remarkably heterogeneous body: it includes students from forty different states and twenty-six foreign countries, some the children of billionaires, others the offspring of welfare families.
  45. hew: cut with an ax; fell with a sharp instrument; form or shape with a sharp instrument; cut
    E.g.They hew their way through the dense jungle.
  46. heyday: period of greatest popularity, success, or power; golden age
    E.g.In their heyday, the San Francisco Forty-Niners won the Super Bowl two years running.
  47. hiatus: gap; interruption in duration or continuity; pause
    E.g.During the summer hiatus, many students try to earn enough money to pay their tuition for the next school year.
  48. hibernal: wintry; belonging or relating to winter
    E.g.Bears prepare for their long hibernal sleep by overeating.
  49. hibernate: sleep throughout winter; be in inactive or dormant state
    E.g.Bears are one of the many species of animals that hibernate.
  50. hide: prevent from being seen or discovered
    E.g.But he did not hide their disagreement over Kyoto.
  51. hideous: frightful, shocking, or offensive to the eyes; offensive to moral sensibilities; despicable
    E.g.Their faces and bodies were tattooed or scarred in hideous designs.
  52. hierarchy: arrangement by rank or standing; series in which each element is graded or ranked
    E.g.To be low man on the totem pole is to have an inferior place in the hierarchy.
  53. hilarity: great enjoyable or amusing activity
    E.g.This hilarity is improper on this solemn day of mourning.
  54. hindrance: something that holds back or causes problems with something else; obstacle
    E.g.Stalled cars along the highway are a hindrance to traffic that tow trucks should remove without delay.
  55. historic: having importance or significance in history; belonging to the past; historical
    E.g.This Congress is not going to want to miss that opportunity to achieve that kind of historic agreement.
  56. histrionic: characteristic of acting or stage performance
    E.g.He was proud of his histrionic ability and wanted to play the role of Hamlet.
  57. hive: box, basket, or other structure, for the reception and habitation of a swarm of honeybees; a place swarming with busy occupants; crowd
    E.g.When a hive is threatened, bees release a pheromone-like substance which is called an alarm odor.
  58. hoard: stockpile; accumulate for future use
    E.g.Whenever there are rumors of a food shortage, many people are tempted to hoard food.
  59. hoary: gray or white with or as if with age; covered with grayish hair
    E.g.The man was hoary and wrinkled when he was 70.
  60. hoax: act intended to deceive or trick; practical joke
    E.g.Mr. Troyer said later that some of the search had been in response to a hoax - a man called the police and falsely said he was the gunman.
  61. holocaust: great destruction resulting in the extensive loss of life, especially by fire; massive slaughter
    E.g.A holocaust is an event so terrible that it's hard to believe or talk about.
  62. holster: case of leather or similar material for pistol
    E.g.Outside of certain specificed situations, in Texas simple public display of a handgun in a holster is illegal.
  63. homage: special honor or respect shown or expressed publicly; tribute
    E.g.That kind of homage may strengthen the resolve of the majority in the Golden State and turn aside the narrow vote of the people.
  64. homely: of home; domestic; familiar; intimate; plain; unpretending; rude in appearance; unpolished
    E.g.The king said it was all the more homely and more pleasant for these fixings, and so don't disturb them.
  65. homespun: plain; simple; made of cloth spun or woven in the home
    E.g.I like the air of homespun country boys.
  66. homogeneous: of the same or similar nature or kind
    E.g.Because the student body at Elite Prep was so homogeneous, Sara decided to send daughter to another school that offered greater cultural diversity.
  67. hone: sharpen; perfect or make more intense or effective
    E.g.Griffin notes that many people have little actual experience in real estate, or real estate investing, and the best tool they can hone is the ability to research real estate properties.
  68. hoodwink: deceive; take in by deceptive means; delude
    E.g.The fast-talking salesman wanted to hoodwink him, however he was extremely cautious.
  69. horde: a large group or crowd; wandering troop or gang; a moving crowd
    E.g.Before Christmas the store will treat a special horde of shoppers.
  70. horticultural: pertaining to cultivation of gardens or orchards
    E.g.When he bought his house, he began to look for flowers and decorative shrubs, and began to read books dealing with horticultural matters.
  71. hostage: prisoner who is held by one party to insure that another party will meet specified terms
    E.g.The surviving pirate accused of taking an American ship captain hostage is here, and we're getting our first look at him.
  72. hostility: unfriendliness; hatred; state of being hostile
    E.g.This opposition may take one of the forms already described, some other forms which have been overlooked, but the root of the hostility is the same in all.
  73. hovel: shack; small, wretched house
    E.g.He wondered how poor people could stand living in such a hovel.
  74. hover: hang about; wait nearby; remain floating
    E.g.He held the aircraft to hover on the lake and listened over his headset.
  75. hubbub: loud noise of many confused voices; tumult; uproar.
    E.g.He covered his head with the bedclothes and waited in a horror of suspense for his doom; for he had not the shadow of a doubt that this entire hubbub was about him.
  76. hubris: excessive pride or self-confidence
    E.g.Nathan's hubris spurred him to do things that many considered insensitive.
  77. hue: color; appearance; particular gradation of color
    E.g.The aviary contained birds of every possible hue.
  78. hull: outer covering of anything, particularly of a nut or of grain; outer skin of a kernel; husk
    E.g.Divers trying to raise the bodies of118 sailors from the sunken Kursk nuclear submarine were near to finishing a man-sized hole in the hull on Tuesday, the Russian navy officer leading the operation said.
  79. humane: marked by kindness, mercy, or compassion
    E.g.What launched your interest in humane treatment of livestock in the first place?
  80. humanitarian: philanthropic; one devoted to the promotion of human welfare and to social reforms
    E.g.Oxfam is making a big appeal for humanitarian aid to Darfur and neighboring Chad, where millions of people have been made homeless by fighting.
  81. humble: low or inferior in station or quality; modest
    E.g.'May it please your Majesty,' said Two, in a very humble tone, going down on one knee as he spoke, 'we were trying--'
  82. humdrum: lacking variety or excitement; monotonous
    E.g.After his years of adventure, he could not settle down to a humdrum existence.
  83. humid: containing a high amount of water or water vapor
    E.g.She could not stand the humid climate and moved to a drier area.
  84. humility: quality or condition of being humble; low estimate of one's self; self-abasement
    E.g."A certain humility is required for this game," says Angela, who is running her brother Pat's campaign.
  85. hurl: throw with great force; cast; toss
    E.g.I can hurl tennis rackets at small moving objects with deadly accuracy.
  86. hurtle: crash; move with or as if with great speed and rushing noise
    E.g.The runaway train would hurtle toward disaster.
  87. husbandry: practice of cultivating the land or raising stock; care of domestic affairs; economy; domestic management; thrift
    E.g.Many of Yunnan nomadic tribes or those engaged in husbandry, in particular, relied on agricultural products from Sichuan.
  88. hybrid: something of mixed origin or composition
    E.g.The purchase price of a plug-in hybrid is expected to be considerably higher than for a conventional diesel car since the batteries are still expensive.
  89. hydrophobia: rabies, especially in human beings; abnormal fear of water
    E.g.A dog that bites a human being must be observed for symptoms of hydrophobia.
  90. hygiene: cleanliness; sanitation
    E.g.Read below for information on some hygiene basics and learn how to deal with greasy hair, perspiration, and body hair.
  91. hyperbole: figure of speech in which exaggeration is used for emphasis; overstatement
    E.g.As far as I'm concerned, Apple's claims about the new computer are pure hyperbole: no machine is that good!.
  92. hypercritical: excessively exacting; inclined to judge too severely
    E.g.You are hypercritical in your demands for perfection; we all make mistakes.
  93. hypnosis: supervening of sleep; production of sleep; hypnotic state; hypnotism
    E.g.I have great interest in hypnosis and the subconscious mind.
  94. hypochondriac: patient with imaginary symptoms and ailments; one who is morbidly anxious about his health, and generally depressed
    E.g.The doctor prescribed chocolate pills for his patient who was a hypochondriac.
  95. hypocritical: pretending to be virtuous; deceiving
    E.g.It was a protest against the hypocritical policies of the United States, which has supported Mubarak despite his autocratic rule.
  96. hypothetical: based on assumptions; supposed
    E.g.Technical terms would be introduced gradually and their meanings are usually explained in hypothetical situations.
  97. hysteria: behavior exhibiting excessive or uncontrollable emotion, such as fear or panic; mental disorder
    E.g.Man made global warming hysteria is based on bad mathematical models that have not once been able to hindsight forecast.
  98. ichthyology: branch of zoology that deals with study of fishes
    E.g.Jacques Cousteau's programs about sea life have advanced the cause of ichthyology.
  99. iconoclastic: attacking cherished traditions; characterized by attack on established beliefs
    E.g.Deeply iconoclastic, Jean Genet deliberately set out to shock conventional theatergoers with his radical plays.
  100. ideology: study of origin and nature of ideas
    E.g.For people who had grown up believing in the communist ideology, it was hard to adjust to capitalism.
  101. idiom: expression whose meaning differs from meanings of its individual words; distinctive style
    E.g.The phrase "to lose one's marbles" is an idiom: if I say that Joe's lost his marbles, I'm not asking you to find some for him. I'm telling you that he's crazy.
  102. idiosyncrasy: behavioral attribute that is distinctive and peculiar to an individual
    E.g.One Richard Nixon's little idiosyncrasy was his liking for ketchup on cottage cheese.
  103. idle: useless; vain; trifling; unprofitable; thoughtless; given rest and ease; avoiding work or employment; lazy
    E.g.He is vexed at my idle ways and waste of time: as if I need like a city clerk, six days a week and no holidays!
  104. idolatry: worship of idols; excessive admiration
    E.g.Such idolatry of singers of country music is typical of the excessive enthusiasm of youth.
  105. idyllic: excellent and delightful in all respects
    E.g.That place is an idyllic spot for a picnic.
  106. igneous: produced under conditions involving intense heat
    E.g.Igneous rock is rock formed by solidification from a molten state.
  107. ignite: kindle; cause to start burning; set fire to
    E.g.A nuclear-armed Iran would ignite a nuclear arms race in the Middle East.
  108. ignoble: of lowly origin; not noble in quality, character, or purpose; unworthy
    E.g.This plan is inspired by ignoble motives and I must, therefore, oppose it.
  109. ignominy: deep disgrace; shame or dishonor
    E.g.To lose the Ping-Pong match to a trained chimpanzee! How could Rollo stand the ignominy of his defeat?.
  110. illicit: illegal; unlawful; not authorized or permitted
    E.g.Some earned a living in illicit trafficking, from smuggling to prostitution, but others had been educated in France and had fortunes, lands, and slaves.
  111. illimitable: without limits in extent, size, or quantity
    E.g.Man, having explored the far corners of the earth, is now reaching out into illimitable space.
  112. illuminate: provide or brighten with light; clear up or make understandable; enlighten
    E.g.Yes, I have hidden her; neither the light of the sun, nor any social taper shall again illuminate her kindly face.
  113. illusion: misleading vision; being deceived by a false perception or belief
    E.g.Puncturing this illusion is the key to winning the battle of ideas.
  114. illusive: deceptive; misleading; based on or having the nature of an illusion
    E.g.He used to have illusive hopes of finding a better job.
  115. illusory: deceptive or tending of deceive; not real
    E.g.Unfortunately, the costs of running the lemonade stand were so high that Tom's profits proved illusory.
  116. imbalance: lack of balance or symmetry; disproportion
    E.g.What Peterson wrote about South Dakota's government now being in imbalance is most certainly true.
  117. imbibe: drink in; absorb or take in as if by drinking
    E.g.The dry soil can imbibe the rain quickly.
  118. imbue: inspire or influence thoroughly; stain or dye deeply or completely
    E.g.The point is that the most vacuous of the vacuous draws big crowds and media and it doesn't imbue them with substance.
  119. immaculate: spotless; flawless; absolutely clean
    E.g.Chatman said her mom and dad always kept their vehicles in immaculate shape.
  120. imminent: near at hand; close in time; about to occur
    E.g.Peak oil does not mean that we are in imminent danger of running out of oil.
  121. immobility: quality of not moving; remaining in place
    E.g.Modern armies cannot afford the luxury of immobility, as they are vulnerable to attack while standing still.
  122. immune: resistant to; free or exempt from; not subject to
    E.g.Still, the company doesn't expect to remain immune from the effects of the downturn.
  123. immutable: unable to be changed without exception; not mutable
    E.g.All things change over time; nothing is immutable.
  124. impair: injure or hurt; become worse; affect negatively
    E.g.Drinking alcohol can impair your ability to drive safely; if you're going to drink, don't drive.
  125. impale: pierce; kill by piercing with a spear or sharp
    E.g.His adversary hurled a spear to impale him.
  126. impalpable: difficult to perceive senses or mind
    E.g.The ash is so fine that it is impalpable to the touch but it can be seen as a fine layer covering the window ledge.
  127. impart: reveal or tell; grant a share of; bestow
    E.g.Well, I think one of the things I'd like this book to impart is a sense of how complex people's lives are.
  128. impartial: not biased; fair; showing lack of favoritism
    E.g.You know, you've got to remain impartial in all of this, Sheriff.
  129. impassable: not able to be traveled or crossed
    E.g.A giant redwood had fallen across the highway, blocking all four lanes: the road was impassable.
  130. impasse: road or passage having no exit; deadlock
    E.g.One possibility to resolve the impasse is a new candidate.
  131. impassioned: actuated or characterized by passion or zeal; showing warmth of feeling; ardent; animated; excited
    E.g.As to my own will or conscience, impassioned grief had trampled one and stifled the other.
  132. impassive: without feeling; revealing little emotion or sensibility; not easily aroused or excited
    E.g.Refusing to let the enemy see how deeply shaken he was by his capture, the prisoner kept his face impassive.
  133. impeccable: faultless; incapable of sin or wrongdoing
    E.g.His voting record has been impeccable from a conservative point of view.
  134. impecunious: without money; poor; penniless
    E.g.Though Scrooge claimed he was too impecunious to give alms, he easily could have afforded to be charitable.
  135. impede: hinder; charge with improper conduct; challenge validity of; try to discredit
    E.g.A series of accidents impede the launching of the space shuttle.
  136. impediment: any structure that makes progress difficult; stumbling-block
    E.g.The main impediment is overcoming the legacy of mismanagement and waste left by the previous Government.
  137. impel: drive or force onward; drive forward; urge to action through moral pressure
    E.g.A strong feeling of urgency would impel her; if she failed to finish the project right then, she knew that she would never get it done.
  138. impending: close in time; about to occur; approaching
    E.g.We have very strict rules about what prosecutors can say in impending cases.
  139. impenetrable: not able to be entered; beyond understanding
    E.g.The men behind the bailout take refuge in impenetrable jargon.
  140. impenitent: impervious to moral persuasion; of hard heart
    E.g.We could see from his tough guy attitude that he was impenitent.
  141. imperative: having power command or control; critically importance; some duty that is essential and urgent
    E.g.Every man has his own destiny: the only imperative is to follow it, to accept it, no matter where it leads him.
  142. imperceptible: impossible or difficult to perceive by the mind or senses
    E.g.Fortunately, the stain on the blouse was imperceptible after the blouse had gone through the wash.
  143. imperial: like an emperor; related to an empire; ruling over extensive territories
    E.g.Yet we lack the willingness, and perhaps the ability, to make the sacrifices necessary to maintain imperial dominion over that region.
  144. imperious: urgent or pressing; able to deal authoritatively; dictatorial
    E.g.Jane rather liked a man to be masterful, but Mr. Rochester seemed so bent on getting his own way that he was actually imperious!.
  145. impermeable: not allowing passage, especially of liquids; waterproof
    E.g.This new material is impermeable to liquids.
  146. impersonal: having no personal preference; objective
    E.g.He always contributed impersonal criticism.
  147. impertinent: improperly forward or bold; rude
    E.g.His neighbors' impertinent curiosity about his lack of dates angered Ted. It was downright rude of them to ask him such personal questions.
  148. imperturbable: unshakably calm; placid; incapable of being disturbed or disconcerted
    E.g.In the midst of the battle, the Duke of Wellington remained imperturbable and in full command of the situation despite the hysteria and panic all around him.
  149. impetuous: marked by sudden and violent force; hasty; impulsive and passionate
    E.g."Leap before you look" was the motto suggested by one particularly impetuous young man.
  150. impetus: incentive; stimulus; force or energy associated with a moving body
    E.g.A new federal highway program would create jobs and give added impetus to our economic recovery.
  151. impiety: irreverence; lack of respect for God
    E.g.When members of the youth group draped the church in toilet paper one Halloween, the minister reprimanded them for their impiety.
  152. impinge: infringe; advance beyond usual limit; make physical impact on; touch
    E.g.How could they be married not to impinge on one another's freedom?.
  153. impious: irreverent; lacking due respect or dutifulness
    E.g.The congregation was offended by her impious remarks.
  154. implacable: incapable of being pacified; not to be relieved;
    E.g.Madame Defarge was the implacable enemy of the Evremonde family.
  155. implausible: unlikely; difficult to believe; dubious
    E.g.Though her alibi seemed implausible, it in fact turned out to be true.
  156. implement: put into effect; supply with tools
    E.g.The mayor was unwilling to implement the plan until she was sure it had the governor's backing.
  157. implicate: incriminate; involve or imply as necessary accompaniment or result
    E.g.The suspicions again implicate high government officials to the point where 911 could well have been an inside job.
  158. implication: something hinted at or suggested; act of implying; condition of being implied
    E.g.They might be important, they innovate, they're flexible, but the implication is they don't need to be regulated to the extent of the banking system.
  159. implicit: implied or understood though not directly expressed
    E.g.Jack never told Jill he adored her; he believed his love was implicit in his actions.
  160. implode: collapse or burst inward violently; burst inward
    E.g.For that to explode, or implode, is going to be devastating, she explained.
  161. implore: beg for urgently; make an earnest appeal
    E.g.I again implore Congress to do the right thing and pass this funding.
  162. imply: express or indicate indirectly; signify
    E.g.Why does the word imply male siblings and not female as well?
  163. import: bring in from another country
    E.g.Despite being one of the world's largest oil exporters, Nigeria refines only a very small proportion of even its own fuel needs, and has to import the rest - a severe and unnecessary drain on resources.
  164. importunate: urging; demanding; expressing earnest entreaty
    E.g.He tried to hide from his importunate creditors until his allowance arrived.
  165. importune: beg persistently; ask for urgently or repeatedly; annoy
    E.g.Democratic and Republican phone solicitors importune her for contributions so frequently that she decides to give nothing to either party.
  166. impotent: weak; ineffective; lacking physical strength or vigor; incapable of sexual intercourse
    E.g.Although he wished to break the nicotine habit, he found himself impotent in resisting the craving for a cigarette.
  167. impoverish: make poor; reduce to poverty or indigence; exhaust the strength, richness, or fertility of
    E.g.Heavy rain and excessive use would impoverish the soil.
  168. imprecation: curse; act of calling down a curse that invokes evil
    E.g.Spouting violent imprecation, Hank searched for the person who had vandalized his truck.
  169. impregnable: invulnerable; able to withstand attack
    E.g.Until the development of the airplane as a military weapon, the fort was considered impregnable.
  170. impromptu: without previous preparation
    E.g.So there's certain impromptu nature to a lot of these questions and the responses.
  171. impropriety: improper act; improper or unacceptable usage in speech or writing
    E.g.Because of the impropriety of the punk rocker's slashed T-shirt and jeans, the management refused to admit him to the hotel's very formal dining room.
  172. improvident: thriftless; not providing for future; incautious
    E.g.He was constantly being warned to mend his improvident ways and begin to "save for a rainy day.".
  173. improvise: compose, perform, or do something with little or no preparation
    E.g.If they let Lee improvise even one response, it could be devastating.
  174. imprudent: lacking caution; injudicious; not attentive to consequence
    E.g.It is imprudent to exercise vigorously and become overheated when you are unwell.
  175. impudence: offensively bold behavior; trait of being rude
    E.g.Kissed on the cheek by a perfect stranger, Lady Catherine exclaimed, "Of all the nerve! Young man, I should have you horse-whipped for your impudence.".
  176. impugn: dispute or contradict, often in insulting way; challenge
    E.g.Our treasurer was furious when the finance committee's report tried to impugn the accuracy of his financial records.
  177. impunity: freedom from punishment or harm
    E.g.A 98 pound weakling can't attack a beachfront bully with impunity.
  178. impute: lay responsibility or blame for, often unjustly
    E.g.It seemed unfair to impute the accident on me, especially since they were the ones who ran the red light.
  179. inadvertently: unintentionally; without knowledge or intention; carelessly
    E.g.Whether on purpose or inadvertently, that is exactly what John did.
  180. inalienable: not to be taken away; nontransferable
    E.g.The Declaration of Independence mentions the inalienable rights that all of us possess.
  181. inane: silly; senseless; unconsciously foolish; void
    E.g.The elevator came and went several times, and he heard a door open and close twice, but otherwise there was only Misha and Andrus engaged in inane conversation, and not paying attention to their duties.
  182. inanimate: lifeless; not animated or energetic; dull
    E.g.She was asked to identify the still and inanimate body.
  183. inarticulate: speechless; without or deprived of the use of speech or words
    E.g.He became inarticulate with rage and uttered sounds without meaning.
  184. inaugurate: start; initiate; induct into office by formal ceremony
    E.g.The airline decided to inaugurate its new route to the Far East with a special reduced fare offer.
  185. incandescent: strikingly bright; shining with intense heat; emitting light as result of being heated
    E.g.If you leave on an incandescent light bulb, it quickly grows too hot to touch.
  186. incantation: singing or chanting of magic spells; magical formula; verbal charm or spell
    E.g.The idea that we simply manufacture promissory obligations by speaking them, like an incantation, is decidedly mysterious.
  187. incapacitate: disable or disqualify; deprive of capacity or natural power
    E.g.During the winter, respiratory ailments incapacitate many people.
  188. incarcerate: imprison; put into jail; shut up or inclose
    E.g.He was not willing to incarcerate the civil rights workers because their imprisonment could serve the cause.
  189. incarnate: embodied in human form; invested with bodily nature and form
    E.g.Depending on who you asked he was a savior or the devil incarnate.
  190. incarnation: person or thing regarded as embodying or exhibiting some quality, idea
    E.g.The incarnation of Jesus Christ is a basic tenet of Christian theology.
  191. incendiary: arsonist; bomb that is designed to start fires
    E.g.The fire spread in such an unusual manner that the fire department chiefs were certain that it had been set by an incendiary.
  192. incense: enrage; infuriate; cause to be extremely angry
    E.g.Cruelty to defenseless animals will incense Caroline.
  193. incentive: something, such as the fear of punishment or the expectation of reward
    E.g.Another incentive is the tax and duty-free importation of raw materials to be used for book publishing.
  194. inception: beginning of something; taking in, as by swallowing; process of receiving within
    E.g.She was involved with the project from its inception.
  195. incessant: uninterrupted; unceasing; continuing without interruption
    E.g.I read, discuss in incessant phone conferences and attempt to bring to the world media some of the world' s biggest humanitarian crises.
  196. inchoate: recently begun; imperfectly formed or developed; elementary
    E.g.Before the Creation, the world was an inchoate mass.
  197. incidence: rate of occurrence; particular occurrence
    E.g.The highest incidence is found in Britain, Australia and Belgium: 30 per 1,000,000 per year.
  198. incident: usually minor event or condition that is subordinate to another; event; happening
    E.g.The most high-profile exercise is planned for central London where a catastrophic incident will be simulated shortly.
  199. incidental: happening, as occasional event, without regularity; coming without design
    E.g.The scholarship covered his major expenses at college and some of his incidental expenses as well.
  200. incipient: beginning to exist or appear; in an early stage
    E.g.I will go to sleep early for I want to break an incipient cold.
  201. incisive: penetrating, clear, and sharp, as in operation or expression
    E.g.His incisive remarks made us see the fallacy in our plans.
  202. incite: arouse to action; motivate; induce to exist
    E.g.In a fiery speech, Mario and his fellow students incite audience to go out on strike to protest the government.
  203. inclement: stormy; showing no mercy; physically severe
    E.g.In inclement weather, I like to curl up on the sofa with a good book and listen to the storm blowing outside.
  204. incline: cause to lean, slant, or slope; deviate from the horizontal or vertical
    E.g.The architect recommended that the nursing home's ramp be rebuilt because its incline was too steep for wheelchairs.
  205. inclined: tending or leaning toward; bent; having preference or tendency
    E.g.In the next news cycle or during the next big story, will mainstream media remain inclined to wait for confirmation from the AP or The New York Times?
  206. inclusive: tending to include all; taking a great deal or everything within its scope
    E.g.The comedian turned down the invitation to join the Players' Club, saying any club that would let him in was too inclusive for him.
  207. incognito: with one's identity disguised or concealed; in disguise; in an assumed character, or under an assumed title
    E.g.You can browse normally and in incognito mode at the same time by using separate windows.
  208. incompatible: inharmonious; impossible to coexist; not easy to combine harmoniously
    E.g.The married couple argued incessantly and finally decided to separate because they were incompatible.
  209. incongruity: quality of disagreeing; being unsuitable and inappropriate
    E.g.My other problem with the iPod is that I find them a bit of an incongruity in this age of convergence.
  210. inconsequential: insignificant; lacking importance; not following from premises or evidence; illogical
    E.g.Brushing off Ali's apologies for having broken the wineglass, Tamara said, "Don't worry about it; it's inconsequential.".
  211. inconsistency: state of being self-contradictory; lack of uniformity or steadiness
    E.g.How is a lawyer different from agricultural inspector? While a lawyer checks inconsistency in witnesses' statements, agricultural inspector checks in Grade A eggs.
  212. incontinent: lacking self-restraint; lacking sexual restraint; unchaste
    E.g.His incontinent behavior off stage so shocked many people that they refused to attend the plays and movies in which he appeared.
  213. incontrovertible: indisputable; not open to question
    E.g.Unless you find the evidence against my client absolutely incontrovertible, you must declare her not guilty of this charge.
  214. incorporate: combine something into a larger whole; unite
    E.g.I will provide the template for the website but will need someone in incorporate the matrix along with the members area and a few other aspects to go along with the members area.
  215. incorporeal: not consisting of matter, or not having material body; immaterial; insubstantial
    E.g.While Casper the friendly ghost is an incorporeal being, nevertheless he and his fellow ghosts make quite an impact on the physical world.
  216. incorrigible: not correctable; difficult or impossible to control or manage
    E.g.Though Widow Douglass hoped to reform Huck, Miss Watson called him incorrigible and said he would come to no good end.
  217. incredulity: disbelief; doubt about the truth of something
    E.g.In my experience, most of the incredulity is expressed by people who don't understand how evolution works and aren't acquainted with all evidence.
  218. incredulous: difficult to believe; incredible; skeptical
    E.g.When Jack claimed he hadn't eaten the jelly doughnut, Jill took an incredulous look at his smeared face and laughed.
  219. increment: process of increasing in number, size, quantity, or extent
    E.g.The new contract calls for a 10 percent increment in salary for each employee for the next two years.
  220. incriminate: accuse of a crime or other wrongful act; suggest that someone is guilty
    E.g.The former president tried to destroy an audio tape that could be used to to incriminate him.
  221. incrustation: hard outer layer that covers something
    E.g.In dry dock, we scraped off the incrustation of dirt and barnacles that covered the hull of the ship.
  222. inculcate: teach and impress by frequent repetitions
    E.g.In an effort to inculcate religious devotion, the officials ordered that the school day begin with the singing of a hymn.
  223. incumbent: imposed as an obligation or duty; currently holding an office
    E.g.Voters see the same old candidates year after year and figure that the incumbent is usually a lock in a vast number of congressional districts.
  224. incur: bring upon oneself; become liable to; acquire or come into
    E.g.Today when a corporation loses a court decision the universal punishment they incur is that they are made to pay a fine.
  225. incursion: aggressive entrance into foreign territory; raid or invasion
    E.g.The nightly incursion and hit-and-run raid of our neighbors across the border tried the patience of the country to the point where we decided to retaliate in force.
  226. indefatigable: tireless; showing sustained enthusiastic action
    E.g.Although the effort of taking out the garbage tired Wayne out for the entire morning, when it came to partying, he was indefatigable.
  227. indelible: impossible to remove, erase, or wash away; permanent
    E.g.The indelible ink left a permanent mark on my shirt.
  228. indentation: concave cut into a surface or edge; small hollow or depression
    E.g.You can tell one tree from another by examining their leaves and noting the differences in any indentation along the edges of the leaves.
  229. indenture: contract binding one party into the service of another for a specified term
    E.g.Many immigrants could come to America only after they had to indenture themselves for several years.
  230. indeterminate: uncertain; not clearly fixed; indefinite
    E.g.That interest rates shall rise appears certain; when they will do so, however, remains indeterminate.
  231. indicative: suggestive; implying; serving to indicate
    E.g.There are numerous examples, but the most indicative is probably in Southwestern Pennsylvania.
  232. indict: charge; accuse formally of a crime
    E.g.The district attorney didn't want to indict the suspect until she was sure she had a strong enough case to convince a jury.
  233. indifferent: having no particular interest or concern; being neither good nor bad
    E.g.No one can remain indifferent when an orchestra of Palestinian children comes to play for Holocaust survivors and to bring delight to the old people.
  234. indigenous: native; originating where it is found
    E.g.But rarely was the music they played anchored in indigenous sounds of their homelands, as the groups eagerly explored musical hybrids.
  235. indigent: poor; experiencing want or need; impoverished
    E.g.Someone who is truly indigent can't even afford to buy a pack of cigarettes.
  236. indignation: anger aroused by something unjust
    E.g.Climate Research, the paper that ignited his indignation is a 2003 study that turned out to be underwritten by the American Petroleum Institute.
  237. indignity: offensive or insulting treatment
    E.g.Although he seemed to accept cheerfully the indignity hit upon him, he was inwardly very angry.
  238. indiscriminate: choosing at random; not marked by fine distinctions
    E.g.She disapproved of her son's indiscriminate television viewing and decided to restrict him to educational programs.
  239. indisputable: not open to question; obviously true; beyond dispute or doubt
    E.g.In the face of these indisputable statements, I withdraw my complaint.
  240. indissoluble: permanent; impossible to dissolve, disintegrate, or decompose
    E.g.The indissoluble bonds of marriage are all too often being dissolved.
  241. indoctrinate: teach with biased or one-sided ideology; teach doctrines to; teach uncritically
    E.g.Cuban Americans resisted sending Elian Gonzalez back to Cuba because it would indoctrinate him with Communist principles.
  242. indolent: lazy; slow to heal, grow, or develop; inactive
    E.g.Couch potatoes lead an indolent life lying back on their Lazyboy recliners watching Tv.
  243. indomitable: unconquerable; incapable of being overcome
    E.g.Focusing on her game despite all her personal problems, tennis champion Steffi Graf proved she had an indomitable will to win.
  244. indubitable: unable to be doubted; unquestionable
    E.g.Auditioning for the chorus line, Molly was an indubitable hit: the director fired the leading lady and hired Molly in her place!.
  245. induce: persuade; bring about; reason or establish by induction
    E.g.He was as a dog that had been terribly scorched, and nothing would again induce him to go near the fire.
  246. indulgent: yielding; lenient; forbearing or tolerant
    E.g.The spirit of being in control and a little bit indulgent is captured in a recent television advertisement for the Chrysler Pacifica.
  247. industrious: diligent; hard-working; busy and laborious
    E.g.To be merely intelligent or industrious is not enough; only those with both succeed.
  248. inebriated: under the influence of alcohol; intoxicated; drunk
    E.g.Abe was inebriated more often than he was sober.
  249. ineffable: unutterable; cannot be expressed in speech
    E.g.Such ineffable joy must be experienced; it cannot be described.
  250. ineffectual: insufficient to produce a desired effect; fruitless
    E.g.He called the ineffectual cease-fire a diplomatic initiative that would be first step to end the conflict.
  251. inept: lacking of judgment, sense, or reason; unsuited; inappropriate; foolish
    E.g.Calling Mary socially inept is akin to describing Hurricane Katrina as a summer shower.
  252. inequity: unfairness; lack of equity or abstract justice; disagreement with equitable principles
    E.g.In demanding equal pay for equal work, women protest the basic inequity of a system that gives greater financial rewards to men.
  253. inert: inactive; lacking power to move; unable to move or act
    E.g.Potential intelligence, like potential, can remain inert forever.
  254. inevitable: unavoidable; incapable of being avoided or prevented
    E.g.Though taxes are supposedly inevitable, some people avoid paying taxes for years.
  255. inexorable: not capable of being swayed; unyielding; implacable
    E.g.The judge was inexorable and gave the convicted man the maximum punishment allowed by law.
  256. infallible: incapable of failure or error
    E.g.Declaring yourself infallible is a laughable way to win the argument.
  257. infamous: notoriously bad; having exceedingly bad reputation
    E.g.At this courtroom he would become known as the infamous man in the bulletproof glass booth.
  258. infantile: childish; relating to infants
    E.g.American foreign policy has for decades been trapped in infantile behavior that mature men are supposed to outgrow once they get past adolescence.
  259. infer: deduce; conclude from evidence or premises; lead to as a consequence or conclusion
    E.g.From the students' glazed looks, it was easy for me to infer that they were bored out of their minds.
  260. infernal: pertaining to hell; devilish; abominable; awful
    E.g.Batman was baffled: he could think of no way to hinder the Joker's infernal scheme to destroy the city.
  261. infest: overrun; invade in great numbers; occupy in large numbers or live on a host
    E.g.The Kudzu plant does infest much of the South and is spreading to the North.
  262. infidel: one who does not hold same religious beliefs as another
    E.g.The name infidel is not for us so long as we are faithful to the truth we know.
  263. infiltrate: pass into or through; penetrate with hostile intent
    E.g.They're not going to take any chances to infiltrate from the Afghan side of the border into Pakistan.
  264. infinitesimal: very small; immeasurably or incalculably minute
    E.g.In the twentieth century, physicists have made their greatest discoveries about the characteristics of infinitesimal objects like the atom and its parts.
  265. infirmity: weakness; bodily ailment or weakness, especially one brought on by old age
    E.g.Her greatest infirmity was lack of willpower.
  266. inflated: exaggerated; pompous; enlarged with air or gas
    E.g.President Obama's advice to keep your tires properly inflated is actually a very simple and effective measure.
  267. influx: flowing into; mass arrival or incoming
    E.g.The influx of refugees into the country has taxed the relief agencies severely.
  268. infraction: violation of rule or regulation; breach; minor offence or petty crime
    E.g.When Dennis Rodman butted heads with that referee, he committed a clear infraction of NBA rules.
  269. infringe: act contrary to, as a law, right, or obligation; annul or hinder
    E.g.I am disgusted at this decision by the government, to once again infringe on the rights of the people of the countryside!
  270. ingenious: clever; having inventive or cunning mind
    E.g.Do not certain ingenious philosophers teach this doctrine, and ought not we to be grateful to them?
  271. ingenuous: naive and trusting; young; unsophisticated
    E.g.The woodsman had not realized how ingenuous Little Red Riding Hood was until he heard that she had gone off for a walk in the woods with the Big Bad Wolf.
  272. ingrained: deeply established; firmly rooted
    E.g.Try as they would, the missionaries were unable to uproot the ingrained superstitions of the natives.
  273. ingrate: unthankful; ungrateful; one who rewards favors with enmity
    E.g.If you mean I am an ingrate, that is an unpleasant word, Aunt Mary.
  274. ingratiate: become popular with; make agreeable or acceptable
    E.g.He tried to ingratiate himself into her parents' good graces.
  275. inherent: firmly established by nature or habit
    E.g.Each branch of the federal government has certain inherent powers.
  276. inhibit: restrain; prevent or forbid; hold back
    E.g.Only two things inhibit him from taking a punch at Mike Tyson: Tyson's left hook, and Tyson's right jab.
  277. inimical: unfriendly; hostile; harmful; detrimental
    E.g.I've always been friendly to Martha. Why is she so inimical to me?.
  278. inimitable: matchless; not able to be imitated
    E.g.We admire Auden for his inimitable use of language; he is one of a kind.
  279. iniquitous: wicked or sinful; immoral; unrighteous
    E.g.Whether or not King Richard III was responsible for the murder of the two young princes in the Tower, it was an iniquitous deed.
  280. initiate: begin; originate; admit into membership
    E.g.The college is about to initiate a program in reducing math anxiety among students.
  281. injurious: harmful; tending to injure or impair; abusive; insulting
    E.g.Smoking cigarettes can be injurious to your health.
  282. inkling: slight hint or indication; slight understanding
    E.g.His first inkling is when he tries to take a step forward and discovers that his legs are collapsing beneath him.
  283. innate: possessed at birth; inborn
    E.g.Mozart's parents soon recognized young Wolfgang's innate talent for music.
  284. innocuous: having no adverse effect; harmless
    E.g.An occasional glass of wine with dinner is relatively innocuous and should have no ill effect on you.
  285. innovation: introduction of something new
    E.g.The United States, a nation that has always led the way in innovation, is now being outpaced in math and science education.
  286. innuendo: hint; indirect implication , usually malicious
    E.g.Until he engages in innuendo about being supported by "hard-working, white Americans," then he has not said much that should upset fellow Democrats.
  287. inopportune: untimely; poorly chosen; inappropriate or ill-timed
    E.g.A rock concert is an inopportune setting for a quiet conversation.
  288. inordinate: exceeding reasonable limits; excessive; not regulated; disorderly
    E.g.She had an inordinate fondness for candy, eating two or three boxes in a single day.
  289. inquisitive: disposed to ask questions, especially in matters which do not concern the inquirer; given to examination, investigation, or research; searching; curious
    E.g.She is inquisitive to other people's affairs.
  290. inquisitor: questioner, especially who is excessively rigorous or harsh; investigator
    E.g.Fearing being grilled ruthlessly by the secret police, Masha faced her inquisitor with trepidation.
  291. insalubrious: unwholesome; not healthful; not promoting health
    E.g.The mosquito-ridden swamp was an insalubrious place, a breeding ground for malarial contagion.
  292. insatiable: not easily satisfied; impossible to satiate or satisfy; greedy
    E.g.If this country has an insatiable need for Mexico's drugs, it's only due to federal negligence in fencing and securing our borders.
  293. inscrutable: impenetrable; not readily understood; mysterious
    E.g.Experienced poker players try to keep their expressions inscrutable, hiding their reactions to the cards behind a so-called "poker face.".
  294. insensate: lacking sensibility and understanding; foolish
    E.g.The shock of the accident left him insensate, but after some time, he was able to tell the officer what had happened.
  295. insensible: unconscious; unresponsive; very small or gradual
    E.g.Sherry and I are very different; at times when I would be covered with embarrassment, she seems insensible to shame.
  296. insidious: spreading harmfully in a subtle manner; designed or adapted to entrap
    E.g.More insidious is the whole issue of the second amendment.
  297. insightful: showing or having insight; perceptive; having a keen intellect
    E.g.Additionally, the SBC continues its "Boot Camp Series" throughout the year to help businesses to gain insightful advice on business strategies.
  298. insipid: lacking flavor or zest; not tasty; dull
    E.g.Flat prose and flat ginger ale are equally insipid: both lack sparkle.
  299. insolence: scornful treatment; insulting speech or conduct
    E.g.How dare you treat me so rudely! The manager will hear of your insolence.
  300. insolvent: bankrupt; unable to repay one's debts
    E.g.Although young Lord Widgeon was insolvent, he had no fear of being thrown into debtors' prison, for he was sure that if his creditors pressed him for payment his wealthy parents would repay what he owed.
  301. insomnia: inability to sleep; lack of sleep
    E.g.Much of the problem in insomnia is not worrying about a real fear, such as losing a job, but is the secondary anxiety about losing sleep.
  302. instigate: goad or urge forward; provoke; incite
    E.g.Rumors of police corruption led the mayor to instigate an investigation into the department's activities.
  303. institute: advance or set forth in court; association organized to promote art or science or education
    E.g.The institute for biomedical research is a non-profit, independent research and educational organization known as a world leader in its field.
  304. institution: institute; organization; introducing something new
    E.g.Police in the South Indian state say 25 patients at an institution for the mentally ill have died after a fire broke out there early on Monday morning.
  305. institutionalize: cause to be admitted; of persons to an institution
    E.g.Decena urged local government units to institutionalize the vaccinations of dogs, and dog owners to be more responsible in taking care of their pets.
  306. insubordination: disobedience; resistance to lawful authority
    E.g.His insubordination is nothing but a vicious desire to make trouble.
  307. insubstantial: lacking substance or reality; insignificant; frail; not firm or solid
    E.g.His hopes for a career in acting proved insubstantial; no one would cast him, even in an insignificant role.
  308. insularity: narrow-mindedness; isolation; state of being isolated or detached
    E.g.The insularity of the islanders manifested itself in their suspicion of anything foreign.
  309. insuperable: incapable of being excelled; unbeatable
    E.g.Though the odds against their survival seemed insuperable, the Apollo 13 astronauts reached earth safely.
  310. insurgent: rising in revolt against established authority; rebelling against leadership of political party
    E.g.Because the insurgent forces had occupied the capital and had gained control of the railway lines, several of the war correspondents covering the uprising predicted a rebel victory.
  311. insurmountable: overwhelming; incapable of being passed over or overcome
    E.g.Faced by almost insurmountable obstacles, the members of the underground maintained their courage and will to resist.
  312. insurrection: rebellion; uprising; rising against civil or political authority
    E.g.In the beginning, the insurrection is a riot, just as a river is a torrent.
  313. intangible: not able to be perceived by senses, as touch; vague
    E.g.Though the financial benefits of his Oxford post were meager, Lewis was drawn to it by its intangible rewards: prestige, intellectual freedom, the fellowship of his peers.
  314. integral: essential or necessary for completeness; entire
    E.g.Despite the ratings agencies' spectacular failures during the recent crisis, their assessments remain integral to the structure of the financial system.
  315. integrate: make whole; combine; make into one unit
    E.g.She tried to integrate all their activities into one program.
  316. integrity: quality or condition of being whole or undivided; completeness
    E.g.Protecting global supply chain integrity is of the utmost importance for manufacturers.
  317. intellect: ability to learn and reason; ability to think abstractly or profoundly
    E.g.In this stage, the intellect is able to grasp all knowledge, and does not need to have recourse to the senses again.
  318. intelligentsia: intelligent and educated elite, especially in nineteenth-century Poland, in Russia and later the Soviet Union
    E.g.She preferred discussions about sports and politics to the literary conversations of the intelligentsia.
  319. inter: place in grave or tomb; bury; place in earth and cover
    E.g.They are going to inter the body tomorrow at Broadlawn Cemetery.
  320. interim: time between one event, process; interval of time
    E.g.For banks on the edge, their ability to maintain capital levels in the interim is the important factor.
  321. interloper: intruder; one that interferes with affairs of others, often for selfish reasons
    E.g.The merchant thought of his competitor as interloper who was stealing away his trade.
  322. interminable: being or seeming to be without an end; endless; tedious; continual
    E.g.Although his speech lasted for only twenty minutes, it seemed interminable to his bored audience.
  323. intermittent: periodic; on and off; stopping and starting at intervals
    E.g.The outdoor wedding reception had to be moved indoors to avoid the intermittent showers that fell on and off all afternoon.
  324. internecine: mutually destructive; equally devastating to both sides
    E.g.Though it looked as though there was a victor, the internecine battle benefited no one.
  325. interregnum: temporary halting of usual operations of government or control; time between two reigns
    E.g.The new king began his reign by restoring order that the lawless interregnum had destroyed.
  326. interrogate: question closely; examine by questioning formally or officially
    E.g.If you catch a guy possibly responsible for the case, I have a feeling that more than one FBI agent would interrogate you.
  327. intervene: get involved; come, appear, or lie between two things
    E.g.And therefore, the place to intervene is to slow down the number of children who begin smoking.
  328. intimate: give to understand; imply as a possibility; make known subtly and indirectly
    E.g.Did Dick intimate that Jane had bad breath when he asked if she'd like a breath mint?
  329. intimidate: frighten; make timid; fill with fear
    E.g.The group said Eveleth's arrest was designed to intimidate and disrupt its protests during the Earth Summit.
  330. intoxicate: stimulate or excite; stupefy or excite by the action of a chemical substance such as alcohol
    E.g.Marijuana's emergence as the drug of choice of the '60s had little to do with medicinal and industrial applications and everything to do with its profound power to intoxicate an entire generation.
  331. intractable: difficult to manage or govern; stubborn; unyielding
    E.g.Charlie Brown's friend Pigpen was intractable: he absolutely refused to take a bath.
  332. intransigence: refusal of any compromise; stubbornness
    E.g.The negotiating team had not expected such intransigence from the striking workers, who rejected any hint of a compromise.
  333. intrepid: fearless; indicating or springing from courage
    E.g.For her intrepid conduct nursing the wounded during the war, Florence Nightingale was honored by Queen Victoria.
  334. intrigue: captivate; cause to be interested or curious; plot for: scheme for
    E.g.He asks occasional questions, but usually just about how the speaker came to a certain conclusion, it's the thought process more than the answer that seems to intrigue him.
  335. intrinsic: relating to essential nature of a thing; inherent; built-in
    E.g.Although my grandmother's china has little intrinsic value, I shall always cherish it for the memories it evokes.
  336. introspective: looking within oneself; thoughtful about oneself; studying or exhibiting one's own internal state
    E.g.A renowned Tibetan lama pointed out that Westerners think people in the East tend to be more introspective and less concerned with material success.
  337. intuition: immediate insight; power of knowing without reasoning
    E.g.Even though Tony denied that anything was wrong, Tina trusted her intuition that something was bothering him.
  338. inundate: overwhelm; cover with water, especially floodwaters
    E.g.Until the great dam was built, the waters of the Nile used to inundate the river valley like clockwork every year.
  339. inured: accustomed; made tough by habitual exposure
    E.g.She became inured to the Alaskan cold.
  340. invalid: of no force or weight; not valid; weak; void; null
    E.g.This ticket has passed its expiration date, and so it is now invalid.
  341. invalidate: make invalid; nullify; destroy
    E.g.The relatives who received little or nothing sought to invalidate the will by claiming that the deceased had not been in his right mind when he had signed the document.
  342. invective: abusive language used to express blame or ill will
    E.g.He had expected criticism but not the invective that greeted his proposal.
  343. inverse: opposite; reversed in order, nature, or effect; turned upside down
    E.g.There is an inverse ratio between the strength of light and its distance.
  344. invert: turn upside down or inside out; reverse the position, order, or condition of
    E.g.When he tried to invert his body in a handstand, he felt the blood rush to his head.
  345. inveterate: deep-rooted; firmly and long established; habitual
    E.g.An inveterate smoker, Bob cannot seem to break the habit, no matter how hard he tries.
  346. invidious: designed to create ill will or envy
    E.g.We disregarded her invidious remarks because we realized how jealous she was.
  347. invincible: incapable of being overcome or defeated; unconquerable
    E.g.The president who once seemed invincible is now seen as potential vulnerable.
  348. inviolable: secure from corruption, attack, or violation; unassailable
    E.g.Batman considered his oath to keep the people of Gotham City inviolable: nothing on earth could make him break this promise.
  349. invocation: prayer for help; calling upon as reference or support
    E.g.The service of Morning Prayer opens with an invocation during which we ask God to hear our prayers.
  350. invulnerable: incapable of injury; impossible to damage, injure, or wound
    E.g.In a country where a quarter of students say guns are easily accessible at home, expecting any measure to make a school invulnerable is unrealistic.
  351. iota: very small amount; a bit; ninth letter of the Greek alphabet
    E.g.All this does not take away one iota from the terrible acts committed yesterday.
  352. irascible: irritable; easily angered; excited by or arising from anger
    E.g.Miss Minchin's irascible temper intimidated the younger schoolgirls, who feared she'd burst into a rage at any moment.
  353. irate: feeling or showing extreme anger; enraged
    E.g.One idea that has left many parents and other residents irate is a plan to cut at least 22 teachers by changing class schedules.
  354. iridescent: exhibiting or giving out colors like those of rainbow; gleaming or shimmering with rainbow colors
    E.g.She admired the iridescent hues of the oil that floated on the surface of the water.
  355. irksome: causing annoyance, weariness, or vexation; tedious
    E.g.He found working on the assembly line irksome because of the monotony of the operation he had to perform.
  356. ironic: humorously sarcastic or mocking
    E.g.What's truly ironic is how both sides in this polarized debate use precisely the same tactics.
  357. irony: expression by deliberate contrast between apparent and intended meaning; witty language used to insult
    E.g.That most of us miss the irony is a vivid demonstration of our blindness.
  358. irreconcilable: incompatible; not able to be resolved
    E.g.Because the separated couple were irreconcilable, the marriage counselor recommended a divorce.
  359. irrefutable: unable to be disproved; incontrovertible; undeniable
    E.g.No matter how hard I tried to find a good comeback for her argument, I couldn't think of one: her logic was irrefutable.
  360. irrelevant: not applicable; unrelated; having no connection with
    E.g.In the report they found that dividends are irrelevant to a company's value.
  361. irremediable: incurable; uncorrectable; impossible to remedy or correct
    E.g.The error she made was irremediable; she could see no way to repair it.
  362. irreparable: not able to be corrected or repaired
    E.g.Any misdirected effort at manipulation or pressure may result in irreparable injury to the parts.
  363. irrepressible: unable to be restrained; difficult or impossible to control or restrain
    E.g.My friend Kitty's curiosity was irrepressible: she poked her nose into everybody's business and just laughed when I warned her that curiosity killed the cat.
  364. irreproachable: perfect or blameless in every respect; faultless; impeccable
    E.g.Homer's conduct at the office party was irreproachable; even Marge didn't have anything bad to say about how he behaved.
  365. irresolute: uncertain how to act or proceed; undecided; lacking in resolution
    E.g.Once you have made your decision, don't waver; a leader should never appear irresolute.
  366. irretrievable: impossible to recover or regain; irreparable
    E.g.The left fielder tried to retrieve the ball, but it flew over the fence, bounced off a wall, and fell into the sewer: it was irretrievable.
  367. irreverence: lack of proper respect; disrespectful act or remark
    E.g.Some audience members were amused by the irreverence of the comedian's jokes about the Pope; others felt offended by his lack of respect for their faith.
  368. irrevocable: unalterable; irreversible; impossible to retract or revoke
    E.g.As Sue dropped the "Dear John" letter into the mailbox, she suddenly wanted to take it back, but she could not: her action was irrevocable.
  369. itinerant: wandering; traveling place to place, especially to perform work or duty
    E.g.Since the storm, the city had also been attracting a new kind of itinerant idealist.
  370. itinerary: plan of trip; guidebook for traveler
    E.g.If your itinerary is the Empire State, the Statue of Liberty, Times Square and Chinatown, a standard guidebook will do quite nicely.
  371. jabber: talk rapidly, unintelligibly, or idly
    E.g.Why does the fellow jabber away in French when I can't understand a word he says?.
  372. jaded: fatigued dulled by surfeit; exhausted; worn out; wearied
    E.g.She looked jaded from the present conversation and her thoughts ran together bewilderingly.
  373. jargon: language used by a special group; technical terminology; nonsensical or meaningless talk
    E.g.The computer salesmen at the store used a jargon of their own that we simply couldn't follow; we had no idea what they were jabbering about.
  374. jaundiced: prejudiced; affected by jaundice which causes yellowing of skin; yellow or yellowish
    E.g.Because Sue disliked Carolyn, she looked at Carolyn's paintings with a jaundiced eye, calling them formless smears.
  375. jaunt: short trip or excursion, usually for pleasure; short journey
    E.g.He took a quick jaunt to Atlantic City.
  376. jaunty: gay in manner, appearance, or action; easy and carefree
    E.g.In An American in Paris, Gene Kelly sang and danced his way through "Singing in the Rain" in a properly jaunty style.
  377. jeopardize: endanger; imperil; put at risk
    E.g.He would compel her to listen to what he had to say; he would never again jeopardize their happiness by allowing her to misunderstand him.
  378. jest: deed; action; act performed for amusement; joke
    E.g.I can easily see him making that comment in jest and then some site running it as gospel.
  379. jettison: throw overboard; eject from boat, submarine, aircraft, or spaceship
    E.g.In order to enable the ship to ride safely through the storm, the captain had to jettison much of his cargo.
  380. jingoist: extremely aggressive and militant patriot; one who advocates aggressive nationalism
    E.g.Always bellowing "America first!," the congressman was such a jingoist you could almost hear the sabers rattling as he marched down the halls.
  381. jocose: given to joking; merry; humorous
    E.g.The salesman was so jocose that many of his customers suggested that he become a stand-up comic.
  382. jocular: humorous, amusing or joking; sportive; not serious
    E.g.Although Bill knew the boss hated jokes, he couldn't resist making one jocular remark.
  383. jocund: merry; cheerful; gay; airy; lively; sportive
    E.g.Her jocund character made her the most popular girl in the county.
  384. jollity: gayness; splendor; cheerfulness or celebration
    E.g.The festive Christmas dinner was a merry one, and old and young alike joined in the general jollity.
  385. jostle: come into rough contact with while moving; make one's way by pushing or elbowing
    E.g.In the subway the crowds jostle him.
  386. jovial: good-natured; marked by good cheer; cheerful and good-humored
    E.g.A frown seemed out of place on his invariably jovial face.
  387. jubilation: rejoicing; feeling of extreme joy
    E.g.There was great jubilation when the armistice was announced.
  388. judicious: exhibiting good judgment or sound thinking; prudent
    E.g.At a key moment in his life, he made a judicious investment that was the foundation of his later wealth.
  389. juggernaut: overwhelming, advancing force that crushes or seems to crush everything in its path
    E.g.It doesn't assume that people need necessarily remain passive when confronted by what appears to be the juggernaut of history.
  390. jumble: assemble without order or sense; confused multitude of things; chaos; mess; mixture
    E.g.The finale was one big jumble of nonsense, just like the entire series was.
  391. juncture: point in time, especially a critical point; joining point
    E.g.That, really, at this juncture is our best hope of avoiding two unacceptable alternatives, a nuclear powered Iran or using military force against them.
  392. junta: group of men joined in political intrigue; group of military officers ruling a country
    E.g.As soon as he learned of its existence, the dictator ordered the execution of all of the members of the junta.
  393. jurisdiction: authority; right and power to interpret and apply the law
    E.g.These courts have jurisdiction in this district.
  394. jurisprudence: philosophy or science of law; division or department of law
    E.g.He was more a student of jurisprudence than a practitioner of the law.
  395. kaleidoscope: tube in which patterns made by reflection in mirrors of colored pieces of glass; produce interesting symmetrical effects
    E.g.People found a new source of entertainment while peering through the kaleidoscope; they found the ever-changing patterns fascinating.
  396. kernel: central or vital part; most material and central part; grain or seed as of corn
    E.g."Watson, buried within this tissue of lies there is a kernel of truth; when I find it, the mystery will be solved.".
  397. killjoy: one who spoils pleasure or fun of others; spoilsport
    E.g.At breakfast we had all been enjoying our bacon and eggs until that killjoy John started talking about how bad animal fats were for our health.
  398. kindle: build or fuel a fire; cause to glow; light up; inspire
    E.g.One of the first things Ben learned in the Boy Scouts was how to kindle a fire by rubbing two dry sticks together.
  399. kindred: related; belonging to the same family
    E.g.It is the tie that binds our hearts in kindred love.
  400. kinetic: relating to, or produced by motion; dynamic
    E.g.For the electric automobile, light and efficient storage batteries is the source of the kinetic energy to propel the vehicle.
  401. kismet: destiny; fate; fortune; the will of Allah
    E.g.My kismet is indeed bad; I can see no road of escape.
  402. kleptomaniac: person who has compulsive desire to steal
    E.g.They discovered that the wealthy customer was a kleptomaniac when they caught her stealing some cheap trinkets.
  403. knack: clever, expedient way of doing something; specific talent, especially one difficult to explain or teach
    E.g.There is a certain knack to lapping a barrel, not everyone is able to successfully do it, but if you can, it will definitely improve the performance of any rifle.
  404. knave: untrustworthy person; deceitful and unreliable scoundrel; man of humble birth; male servant
    E.g.Any politician nicknamed Tricky Dick clearly has the reputation of a knave.
  405. knit: contract into wrinkles; grow together; form into fabric by intertwining
    E.g.When he broke his leg, he sat around the house all day waiting for the bones to knit.
  406. knoll: small rounded hill or mound; top or crown of hill
    E.g.Robert Louis Stevenson's grave is on a knoll in Samoa; to reach the grave site, you must climb uphill and walk a short distance along a marked path.
  407. knotty: tied in knots; covered with knots or knobs; difficult to understand or solve
    E.g.What to Watson had been a knotty problem, to Sherlock Holmes was simplicity itself.
  408. kudos: honor; praise for exceptional achievement
    E.g.In 1984 Walter Mondale thought he would win kudos for bravely admitting that he would raise taxes.
  409. laborious: demanding much work or care; tedious
    E.g.In putting together his dictionary of the English language, Doctor Johnson undertook a laborious task.
  410. labyrinth: maze; complex structure of interconnecting passages
    E.g.You know, Michelle, one thing contributing to this labyrinth is the nation's biggest private employer, Wal-Mart.
  411. lace: delicate decorative fabric woven in an open web of symmetrical patterns; rope; cord that is drawn through eyelets
    E.g.When having brought her ironing-table to the nursery hearth, she allowed us to sit about it, and while she got up Mrs. Reed's lace frills, and crimped her nightcap borders.
  412. laceration: torn, ragged wound; rough or jagged breach made by rending
    E.g.He received a depressed skull fracture and a brain laceration from the collision.
  413. lachrymose: weeping or inclined to weep; tearful; showing sorrow
    E.g.His voice has a lachrymose quality more appropriate to a funeral than a class reunion.
  414. lackadaisical: lacking purpose or zest; halfhearted; lacking spirit or liveliness
    E.g.Because Gatsby had his mind more on his love life than on his finances, he did a very lackadaisical job of managing his money.
  415. lackluster: dull; lacking luster or shine
    E.g.We were disappointed by the lackluster performance.
  416. laconic: brief; effectively cut short; marked by use of few words
    E.g.Many of the characters portrayed by Clint Eastwood are laconic types: strong men of few words.
  417. lag: delay; drag; the act of slowing down or falling behind
    E.g.I'm sure you've experienced jet lag before.
  418. laggard: slow; sluggish; wasting time
    E.g.The sailor had been taught not to be laggard in carrying out orders.
  419. lament: grieve; express sorrow; regret deeply
    E.g.Even advocates of the war lament the loss of so many lives in combat.
  420. lampoon: ridicule; subject to abusive ridicule expressed in work of art
    E.g.The articles lampoon the pretensions of some movie moguls.
  421. lance: weapon, consisting of long handle and steel blade or head; spear carried by horsemen, often decorated with small flag
    E.g.It is a form of bullfighting where the bull is stabbed repeatedly with a wooden lance from the back of a horse.
  422. languid: lacking energy or vitality; weak; sluggish; lacking spirit or liveliness
    E.g.Her siege of illness left her languid and pallid.
  423. languish: lose animation; be or become weak or feeble; lose strength or vigor
    E.g.Left at Miss Minchin's school for girls while her father went off to war, Sarah Crewe refused to languish; instead, she hid her grief and actively befriended her less fortunate classmates.
  424. languor: feeling of lack of interest or energy; depression
    E.g.His friends tried to overcome the languor into which he had fallen by taking him to parties and to the theater.
  425. larceny: unlawful taking and removing of another's personal property; theft
    E.g.When an author sells the thoughts of another man for his own, the larceny is called plagiarism.
  426. larder: pantry; place where food is kept
    E.g.The first thing Bill did on returning home from school was to check what snacks his mother had in the larder.
  427. largess: generous gift; money or gifts bestowed
    E.g.Lady Bountiful distributed largess to the poor.
  428. lassitude: state or feeling of weariness, diminished energy, or listlessness
    E.g.After a massage and a long soak in the hot tub, I gave in to my growing lassitude and lay down for a nap.
  429. latent: present or potential but not evident or active; dormant; hidden
    E.g.Existing arrangements contain latent functions that can be neither seen nor replaced by the reformer.
  430. lateral: coming from side; situated at or extending to the side
    E.g.In order to get good plant growth, the gardener must pinch off all lateral shoots.
  431. latitude: freedom from normal restraints; angular distance north or south of the earth's equator
    E.g.Ah, no, a certain latitude is permissible in these matters, you understand.
  432. laud: give praise to; glorify; celebrate or honor
    E.g.The NFL began to laud Boomer Esiason's efforts to raise money to combat cystic fibrosis.
  433. lavish: liberal; wasteful; excessive spending
    E.g.I would fly to Paris and stay in lavish hotels if someone else were paying.
  434. lax: loose and not easily controlled; lacking in rigor or strictness
    E.g.In both oil and finance large sums are made in lax regulatory environments that few will ever understand or even care about.
  435. layman: someone who is not a clergyman or a professional person; generally ignorant person
    E.g.His is just the layman's view of medicine.
  436. leaven: cause to rise, especially by fermentation; add a rising agent to
    E.g.When we leaven bread dough, it puffs up, expanding in volume.
  437. lechery: unrestrained indulgence in sexual activity; impurity in thought and deed
    E.g.In his youth he led a life of lechery and debauchery; he did not mend his ways until middle age.
  438. leery: suspicious or distrustful; wary; cautious
    E.g.Having failed to produce evidence backing up these statements, they remain leery about security in their hometowns.
  439. legacy: gift made by a will; something handed down from an ancestor
    E.g.His main legacy is the successful move into the internet era and the launch of the Coffee House blog, which has become a must read for anyone in politics.
  440. legend: explanatory list of symbols on a map; unverified story handed down from earlier times
    E.g.The legend is a truth, even as to names as well as general facts.
  441. legerdemain: show of skill or deceitful cleverness, considered magical by naive observers
    E.g.The magician demonstrated his renowned legerdemain.
  442. legislature: part of government which makes laws
    E.g.This political system limits and divides power between the executive, the legislature and the judiciary.
  443. leniency: mildness; quality of mercy or forgiveness, especially in the assignment of punishment as in a court case
    E.g.That journalist who threw his shoes at President Bush is now reportedly asking for leniency from the prime minister.
  444. lethal: deadly; causing or capable of causing death
    E.g.In a decision the court upheld the use of all three drugs in lethal injections.
  445. lethargic: drowsy; dull; indifferent or apathetic
    E.g.The stuffy room made her lethargic: she felt as if she was about to nod off.
  446. levitate: float in air ,especially by magical means
    E.g.The claim that I am able to levitate is simultaneously religious and scientific.
  447. levity: lack of seriousness; lightness of manner or speech, especially when inappropriate
    E.g.Stop giggling and wriggling around in the pew: such levity is improper in church.
  448. levy: impose fine or tax; collect payment
    E.g.Crying "No taxation without representation," the colonists demonstrated against England's power to levy taxes.
  449. lewd: lustful; indecent; suggestive of or tending to moral looseness
    E.g.I recognized this as a signal used by persons wishing to engage in lewd conduct.
  450. lexicographer: author or compiler of dictionary; one employed in making of vocabulary or wordbook of language
    E.g.The new dictionary is the work of the famous lexicographer who spent years compiling and editing the work.
  451. lexicon: dictionary; a stock of terms used in particular profession, subject, or style; vocabulary
    E.g.I cannot find this word in any lexicon in the library.
  452. liability: something that holds one back; state of being legally obliged and responsible
    E.g.The other main liability is debt, which many banks used to finance risky investments, leading to the financial crisis.
  453. liaison: close relationship, connection, or link; secret love affair
    E.g.Now, often, CIA agents have a liaison relationship with the host government.
  454. libido: psychic and emotional energy associated with instinctual biological drives; sexual desire
    E.g.I don�t feel sexy most of the time, and although my libido is running perversely high, I�m not really doing anything about it.
  455. libretto: text of dramatic musical work, such as opera
    E.g.The composer of an opera's music is remembered more frequently than the author of its libretto.
  456. license: official or legal permission to do or own a specified thing
    E.g.The effective date of the new license is January 1, 2010, you have to bring old one when driving.
  457. licentious: amoral; unrestrained; lacking moral discipline or ignoring legal restraint
    E.g.Unscrupulously seducing the daughter of his host, Don Juan felt no qualms about the immorality of his licentious behavior.
  458. limber: capable of moving, bending, or contorting easily
    E.g.Hours of ballet classes kept him limber.
  459. limbo: imaginary place for lost or neglected things; state of being disregarded or forgotten
    E.g.Outside of Congress another race that remains in limbo is the contest for chairman of the Republican National Committee.
  460. limp: walk lamely, especially with irregularity, as if favoring one leg; move or proceed haltingly or unsteadily
    E.g.Whistling to the dog, he began to limp on down the trail.
  461. limpid: clear, transparent or bright; calm, untroubled, and without worry
    E.g.A limpid stream ran through his property.
  462. lineage: direct descent from a particular ancestor; ancestry
    E.g.Amyfw, while everything you state about Jewish law and lineage is correct, George Allen would not be considered a Jew.
  463. linger: be slow in leaving; continue or persist; stay
    E.g.India is anxious to avoid inflaming tensions with China, which linger from a 1962 border war.
  464. linguistic: relating to language or linguistics; relating to study of language
    E.g.The modern tourist will encounter very little linguistic difficulty as English has become an almost universal language.
  465. lionize: look on or treat a person as celebrity; visit famous places in order to revere them
    E.g.The public seemed to lionize and adored her.
  466. liquidate: settle accounts to pay them off; clear up
    E.g.He was able to liquidate all his debts in a short period of time.
  467. list: lean or cause to lean to the side; lean over; itemize
    E.g.That flagpole should be absolutely vertical; instead, it seems to list to one side.
  468. listless: lacking in spirit or energy to exert effort
    E.g.We had expected him to be full of enthusiasm and were surprised by his listless attitude.
  469. litany: repetitive or incantatory recital; long and tedious address
    E.g.On this solemn day, the congregation responded to the prayers of the priest during the litany with fervor and intensity.
  470. lithe: flexible; moving and bending with ease
    E.g.Her figure was lithe and willowy.
  471. litigation: lawsuit; suit at law; judicial contest; legal proceeding in court
    E.g.Still, a surge in litigation is likely, says Glen Lavy, a lawyer for a group that opposes gay marriage.
  472. litter: make untidy by discarding rubbish carelessly; scatter about
    E.g.Selfish picnickers litter the beach with food wrappers.
  473. livid: lead-colored; black and blue; discolored, as from a bruise; extremely angry
    E.g.He was covered in livid scars and patches of discolored skin.
  474. loath: unwilling or reluctant; filled with disgust or aversion; dislike
    E.g.Romeo and Juliet were both loath for him to go.
  475. loathe: dislike greatly; hate; cause to dislike or avoid
    E.g.Our priorities are ignored, and what we loathe is being pursued instead.
  476. loft: elevation; room or space under a roof and above ceiling of the uppermost story; floor placed above another
    E.g.The room has a loft that leads to the bedrooms on the new second floor.
  477. lofty: high, tall, having great height; idealistic, implying over-optimism
    E.g.Though Barbara Jordan's fellow students used to tease her about her lofty ambitions, she rose to hold one of the highest positions in the land.
  478. log: record of a voyage or flight; record of day to day activities
    E.g.His anxiety was increasing with the advance of the season, and his log is a record of deep yearning to be free and active again.
  479. loiter: stand idly about; linger aimlessly; proceed slowly or with many stops
    E.g.The policeman told him not to loiter in the alley.
  480. loll: be lazy or idle; move, stand, or recline in relaxed manner
    E.g.They loll around in their chairs watching television.
  481. longevity: long life; great duration of life; long duration or continuance, as in an occupation
    E.g.When he reached ninety, the old man was proud of his longevity.
  482. loom: appear or take shape, usually in enlarged or distorted form
    E.g.The shadow of the gallows would loom threateningly above the small boy.
  483. lope: gallop slowly; run or ride with steady, easy gait; travel an easy pace with long strides
    E.g.As the horses lope along, we have an opportunity to admire the ever-changing scenery.
  484. loquacious: talkative; given to continual talking; chattering
    E.g.Though our daughter barely says a word to us these days, put a phone in her hand and see how loquacious she can be: our phone bills are out of sight!.
  485. lottery: scheme for distribution of prizes by chance; gaming in which tickets bearing particular numbers draw prizes
    E.g.Dave, let's go to buy some lottery tickets, we have chance to win 1 million tonight.
  486. lounge: public room with seating where people can wait; living room; lobby
    E.g.A large lounge is situated at the last floor, a perfect place to see some of the the best views of Johannesburg.
  487. lout: awkward and stupid person; troublemaker, often violent
    E.g.That awkward lout dropped my priceless vase!.
  488. low: utter sound made by cattle; make a low noise
    E.g.From the hilltop, they could see the herd like ants in the distance; they could barely hear the cattle low.
  489. lubricate: make smooth or slippery
    E.g.When we last moved, our home inspector recommended using ArmorAll wipes to lubricate all of the window tracks.
  490. lucid: easily understood; clear; intelligible
    E.g.So in lucid moments, you structure your life to serve your own best interest.
  491. lucrative: profitable; producing good profit
    E.g.The government's selection also determines which nuclear-design companies will win lucrative contracts to build the plants.
  492. ludicrous: laughable; completely devoid of wisdom or good sense
    E.g.It is ludicrous to call a cottage a mansion.
  493. lugubrious: mournful, dismal, or gloomy, especially to exaggerated degree
    E.g.The lugubrious howling of the dogs added to our sadness.
  494. lull: moment of calm; a period of calm weather; temporary quiet and rest
    E.g.Not wanting to get wet, they waited under the cover for a lull in the rain.
  495. lumber: move heavily or clumsily; cut down timber of
    E.g.After its long hibernation, the bear was hard to lumber through the woods.
  496. luminary: celebrity; person who is an inspiration to others; person who has achieved eminence in specific field
    E.g.A leading light of the American stage, Ethel Barrymore was a theatrical luminary whose name lives on.
  497. luminous: shining; emitting light, especially emitting self-generated light
    E.g.The sun is a luminous body.
  498. lunar: pertaining to the moon; affecting the moon
    E.g.A successful launch will make India the third Asian nation to place a satellite in lunar orbit.
  499. lunatic: insane; mad; wildly or giddily foolish
    E.g.Then, you know, they clapped them away in a lunatic asylum.
  500. lurid: causing shock or horror; gruesome
    E.g.It makes absolutely no sense, especially since there's a full video which seems to show every punch and every kick in lurid details.
  501. lurk: stealthily lie in waiting; exist unperceived
    E.g."Who knows what evil can lurk in the hearts of men? The Shadow knows.".
  502. luscious: pleasing or sweet to taste or smell
    E.g.A traveller relating his tropical experiences glorifies the banana, stating that he has eaten it “ripe and luscious from the tree!”
  503. lust: pleasure; inclination; longing desire; eagerness to possess or enjoy
    E.g.Hormonally driven teenage lust is not a template for how adults should behave.
  504. luster: shine, polish or sparkle; soft reflected light
    E.g.The soft luster of the silk in the dim light was pleasing.
  505. lustrous: giving out or shedding light, as sun or fire; reflecting light; having brilliant surface
    E.g.Her large and lustrous eyes lent a touch of beauty to an otherwise plain face.
  506. luxuriant: abundant; rich and splendid; fertile
    E.g.Lady Godiva was completely covered by her luxuriant hair.
  507. macabre: suggesting the horror of death and decay; gruesome
    E.g.Martin enjoyed macabre tales about werewolves and vampires.
  508. mace: ceremonial staff borne or displayed as the symbol of authority of a legislative body; heavy fighting club
    E.g.The mayor has a mace which is held as a sign of authority.
  509. madrigal: song for two or three unaccompanied voices; short poem, often about love, suitable for being set to music
    E.g.His program of folk songs included a famous madrigal which he sang to the accompaniment of a lute.
  510. maelstrom: whirlpool; powerful circular current of water
    E.g.The canoe was tossed about in the maelstrom.
  511. magistrate: civil officer with power to administer and enforce law
    E.g.Mr. Eshton, the magistrate of the district, is gentleman-like.
  512. magnate: powerful or influential person, especially in business or industry
    E.g.The former telecommunications magnate is now living overseas, mostly in Dubai and Montenegro, to avoid imprisonment on a corruption conviction.
  513. magnitude: extent; greatness of rank, size, or position
    E.g.The magnitude of the flood was impossible to comprehend.
  514. maim: wound seriously; cause permanent loss of function of limb or part of body
    E.g.The hospital was crowded, we believe the railroad accident to maim lots of people.
  515. maladroit: showing lack of skill; clumsy or awkward
    E.g.How maladroit it was of me to mention seeing you out partying last night! From the look on his face, I take it that your boyfriend thought you were otherwise occupied.
  516. malady: disease, disorder, or ailment; unwholesome condition
    E.g.A mysterious malady swept the country, filling doctors' offices with feverish, purple-spotted patients.
  517. malaise: general sense of depression or unease; vague feeling of bodily discomfort, as at beginning of illness
    E.g.Feeling slightly queasy before going onstage, Carol realized that this touch of malaise was merely stage fright.
  518. malapropism: comic misuse of word, especially by confusion with one of similar sound
    E.g.When Mrs. Malaprop accuses Lydia of being "as headstrong as an allegory on the banks of the Nile," she confuses "allegory" and "alligator" in a typical malapropism.
  519. malcontent: person dissatisfied with current conditions; discontented person
    E.g.If Matthew Hoh was some kind of malcontent or incompetent, this would not be the story that it is.
  520. malediction: curse; evil speaking; utterance of curse or execration
    E.g.When the magic mirror revealed that Snow White was still alive, the wicked queen cried out in rage and uttered dreadful malediction.
  521. malefactor: criminal; one who does evil or injury to another
    E.g.Mighty Mouse will save the day, hunting down every malefactor and rescuing innocent mice from peril.
  522. malevolent: having or exhibiting ill will; wishing harm to others; malicious
    E.g.Lago is a malevolent villain who takes pleasure in ruining Othello.
  523. malfeasance: misconduct or wrongdoing, especially by public official
    E.g.The authorities did not discover the campaign manager's malfeasance until after he had spent most of the money he had embezzled.
  524. malicious: deliberately harmful; spiteful; proceeding from extreme hatred
    E.g.It is just plain malicious software designed to corrupt your device or steal your information.
  525. malign: speak evil of; bad-mouth; defame
    E.g.Putting her hands over her ears, Rose refused to listen to Betty malign her friend Susan.
  526. malignant: injurious; tending to cause death; disposed to do evil
    E.g.An experimental development of this field is to use this ray that concentrates in malignant brain tumors.
  527. malingerer: one who feigns illness to escape duty
    E.g.The captain ordered the sergeant to punish the malingerer and force him to work.
  528. malleable: capable of being shaped by pounding; impressionable
    E.g.Gold is a malleable metal, easily shaped into bracelets and rings.
  529. malodorous: foul-smelling; having bad or offensive odor
    E.g.The compost heap was most malodorous in summer.
  530. mammal: warm-blooded vertebrate having skin covered with hair
    E.g.North America Grizzly Bear: This is a mammal, that is 5 to 8 ft tall, weighs about 800 pounds, and lives to be 25 yrs old.
  531. mammoth: gigantic; of great comparative size
    E.g.To try to memorize every word on this vocabulary list would be a mammoth undertaking; take on projects that are more manageable in size.
  532. manacle: handcuff; shackle for hand or wrist; instrument of iron for fettering the hand
    E.g.Then he commanded to cast her into prison and manacle and fetter her.
  533. mandate: authoritative command or instruction; commission of authorizing to administer a territory
    E.g.He believes the mandate is an issue best left to the states, and that it is wrong to impose a one-size-fits-all federal plan on the entire nation.
  534. mandatory: obligatory; required or commanded by authority
    E.g.These instructions are mandatory, any violation will be severely punished.
  535. mangle: cut or bruise with repeated blows or strokes, making a ragged or torn wound, or covering with wounds; tear in cutting
    E.g.The explosions kill them and mangle bodies so badly.
  536. maniacal: wildly disordered; excessive enthusiasm or excitement; insane
    E.g.Though Mr. Rochester had locked his mad wife in the attic, he could still hear her maniacal laughter echoing throughout the house.
  537. manifest: clearly apparent to understanding; obvious
    E.g.Whatsoever makes manifest, that is, makes plain and clear.
  538. manifestation: revelation; indication of the existence, reality, or presence of something
    E.g.A high fever is an early manifestation of the disease.
  539. manifesto: public declaration of principles; statement of policy
    E.g.But his advisers said that the detailed response to the issue in the manifesto is a sign that Mr Brown now understands its significance.
  540. manifold: various in kind or quality; many in number; numerous; multiplied; complicated
    E.g.The uses of this machine are manifold.
  541. mannered: artificial or affected; not natural; having or showing a certain manner
    E.g.He would also have seen that Iberville was smoking with deliberation, and drinking with a kind of mannered coolness.
  542. mannerism: exaggerated display; behavioral attribute that is distinctive and peculiar to an individual
    E.g.This list offers product information, price comparisons, user reviews, and ratings for mannerism products.
  543. mantle: loose sleeveless coat worn over outer garments; cloak as a symbol of authority; covering; envelop
    E.g.On a summer night, a mantle of dust hangs over the gravel roads.
  544. mar: spoil or damage; impair the soundness, perfection, or integrity of
    E.g.They attacked the victory they sought - to mar the election.
  545. margin: border; rim; room
    E.g.In the lower house, they will have an even bigger margin.
  546. marginal: of or pertaining to a margin; written or printed in the margin
    E.g.Meanwhile, Democrats that lost close contests in marginal districts may be willing to seek rematches in 2012 because the demography of their district may be more favorable than now.
  547. marital: relating to marriage; relating to husband
    E.g.At this village, men still have more power in marital relationships.
  548. maritime: relating to, or adjacent to the sea; nautical
    E.g.We are working to enhance defense and security cooperation in maritime security and combating organized crime.
  549. marked: noticeable or pronounced; having one or more distinguishing marks
    E.g.The bloodless takeover stood in marked contrast to a deadly raid of another Gaza aid ship this week.
  550. maroon: in the West Indies and Guiana, a fugitive slave, or a free negro, living in the mountains
    E.g.He should be available for his final game in maroon and gold.
  551. marred: damaged or disfigured by injury or rough wear
    E.g.She had to refinish the marred surface of the table.
  552. marrow: tissue which fills the cavities of most bones; the essence; the best part
    E.g.It was so cold that he felt frozen to the marrow.
  553. marshal: put in order; arrange or place something in line
    E.g.At a debate tournament, speakers have only a minute or two to marshal their thoughts before they address their audience.
  554. marsupial: any mammal of which the female typically has a pouch in which it rears its young, such as kangaroo or koala
    E.g.The most common marsupial in North America is the opossum.
  555. martial: relating to, or suggestive of war; connected with the armed forces
    E.g.Of course, even in martial sports, let's say like boxing, there are a few rules that people should stick to, even a little, don't you think?
  556. martinet: strict disciplinarian; one who demands absolute adherence to forms and rules
    E.g.No talking at meals! No mingling with the servants! Miss Minchin was a martinet who insisted that the schoolgirls in her charge observe each regulation to the letter.
  557. martyr: one who makes great sacrifices or suffers to further belief or principle; one who endures great suffering
    E.g.For common people, the most important thing about a martyr is they're dead.
  558. mash: mass of mixed ingredients reduced to a soft pulpy state by beating or pressure; mess; trouble
    E.g.We put butter and milk in mash potato to make it creamy.
  559. masochist: one who obtains pleasure from receiving punishment
    E.g.The simple reality is that anybody who wants to be the leader of this country is some kind of masochist with a massively inflated ego.
  560. mason: one whose occupation is to build with stone or brick; one who prepares stone for building purposes
    E.g.He asked the mason to make him a tombstone.
  561. masquerade: assembly of persons wearing masks, and amusing themselves with dancing, conversation, or other diversions; dramatic performance by actors in masks
    E.g.The masquerade is where fans play instruments and perform skits, dance numbers, and stand-up comedy in costume.
  562. materialism: philosophical theory that matter is the only reality
    E.g.By its nature, materialism is opposed to idealism, for where the materialist emphasizes the needs of the body, the idealist emphasizes the needs of the soul.
  563. maternal: motherly; relating to mother or motherhood
    E.g.A generous check from the G8 to improve accountability in maternal health would make a very nice Mother's Day gift!
  564. matriarch: woman who rules a family, clan, or tribe
    E.g.The matriarch ruled her gypsy tribe with a firm hand.
  565. matriculate: enroll in college or graduate school
    E.g.Incoming students formally matriculate at our college in a special ceremony during which they sign the official register of students.
  566. matrimony: union of man and woman as husband and wife; marriage; wedlock
    E.g.The explanation of the intent of matrimony was gone through; and then the clergyman came a step further forward, and, bending slightly towards him.
  567. matrix: situation or surrounding within which something else originates, develops, or is contained; womb
    E.g.Freedom of expression is the matrix, the indispensable condition, of nearly every form of freedom.
  568. maudlin: tearfully sentimental; over-emotional; sickly-sentimental
    E.g.One moment he was in maudlin tears and the next he was cracking some miserable joke about the disaster.
  569. maul: handle someone or something in a rough way; cause serious physical wounds
    E.g.Over-excited fans maul the rock star .
  570. maverick: one that refuses to abide or be independent; an unbranded range animal
    E.g.But, a maverick is also one who cannot be identified as belonging to any specific herd.
  571. mawkish: insincerely emotional; showing a sickly excess of sentiment
    E.g.Whenever Gigi and her boyfriend would sigh and get all lovey-dovey, her little brother would shout, "Yuck!" protesting their mawkish behavior.
  572. maxim: proverb; formulation of fundamental principle or general truth
    E.g.It appears to me that this maxim is applicable to the medical as well as to the nautical profession.
  573. mayhem: offense of willfully maiming or crippling a person; state of violent disorder; havoc; physical disturbance
    E.g.Their riots, arson, and general criminal mayhem forced city officials to greatly expand the police and fire services.
  574. meager: deficient in quantity, fullness, or extent; inadequate; feeble
    E.g.As one of 17 siblings he grew up in meager conditions and frequently used cardboard to replace holes in his sneakers when playing basketball growing up.
  575. meander: follow a winding and turning course; move aimlessly and idly without fixed direction
    E.g.Needing to stay close to a source of water, he follows every twist and turn of the streams as they meander through the countryside.
  576. meddlesome: inclined to interfere in other people's business; intrusive in offensive manner
    E.g.He felt his marriage was suffering because of his meddlesome mother-in-law.
  577. mediate: resolve or settle differences by working with all conflicting parties
    E.g.King Solomon was asked to mediate a dispute between two women, each of whom claimed to be the mother of the same child.
  578. mediocre: moderate to inferior in quality; ordinary; commonplace
    E.g.He manages to give solid performances even in mediocre movies.
  579. meditation: lengthy intent consideration; long and thoughtful observation; contemplation of spiritual matters
    E.g.Too often we think that meditation is only about training the mind, and that actually can lead to problems in our practice.
  580. medley: mixture; musical composition consisting of a series of pieces
    E.g.The American, who won his fourth gold medal here in Athens Thursday in the 200-meter individual medley, is the favored swimmer tonight in the 100-meter butterfly.
  581. meek: quiet and obedient; showing patience and humility
    E.g.The essence of meek is to be patient with ignorance, slow to anger and never hold a grudge.
  582. megalomania: mental disorder with delusions of grandeur
    E.g.Many of the Roman emperors sufferer from severe megalomania.
  583. melancholy: gloomy; feeling of thoughtful sadness; affected by depression
    E.g.You are not well, you have no friend to cheer you, and this melancholy is the result.
  584. melee: fight in which the combatants are mingled; hand to hand conflict; noisy riotous fight
    E.g.Much of the current financial melee is blamed on the skyrocketing price of oil.
  585. mellifluous: flowing or dropping like honey; sweetly or smoothly flowing, especially in sound
    E.g.Italian is a mellifluous language, especially suited to being sung.
  586. memento: token; reminder of past; hint, suggestion, notice, or memorial to awaken memory
    E.g.I had to fight with my staff as to whether I should smoke the cigar or keep it as a memento from the President.
  587. memorial: monument; short note or abstract, intended for registry, exhibiting the particulars of a deed
    E.g.Russia has reacted furiously to the recent relocation of a Soviet era war memorial in Tallinn.
  588. menace: danger; a threat or the act of threatening; something that is a source of danger; threaten; intimidate
    E.g.Whenever the famished great girls had an opportunity, they would coax or menace the little ones out of their portion.
  589. menagerie: collection of live wild animals on exhibition; enclosure in which wild animals are kept
    E.g.Whenever the children run wild around the house, Mom shouts, "Calm down! I'm not running a menagerie!".
  590. mendacious: lying; habitually dishonest; speaking falsely
    E.g.Distrusting Huck from the start, Miss Watson assumed he was mendacious and refused to believe a word he said.
  591. mendicant: beggar; religious friar forbidden to own personal property who begs for living
    E.g."O noble sir, give alms to the poor," cried Aladdin, playing the mendicant.
  592. menial: suitable for servant; having low nature
    E.g.Although some exiles struggled in menial jobs in the West, they at least enjoyed the benefits of a peaceful society.
  593. mentor: wise and trusted counselor or teacher
    E.g.His mentor is William Gray, who has been studying hurricanes for more than 50 years and produced forecasts for 26.
  594. mercantile: trading; commercial; of or relating to trade or traders
    E.g.The ultimate purpose of mercantile policy was to enhance national strength, provide self-sufficiency, and pay for military power.
  595. mercenary: interested in making money; profit oriented; hired for service in foreign army
    E.g.South African involvement in mercenary activities was approved in the National Assembly on Tuesday.
  596. mercurial: capricious; liable to sudden unpredictable change; quick and changeable in temperament
    E.g.Quick as quicksilver to change, he was mercurial in nature and therefore unreliable.
  597. meretricious: of or pertaining to prostitutes; tastelessly showy; lustful; deceptive; misleading
    E.g.The net result is that both the news columns and the editorial columns are commonly meretricious in a high degree.
  598. merger: combination; union of two or more commercial corporations
    E.g.For Toshiba, the merger is an attempt to distance itself from unprofitable operations by letting Fujitsu effectively oversee its cellphone business.
  599. merit: virtue; admirable quality or attribute; credit
    E.g.I believe that giving work based on gender and not on merit is sexism.
  600. mesmerize: hypnotize; attract strongly, as if with magnet; bring into a state of mesmeric sleep
    E.g.Not only is she an Arab-American, but she could mesmerize the Israelis and Arabs into a peace deal.
  601. metallurgical: pertaining to art or skill of removing metals from ores
    E.g.During the course of his metallurgical research, the scientist developed a steel alloy of tremendous strength.
  602. metamorphosis: marked change in appearance, character, condition, or function; major transformation
    E.g.He proved that the metamorphosis is a perfectly gradual one, and that no sharply separated stages of development, like the caterpillar and pupa of the Lepidoptera, could be defined in it.
  603. metaphor: implied comparison; one thing conceived as representing another; symbol
    E.g.While maybe the metaphor is a little stretched, Sharon's comparison is mostly brilliant.
  604. metaphysical: without material form or substance; based on abstract reasoning; highly abstract or theoretical; supernatural
    E.g.They might be ignorant of certain metaphysical necessities while knowing all the truths about the meanings of their contracts.
  605. methodical: systematic; arranged or proceeding in regular, systematic order
    E.g.The preparations for attack are always made with a certain methodical deliberation.
  606. meticulous: excessively careful; marked by extreme care in treatment of details
    E.g.One neighbor, who usually uses the truck to haul away lawn debris, always returns the truck in meticulous condition.
  607. metropolis: major city, especially chief city of country or region
    E.g.Every evening the terminal is filled with thousands of commuters going from this metropolis to their homes in the suburbs.
  608. mettle: quality of endurance and courage; good temperament and character
    E.g.When challenged by the other horses in the race, the thoroughbred proved its mettle by its determination to hold the lead.
  609. miasma: swamp gas; heavy, vaporous atmosphere, often emanating from decaying matter; pervasive corrupting influence
    E.g.The smog hung over Victorian London like a dark cloud; noisome, reeking of decay, it was a visible miasma.
  610. microcosm: small, representative system having analogies to larger system; miniature model of something
    E.g.The small village community that Jane Austen depicts serves as a microcosm of English society in her time.
  611. migrant: habitually moving from place to place especially in search of seasonal work; wandering
    E.g.These migrant birds return every spring.
  612. migratory: wandering; moving from place to place; unsettled
    E.g.Nearly all of our native birds are migratory, that is they go south for the winter.
  613. militant: fighting or warring; having a combative character; aggressive
    E.g.People are just too preoccupied with trying to survive, to join militant movements.
  614. millennium: span of one thousand years; thousandth anniversary
    E.g.The year 2000 and the third millennium is a fantastic stepping stone in the evolution of the human species.
  615. mime: act out without words but with gestures and bodily movements only; imitate
    E.g.The acting students mime eating an apple.
  616. mimicry: imitation; act, practice, or art of mimicking
    E.g.Her gift for mimicry was so great that her friends said that she should be in the theater.
  617. mincing: speaking or walking affectedly or with caution; affectedly elegant and nice
    E.g.Yum-Yum walked across the stage with mincing steps.
  618. mingle: be all mixed up or jumbled together;
    E.g.Almost all of the 2,500 athletes who competed in Salt Lake came to mingle and party together in the final gathering of the 77 nations who'd contested the Games.
  619. miniature: very small; model that represents something in a greatly reduced size
    E.g.Want to see some great architecture in miniature size?
  620. minion: loyal servant of another, usually more powerful being
    E.g.Why give up freedom only to become a minion for authoritarian makers and shakers?
  621. minute: extremely small; short note
    E.g.The twins resembled one another closely; only minute differences set them apart.
  622. mirage: unreal reflection; optical illusion
    E.g.In economics, a mirage is a naturally occurring phenomenon in which economic statistics are bent to produce an image of a desired outcome.
  623. mire: cause to sink or become stuck in; hinder, entrap, or entangle
    E.g.The mud could mire their rear wheels.
  624. mirth: gladness and gaiety, especially when expressed by laughter
    E.g.Sober Malvolio found Sir Toby's mirth improper.
  625. misanthrope: one who hates or mistrusts mankind
    E.g.In Gulliver's Travels, Swift portrays an image of humanity as vile, degraded beasts; for this reason, various critics consider him a misanthrope.
  626. misapprehension: wrong apprehension of one's meaning or of a fact; misunderstanding
    E.g.To avoid misapprehension, I am going to ask all of you to repeat the instructions I have given.
  627. miscellaneous: mixed; mingled; consisting of several things; of diverse sorts; promiscuous; heterogeneous
    E.g.A small boy's pockets are likely to contain a miscellaneous collection of objects.
  628. miscellany: collection of various items, parts, or ingredients, especially one composed of diverse literary works
    E.g.This is an interesting miscellany of nineteenth-century prose and poetry.
  629. mischance: unfortunate occurrence; mishap; bad luck
    E.g.By mischance, he lost his week's salary.
  630. mischief: behavior that causes discomfiture or annoyance in another; tendency to play pranks or cause embarrassment
    E.g.On paper, anyway, the branches of government -- executive, legislative and judicial -- are co-equal, so each can prevent the others from causing too much mischief.
  631. misconstrue: interpret incorrectly; misjudge; mistake the meaning of
    E.g.Yet any discussion of weight and breast cancer is considered sensitive because some may misconstrue that as the medical establishment blaming women for their disease.
  632. misdemeanor: minor crime; ill behavior; evil conduct; misdeed
    E.g.An example of a level three misdemeanor is filing a false police report.
  633. miserly: indicative of lack of generosity; cautious with money
    E.g.Transformed by his vision on Christmas Eve, mean old Scrooge ceased being miserly and became a generous, kind old man.
  634. mishap: unfortunate accident; bad luck
    E.g.The man who first gets to the winning post without a mishap is the winner.
  635. misnomer: error in naming person or place; incorrect designation
    E.g.His tyrannical conduct proved to all that his nickname, King Eric the Just, was a misnomer.
  636. missile: weapon that is thrown or projected; rocket carrying instruments or warhead
    E.g.U.S. defense officials say they believe the missile is a long-range Taepodong-2.
  637. missive: letter; written message; messenger
    E.g.The ambassador received a missive from the secretary of state.
  638. mite: very small object or creature; very small contribution or amount of money
    E.g."I am sorry my mite is insufficient, my friend," said the clergyman, without again raising his eyes, "it is all I have at present to bestow."
  639. mitigate: make less severe or harsh; moderate
    E.g.Nothing Jason did could mitigate Medea's anger; she refused to forgive him for betraying her.
  640. mnemonic: assisting, or intended to assist the memory
    E.g.He used mnemonic tricks to master new words.
  641. mobile: movable; not fixed; fluid; unstable
    E.g.The mobile blood bank operated by the Red Cross visited our neighborhood today.
  642. mock: treat with ridicule or contempt; mimic; frustrate hopes of
    E.g.What we mock is his using that as a catchall excuse for any personal failing or ridiculous policy proposal.
  643. mode: prevailing style; manner; way of doing something; fashion or style
    E.g.The main mode is the regular one that keeps the vehicle's straight ahead motion in check.
  644. modicum: limited quantity; small or moderate amount; any small thing
    E.g.Although his story is based on a modicum of truth, most of the events he describes are fictitious.
  645. modulate: tone down in intensity; regulate; change from one key to another
    E.g.Always singing at the top of her lungs, the budding Brunhilde never learned to modulate her voice.
  646. mogul: rich or powerful person; magnate; small hard mound or bump on a ski slope
    E.g.Fifty years ago, textile mogul Allen Gant Sr. introduced the world to the first pair of pantyhose.
  647. molecule: the smallest particle of substance, having all the properties of that substance
    E.g.The protein molecule is made up of a number of organic units known as amino acids.
  648. mollify: make less rigid or softer; calm in temper or feeling
    E.g.The airline customer service representative tried to mollify the angry passenger by offering her a seat in first class.
  649. molten: made liquid by heat; glowing red-hot; being in a state of fusion
    E.g.The city of Pompeii was destroyed by volcanic ash rather than by molten lava flowing from Mount Vesuvius.
  650. momentous: very important; of outstanding significance or consequence
    E.g.I knew that was something that would remain momentous in any setting.
  651. momentum: product of a body's mass and its velocity; impelling force or strength; impetus
    E.g.And he says he's trying to gain momentum from the U.N. to the G-20, to this Copenhagen summit in December.
  652. monarchy: government under a single ruler
    E.g.It remains unclear what will happen to the current king, Gyanendra, if the monarchy is abolished.
  653. monastic: related to monks or monasteries; removed from worldly concerns
    E.g.Withdrawing from the world, Thomas Merton joined a contemplative religious order and adopted the monastic life.
  654. monetary: of or relating to money; nation's currency; financial
    E.g.Energy systems have external costs, as environmental and health costs, although these are difficult to assess in monetary and energy terms.
  655. mongrel: progeny resulting from a cross between two breeds; anything of mixed breed
    E.g.You also have to imagine that in an odd mongrel accent of Sicilian born and raised, but learned English in a Scottish slum.
  656. monochromatic: having only one color; viewing only one color, total color blindness
    E.g.Most people who are color blind actually can distinguish several colors; some, however, have a truly monochromatic view.
  657. monolithic: constituting or acting as a single, often in rigid or uniform
    E.g.Knowing the importance of appearing resolute, the patriots sought to present a monolithic front.
  658. monotony: uniformity or lack of variation; continual increase, or continual decrease; tedium as a result of repetition
    E.g.What could be more deadly dull than the monotony of punching numbers into a computer hour after hour?.
  659. monumental: massive; taking a great amount of time and effort to complete; in manner of a monument
    E.g.Writing a dictionary of any language is a monumental task.
  660. moodiness: feeling of depression or gloom; sullenness
    E.g.Her recurrent moodiness left her feeling as if she had fallen into a black hole.
  661. moratorium: legal delay of payment; suspension of an ongoing or planned activity
    E.g.They say that they also are concerned about the environment but that a moratorium is a recipe for economic disaster.
  662. morbid: caused by disease; pathological or diseased; unhealthy or unwholesome
    E.g.He suffered much from a morbid acuteness of the senses.
  663. mordant: bitingly painful; harshly ironic or sinister; serving to fix colors in dyeing
    E.g.Roald Dahl's stories are mordant alternatives to blank stories intended for kids.
  664. mores: conventions; moral standards; accepted traditional customs
    E.g.In America, Benazir Bhutto dressed as Western women did; in Pakistan, however, she followed the mores of her people, dressing in traditional veil and robes.
  665. moribund: dying; in dying state; approaching death; about to die
    E.g.Hearst took a moribund, failing weekly newspaper and transformed it into one of the liveliest, most profitable daily papers around.
  666. morose: ill humored; sullen; depressingly dark; gloomy; persistent
    E.g.Though we feel sad at someone's pain and sorrow, feeling morose is difficult while actively wishing the person to be happy.
  667. mortar: vessel in which substances are crushed or ground with a pestle; machine in which materials are ground and blended
    E.g.It is so difficult to hurt anyone actually in trenches; I think a mortar is the only thing that can do so.
  668. mortician: funeral director; one whose business is the management of funerals
    E.g.That's the job of the mortician is to put them so that they look like they did in life.
  669. mosaic: picture design made by setting small colored pieces, as of stone or tile, into surface
    E.g.The mayor compared the city to a beautiful mosaic made up of people of every race and religion on earth.
  670. mote: tiny piece of anything; very small particle
    E.g.The tiniest mote in the eye is very painful.
  671. motif: dominant theme or central idea; repeated figure or design in architecture or decoration
    E.g.This simple motif runs throughout the entire score.
  672. motley: multi-colored; mixed; having elements of great variety
    E.g.He wore a loose tunic and looser trousers, homespun and dyed in motley green and brown.
  673. mottled: spotted with different shades or colors
    E.g.When old Falstaff blushed, his face was mottled with embarrassment, all pink and purple and red.
  674. motto: short, suggestive expression of a guiding principle; maxim
    E.g.I often win money at cards but never save a penny. "easy come, easy go" is my motto.
  675. muddle: make muddy; mix confusedly; think, act, or proceed in confused or aimless manner
    E.g.He tried to muddle the issues.
  676. muggy: warm and extremely humid; moist; damp; moldy
    E.g.The air is slightly muggy from the thunderstorm that passed over at lunch, dark and loud without shedding a drop.
  677. multifarious: varied; greatly diversified; made up of many differing parts
    E.g.A career woman and mother, she was constantly busy with the multifarious activities of her daily life.
  678. multiform: occurring in or having many forms or shapes
    E.g.Snowflakes are multiform but always hexagonal.
  679. multilingual: using or having ability to use several languages
    E.g.Because they are bordered by so many countries, the Swiss people are multilingual.
  680. multiplicity: state of being multiplex or various; condition of being numerous; a large number
    E.g.He was appalled by the multiplicity of details he had to complete before setting out on his mission.
  681. mundane: belonging to this earth or world; not ideal or heavenly; concerned with commonplaces; ordinary
    E.g.Unlike other players, the CEO and Secretariat are less interested in mundane benefits than in value.
  682. munificent: very liberal in giving; showing great generosity
    E.g.Shamelessly fawning over a particularly generous donor, the dean kept on referring to her as "our munificent benefactor.".
  683. mural: wall painting; very large image applied directly to a wall or ceiling.
    E.g.Another mural is also being developed by Doug Hall and deals with Native Americans during the first Newtonia Civil War battle.
  684. murky: dark and gloomy; thick with fog; vague
    E.g.The murky depths of the swamp were so dark that one couldn't tell the vines and branches from the snakes.
  685. murmur: make low, confused, and indistinct sound, like that of running water
    E.g.The balmy summer air, the restful quiet, the odor of the flowers, and the drowsing murmur of the bees had had their effect, and she was nodding over her knitting -- for she had no company but the cat, and it was asleep in her lap.
  686. muse: be absorbed in one's thoughts; consider or say thoughtfully
    E.g.For a moment we muse about the beauty of the scene, but our thoughts soon change as we recall our own personal problems.
  687. musky: having odor of musk, a secretion produced by certain animals, such as otter or civet
    E.g.She left a trace of musky perfume behind her.
  688. musty: stale in odor or taste; dull; out of date; antiquated; out of use; rusty
    E.g.Just as clothes dried outside adopt fresh air odors, so do clothes dried in musty basements, the more common scenario.
  689. mute: refraining from producing speech or vocal sound; unable to speak; expressed without speech; unspoken
    E.g.At the very least, to be consistent, you should remain mute when confronted with those who do feel they have some grasp on Truth.
  690. muted: silent; muffled; toned down; indistinct
    E.g.Thanks to the thick, sound-absorbing walls of the cathedral, only muted traffic noise reached the worshippers within.
  691. mutinous: unruly; rebellious; turbulent and uncontrollable
    E.g.The captain had to use force to quiet his mutinous crew.
  692. myopic: nearsighted; lacking foresight; narrow minded
    E.g.Stumbling into doors despite the coke bottle lenses on his glasses, the nearsighted Mr. Magoo is markedly myopic.
  693. myriad: of very large or indefinite number; of ten thousand
    E.g.In China, for example, where a number of different dialects are spoken, the same character can be pronounced in myriad ways.
  694. nadir: lowest point; point on sphere opposites zenith diametrically
    E.g.Although few people realized it, the Dow-Jones averages had reached their nadir and would soon begin an upward surge.
  695. narcissist: conceited person; someone in love with himself or herself; person full of egoism and pride
    E.g.The narcissist is only thinking about herself, not thinking about anybody else's feelings or needs including, in this case, her children's needs.
  696. narrative: story; art, technique, or process of telling story
    E.g.The reason I tried to write it in narrative, is I found this to be much more honest way to present the facts of this story.
  697. nascent: incipient; coming into existence; emerging
    E.g.If we could identify these revolutionary movements in their nascent state, we would be able to eliminate serious trouble in later years.
  698. natal: of one's birth; accompanying or dating from one's birth; native
    E.g.I agree that finding a common ground in which to speak about pro natal policy will be tricky, but much needed.
  699. natty: neatly or smartly dressed; neat, trim, and smart
    E.g.Chuck Lowell was there with several of his men, all of them in natty three-piece suits, looking more like successful businessmen than spies.
  700. nausea: feeling of sickness in stomach by an urge to vomit; strong aversion; disgust
    E.g.Side effects include dizziness, nausea, and falling asleep.
  701. nauseate: cause to become sick; fill with disgust
    E.g.The foul smells began to nauseate him.
  702. nautical: relating to ships, sailors, or navigation
    E.g.I dressed myself in nautical rig, and went on deck to see all that I could.
  703. navigable: wide and deep enough to allow ships to pass through; able to be steered
    E.g.So much sand had built up at the bottom of the canal that the waterway was barely navigable.
  704. nebula: faint, cloudlike, self-luminous mass of matter situated beyond the solar system among the stars
    E.g.You can see nebula in the clear summer sky.
  705. nebulous: lacking definite form or limits; hazy; cloudy
    E.g.After twenty years, she had only a nebulous memory of her grandmother's face.
  706. necromancy: belief in magical spells to produce unnatural effects; practice of supposedly communicating with spirits of dead ones to predict future
    E.g.The evil sorcerer performed feats of necromancy, calling on the spirits of the dead to tell the future.
  707. nefarious: very wicked; infamous by being extremely wicked
    E.g.Our elected leaders, movie stars and sports heroes sometimes engaged in nefarious activities but rarely were they headlined in the daily newspapers.
  708. negate: cancel out; make ineffective or invalid; deny
    E.g.A sudden surge of adrenalin can negate the effects of fatigue: there's nothing like a good shock to wake you up.
  709. negligence: neglect; failure to take reasonable care; state or quality of being negligent
    E.g.As for employment, this negligence is apparent in a variety of aspects, such as qualification and training, as these financial institutions offer few training courses to female employees.
  710. negligible: so small, trifling, or unimportant that it may be easily disregarded
    E.g.Because the damage to his car had been negligible, Michael decided he wouldn't bother to report the matter to his insurance company.
  711. nemesis: someone seeking revenge; source of harm or ruin; opponent that cannot be beaten or overcome
    E.g.Ally's main nemesis is Georgia, a beautiful lawyer who also happens to be married to Ally's ex-boyfriend, a partner in her firm.
  712. neologism: new or newly invented word or phrase
    E.g.As we invent new technique or profession, we must also invent neologism such as "microcomputer" to describe it.
  713. neophyte: recent convert to a belief; one newly initiated
    E.g.This mountain slope contains slides that will challenge anyone, either expert or neophyte.
  714. nepotism: favoring of relatives or friends because of their relationship rather than their abilities
    E.g.John left his position with the company because he felt that advancement was based on nepotism rather than ability.
  715. nether: situated down or below; lying beneath, or in the lower part; having a lower position; lower; under;
    E.g.Her nether lip trembled.
  716. nettle: cause annoyance in; disturb, especially by minor irritations; vex
    E.g.Do not let him nettle you with his sarcastic remarks.
  717. nexus: connection; tie; core or center
    E.g.I have not covered the main nexus, the money.
  718. nicety: precision; subtle difference in meaning, opinion, or attitude
    E.g.I cannot see any nicety in their reasoning.
  719. nihilist: one who believes traditional beliefs to be groundless and existence meaningless; absolute skeptic
    E.g.In his final days, Hitler revealed himself a power-mad nihilist, ready to annihilate all of Western Europe, even to destroy Germany itself, in order that his will might prevail.
  720. nimble: light and quick in motion; moving with ease and celerity; lively; swift
    E.g.She knitted a pair of mittens for me with her nimble fingers.
  721. nirvana: ideal condition of rest, harmony, stability, or joy; condition of Buddha
    E.g.Despite his desire to achieve nirvana, the young Buddhist found that even the buzzing of a fly could distract him from his meditation.
  722. nocturnal: of or relating to or occurring in the night; most active at night
    E.g.They wouldn't rest until the large black snake, which appears to be nocturnal, is no longer free.
  723. noisome: foul-smelling; offensive by arousing disgust; harmful or dangerous
    E.g.The noisome atmosphere downwind of the oil refinery not only stank, it damaged the lungs of everyone living in the area.
  724. nomadic: leading a wandering life with no fixed abode; changeable; unsettled
    E.g.Several nomadic tribes of Indians would hunt in this area each year.
  725. nomenclature: terminology; system of names used in an art or science
    E.g.Sharon found Latin word parts useful in translating medical nomenclature.
  726. nominal: in name only; insignificantly small
    E.g.He offered to drive her to the airport for only a nominal fee.
  727. nonchalance: indifference; lack of concern; composure
    E.g.Cool, calm, and collected under fire, James Bond shows remarkable nonchalance in the face of danger.
  728. noncommittal: very reluctant to give out information
    E.g.We were annoyed by his noncommittal reply for we had been led to expect definite assurances of his approval.
  729. nondescript: dull and uninteresting; lacking distinct or individual
    E.g.The private detective was a short, nondescript fellow with no outstanding features, the sort of person one would never notice in a crowd.
  730. nonentity: person of no importance; something that does not exist or that exists only in imagination
    E.g.Because the two older princes dismissed their youngest brother as a nonentity, they did not realize that he was quietly plotting to seize the throne.
  731. nonplus: perplex or bewilder someone; confound or flummox
    E.g.Jack's uncharacteristic rudeness might nonplus Jill, leaving her uncertain how to react.
  732. nonsense: silliness; words or signs having no intelligible meaning
    E.g.'Don't talk nonsense,' said Alice more boldly: 'you know you're growing too.'
  733. noose: loop formed in a rope by means of a slipknot so that it binds tighter as the rope is pulled; trap
    E.g.I think the noose is slowly tightening on Tony and company and it’s just a matter of time, really.
  734. nostalgia: homesickness; bittersweet longing for things of past.
    E.g.We've been there for a couple weeks now and the nostalgia is there, but we are trying to keep everything fresh.
  735. nostrum: patent medicine whose efficacy is questionable; quack medicine
    E.g.This nostrum is a compound of some of the ordinary foods with certain well-known aromatic and carminative substances.
  736. notable: worthy of note or notice; remarkable; important
    E.g.Today the head cook was shaking, for the notable chef Julia Child was coming to dinner.
  737. notch: small cut; V-shaped or U-shaped indentation carved or scratched into a surface
    E.g.There was one notch in the handle of his revolver.
  738. notoriety: known for some unfavorable act or quality; bad or ill fame
    E.g.To the starlet, any publicity was good publicity: if she couldn't have a good reputation, she'd settle for notoriety.
  739. nourish: provide with nourishment; provide with food or other substances necessary for life and growth
    E.g.Along with a devoted team of sixteen full-time staffers and several volunteers, they now nourish kids in seventy Toronto daycares.
  740. nourishment: a source of materials to nourish the body
    E.g.Each may share equally in nourishment, sun, air, water, as long as they �keep their distance.�
  741. novelty: quality of being novel; newness; something new and unusual
    E.g.Another novelty is the Japanese garden with its bamboo fence, the posts and door of entrance being carved with remarkable taste and boldness.
  742. novice: beginner; person new to a field or activity
    E.g.To do this appears so abrupt that the novice is apt to make a further effort to finish up the subject.
  743. noxious: harmful to living things; injurious to health
    E.g.We must trace the source of these noxious gases before they asphyxiate us.
  744. nuance: subtle or slight degree of difference
    E.g.Because, really, by trying to change her view of her own absolute rightness, I am behaving as if my belief in nuance is more right.
  745. nubile: of an age suitable for marriage; marriageable
    E.g.The show wasn't too bad either, especially the nubile women.
  746. nullify: make invalid; make null; invalidate; counteract force or effectiveness of
    E.g.We will nullify the contract, it no longer has any legal force next month.
  747. numismatist: collector and student of money, in particular of coins
    E.g.The numismatist had a splendid collection of antique coins.
  748. nuptial: relating to marriage or wedding ceremony
    E.g.Reluctant to be married in a traditional setting, they decided to hold their nuptial ceremony at the carousel in Golden Gate Park.
  749. nuptial: relating to marriage or wedding ceremony
    E.g.Reluctant to be married in a traditional setting, they decided to hold their nuptial ceremony at the carousel in Golden Gate Park.
  750. nurture: nourish; help grow or develop; foster
    E.g.The Head Start program attempts to nurture pre-kindergarten children so that they will do well when they enter public school.
  751. nutrient: nourishing substance; source of nourishment, especially nourishing ingredient in a food
    E.g.As a budding nutritionist, Kim has learned to design diets that contain foods rich in this important nutrient.
  752. nutritious: of or providing nourishment; promoting growth, or preventing decay
    E.g.Vitamin water has too much sugar to be accurately described as nutritious; we has ordered owner Coca-Cola to stop running advertisements carrying the claim.
  753. oaf: person regarded as stupid or awkward
    E.g."Watch what you're doing, you clumsy oaf!" Bill shouted at the waiter who had drenched him with iced coffee.
  754. obese: extremely fat; grossly overweight
    E.g.It is advisable that obese people try to lose weight.
  755. obfuscate: confuse; muddle; cause confusion; make needlessly complex
    E.g.Was the president's spokesman trying to clarify the Whitewater mystery, or was he trying to obfuscate the issue so the voters would never figure out what went on?.
  756. obituary: death notice; list of dead
    E.g.I cut out his obituary from the local paper, and wrapped it in clear tape to preserve it.
  757. objective: not influenced by emotions; having actual existence or reality
    E.g.Even though he was her son, she tried to be objective about his behavior.
  758. obligatory: morally or legally constraining; required; binding
    E.g.It is obligatory that books borrowed from the library be returned within two weeks.
  759. oblique: having slanting or sloping direction, course, or position; inclined
    E.g.Casting a quick, oblique glance at the reviewing stand, the sergeant ordered the company to march.
  760. obliterate: destroy completely; do away with completely so as to leave no trace
    E.g.The tidal wave would obliterate several island villages,.
  761. oblivion: condition or quality of being completely forgotten; official overlooking of offenses; amnesty
    E.g.The only thing keeping McCain from oblivion is his image as a nonpartisan maverick.
  762. oblivious: inattentive or unmindful; lacking all memory; forgetful
    E.g.One can even travel to Ben Gurion Airport and remain oblivious to the concrete separation wall.
  763. obnoxious: causing disapproval or protest; very annoying or objectionable; offensive
    E.g.I find your behavior obnoxious; please mend your ways.
  764. obscure: darken; make dim or indistinct; conceal in obscurity
    E.g.Because the smog will obscure our view, we have to adjust original plan.
  765. obsequious: slavishly attentive; attempting to win favor from influential people by flattery
    E.g.Helen liked to be served by people who behaved as if they respected themselves; nothing irritated her more than an excessively obsequious waiter or a fawning salesclerk.
  766. obsessive: excessive in degree or nature; preoccupying
    E.g.Well, obsessive is going to extremes and medium is not.
  767. obsolete: no longer useful; outmoded; antiquated
    E.g.But the content is very difficult to locate, and often in obsolete video formats.
  768. obstetrician: physician specializing in delivery of babies
    E.g.In modern times, the delivery of children has passed from the midwife to the more scientifically trained obstetrician,.
  769. obstinate: stubbornly adhering to an attitude or opinion; hard to control or treat
    E.g.We tried to persuade him to give up smoking, but he was obstinate and refused to change.
  770. obstreperous: noisily aggressive; making great noise or outcry
    E.g.What do you do when an obstreperous horde of drunken policemen goes carousing through your hotel, crashing into potted plants and singing vulgar songs?.
  771. obtuse: lacking in insight or discernment; stupid
    E.g.What can you do with somebody who's so obtuse that he can't even tell that you're insulting him?.
  772. obviate: bypass requirement or make it unnecessary; get rid of
    E.g.I hope this contribution will obviate any need for further collections of funds.
  773. occult: hidden from the eye or the understanding; invisible; secret; concealed; unknown
    E.g.He had hoped that he might give him some proofs of the great accomplishments which he possessed in occult things and in this way add to his own glory and renown.
  774. odds: probability of a specified outcome; likelihood of the occurrence of one thing, as in a contest
    E.g.Bookmakers have now slashed his odds from 400/1 to 28/1.
  775. odious: hateful; arousing strong dislike, aversion, or intense displeasure
    E.g.Cinderella's ugly stepsisters had the odious habit of popping their zits in public.
  776. odium: strong dislike, contempt, or aversion; hatefulness; disrepute
    E.g.Prince Charming could not express the odium he felt toward Cinderella's stepsisters because of their mistreatment of poor Cinderella.
  777. odorous: having distinctive odor; emitting an odor; sweet of scent; fragrant
    E.g.This variety of hybrid tea rose is more odorous than the one you have in your garden.
  778. odyssey: long, eventful journey; extended adventurous voyage or trip
    E.g.The nine-month, 32,000-mile odyssey is one of the world's most grueling competitions, the sailing equivalent of scaling Mount Everest.
  779. offensive: causing anger, displeasure, resentment, or affront
    E.g.The professional boxers are required by law to restrict their offensive impulses to the ring.
  780. offhand: without planning or thinking ahead; right away; immediately
    E.g.The only answer I can think of offhand is the bond market and those who have an interest in fixed incomes since inflation would be painful for both.
  781. ogle: look at amorously; cast glances as in fondness or to attract notice
    E.g.At the coffee house, Walter was too shy to ogle the pretty girls openly; instead, he peeked out at them from behind a rubber plant.
  782. olfactory: relating to, or contributing to sense of smell
    E.g.A wine taster must have a discriminating palate and a keen olfactory sense, for a good wine appeals both to the taste buds and to the nose.
  783. oligarchy: government by a few persons, especially by a small faction of persons or families
    E.g.One small clique ran the student council: what had been intended as a democratic governing body had turned into an oligarchy.
  784. ominous: threatening; foreshadowing evil or tragic developments
    E.g.As you know, that law was slipped into a massive ominous appropriations bill back in 1999.
  785. omnipotent: all-powerful; having unlimited or universal power, authority, or force
    E.g.The monarch regarded himself as omnipotent and responsible to no one for his acts.
  786. omnipresent: universally present; being present everywhere
    E.g.On Christmas Eve, Santa Claus is omnipresent.
  787. omniscient: having total knowledge; knowing everything
    E.g.I do not pretend to be omniscient, but I am positive about this fact.
  788. omnivorous: eating both plant and animal food; devouring everything; having interest in a variety of subjects
    E.g.Some animals, including man, are omnivorous and eat both meat and vegetables; others are either carnivorous or herbivorous.
  789. onerous: burdensome or oppressive; not easily borne; wearing
    E.g.He asked for an assistant because his work load was too onerous.
  790. onslaught: assault; attack
    E.g.The islanders took shelter in mountain caves to escape the onslaught.
  791. onus: burden or obligation; difficult or disagreeable responsibility or necessity
    E.g.The emperor was spared the onus of signing the surrender papers; instead, he relegated the assignment to his generals.
  792. ooze: be any thick messy substance; pass gradually; progress slowly but steadily
    E.g.Over grass bleached colorless by strong sun, we see the herd ooze forward.
  793. opalescent: varying in color when seen in different lights or from different angles; lustrous
    E.g.The oil slick on the water had an opalescent, rainbow-like sheen.
  794. opaque: impenetrable by light; not transparent; not reflecting light; having no luster
    E.g.The opaque window shade kept the sunlight out of the room.
  795. opiate: medicine to induce sleep or deaden pain; something that relieves emotions or causes inaction
    E.g.To say that religion is the opiate of the people is to condemn religion as a drug that keeps the people quiet and submissive to those in power.
  796. opportune: timely; just in time; suited or right for a particular purpose
    E.g.Sally looked at her father struggling to balance his checkbook; clearly this would not be an opportune moment to ask him for a raise in her allowance.
  797. opportunist: one who takes advantage of any chance to achieve an end, with no regard for principles or consequences
    E.g.The first man is a holy fool who loves animals, the second a razor-thin opportunist, and the third an obese pervert.
  798. optician: maker and seller of eyeglasses
    E.g.The patient took the prescription given him by his oculist to the optician.
  799. optimist: one who expects favorable or good outcome
    E.g.The problem with being an optimist is that when you persist in seeing the upside, people often assume you're an idiot.
  800. optimum: most favorable or advantageous
    E.g.Wind and solar are intermittent power sources - only producing electricity under certain optimum environmental conditions.
  801. optometrist: a person skilled in testing for defects of vision in order to prescribe corrective glasses
    E.g.An optometrist, or Doctor of Optometry, is a healthcare professional who provides primary vision care.
  802. opulence: extreme wealth; luxuriousness; abundance
    E.g.The glitter and opulence of the ballroom took Cinderella's breath away.
  803. opus: creative work, as literary or musical composition
    E.g.Although many critics hailed his Fifth Symphony as his major work, he did not regard it as his major opus.
  804. oracular: prophetic; uttered as if with divine authority; mysterious or ambiguous
    E.g.Like many others who sought divine guidance from the oracle at Delphi, Oedipus could not understand the enigmatic oracular warning he received.
  805. orator: skilled public speaker; person who pronounces discourse publicly on some special occasion, as pleader or lawyer
    E.g.The abolitionist Frederick Douglass was a brilliant orator whose speeches brought home to his audience the evils of slavery.
  806. oratorio: musical composition for voices and orchestra based on religious text
    E.g.Kathleen Ferrier was the greatest oratorio singer of the time.
  807. ordain: decree or command; grant holy orders; predestine
    E.g.The king would ordain that no foreigner should be allowed to enter the city.
  808. ordeal: severe trial; form of trial to determine guilt or innocence; difficult or painful experience
    E.g.Another concern in this ordeal is the matter of proof.
  809. ordinance: decree; authoritative command or order
    E.g.If the ordinance is approved, the community of 20000 people could face a long and costly court battle.
  810. ordination: act of admitting to holy orders; disposition as in ranks or rows; formal arrangement
    E.g.At the young priest's ordination, the members of the congregation presented him with a set of vestments.
  811. orgy: wild party involving excessive drinking; unrestrained indulgence; secret rite in the cults of ancient
    E.g.When her income tax refund check finally arrived, Sally indulged in an orgy of shopping.
  812. orientation: act of finding oneself position; position or alignment relative to points of directions; course introducing new situation
    E.g.Although its main orientation is north-south, the road turns slightly to the east and then to the west.
  813. orifice: mouth or aperture, as of a tube, pipe; an opening
    E.g.A mouse ran out from the dark orifice of the cave.
  814. ornate: excessively or elaborately decorated; flashy, showy, or florid in style or manner
    E.g.With its elaborately carved, convoluted lines, furniture of the Baroque period was highly ornate.
  815. ornithologist: one who makes special study of birds
    E.g.Audubon's drawings of American bird life have been of interest not only to an ornithologist but also to the general public.
  816. orthodox: traditional; conservative in belief; adhering to established faith, especially in religion
    E.g.Every member of a church promises to remain orthodox, that is to say -- stationary.
  817. oscillate: swing back and forth with a steady, uninterrupted rhythm; vibrate pendulum like; waver
    E.g.It is interesting to note how public opinions oscillate between the extremes of optimism and pessimism.
  818. ostensible: put forth or held out as real, actual, or intended; proper or intended to be shown
    E.g.Although the ostensible purpose of this expedition is to discover new lands, we are really interested in finding new markets for our products.
  819. ostentatious: showy; pretentious; trying to attract attention
    E.g.Donald Trump's latest casino in Atlantic City is the most ostentatious gambling palace in the East.
  820. ostracize: exclude from community or group; banish by popular vote
    E.g.As soon as the newspapers carried the story of his connection with the criminals, his friends began to ostracize him.
  821. oust: expel; eject from a position or place; force out
    E.g.The world wondered if Aquino would be able to oust Marcos from office.
  822. outcast: cast out; degraded; excluded from a society
    E.g.She had never been cold or hungry or outcast from Society.
  823. outfit: a set of clothing, often with accessories; a set of tools or equipment for a specialized purpose
    E.g.Every day her outfit is analyzed as if it were fashion week.
  824. outgoing: sociable; going out or away; departing
    E.g.From the government's side, the outgoing Prime Minister, Ivan Kostov, admitted personal responsibility for his party's crushing defeat.
  825. outlandish: unconventional; strikingly unfamiliar; located far from civilized areas
    E.g.The eccentric professor who engages in markedly outlandish behavior is a stock figure in novels with an academic setting.
  826. outlaw: person excluded from the benefit of the law, or deprived of its protection; fugitive from the law; habitual criminal
    E.g.Viridina had freed him and sent him away to join the outlaw humans that had escaped their lives of slavery.
  827. outlook: prospect; view; belief about the future ; act of looking out
    E.g.The general global economic outlook now looks more positive than it was earlier in the year.
  828. outmoded: no longer usable or practical; obsolete; not in fashion
    E.g.Unconcerned about keeping in style, Lenore was perfectly happy to wear outmoded clothes as long as they were clean.
  829. outrage: act of extreme violence or viciousness; offense
    E.g.Breaking the silence and expressing our outrage is the only way to even begin to make a change.
  830. outspoken: given to expressing yourself freely or insistently
    E.g.The candidate was too outspoken to be a successful politician; he had not yet learned to weigh his words carefully.
  831. outstrip: exceed or surpass; leave behind
    E.g.Jesse Owens easily will outstrip his white competitors to win the gold medal at the Olympic Games.
  832. outwit: outsmart; trick; beat through cleverness and wit
    E.g.By disguising himself as an old woman, Holmes was able to outwit his pursuers and escape capture.
  833. ovation: enthusiastic, prolonged applause; show of public homage or welcome
    E.g.When the popular tenor Placido Domingo came on stage in the first act of La Boheme, he was greeted by a tremendous ovation.
  834. overbearing: expecting unquestioning obedience; overwhelming in power or significance
    E.g."In choosing a husband," she said, "good birth is of overbearing importance; compared to that, neither wealth nor talent signifies."
  835. oversee: supervise; manage; watch over and direct; examine or inspect
    E.g.This caseworker had about 100 cases to oversee, which is four times the recommended number.
  836. overt: open to view; not secret or hidden
    E.g.According to the United States Constitution, a person must commit an overt act before he may be tried for treason.
  837. overthrow: throw over; overturn; upset; turn upside down; cause to fall or to fail
    E.g.He revealed their conspiracy to overthrow the government.
  838. overture: an opening or aperture; recess; introductory section or part, as of a poem
    E.g.This overture has the potential to call out the real spirit of the so-called Tea Party.
  839. overturn: reverse; overthrow; upset something
    E.g.He is accused of an armed attempt to overturn the constitutional order; if he is convicted he could face life imprisonment.
  840. overwhelm: defeat; cover completely or make imperceptible; overcome by superior force ; charge someone with too many tasks
    E.g.Still, he was sufficiently touched by his aunt's grief too long to rush out from under the bed and overwhelm her with joy--and the theatrical gorgeousness of the thing appealed strongly to his nature, too, but he resisted and lay still.
  841. overwrought: extremely disturbed from emotion
    E.g.When Kate heard the news of the sudden tragedy, she became too overwrought to work and had to leave the office early.
  842. pachyderm: any of various large, thick-skinned, hoofed mammals, as elephant
    E.g.The elephant is probably the best-known pachyderm.
  843. pacifist: one opposed to force; antimilitarist
    E.g.Shooting his way through the jungle, Rambo was clearly not a pacifist.
  844. pacify: ease anger or agitation of; make calm or quiet; end war or violence
    E.g.Dentists criticize the practice of giving fussy children sweets to pacify them.
  845. paean: song of praise or joy; loud and joyous song; song of triumph
    E.g.At present the same form of paean is employed at the beginning and at the end, whereas the end should differ from the beginning.
  846. painstaking: extremely careful and diligent work or effort; taking of pains
    E.g.The truth is, I didn’t want to have to call any parents, so by outlining everything in painstaking detail in my newsletters, I could avoid it.
  847. palatable: acceptable; sufficiently agreeable in flavor to be eaten
    E.g.Neither Jack's under-baked opinions nor his overcooked casseroles were palatable to Jill.
  848. palate: roof of the mouth; sense of taste
    E.g.In the highly mechanized countries, thanks to tinned food, cold storage, synthetic flavoring matters, etc., the palate is almost a dead organ.
  849. palatial: of nature of palace, as in spaciousness or ornateness
    E.g.After living in a cramped studio apartment for years, Alicia thought the modest one bedroom looked downright palatial.
  850. paleontology: study of prehistoric life; science of former life of the globe
    E.g.You can not do experiments in paleontology: it is a descriptive science, just as most of zoology.
  851. palette: board on which painter mixes pigments
    E.g.At the present time, art supply stores are selling a paper palette that may be discarded after use.
  852. palimpsest: parchment or other writing-material from which one writing has been erased or rubbed out to make room for another; something bearing the traces of an earlier, erased form
    E.g.What else than a natural and mighty palimpsest is the human brain?
  853. pall: grow tiresome; have dulling, wearisome, or boring effect
    E.g.The study of word lists can eventually pall and put one to sleep.
  854. palliate: lessen violence of disease; moderate intensity; gloss over with excuses
    E.g.Not content merely to palliate the patient's sores and cankers, the researcher sought a means of wiping out the disease.
  855. pallid: abnormally pale; lacking intensity of color or luminousness
    E.g.Because his job required that he work at night and sleep during the day, he had an exceptionally pallid complexion.
  856. palm: inner surface of the hand between bases of fingers and wrist; tropical evergreen trees of the family Palmae
    E.g.The coconut palm is a plant of many uses, as seen in this photograph from West Central Mexico.
  857. palpable: tangible; easily perceptible; unmistakable
    E.g.The patient's enlarged spleen was palpable: even the first year medical student could feel it.
  858. palpitate: beat rapidly; shake with fast, tremulous movements
    E.g.As he became excited, his heart began to palpitate more and more erratically.
  859. paltry: insignificant; lacking in importance or worth; worthless
    E.g.One hundred dollars for a genuine imitation Rolex watch! Lady, this is a paltry sum to pay for such a high-class piece of jewelry.
  860. pan: criticize harshly; wash in pan; cook in pan
    E.g.Hoping for a rave review of his new show, the playwright was miserable when saw the critics pan it unanimously.
  861. panacea: remedy for all diseases, evils, or difficulties; a cure-all
    E.g.The rich youth cynically declared that the panacea for all speeding tickets was a big enough bribe.
  862. panache: distinctive and stylish elegance; a bunch of feathers or plume, especially on a helmet
    E.g.Many performers imitate Noel Coward, but few have his panache and sense of style.
  863. pandemic: widespread; affecting majority of people
    E.g.They feared the AIDS epidemic would soon reach pandemic proportions.
  864. pandemonium: state of extreme confusion and disorder; very noisy place
    E.g.When the ships collided in the harbor, pandemonium broke out among the passengers.
  865. pander: offer illicit sex with third party; tempt with or appeal to improper motivations
    E.g.The reviewer accused the makers of Lethal Weapon to pander to the masses' taste for violence.
  866. panoramic: related to unobstructed and comprehensive view; with a wide view
    E.g.On a clear day, from the top of the World Trade Center you can get a panoramic view of New York City and parts of New Jersey and Long Island.
  867. pantomime: communication by means of gesture and facial expression
    E.g.Because he worked in pantomime, the clown could be understood wherever he appeared.
  868. papyrus: ancient paper made from stem of plant
    E.g.The ancient Egyptians were among the first to write on papyrus.
  869. parable: short, simple story teaching moral or religious lesson
    E.g.Let us apply to our own conduct the lesson that this parable teaches.
  870. paradigm: one that serves as a pattern or model; system of assumptions, concepts, values, and practices that constitutes a way of viewing reality
    E.g.Pavlov's experiment in which he trains a dog to salivate on hearing a bell is a paradigm of the conditioned-response experiment in behavioral psychology.
  871. paradox: something apparently contradictory in nature; statement that looks false but is actually correct
    E.g.Richard presents a bit of a paradox, for he is a card-carrying member of both the National Rifle Association and the relatively pacifist American Civil Liberties Union.
  872. paragon: model of excellence or perfection; peerless example
    E.g.Mr. Brumby's paragon is shocked at the other's inaptitude for examination.
  873. parallel: make or place something to another's side; of or relating to multiple operations at same time; not intersecting
    E.g.Parallel processing is very common in today's computer.
  874. parallelism: state of being parallel; similarity in aspect, course, or tendency
    E.g.Although the twins were separated at birth and grew up in different adoptive families, a striking parallelism exists between their lives.
  875. parameter: characteristic or feature that distinguishes something from others
    E.g.Security's critical parameter is the ratio of workers to retirees.
  876. paramount: foremost in importance; supreme in rank
    E.g.Prime Minister Gordon Brown said the impact of the volcano ash cloud temporarily lessened, but stressed that passenger safety would remain paramount.
  877. paranoia: psychological disorder by delusions; extreme, irrational distrust of others
    E.g.Suffering from paranoia, Don claimed everyone was out to get him.
  878. parasite: animal or plant living on another
    E.g.Scientists believe a parasite is attacking the lobsters' nervous system, killing the shellfish.
  879. parched: dried out by heat; toasted or roasted slightly
    E.g.If you'll follow me, I'm sure you're parched from the journey and wouldn't mind a bit of refreshment.
  880. parchment: skin of a lamb, sheep, goat, young calf, or other animal, prepared for writing on
    E.g.And near the King was the White Rabbit, with a trumpet in one hand, and a scroll of parchment in the other.
  881. pariah: social outcast; person who is rejected from society or home
    E.g.Shortly Tom came upon the juvenile pariah of the village, Huckleberry Finn, son of the town drunkard.
  882. parity: equality in status or amount; similarity or close
    E.g.Unfortunately, some doubt exists whether women's salaries will ever achieve parity with men's.
  883. parochial: narrow in outlook; related to local church community
    E.g.Although Jane Austen sets her novels in small rural communities, her concerns are universal, not parochial,.
  884. parody: work or performance that imitates another work or performance with ridicule or irony; make fun of
    E.g.The show Forbidden Broadway presents a parody spoofing the year's new productions playing on Broadway.
  885. paroxysm: sudden outburst of emotion or action; sudden attack, recurrence, or intensification of a disease
    E.g.When he heard of his son's misdeeds, he was seized by a paroxysm of rage.
  886. parry: avoid or try to avoid fulfilling, answering, or performing
    E.g.Unwilling to injure his opponent in such a pointless clash, Dartagnan simply tried to parry his rival's thrusts.
  887. parsimony: extreme care in spending money; reluctance to spend money unnecessarily
    E.g.Furious because her father wouldn't let her buy out the clothing store, Annie accused him of parsimony.
  888. partial: incomplete; fragmentary; favoring one person or side over another or others
    E.g.These market price moves are reverses, but only partial reverses, of the shifts that happened when the conflict started last week.
  889. partiality: inclination; favorable prejudice or bias; special fondness
    E.g.As a judge, not only must I be unbiased, but I must also avoid any evidence of partiality when I award the prize.
  890. partisan: one-sided; prejudiced; committed to a party
    E.g.On certain issues of principle, she refused to take a partisan stand, but let her conscience be her guide.
  891. partition: divide into parts, pieces, or sections
    E.g.Before their second daughter was born, Jason and Lizzie decided each child needed a room of her own, and so they planned to partition a large bedroom into two small but separate rooms.
  892. passive: lacking in energy or will; peacefully resistant in response to injustice
    E.g.Mahatma Gandhi urged his followers to pursue a program of passive resistance as he felt that it was more effective than violence.
  893. pastoral: rural; relating to shepherds or herders; relating to the country or country life
    E.g.In these stories of pastoral life, we find an understanding of the daily tasks of country folk.
  894. pastry: articles of food made of paste, or having a crust made of paste, as pies, tarts; place where pastry is made
    E.g.This precious vessel was now placed on my knee, and I was invited to eat the circlet of delicate pastry upon it.
  895. patent: open for the public to read; obvious; plain
    E.g.It was patent to everyone that the witness spoke the truth.
  896. pathetic: causing sadness, compassion, or pity
    E.g.The old, rather shabby room struck her as extraordinarily pathetic.
  897. pathological: related to the study of disease; diseased or markedly abnormal; relating to or caused by disease
    E.g.I think that she had what we call pathological envy, meaning she didn't want anyone else to be happy but her.
  898. pathos: tender sorrow; pity; quality in art or literature that produces these feelings
    E.g.The quiet tone of pathos that ran through the novel never degenerated into the maudlin or the overly sentimental.
  899. patina: green crust on old bronze works; tone slowly taken by varnished painting
    E.g.Judging by the patina on this bronze statue, we can conclude that this is the work of a medieval artist.
  900. patriarch: father and ruler of family or tribe
    E.g.In many primitive tribes, the leader and lawmaker was the patriarch.
  901. patrician: belong to noble origin; having high birth
    E.g.We greatly admired her well-bred, patrician elegance.
  902. patronize: act as a patron to; support or sponsor
    E.g.Penniless artists hope to find some wealthy art-lover who will patronize them.
  903. paucity: scarcity; smallness of number; fewness
    E.g.They closed the restaurant because the paucity of customers made it uneconomical to operate.
  904. pauper: very poor person; one living on or eligible for public charity
    E.g.Though Widow Brown was living on a reduced income, she was by no means a pauper.
  905. peccadillo: slight offense; small sin or fault
    E.g.When Peter Piper picked a peck of Polly Potter's pickles, did Pete commit a major crime or just a peccadillo?.
  906. pecuniary: relating to money; requiring payment of money
    E.g.Seldom earning enough to cover their expenses, folk dance teachers work because they love dancing, not because they expect any pecuniary reward.
  907. pedagogy: teaching; art of education; science of teaching
    E.g.Though Maria Montessori gained fame for her innovations in pedagogy, it took years before the methods were common practice in American.
  908. pedant: one who is overly concerned with formal rules and trivial points of learning
    E.g.Her insistence that the book be memorized marked the teacher as a pedant rather than a scholar.
  909. pedantic: marked by narrow focus on or display of learning, especially formal rules and trivial points; bookish
    E.g.Leavening his decisions with humorous, down-to-earth anecdotes, Judge Walker was not at all the pedantic legal scholar.
  910. pedestal: architectural support or base, as for a column or statue; support or foundation
    E.g.Before it could be transported to the United States, a site had to be found for it and a pedestal had to be built.
  911. pedestrian: lacking wit or imagination; ordinary
    E.g.Unintentionally boring, he wrote page after page of pedestrian prose.
  912. pedigree: a line of ancestors; descent; lineage; register or record of a line of ancestors
    E.g.But, on both his mother's and his father's side there is nothing that even comes close to the kind of pedigree that qualifies as American elite.
  913. peer: gaze; stare; look searchingly; company with
    E.g.We peer in at ten infants through the glass walls of a new-born nursery, imagining the bright futures ahead in the 80 years of life they can expect.
  914. peerless: having no equal; incomparable
    E.g.At our town Sam is a peerless cooker: no one could compare with him.
  915. pellucid: transparent; limpid; easy to understand
    E.g.After reading these stodgy philosophers, I find Bertrand Russell's pellucid style very enjoyable.
  916. penchant: strong inclination; definite liking
    E.g.There is a certain penchant in true believers to ignore input which conflicts and contradicts that belief.
  917. pending: not yet decided or settled; awaiting conclusion or confirmation
    E.g.She was held in custody pending trial.
  918. penetrate: pierce; go through; permeate
    E.g.You can hear her piano practice penetrate each room of the house.
  919. penitent: feeling or expressing deep regret for misdeeds
    E.g.When he realized the enormity of his crime, he became remorseful and penitent.
  920. pensive: deeply, often dreamily thoughtful; engaged in serious thought or reflection; contemplative
    E.g.The pensive lover gazed at the portrait of his beloved and deeply sighed.
  921. penury: extreme poverty; lack of something; barrenness; insufficiency
    E.g.When his pension fund failed, George feared he would end his days in penury. He became such a penny pincher that he turned into a closefisted, penurious miser.
  922. perceptive: insightful; aware; wise; having the ability to perceive
    E.g.In sense capacity, in perceptive and discriminative ability, there is likewise a practical equality.
  923. percussion: striking one object against another sharply
    E.g.The drum is a percussion instrument.
  924. perdition: entire ruin; utter destruction, especially, utter loss of soul, or of final happiness in future
    E.g.Praying for salvation, young Steven Daedalus feared he was damned to eternal perdition.
  925. peregrination: travel or journey, especially by foot, notably by pilgrim
    E.g.Auntie Mame was a world traveler whose previous peregrination took her from Tiajuana to Timbuctoo.
  926. peremptory: offensively self-assured; dictatorial; not allowing contradiction or refusal
    E.g.From Jack's peremptory knock on the door, Jill could tell he would not give up until she let him in.
  927. perennial: lasting indefinitely long time; suggesting self-renewal; remaining active throughout all the time
    E.g.These plants are hardy perennial and will bloom for many years.
  928. perfidious: tending to betray; disloyal; faithless
    E.g.When Caesar realized that Brutus had betrayed him, he reproached his perfidious friend.
  929. perforate: pierce, punch, or bore hole or holes in; penetrate
    E.g.Before you can open the aspirin bottle, you must first perforate the plastic safety seal that covers the cap.
  930. perfunctory: done routinely and with little interest or care; acting with indifference
    E.g.The auditor's perfunctory inspection of the books overlooked many errors.
  931. perimeter: outer boundary length; closed curve bounding a plane area
    E.g.Find the largest possible width if the the perimeter is at most 64 cm.
  932. peripheral: located in outer boundary; unimportant; auxiliary
    E.g.We lived, not in central London, but in one of those peripheral suburbs that spring up on the outskirts of a great city.
  933. periphery: edge, especially of a round surface; surface of a solid; circumference
    E.g.He sensed that there was something just beyond the periphery of his vision.
  934. perjury: false testimony while under oath; breach of an oath or promise
    E.g."That kind of perjury is one of the hardest cases for a prosecutor to prove," Coleman said.
  935. permeable: penetrable; porous; allowing liquids or gas to pass through
    E.g.If your jogging clothes weren't made out of permeable fabric, you'd drown in your own perspiration.
  936. permissive: approving; tolerant; granting; not strict in discipline
    E.g.Direct primary legislation is largely permissive rather than prescriptive.
  937. pernicious: very destructive; tending to cause death or serious injury; deadly
    E.g.Crack cocaine has had a pernicious effect on urban society: it has destroyed families, turned children into drug dealers, and increased the spread of violent crimes.
  938. perpetrate: be responsible for; commit; do execute or perform, generally in bad sense
    E.g.Only an insane person could perpetrate such a horrible crime.
  939. perpetual: everlasting; continuing without interruption
    E.g.Nearly 50 Virginia prisoners are being held in perpetual isolation because they refuse to cut their hair.
  940. perpetuate: make something last; preserve from extinction
    E.g.Some critics attack The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn because they believe Twain's book to perpetuate a false image of Blacks in this country.
  941. persevere: endure; be persistent, refuse to stop
    E.g.The will to persevere is often the difference between failure and success.
  942. persist: continue; insist; persevere
    E.g.Why, when studies show that cell phone use, and especially texting, while driving impairs drivers more than drinking, do so many people persist in combining these lethal behaviors?
  943. personable: pleasing in personality or appearance; attractive
    E.g.So showing good moral standards and being personable is a great start.
  944. perspicacious: having keen insight; mentally perceptive; astute
    E.g.The brilliant lawyer was known for his perspicacious deductions.
  945. pert: improperly forward or bold; trim and stylish in appearance
    E.g.I think your pert and impudent remarks call for an apology.
  946. pertinacious: stubbornly or perversely persistent; unyielding; obstinate
    E.g.He is bound to succeed because his pertinacious nature will not permit him to quit.
  947. pertinent: having precise or logical relevance; pertaining or relating
    E.g.That policy, in pertinent part, said as follows: "A person living at other countries should not be counted as a vote."
  948. perturb: disturb greatly; make uneasy or anxious; throw into great confusion
    E.g.The thought that electricity might be leaking out of the empty light bulb sockets might perturb my aunt.
  949. peruse: read or examine, typically with great care
    E.g.After the conflagration that burned down her house, Joan closely began to peruse her home insurance policy to discover exactly what benefits her coverage provided her.
  950. pervasive: pervading; spread throughout every part
    E.g.Despite airing them for several hours, Martha could not rid her clothes of the pervasive odor of mothballs that clung to them.
  951. perverse: stubbornly wrongheaded; directed away from what is right or good
    E.g.When Jack was in a perverse mood, he would do the opposite of whatever Jill asked him.
  952. perversion: act of perverting, or state of being perverted; turning from truth or right; a change to something worse; turning or applying to a wrong end or use
    E.g.This is the kind of perversion of justice we're accustomed to seeing in the US and Norway.
  953. pervert: cause to turn away from what is right, proper, or good; corrupt; bring to a bad or worse condition
    E.g.As he was charged for conspiracy to pervert the course of justice, detectives arrived at the house, taking him into custody at 5.45 p.m.
  954. pessimism: belief that life is basically bad or evil; gloominess
    E.g.Considering how well you have done in the course so far, you have no real reason for such pessimism about your final grade.
  955. petrify: convert wood or other organic matter into stony replica; cause to become stiff or stonelike
    E.g.His sudden and unexpected appearance seemed to petrify her.
  956. petty: trivial; of small importance; very small
    E.g.She had no major complaints to his work, only a few petty issues that were almost too minor to state.
  957. petulant: easily irritated or annoyed; unreasonably irritable or ill-tempered
    E.g.Her narrow face was fixed in petulant defiance.
  958. phalanx: compact or close knit group of people, animals, or things
    E.g.A phalanx of guards stood outside the prime minister's home day and night.
  959. phenomena: observable facts; subjects of scientific investigation
    E.g.We kept careful records of the phenomena we noted in the course of these experiments.
  960. philanderer: faithless lover; fickle lover; flirt, usually applies only to men
    E.g.Swearing he had never so much as looked at another woman, Ralph assured Alice he was no philanderer.
  961. philanthropist: person who loves mankind in general; very generous person or institution
    E.g.In his role as philanthropist and public benefactor, John D. Rockefeller, Sr., donated millions to charity; as an individual, however, he was a tight-fisted old man.
  962. philistine: narrow-minded person, uncultured and exclusively interested in material gain
    E.g.We need more men of culture and enlightenment; we needn't any philistine among us.
  963. philology: study of language; investigation of language and its literature
    E.g.The professor of philology advocated the use of Esperanto as an international language.
  964. phlegmatic: calm; not easily disturbed; not easily excited to action or passion
    E.g.The nurse was a cheerful but phlegmatic person, unexcited in the face of sudden emergencies.
  965. phobia: anxiety disorder by extreme and irrational fear; dislike
    E.g.And a phobia is an uncontrollable response to fear, so I looked for another way to expose millions of people.
  966. phoenix: symbol of immortality or rebirth; bird in Egyptian mythology that lived for 500 years
    E.g.Also known widely as the Fire Bird, the phoenix is a profound symbol of the circle of life.
  967. phylum: major class of plants; primary branch of animal kingdom; division
    E.g.In sorting out her hundreds of packets of seeds, Katya decided to file them by phylum.
  968. physiological: pertaining to science of the function of living organisms
    E.g.To understand this disease fully, we must examine not only its physiological aspects but also its psychological elements.
  969. piebald: mottled; spotted or patched, especially in black and white
    E.g.You should be able to identify Polka Dot in this race; it is the only piebald horse running.
  970. piecemeal: by a small amount at a time; in stages; gradually
    E.g.Tolstoy's War and Peace is too huge to finish in one sitting; I'll have to read it piecemeal.
  971. pied: having sections or patches colored differently and usually brightly; multicolored
    E.g.The pied piper of Hamelin got his name from the multicolored clothing he wore.
  972. piety: religious devotion and reverence to God; devout act, thought, or statement; godliness
    E.g.The nuns in the convent were noted for their piety; they spent their days in worship and prayer.
  973. pigment: substance used as coloring; dry coloring matter
    E.g.Van Gogh mixed more than one pigment with linseed oil to create his paints.
  974. pilfer: steal in small quantities, or articles of small value; practice petty theft
    E.g.I'll do the best I can with it, even if I am compelled to pilfer from the pages of the book.
  975. pillage: rob of goods by force, especially in time of war; plunder; take as spoils
    E.g.The enemy planned to pillage the quiet village and leave it in ruins.
  976. pine: have desire for something or someone; yearn; grieve or mourn for
    E.g.Though she tried to be happy living with Clara in the city, Heidi used to pine for the mountains and for her gruff but loving grandfather.
  977. pinnacle: peak; tall pointed formation, such as mountain peak
    E.g.We could see the morning sunlight illuminate the pinnacle while the rest of the mountain lay in shadow.
  978. pious: devout; religious; exhibiting strict, traditional sense of virtue and morality
    E.g.The challenge for church people today is how to be pious in the best sense, that is, to be devout without becoming hypocritical or sanctimonious.
  979. piquant: pleasantly tart-tasting; stimulating; charming or attractive
    E.g.The piquant sauce added to our enjoyment of the meal.
  980. pique: sudden outburst of anger; state of vexation caused by a perceived slight or indignity
    E.g.She showed her pique at her loss by refusing to appear with the other contestants at the end of the competition.
  981. pitfall: hidden danger; concealed trap; hidden hazard
    E.g.Her parents warned young Sophie against the pitfall that lays in wait for her in the dangerous big city.
  982. pithy: precisely meaningful; forceful and brief
    E.g.While other girls might have gone on and on about how un-cool Elton was, Liz summed it up in one pithy remark: "He's bogus!".
  983. pittance: very small portion or allowance assigned, whether of food or money
    E.g.He could not live on the pittance he received as a pension and had to look for an additional source of revenue.
  984. pivotal: being of vital or central importance; crucial
    E.g.Its pivotal location has also exposed it to periodic invasions.
  985. placate: appease or pacify; bring peace to
    E.g.The store manager tried to placate the angry customer, offering to replace the damaged merchandise or to give back her money right away.
  986. placebo: harmless substance prescribed as a dummy pill
    E.g.In a controlled experiment, fifty volunteers were given aspirin tablets; the control group received only placebo ones.
  987. placid: peaceful; tranquil; calm or quiet
    E.g.After his vacation in this placid section, he felt soothed and rested.
  988. plaintive: expressing sorrow ;mournful or melancholy; sad
    E.g.The dove has a plaintive and melancholy call.
  989. plait: braid, especially of hair; flat fold; doubling, as of cloth
    E.g.I smiled when I saw her, one plait loose and the other still held in place with a ribbon, proof of all the mischief in the school bus.
  990. plaster: cover conspicuously, as by pasting something on; adhesive tape used in dressing wounds; a hardened surface as on a wall or ceiling
    E.g.The plaster is mostly removed now and we get to see the paintings in their full glory.
  991. plasticity: ability to be molded, formed, or modeled; quality or state of being plastic
    E.g.When clay dries out, it loses its plasticity and becomes less malleable.
  992. platitude: dullness; insipidity of thought; commonplace statement; lack of originality
    E.g.In giving advice to his son, old Polonius expressed himself only in same platitude; every word out of his mouth was a commonplace.
  993. platonic: not sexual in nature
    E.g.I love you too, Pollyanna but our relationship must remain platonic.
  994. plaudit: enthusiastically worded approval; round of applause
    E.g.The theatrical company reprinted every plaudit of the critics in its advertisements.
  995. plausible: likely but not certain to be or become true or real
    E.g.Both sides can maintain plausible deniability and simply claim a misunderstanding.
  996. plebeian: crude or coarse; unrefined or coarse in nature or manner; common or vulgar
    E.g.After five weeks of rigorous studying, the graduate settled in for a weekend of plebeian socializing and television watching.
  997. plenitude: abundance; completeness; ample amount or quantity
    E.g.Looking in the pantry, we admired the plenitude of fruits and pickles we had preserved during the summer.
  998. plethora: excess; overfullness in any respect; superabundance
    E.g.She offered a plethora of excuses for her shortcomings.
  999. pliable: flexible; yielding; easily bent or shaped
    E.g.In remodeling the bathroom, we have replaced all the old, rigid lead pipes with new, pliable copper tubing.
  1000. pliant: flexible; easily influenced; easily bent or flexed; pliable
    E.g.He says that media in China is largely pliant, meaning his company has rarely faced tough questions.
  1001. plight: condition or state, especially a bad state or condition
    E.g.Firstly, we are convinced that the people of our country, especially the poor, do appreciate that their plight is at the top of government's agenda.
  1002. ploy: action calculated to frustrate an opponent or gain an advantage indirectly or deviously; maneuver; tactic or strategy
    E.g.A typical ploy is to feign illness, procure medicine, then sells it on the black market.
  1003. pluck: pull or draw, especially, to pull with sudden force or effort, or to pull off or out from something
    E.g."Let another help me!" "No; you shall tear yourself away, none shall help you: you shall yourself pluck out your right eye; yourself cut off your right hand: your heart shall be the victim, and you the priest to transfix it."
  1004. plumage: covering of feathers on bird; feathers used ornamentally; elaborate dress
    E.g.Bird watchers identify different species of bird by their characteristic songs and distinctive plumage.
  1005. plumb: checking perpendicularity; exactly vertical
    E.g.Before hanging wallpaper it is advisable to drop a plumb line from the ceiling as a guide.
  1006. plumber: craftsman who installs and repairs pipes and fixtures and appliances
    E.g.Today's plumber is in demand and has expanded duties, which include installing, repairing and maintaining piping.
  1007. plummet: fall straight down; plunge; decline suddenly and steeply
    E.g.Stock prices plummet as Wall Street reacts to the crisis in the economy.
  1008. plump: sound of a sudden heavy fall; well-rounded and full in form
    E.g.A New York City Ballet dancer says a newspaper critic needn't apologize for calling her plump in a performance of "The Nutcracker.
  1009. plutocracy: society or government ruled by wealthy class
    E.g.From the way the government caters to the rich, you might think our society is a plutocracy rather than a democracy.
  1010. podiatrist: doctor who specializes in diagnosis and treatment of foot ailments
    E.g.He consulted a podiatrist about his fallen arches.
  1011. podium: platform raised above surrounding level to give prominence to person on it
    E.g.For me to still stay on the podium is a great accomplishment for now.
  1012. poignancy: state of deeply felt distress or sorrow; keenness of emotion
    E.g.Watching the tearful reunion of the long-separated mother and child, the social worker was touched by the poignancy of the scene.
  1013. poise: be balanced or held in suspension; hover; carry or hold in equilibrium; balance
    E.g.I did so, not at first aware what was his intention; but when I saw him lift and poise the book and stand in act to hurl it, I instinctively started aside with a cry of alarm.
  1014. polar: pertaining to one of the poles of the earth; of the poles
    E.g.The two systems of government are polar opposites.
  1015. polarize: split into opposite extremes or camps
    E.g.The abortion issue will polarize the country into pro-choice and anti-abortion camps.
  1016. politic: expedient; careful and sensible; well advised
    E.g.Even though he was disappointed by the size of the bonus he was offered, he did not think it politic to refuse it.
  1017. polygamist: one who has more than one spouse at a time
    E.g.He was arrested as a polygamist when his two wives filed complaints about him.
  1018. polyglot: speaking, writing, written in, or composed of several languages
    E.g.New York City is a polyglot community because of the thousands of immigrants who settle there.
  1019. pomposity: excessive self-esteem or exaggerated dignity; acting like stuffed shirt
    E.g.Although the commencement speaker had some good things to say, we had to laugh at his pomposity and general air of parading his own dignity.
  1020. ponderous: slow and laborious because of weight; labored and dull
    E.g.His humor lacked the light touch; his jokes were always ponderous.
  1021. pontifical: pertaining to bishop or pope; having dignity or authority of bishop
    E.g.This is quite evident from his acquired right of subdelegation whereby he was allowed to name a vicegerens, his representative not alone in pontifical ceremonies, but also in jurisdiction.
  1022. pore: gaze intently; stare; scrutinize; read or study carefully and attentively
    E.g.Determined to become a physician, Beth spent hours to pore over her anatomy text.
  1023. porous: full of pores; able to absorb fluids; full of tiny pores that allow fluids or gasses to pass through
    E.g.Dancers like to wear porous clothing because it allows the ready passage of water and air.
  1024. portend: foretell; serve as an omen or a warning of; indicate by prediction
    E.g.The king does not know what these omens portend and asks his soothsayers to interpret them.
  1025. portly: inoffensive expression of fat; stout
    E.g.The overweight gentleman was referred to as portly by the polite salesclerk.
  1026. pose: pretend to be someone you are not; assume a posture as for artistic purposes
    E.g.We don't know the woman who pose for Leonardo so often.
  1027. poseur: person who pretends to be sophisticated, elegant to impress others
    E.g.Some thought Salvador Dali was a brilliant painter; others dismissed him as a poseur.
  1028. posterity: descendants; future generations
    E.g.The English-born scientist's place in posterity is preserved by his great work.
  1029. postmortem: occurring or done after death; relating to a medical examination of a dead body
    E.g.A postmortem exam revealed large amounts of soil in her lungs and stomach, indicating that she had been alive and conscious while being buried.
  1030. postulate: essential premise; underlying assumption
    E.g.The basic postulate of democracy, set forth in the Declaration of Independence, is that all men are created equal.
  1031. posture: position or arrangement of the body and its limbs
    E.g.He has a warm smile on his face but his posture is firm and his eyes are open and locked directly into our eyes.
  1032. potable: suitable for drinking; drinkable
    E.g.The recent drought in the Middle Atlantic states has emphasized the need for extensive research in ways of making sea water potable.
  1033. potent: powerful; having power to influence or convince; having great control or authority
    E.g.They remain potent forces, as evidenced by car bombings in both countries over the past two weeks.
  1034. potentate: monarch; ruler who is unconstrained by law
    E.g.The potentate spent more time at Monte Carlo than he did at home on his throne.
  1035. potential: existing in possibility; expected to become or be
    E.g.The volume of unconventional gas isn't significant on a U. K. wide scale, supplying enough electricity for only 1,200 homes, but the potential is there, analysts say.
  1036. potion: dose of liquid; liquid mixture; liquid medicine
    E.g.Thank God, the operation of the potion is slow, and may be counteracted.
  1037. practicable: feasible; capable of being effected, done, or put into practice
    E.g.The board of directors decided that the plan was practicable and agreed to undertake the project.
  1038. practical: based on experience; useful
    E.g.He was a practical man, opposed to theory.
  1039. pragmatic: practical as opposed to idealistic; concerned with the practical worth or impact of something
    E.g.AIDS advocates are now wondering whether pragmatic is just a euphemism for cheap.
  1040. pragmatist: who acts in response to particular situations rather than upon abstract ideals
    E.g.No pragmatist enjoys becoming involved in a game he can never win.
  1041. prance: spring or bound, as a horse in high mettle; ride in an ostentatious manner; walk or strut about in a pompous, showy manner
    E.g.Especially because she claims to be so modest and conservative in her dress -- surely she does not prance about in hot little nighties, especially when men not her husband is in the house.
  1042. prank: acting like a clown; dress up showily; practical joke
    E.g.This kind of prank is not good for Amazon because it will scare some customers away.
  1043. prate: speak foolishly; talk idly and at length; chatter
    E.g.Let us not prate about our good qualities; rather, let our virtues speak for themselves.
  1044. prattle: speak about unimportant matters rapidly and incessantly; talk artlessly and childishly
    E.g.Baby John used to prattle on and on about the cats and his ball and the Cookie Monster.
  1045. preamble: introductory statement; introductory paragraph or division of discourse or writing
    E.g.In the preamble to the Constitution, the purpose of the document is set forth.
  1046. precarious: uncertain; risky; dangerously lacking in security or stability
    E.g.But that is why NASA used test pilots, men used to handling life and death decisions in precarious situations and instantly making the right choice.
  1047. precedent: act or instance that may be used as example in subsequent similar cases
    E.g.How to determine what a precedent is authority for are talked by the lawyers.
  1048. precedent: act or instance that may be used as example in subsequent similar cases
    E.g.How to determine what a precedent is authority for are talked by the lawyers.
  1049. precinct: district or division of city; place or enclosure by definite limits
    E.g.Not enough paper ballots at the precinct is an administrative failure.
  1050. precipice: cliff; overhanging or extremely steep mass of rock; dangerous position
    E.g.Suddenly Indiana Jones found himself dangling from the edge of a precipice.
  1051. precipitate: rash; moving rapidly and heedlessly; speeding headlong; occurring suddenly
    E.g.Though I was angry enough to resign on the spot, I had enough sense to keep myself from quitting a job in such a precipitate fashion.
  1052. precipitous: extremely steep; descending rapidly, or rushing onward
    E.g.This hill is difficult to climb because it is so precipitous.
  1053. precise: exact; clearly expressed; accurate or correct
    E.g.How exactly, in precise detail, will he bring about this supposed unity?
  1054. preclude: make impossible, as by action taken in advance; prevent; eliminate
    E.g.The fact that the band was already booked to play in Hollywood on New Year's Eve would preclude their accepting the New Year's Eve gig in London.
  1055. precocious: advanced in development; appearing or developing early
    E.g.Listening to the grown-up way the child discussed serious topics, we couldn't help remarking how precocious she was.
  1056. precursor: forerunner; one who precedes an event and indicates its approach
    E.g.Though Gray shared many traits with the Romantic poets who followed them, most critics consider him precursor of the Romantic Movement, not true Romantics.
  1057. predator: animal that lives by preying on other animals; person who robs or exploits others
    E.g.The penguins eat krill and small fish, and their main predator is the seal which can take them by surprise.
  1058. predecessor: former occupant of post; ancestor or forefather
    E.g.I hope I can live up to the fine example set by my late predecessor in this office.
  1059. predetermine: determine, decide, or establish in advance; influence markedly
    E.g.Bea gathered estimates from caterers, florists, and stationers so that she could predetermine the costs of holding a catered buffet.
  1060. predicament: tricky or dangerous situation; dilemma; troublesome
    E.g.In our hearts we really should realize that the major underlying cause of this predicament is the American lifestyle, our excessive, wasteful habits.
  1061. predilection: condition of favoring or liking; tendency towards; preference
    E.g.Although I have written all sorts of poetry over the years, I have a definite predilection for occasional verse.
  1062. predispose: give inclination toward; make susceptible to; settle or dispose of in advance
    E.g.Genetic influences apparently predispose people to certain forms of cancer.
  1063. preeminent: outstanding; superior to or notable above all others
    E.g.The king traveled to Boston because he wanted the preeminent surgeon in the field to perform the operation.
  1064. preempt: appropriate, seize, or take for oneself before others; gain possession of by prior right or opportunity
    E.g.Hoping to preempt any attempts by the opposition to make educational reform a hot political issue, the candidate set out her own plan to revitalize the public schools.
  1065. preen: make oneself tidy in appearance; feel self-satisfaction
    E.g.With each new crisis, the capitalists, "blinded by greed," will always be blamed, as noble altruists such as Hillary Clinton and John McCain preen about how they just want to help the little guy.
  1066. prehensile: capable of grasping or holding; having keen intellect
    E.g.Monkeys use not only their arms and legs but also their prehensile tails in traveling through the trees.
  1067. prelate: church dignitary; senior clergyman
    E.g.The archbishop of Moscow and one high-ranking prelate visited the Russian Orthodox seminary.
  1068. prelude: introduction; forerunner; preliminary or preface
    E.g.I am afraid that this border raid is the prelude to more serious attacks.
  1069. premeditate: plan, arrange, or plot in advance; deliberate upon future action
    E.g.She would premeditate the murder for months, reading about common poisons and buying weed killer that contained arsenic.
  1070. premise: proposition upon which an argument is based; assumption; land and the buildings on it
    E.g.Our main premise is to get in and get out as quickly as possible, while performing a level of quality work equal to or greater than anything seen before.
  1071. premonition: forewarning; warning in advance
    E.g.He knew with the sick and certain premonition of disaster.
  1072. preponderance: superiority in numbers or amount
    E.g.There is a preponderance of Blacks in our city.
  1073. preposterous: contrary to nature, reason, or common sense; ridiculous
    E.g.We all know the fact that grounds for such lawsuits are often preposterous, so they just waste money of taxpayers.
  1074. prerogative: privilege; unquestionable right; exclusive power to command
    E.g.For the sake of policy and representativeness, we need a constitutional amendment to remove this prerogative from the president.
  1075. presage: foretell or predict; indicate or warn of in advance
    E.g.The vultures flying overhead presage the discovery of the corpse in the desert.
  1076. prescience: ability to foretell future; knowledge of actions or events before they occur; foresight
    E.g.Given the current wave of Japan-bashing, it does not take prescience for me to foresee problems in our future trade relations with Japan.
  1077. presentiment: sense that something is about to occur; anticipatory fear; premonition
    E.g.Saying goodbye at the airport, Jack had a sudden presentiment that this was the last time he would see Jill.
  1078. prestige: impression produced by achievements or reputation; recognized distinction or importance
    E.g.What they are doing to our military, our treasury, our power, and our prestige is an unconscionable national betrayal.
  1079. presumptuous: overconfident; going beyond what is right or proper; excessively forward
    E.g.It was asked everyday of his Mid East and European trip, “Is he too presumptuous, is he trying too hard to be a rock star?"
  1080. pretension: advancing of a claim; assertion; a false or unsupportable quality
    E.g.I strongly believe that pretension is the root of all human suffering.
  1081. pretentious: intended to attract notice and impress others; making unjustified claims; overly ambitious
    E.g.In the old world, Munich offers the closest analogy to St. Petersburg, that not only by half-occupied areas, but by pretentious and pseudo-classic architecture.
  1082. preternatural: being beyond normal course of nature; differing from natural
    E.g.Malcolm's mother's total ability to tell when he was lying struck him as almost preternatural.
  1083. pretext: excuse; something serving to conceal plans; fictitious reason
    E.g.He looked for a good pretext to get out of paying a visit to his aunt.
  1084. prevail: induce; be greater in strength or influence; triumph; win out
    E.g.I hope the country is finally turning a corner where common sense will once again prevail over the insanity of the last 30 years.
  1085. prevalent: widespread; widely or commonly occurring, existing, accepted
    E.g.A radical committed to social change, Reed had no patience with the conservative views prevalent in the America of his day.
  1086. prevaricate: lie; stray from or evade truth; behave in evasive way such as to delay action
    E.g.Some people believe that to prevaricate in a good cause is justifiable and regard such a statement as a "white lie.".
  1087. prey: target of a hunt; animal hunted or caught for food
    E.g.Although their main prey is the soft tissue of red corals, they eat other types of corals as well.
  1088. prim: very precise and formal; exceedingly proper
    E.g.Many people commented on the contrast between the prim attire of the young lady and the inappropriate clothing worn by her escort.
  1089. primary: of first rank or importance or value; essential or basic
    E.g.Many ordinary Iraqis appreciated that the primary UN role was humanitarian.
  1090. primate: animal order including monkeys and apes and human beings; senior clergyman
    E.g.The primate is elected by the General Synod of the Anglican Church of Canada through a process in which the bishops offer five nominations to the clergy and lay members of synod who then choose one name.
  1091. prime: first in excellence, quality, or value; at the best stage; peak; first in degree or rank; chief
    E.g.Jordan tonight announced that his group arrested the prime suspect in last week's rocket attack.
  1092. primordial: being or happening first in sequence of time; original; primary; fundamental
    E.g.Myth narrates a sacred history; it relates an event that took place in primordial time, the fabulous time of the beginnings.
  1093. primp: become formal or affected in dress or manners; give neat appearance to
    E.g.The groom stood by idly while his nervous bride-to-be began to primp before the mirror.
  1094. pristine: uncorrupted by civilization; primitive; remaining free from dirt or decay
    E.g.He has opposed building dirty coal-fired power plants in pristine landscapes.
  1095. privation: hardship; state of extreme poverty
    E.g.In his youth, he knew hunger and privation.
  1096. probe: explore with tools; investigate; search
    E.g.The surgeon tried to probe the wound for foreign matter before suturing it.
  1097. problematic: open to doubt; unsettled; questionable; difficult to solve
    E.g.Even more problematic is the likelihood that once instituted, such a tax would be expanded.
  1098. proclivity: inclination; natural tendency; readiness; facility of learning
    E.g.Watching the two-year-old boy voluntarily put away his toys, I was amazed by his proclivity for neatness.
  1099. procrastinate: postpone or delay needlessly; put off doing something, especially out of habitual carelessness or laziness
    E.g.Looking at four years of receipts and checks he still had to sort through, Bob was truly sorry to procrastinate for so long and not finished filing his taxes long ago.
  1100. prod: stir up; urge; goad to action; incite
    E.g.If you prod him hard enough, he'll eventually clean his room.
  1101. prodigal: wasteful; reckless with money
    E.g.In his Christmas feasts Richard outdid his predecessors in prodigal hospitality.
  1102. prodigious: impressively great in size, force, or extent; enormous
    E.g.Watching the weight lifter heave the barbell to shoulder height and then boost it overhead, we marveled at his prodigious strength.
  1103. prodigy: person with exceptional talents or powers; wonder
    E.g.Brianna Kahane, the 8-year-old violin prodigy, played at the memorial observance there.
  1104. profane: violate; put to improper, unworthy, or degrading use; abuse
    E.g.The members of the mysterious Far Eastern cult sought to kill the British explorer because they saw him profane the sanctity of their holy goblet by using it as an ashtray. .
  1105. profligate: inclined to waste resources or behave extravagantly; wildly immoral
    E.g.Although surrounded by wild and profligate companions, she nevertheless managed to retain some sense of decency.
  1106. profound: deep; not superficial; far-reaching
    E.g.Volunteers return to their normal lives in profound silence, as if they had been on a sacred retreat.
  1107. profusion: overabundance; lavish or unrestrained expense
    E.g.Freddy was so overwhelmed by the profusion of choices on the menu that he knocked over his wine glass and soaked his host.
  1108. progenitor: direct ancestor; originator of a line of descent; originator or founder
    E.g.The Roth family, whose progenitor emigrated from Germany early in the nineteenth century, settled in Peru, Illinois.
  1109. progeny: one derived from another; offspring or descendant; result of creative effort, as product
    E.g.He was proud of his progeny in general, but regarded George as the most promising of all his children.
  1110. prognosis: forecasted course of a disease; forecast or prediction; likelihood of recovery from a disease
    E.g.Doctors have told him his long-term prognosis is good, but rehabilitation and training is necessary.
  1111. prohibitive: tending to discourage; prohibiting; forbidding
    E.g.The intent, however, was to make the taxes and terms prohibitive to all non-medical use.
  1112. projectile: weapon that is thrown or projected; self-propelled missile, such as rocket; fired, thrown, or otherwise propelled object, such as bullet
    E.g.The soldier has always hurled projectile at his enemy whether in the form of stones or of highly explosive shells.
  1113. proletarian: member of working class; blue collar person
    E.g."Workers of the world, unite! You have nothing to lose but your chains" is addressed to each proletarian.
  1114. proliferate: grow rapidly; propagate; reproduce
    E.g.Over the next few weeks, the plants' maiden blossoms will proliferate and form clusters, most noticeably at the branch tips.
  1115. prolific: producing offspring or fruit in great abundance; fertile
    E.g.My editors must assume I'm a prolific writer: they expect me to revise six books this year!.
  1116. prolixity: tedious wordiness; verbosity; great length; minute detail
    E.g.A writer who suffers from prolixity tells his readers everything they never wanted to know about his subject.
  1117. prologue: introduction, usually to a poem or play
    E.g.In the prologue to Romeo and Juliet, Shakespeare introduces the audience to the feud between the Montagues and the Capulets.
  1118. prolong: make longer; draw out; lengthen
    E.g.In their determination to discover ways to prolong human life, doctors fail to take into account that longer lives are not always happier ones.
  1119. prominent: conspicuous; immediately noticeable; sticking out; widely known
    E.g.The most prominent is the almost total domination of the top overall rankings by smaller communities.
  1120. promiscuous: having casual sexual relations frequently with different partners; irregular, casual and unrestrained in sexual behavior
    E.g.In the opera La Boheme, we get a picture of the promiscuous life led by the young artists of Paris.
  1121. promontory: natural elevation, especially a rock that projects into the sea; cliff; headland; high cape
    E.g.They erected a lighthouse on the promontory to warn approaching ships of their nearness to the shore.
  1122. promote: help to flourish; advance in rank; publicize
    E.g.Founder of the Children's Defense Fund, Marian Wright Edelman and her team ceaselessly promote the welfare of young people everywhere.
  1123. prompt: move to act; incite; give rise to; assist with a reminder
    E.g.The accident will prompt a review of school safety policy.
  1124. promulgate: proclaim doctrine or law; make known by official publication
    E.g.During an interview with ABC News, Barack Obama said Republican attempted to promulgate, falsely, his Muslim connections.
  1125. prone: inclined; lying face downward; having a tendency
    E.g.The increased number of livestock has caused pasture degradation, overgrazing and desertification in prone areas.
  1126. pronounced: clear; distinct; strongly marked; easily noticeable; spoken; voiced
    E.g.So pronounced is this class distinction that some races will not go near another for fear of being polluted.
  1127. prop: object placed beneath or against a structure to keep it from falling or shaking
    E.g.Using our men and women in uniform as a political prop is not funny, John.
  1128. propagate: cause something to multiply or breed; cause to extend to broader area or larger number
    E.g.Since bacteria propagate more quickly in unsanitary environments, it is important to keep hospital rooms clean.
  1129. propensity: natural inclination; tendency or preference; predilection
    E.g.Convinced of his own talent, Sol has an unfortunate propensity to belittle the talents of others.
  1130. prophetic: foretelling events as if by divine inspiration
    E.g.I have no magical prophetic powers; when I predict what will happen, I base my predictions on common sense.
  1131. propinquity: property of being close together; kinship; nearness; similarity in nature
    E.g.Their relationship could not be explained as being based on mere propinquity; they were more than relatives, they were true friends.
  1132. propitiate: make peace with; appease and render favorable
    E.g.The natives offered sacrifices to propitiate the gods.
  1133. propitious: presenting favorable circumstances; fortunate; advantageous
    E.g.Chloe consulted her horoscope to see whether Tuesday would be a propitious day to dump her boyfriend.
  1134. proponent: one who argues in support of something; advocate; backer
    E.g.In the Senate, every proponent of the universal health care measure lobbied to gain additional support for the controversial legislation.
  1135. propound: put forward; offer for consideration or debate
    E.g.In your discussion, you propound several questions; let us consider each one separately.
  1136. propriety: fitness; correct conduct; quality of being proper; appropriateness
    E.g.Miss Manners counsels her readers so that they may behave with due propriety in any social situation and not embarrass themselves.
  1137. propulsive: driving forward; having power to propel
    E.g.The jet plane has a greater propulsive power than the engine-driven plane.
  1138. prosaic: dull and unimaginative; matter-of-fact; factual
    E.g.Though the ad writers came up with an original way to publicize the product, the head office rejected it for a more prosaic, ordinary slogan.
  1139. proscribe: command against; banish; outlaw
    E.g.Antony, Octavius, and Lepidus united to proscribe all those who had conspired against Julius Caesar.
  1140. proselytize: induce someone to convert to one's own religious faith
    E.g.In these interfaith meetings, there must be no attempt to proselytize; we must respect all points of view.
  1141. prosper: flourish; thrive; gain in wealth; grow stronger
    E.g.Language learning will give our children the skills to live and prosper within the global village.
  1142. prosperity: good fortune; financial success; physical well-being
    E.g.The expected increase in prosperity from the new system did not immediately come.
  1143. prosperous: successful; thriving; having or characterized by financial success or good fortune
    E.g.The earthquake has struck one of India's most prosperous and economically significant states.
  1144. prostrate: put or throw flat with face down; cause to lie flat
    E.g.He used to prostrate himself before the idol.
  1145. protean: versatile; able to take on many shapes; readily taking on varied shapes
    E.g.A remarkably protean actor, Alec Guinness could take on any role.
  1146. protocol: code of correct conduct ; rules governing socially acceptable behavior; record of transaction
    E.g.When it comes to weddings, the protocol is actual similar to other churches.
  1147. prototype: original work used as a model; original type
    E.g.He introduced universal health care for all MA citizens and his prototype was the blueprint for what Arnold was introducing in CA.
  1148. protract: prolong; draw out or lengthen in time
    E.g.Seeking to delay the union members' vote, the management team tried to protract the negotiations endlessly.
  1149. protrude: extend out or project in space; stick out
    E.g.His fingers protrude from the holes in his gloves.
  1150. protuberance: something that bulges out; swelling or tumor on the body
    E.g.A ganglion cyst is a fluid-filled tumor that develops near a joint membrane or tendon sheath, and that bulges beneath the skin, forming a protuberance.
  1151. provenance: place of origin; source; provenience
    E.g.The simplest way to verify provenance is by looking for items that come with a Certificate of Authenticity or a Letter of Authenticity.
  1152. provident: displaying foresight; providing carefully for future; preparing for emergencies
    E.g.In his usual provident manner, he had insured himself against this type of loss.
  1153. provincial: relating to a province; limited in outlook; unsophisticated
    E.g.They settled in provincial towns such as Puebla, Veracruz and Chiapas, before moving to Mexico City.
  1154. provision: stipulated condition; act of supplying or fitting out; something provided
    E.g.For young people entering the workforce in a bad economy, this provision is a critical safety net.
  1155. provisional: temporary; provided for present need only
    E.g.Polanski is in provisional detention in Switzerland.
  1156. provocative: arousing anger or interest; tending to provoke or stimulate
    E.g.Even more provocative is the promise of a Russian nuclear power plant for Venezuela.
  1157. prowess: extraordinary ability; military bravery; superior skill or ability
    E.g.In fact, Asia's exporting prowess is so dominant that Dubai and Rotterdam are the only two ports from outside the region to even make the list.
  1158. proximity: state of being proximate; nearness in place, time, or relation
    E.g.Blind people sometimes develop a compensatory ability to sense the proximity of objects around them.
  1159. proxy: authority to act for another; agent or substitute
    E.g.We provide quality hosting accounts with premium bandwidth to ensure that your proxy is always up and running at top speeds.
  1160. prude: excessively modest person; person excessively concerned about correct behavior
    E.g.A woman, even a prude, is never long embarrassed.
  1161. prudent: cautious; careful in regard to one's own interests
    E.g.The new senior leader is picked based on expertise in prudent lending and integrity.
  1162. prune: cut away; trim; reduce
    E.g.Another reason to prune is to maintain the plant for its intended purpose within your yard or landscape.
  1163. prurient: having or causing lustful thoughts and desires; having eager desire for something
    E.g.Aroused by his prurient impulses, the dirty old man leered at the sweet young thing and offered to give her a sample of his "prowess.".
  1164. pseudonym: pen name; fictitious name used when someone performs a particular social role
    E.g.Samuel Clemens' pseudonym was Mark Twain.
  1165. psyche: soul; mind; spirit or soul
    E.g.I think my psyche is a contradictory mixture of adventurism and contemplative caution.
  1166. psychic: relating to, or influenced by mind or psyche; mental; capable of extraordinary mental processes
    E.g.Shaking his head again, Bishop replied, "They felt he wouldn't be open to the idea of psychic investigators."
  1167. psychosis: severe mental disorder, with or without organic damage; any vital action or activity.
    E.g.That kind of psychosis is something I would expect from a guy like you � you�re truly a sad, sad creature!
  1168. pterodactyl: small, mostly tailless, extinct flying reptiles that existed during the Jurassic and Cretaceous periods
    E.g.These remains of a pterodactyl indicate that the flying reptile had a wingspan of as much as twenty feet.
  1169. pucker: gather into small folds or wrinkles; contract into ridges and furrows
    E.g.And considering the story's ending and recent news on a possible sequel, we can all confidently pucker up for another hit.
  1170. puerile: childish; belonging to childhood; immature
    E.g.His puerile pranks sometimes offended his more mature friends.
  1171. pugilist: one who fights with his fists, especially, a professional prize fighter; boxer
    E.g.The famous pugilist Cassius Clay changed his name to Muhammed Ali.
  1172. pugnacity: combativeness; inclination or readiness to fight; quarrelsomeness
    E.g."Put up your dukes!" he cried, making a fist to show his pugnacity.
  1173. puissant: powerful; mighty; strong; vigorous; forcible
    E.g.His memoir was full of descriptions of puissant military heroics, but most were exaggerations or outright lies.
  1174. pulchritude: great physical beauty and appeal; attractive moral excellence; moral beauty
    E.g.I do not envy the judges who have to select this year's Miss America from this collection of female pulchritude.
  1175. pulmonary: of or pertaining to the lungs; having lungs or lung like organs
    E.g.Fellows are pediatricians who are training to specialize in pulmonary medicine.
  1176. pulse: beat; rhythm; rate at which heart beats;
    E.g.I now clapped my hands in sudden joy--my pulse bounded, my veins thrilled.
  1177. pulverize: pound, crush, or grind to powder or dust
    E.g.Before sprinkling the dried herbs into the stew, they first pulverize them into a fine powder.
  1178. pummel: beat or pound with fists; hit or strike heavily and repeatedly
    E.g.Swinging wildly, Pam tried to pummel her brother around the head and shoulders.
  1179. punctilious: marked by precise accordance with details
    E.g.Percy is punctilious about observing the rules of etiquette whenever Miss Manners invites him to stay.
  1180. pundit: authority on a subject; learned person; expert
    E.g.The author who writes about SAT I as if he is pundit actually knows very little about the test.
  1181. pungent: stinging; sharp in taste or smell; caustic
    E.g.I'm bracing myself to be met by heat, humidity and what Kerry describes as a pungent odor.
  1182. punitive: punishing; involving punishment; awarding or inflicting punishment
    E.g.He asked for punitive measures against the offender.
  1183. puny: insignificant; tiny; weak; of inferior size, strength
    E.g.In addition, he expects inflation to remain puny because we have so much unused capacity.
  1184. purchase: act or an instance of buying; something bought
    E.g.Rules can differ depending whether the purchase is a residence or an investment.
  1185. purgatory: tending to cleanse or purge; cleansing; expiatory.
    E.g.Maybe it's over, I'm in purgatory and this is my punishment.
  1186. purge: remove or get rid of something unwanted; free from blame or guilt; cleanse or purify
    E.g.So it shouldn't be a surprise that county voter registrars received a list of 29,000 alleged felons to purge from the rolls.
  1187. purport: design or tendency; meaning; import; disguise; covering
    E.g.The purport of what he said is that he is right.
  1188. purported: assumed to be such; supposed; rumored
    E.g.The purported Satanists sacrificing live roosters in the park turned out to be a party of Shriners holding a chicken barbecue.
  1189. purse: gather or contract into wrinkles or folds; contract one's lips into a rounded shape
    E.g.Miss Watson had to purse her lips to show her disapproval of Huck's bedraggled appearance.
  1190. purveyor: one who supplies provisions, especially food; caterer
    E.g.As purveyor of rare wines and viands, he traveled through France and Italy every year in search of new products to sell.
  1191. pusillanimous: cowardly; lacking strength and firmness of mind
    E.g.You should be ashamed of your pusillanimous conduct during this dispute.
  1192. putrid: decomposed and foul-smelling; rotten; decayed
    E.g.The gangrenous condition of the wound was indicated by the putrid smell when the bandages were removed.
  1193. puzzle: difficult question or problem
    E.g.I noticed that she was working on the crossword puzzle from the Post when were first got there.
  1194. quack: untrained person who pretends to be a physician; charlatan
    E.g.Do not be misled by the exorbitant claims of this quack; he cannot cure you.
  1195. quadruped: four-footed or quadruped animal, especially, four-footed mammal
    E.g.A mammal is usually a quadruped.
  1196. quaff: drink with relish; swallow hurriedly or greedily
    E.g.As we quaff our ale, we listen to the lively songs of the students in the tavern.
  1197. quagmire: soft wet boggy land; complex or dangerous situation from which it is difficult to free oneself
    E.g.Up to her knees in mud, Myra wondered how on earth she was going to extricate herself from this quagmire.
  1198. quail: draw back, as with fear or pain; show fear
    E.g.The Cowardly Lion was so afraid that he would quail in the face of danger.
  1199. quaint: odd; old-fashioned; picturesque; unfamiliar or unusual in character
    E.g.The designs, which include flowers in quaint pale colors, give the notes a modern, clean look.
  1200. qualified: restricted; having the appropriate qualifications for an office, position, or task
    E.g.Unable to give the candidate full support, the mayor gave him only a qualified endorsement.
  1201. qualify: make such as is required; give added or requisite qualities to; make legally capable
    E.g.They note that half of pupils will fail to qualify for secondary school.
  1202. quandary: dilemma; state of uncertainty or perplexity
    E.g.Their solution to this quandary is a one dollar government imposed tax on every mobile phone bill.
  1203. quarantine: isolation of person or ship to prevent spread of infection; condition of enforced isolation
    E.g.Part of the work for the penguins while they are in quarantine is re-establishing a social order, as they do in the wild.
  1204. quarry: victim; object of hunt; hunted animal
    E.g.You mention you intend to start hunting, but you didn't say whether your quarry is small game or medium game.
  1205. quarry: victim; object of hunt; hunted animal
    E.g.You mention you intend to start hunting, but you didn't say whether your quarry is small game or medium game.
  1206. quay: dock; landing place; reinforced bank where ships are loaded or unloaded
    E.g.Because of the captain's carelessness, the ship crashed into the quay.
  1207. queasy: feeling about to vomit; causing uneasiness
    E.g.He is not queasy about depicting mass violence, in some circumstances, as a legitimate instrument of social transformation.
  1208. queer: odd or unconventional, as in behavior; eccentric; mysterious; suspicious; questionable
    E.g.I slept in queer places, and ate odd things, and met strange faces.
  1209. quench: put out a fire; extinguish; put an end to; destroy
    E.g.No matter how much water the hiker drank, she could not quench her thirst.
  1210. querulous: habitually complaining; expressing complaint or grievance
    E.g.Even the most agreeable toddlers can begin to act querulous if they miss their nap.
  1211. query: inquiry; doubt in the mind; mental reservation
    E.g.In her column "Ask Beth," the columnist invites young readers to send her any query about life and love.
  1212. quibble: minor objection or complaint; petty distinction
    E.g.My only quibble is that the courtship and marriage went down a little too quickly.
  1213. quiescent: at rest; dormant; temporarily inactive
    E.g.After the great eruption, fear of Mount Etna was great; people did not return to cultivate its rich hillside lands until the volcano had been quiescent for a full two years.
  1214. quietude: tranquility; state of peace and quiet
    E.g.He was impressed by the air of quietude and peace that pervaded the valley.
  1215. quintessence: pure, highly concentrated essence of a thing
    E.g.In these times of strictest economy, it would perhaps be interesting to go deeper into the ways of those untiring thrifty ants who seem to know how "To cut a centime in four" and extract the quintessence from a bone.
  1216. quip: clever, witty remark often prompted by occasion
    E.g.They dislike you because your quip and sarcastic comment for their event.
  1217. quirk: sudden sharp turn or twist; strange attitude or habit; peculiarity of behavior
    E.g.By a quirk of fate, he found himself working for the man whom he had discharged years before.
  1218. quiver: shake with slight, rapid, tremulous movement
    E.g.The bird dog's nose twitches and his whiskers quiver as he strain eagerly against the leash.
  1219. quiver: shake with slight, rapid, tremulous movement
    E.g.The bird dog's nose twitches and his whiskers quiver as he strain eagerly against the leash.
  1220. quixotic: idealistic without regard to practicality
    E.g.Constantly coming up with quixotic, unworkable schemes to save the world, Simon has his heart in the right place, but his head somewhere in the clouds.
  1221. quizzical: suggesting puzzlement; mocking; curious
    E.g.When the skinny teenager tripped over his own feet stepping into the bullpen, Coach raised one quizzical eyebrow, shook his head, and said, "Okay, kid. You're here, let's see what you've got.".
  1222. quorum: number of members necessary to conduct a meeting; select group
    E.g.The senator asked for a roll call to determine whether a quorum was present.
  1223. rabble: lowest or coarsest class of people; iron bar, with the end bent, used in stirring or skimming molten iron
    E.g.The whole point of the post is that the rabble is destroying the language by replacing adverbs with adjectives.
  1224. rabid: like a fanatic; furious; uncontrollable; extremely zealous or enthusiastic
    E.g.The increase in rabid anti-Semitism among the British does not in the least surprise me, when I recall my teen-age schooldays back in the 1940s.
  1225. raconteur: storyteller; one who tells stories and anecdotes with skill and wit
    E.g.My father was a gifted raconteur with an unlimited supply of anecdotes.
  1226. rail: scold; express objections or criticisms in bitter, harsh, or abusive language
    E.g.You may rail at him all you want; you will never change him.
  1227. raiment: clothing; garments; dress; garb; costume
    E.g."How can I go to the ball?" asked Cinderella. "I have no raiment fit to wear.".
  1228. rally: call up or summon; call together for a common purpose
    E.g.Washington quickly decided to rally his troops to fight off the British attack.
  1229. ramble: wander aimlessly; move about aimlessly; walk about casually or for pleasure
    E.g.As always, his inner need to ramble is overridden by the need to work.
  1230. ramification: act or process of branching out or dividing into branches; subdivision or branch
    E.g.We must examine every ramification of this problem.
  1231. ramify: divide into branches or subdivisions; subordinate branchlike parts
    E.g.When the plant begins to ramify, it is advisable to nip off most of the new branches.
  1232. ramp: slope; mobile staircase; inclined surface or roadway connecting different levels
    E.g.The house was built with ramp instead of stair in order to enable the man in the wheelchair to move easily.
  1233. rampant: unrestrained and violent; occurring without restraint
    E.g.The reporter exposed details about rampant corruption in city government.
  1234. rampart: something defends from assault or secures safety; defense
    E.g.Perhaps the tower is part of the rampart of the city.
  1235. ramshackle: of very poor quality or condition; loose-jointed; ill-made; out of gear or repair
    E.g.The boys propped up the ramshackle clubhouse with a couple of boards.
  1236. rancid: having disagreeable odor or taste of decomposing oils or fats
    E.g.A rancid odor filled the ship's galley and nauseated the crew.
  1237. rancor: bitter, long-lasting resentment; deep-seated ill will; hatred
    E.g.Thirty years after the war, she could not let go of the past but was still consumed with rancor against the foe.
  1238. random: without definite purpose, plan, or aim; having no specific pattern
    E.g.He used to get super drunk in random places; I don't know where he is now.
  1239. rank: hold a particular position in a social hierarchy; form or stand in a row or rows
    E.g.He is expecting to rank first in the class
  1240. rankle: grow worse; cause persistent irritation or resentment
    E.g.The memory of having been jilted would rankle him for years.
  1241. ransack: search thoroughly; search every place or part of
    E.g.No, never: we might do what we pleased; ransack her desk and her workbox, and turn her drawers inside out; and she was so good-natured, she would give us anything we asked for.
  1242. rant: talk excitedly; speak or write in an angry or violent manner
    E.g.When he heard that, Dad began to rant at me like a complete madman.
  1243. rapacious: excessively greedy; predatory; taking by force; plundering
    E.g.The ruins of the resort are now covered in rapacious island vegetation creeping in from the jungle.
  1244. rapport: emotional closeness; harmony; relationship of mutual trust or emotional affinity
    E.g.But their rapport is increasing as they spend more time together, some aides say.
  1245. rapt: absorbed; deeply moved or delighted
    E.g.Caught up in the wonder of the storyteller's tale, the rapt listeners sat motionless, hanging on his every word.
  1246. rapture: seizing by violence; hurrying along; rapidity with violence; state or condition of being rapt, or carried away from one's self by agreeable excitement
    E.g.The mother gazed with rapture at her new born baby.
  1247. rare: scarce; infrequently occurring; uncommon
    E.g.The organization has accused the Norwegian government of endangering a rare area of the Arctic sea by contemplating oil exploration there.
  1248. rarefied: made less dense of gas; elevated in character or style; lofty
    E.g.The mountain climbers had difficulty breathing in the rarefied atmosphere.
  1249. raspy: unpleasantly harsh or grating in sound
    E.g.The sergeant's raspy voice grated on the recruits' ears.
  1250. ratify: approve formally; confirm; verify
    E.g.Party leaders doubted that they had enough votes in both houses of Congress to ratify the constitutional amendment.
  1251. ratiocination: reasoning; act of drawing conclusions from premises
    E.g.While Watson was a man of average intelligence, Holmes was a genius, whose gift for ratiocination made him a superb detective.
  1252. ration: allotment; allowance; portion; allot; distribute in rations
    E.g.A little solace came at tea-time, in the shape of a double ration of bread--a whole, instead of a half, slice--with the delicious addition of a thin scrape of butter.
  1253. rational: consistent with; based on; using reason
    E.g.One strong proof of my wretchedly defective nature is, that even her expostulations, so mild, so rational, have not influence to cure me of my faults.
  1254. rationale: fundamental reasons; basis
    E.g.The first and main rationale is the urgent need to address key sustainable development challenges of the 21st century.
  1255. raucous: harsh and rough-sounding; disturbing public peace; loud and rough
    E.g.The raucous crowd of New Year's Eve revelers got progressively noisier as midnight drew near.
  1256. ravage: bring heavy destruction on; devastate
    E.g.They would love to ravage the land and feed the corporations the spoils until there is nothing left of our great planet.
  1257. rave: speak wildly, irrationally; speak or write with wild enthusiasm
    E.g.The fact is nobody takes them seriously when they rave about their ideal.
  1258. ravel: separate the fibers or threads of; clarify by separating the aspects of
    E.g.A single thread pulled loose, and the entire scarf started to ravel.
  1259. ravenous: extremely hungry; voracious; eager for prey
    E.g.The ravenous dog upset several garbage pails in its search for food.
  1260. ravine: gorge; deep narrow steep-sided valley
    E.g.The chopper crashed into a mountain ravine on Tuesday, apparently after being hit by rebel fire.
  1261. raze: destroy completely; scrape or shave off
    E.g.Spelling is important: to raise a building is to put it up; to raze a building is to tear it down.
  1262. reactionary: opposition to progress or liberalism; extremely conservative
    E.g.Opposing the use of English in worship services, reactionary forces in the church fought to reinstate the mass in Latin.
  1263. realm: kingdom; domain ruled by a king or queen
    E.g.In the animal realm, the lion is the king of beasts.
  1264. reaper: one who harvests grain, especially a machine for harvesting grain or pulse crops
    E.g.If a reaper is wounded at his work, they make the cat lick the wound.
  1265. rebuff: offer sudden or harsh resistance; turn down or shut out; repel or drive back
    E.g.You rebuff his invitation so smoothly that he does not realize he is snubbed.
  1266. rebuke: scold harshly; criticize severely
    E.g.No matter how sharply I rebuke Huck for his misconduct, he never talks back but just stand there like a stump.
  1267. rebuttal: proving to be false or incorrect; response with contrary evidence
    E.g.Ready and spontaneous skill in rebuttal is the final excellence of debating.
  1268. recalcitrant: obstinately stubborn; determined to resist authority
    E.g.Which animal do you think is more recalcitrant, a pig or a mule?.
  1269. recapitulate: summarize; repeat in concise form
    E.g.Let us recapitulate what has been said thus far before going ahead.
  1270. recast: reconstruct sentence or story; present ideas in new or different arrangement
    E.g.Let me recast this sentence in terms your feeble brain can grasp: in words of one syllable, you are a fool.
  1271. receptive: quick or willing to receive ideas, suggestions; capable of receiving
    E.g.Their minds remain receptive to the message of capitalism; and to consume goods and services in abundance.
  1272. recess: withdrawing or retiring; moving back; retreat; state of being withdrawn; seclusion
    E.g.They found the recess of tides in the one nearest base of the rock.
  1273. recession: withdrawal; retreat; time of low economic activity
    E.g.The slow recession of the flood waters created problems for the crews working to restore power to the area.
  1274. recidivism: habitual return to crime; committing new offenses after being punished for crime
    E.g.Prison reformers in the United States are disturbed by the high rate of recidivism; the number of men serving second and third terms in prison indicates the failure of prisons to rehabilitate the inmates.
  1275. recipient: receiver; one that receives or is receptive
    E.g.If someone slaps another, the recipient is often motivated to respond with greater force.
  1276. reciprocal: concerning each of two or more persons or things; exchangeable; interacting
    E.g.The two nations signed a reciprocal trade agreement.
  1277. reciprocate: act, feel, or give mutually or in return; move back and forth alternately; be complementary or equivalent
    E.g.Providing for others who never add to your reciprocate is the same as throwing it away.
  1278. recital: detailed account or description of something
    E.g.He was forced to listen to a recital of his many shortcomings.
  1279. recite: repeat, as something already prepared, written down, committed to memory; rehearse, as a lesson to an instructor
    E.g.When they came to recite their lessons, not one of them knew his verses perfectly, but had to be prompted all along.
  1280. reckon: compute; take account of; have faith or confidence in
    E.g.Well-a-well, man that is born of woman is of few days and full of trouble, as the Scripture says, and I reckon it's so.
  1281. recline: cause or permit to lean, incline, rest; place in a recumbent position
    E.g.Boys recline lazily on the cushions.
  1282. recluse: one who lives in solitude; withdrawn from the world; reclusive
    E.g.The modern founder of Pantheism, Benedict Spinoza, was a man of pure and saintly character, a gentle recluse from the world, lovable and blameless.
  1283. reconnaissance: gain information about enemy; inspection or exploration of an area
    E.g.That led Hyland to a job in reconnaissance and deployment to Iraq in October 2006.
  1284. recount: narrate or tell; count over again
    E.g.A born storyteller, my father loved to recount anecdotes about his early years in New York.
  1285. recourse: one that is turned or applied to for aid or security; resort for help or protection; access or admittance
    E.g.What other recourse is there for him in such a conflict than to flee or to die in the attempt?
  1286. recrimination: countercharge; counter or mutual accusation
    E.g.The loud and angry recrimination was her answer to his accusations.
  1287. rectify: set right; correct by calculation or adjustment
    E.g.Probably the most costly to rectify is that caused by toxic chemicals entering the water supply.
  1288. rectitude: uprightness; moral virtue; correctness of judgment
    E.g.The Eagle Scout was a model of rectitude.
  1289. recumbent: reclining; lying down completely or in part
    E.g.The command "AT EASE" does not permit you to take a recumbent position.
  1290. recuperate: recover; return to health or strength; recover from financial loss
    E.g.When Judy was in third grade, she moved with her mother and her older brother David to Miami Beach, where the climate would help David recuperate from a kidney infection.
  1291. recurrent: occurring or appearing again or repeatedly
    E.g.Richard's recurrent asthma attacks disturbed us and we consulted a physician.
  1292. redolent: fragrant; odorous; suggestive of odor
    E.g.Even though it is February, the air is redolent of spring.
  1293. redoubtable: formidable; arousing fear or awe; worthy of respect or honor
    E.g.During the Cold War period, neighboring countries tried not to offend the Russians because they could be redoubtable foes.
  1294. redress: remedy; compensation; act of correcting error or fault
    E.g.Do you mean to tell me that I can get no redress for my injuries?.
  1295. redundant: exceeding what is necessary or natural; repetitious; excessively wordy
    E.g.Studies suggested that the Alaska spill could have been reduced or eliminated by building in redundant protection: in that case, by equipping tankers with double hulls or double bottoms.
  1296. reek: emit odor; be pervaded by something unpleasant
    E.g.The rooms reek with stale tobacco smoke.
  1297. referendum: direct popular vote on a proposed law or constitutional amendment; note from a diplomat to his government requesting instructions
    E.g.Whatever Turkey's direction, or directions, in the years ahead, the result of the referendum was a hit in at least two arenas of Turkish life on Monday morning.
  1298. refraction: turning or bending of any wave, such as light or sound wave, when it passes from one medium into another of different optical density
    E.g.When you look at a stick inserted in water, it looks bent because of the refraction of the light by the water.
  1299. refractory: stubborn; unmanageable; obstinately resistant to authority or control
    E.g.The refractory horse was eliminated from the race when he refused to obey the jockey.
  1300. refrain: abstain from; resist; hold oneself back
    E.g.Whenever he heard a song with a lively chorus, Sol could never refrain from joining in.
  1301. refurbish: renovate; make bright by polishing
    E.g.The flood left a deposit of mud on everything; we had to refurbish our belongings.
  1302. refute: disprove; prove to be false or incorrect
    E.g.The defense called several respectable witnesses who were able to refute the false testimony of the prosecution's sole witness.
  1303. regal: of or relating to a monarch; royal; magnificent; splendid
    E.g.The queen, dressed in regal purple, was joined by her husband.
  1304. regale: entertain; provide with great enjoyment
    E.g.John wanted to regale us with tales of his adventures in Africa.
  1305. regeneration: renewal; growth of lost or destroyed parts or organs
    E.g.I personally prefer burning an area, because the regeneration is more sufficient.
  1306. regent: ruling; governing; exercising vicarious authority; one who rules or reigns; governor; ruler
    E.g.The regent carried out an advanced system in his country.
  1307. regime: form of government; government in power; administration; prevailing social system or pattern
    E.g.State Department officials insisted that, privately, the Yeltsin regime is still willing to cooperate in the search for peace.
  1308. regimen: prescribed diet and habits; a systematic plan for therapy; governmental rule or control
    E.g.I doubt whether the results warrant our living under such a strict regimen.
  1309. regiment: government; mode of ruling; rule; authority
    E.g.The regiment is stationed there since the riots; and the officers are the most agreeable men in the world: they put all our young knife-grinders and scissor merchants to shame.
  1310. rehabilitate: restore to proper condition; help to re-adapt, as to former state of health or good repute
    E.g.We must rehabilitate those whom we send to prison.
  1311. reimburse: pay back for some expense incurred
    E.g.You must make the payments directly to the providers of those services, you can't just reimburse the people who you are benefiting.
  1312. reinstate: place again in possession, or in a former state; restore to a state from which one had been removed
    E.g.It is a story about how to reinstate a king in the possession of the kingdom.
  1313. reiterate: say, state, or perform again or repeatedly
    E.g.He will reiterate the warning to make sure everyone understood it.
  1314. rejoinder: retort; comeback; answer to a reply
    E.g.When someone has been rude to me, I find it particularly satisfying to come up with a quick rejoinder.
  1315. rejuvenate: make young again; restore to youthful vigor or appearance
    E.g.The Charlatan claimed that his elixir would rejuvenate the aged and weary.
  1316. relapse: falling back into a former state, especially becoming worse
    E.g.He handed in his resignation at once--and that night the Judge suffered a relapse and died.
  1317. relent: give in; become more compassionate or forgiving; cause to soften in attitude or temper
    E.g.When her stern father would not relent and allow her to marry Robert Browning, Elizabeth Barrett eloped with her suitor.
  1318. relevant: pertinent; having connection with matter at hand
    E.g.The only way for a value brand like ours to remain relevant is to provide innovation that sets us apart.
  1319. relic: surviving remnant; something left after loss or decay; object kept for its association with the past
    E.g.Egypt's Department of Antiquities prohibits tourists from taking any ancient relic out of the country.
  1320. relinquish: give up something with reluctance; retire from; give up or abandon
    E.g.On the other hand, he knew that the Countess Astaride, having gone so far, would never again relinquish her ambitions.
  1321. relish: take keen or zestful pleasure in; enjoy the flavor of; give spice or flavor to
    E.g.Watching they enthusiastically chow down, I thought, "Now there are men who relish a good dinner!".
  1322. remediable: capable of being remedied or cured; set straight or right
    E.g.Let us be grateful that the damage is remediable.
  1323. reminiscence: recollection; process of remembering
    E.g.Her reminiscence of her summer experience is so fascinating that she ought to write a book.
  1324. remiss: negligent; careless in performing duty or business
    E.g.As America's children acquire more and more behavior problems, the schools remain remiss in doing anything about it except typical punishment.
  1325. remission: temporary moderation of disease symptoms; cancellation of a debt; lessening of intensity or degree
    E.g.In Feb, I'll have been in remission from the main cancer for 17 years.
  1326. remit: send back; give up; surrender; resign; restore; transmit or send, especially as money in payment of a demand
    E.g.He used to remit some money to his mother on first day every month.
  1327. remittance: transmitting money, bills, especially to a distant place, as in satisfaction of a demand, or in discharge of an obligation
    E.g.Migration to the USA and dependence on remittance is becoming a way of life for more and more Mexicans in the central and southern parts of the country.
  1328. remnant: remainder; small part or portion that remains after the main part no longer exists
    E.g.I suggest that you wait until the store places the remnant of that big fish on sale.
  1329. remonstrate: point out; show clearly; make plain or manifest; demonstrate; present and urge reasons in opposition to
    E.g.I will remonstrate with him about his rudeness.
  1330. remorse: pain of a guilty conscience; feeling of deep regret
    E.g.Ah, said Bernard, my remorse is all gone, and yet I think I love you about as much as ever!
  1331. remunerative: compensating; rewarding; profitable or paying
    E.g.I find my new work so remunerative that I may not return to my previous employment.
  1332. rend: split; tear or split apart or into pieces violently
    E.g.In his grief, he tried to rend his garments.
  1333. render: deliver;give or make available; provide; represent in a drawing or painting
    E.g.And from the standpoint of state and local law enforcement, often the best service our federal government can render is to do these things and do them right.
  1334. rendezvous: meeting at a prearranged time and place; popular gathering place; prearranged meeting point for troops or ships
    E.g.They set off in a private plane from California anticipating a happy family ski trip to Montana - a rendezvous with grandparents.
  1335. rendition: translation, often interpretive; performance of a musical or dramatic work
    E.g.The audience cheered enthusiastically as she completed her rendition of the aria.
  1336. renegade: disloyal person; traitor or rebel
    E.g.Because he had abandoned his post and joined forces with the Indians, his fellow officers considered the hero of Dances with Wolves a renegade.
  1337. renege: deny; go back on; fail to fulfill promise or obligation
    E.g.He tried to renege on paying off his debt.
  1338. renovate: restore to good condition; renew
    E.g.They claim that they can renovate worn shoes so that they look like new ones.
  1339. renown: fame; quality of being widely honored and acclaimed
    E.g.For many years an unheralded researcher, Barbara McClintock gained international renown when she won the Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine.
  1340. rent: payment, usually of an amount fixed by contract
    E.g.Oh, did I mention that the rent is the same as what I'm paying here?
  1341. reparable: capable of being repaired; admitting of repair
    E.g.Fortunately, the damages we suffered in the accident were reparable and our car looks brand new.
  1342. reparation: act of putting something in working order again; act or process of making amends; compensation
    E.g.At the peace conference, the defeated country promised to pay reparation to the victor.
  1343. repast: food eaten or provided at a meal; feast; banquet
    E.g.The caterers prepared a delicious repast for Fred and Judy's wedding day.
  1344. repeal: revoke or annul, especially by official or formal act
    E.g.What would the effect on our society be if we repeal the laws against the possession and sale of narcotics?.
  1345. repel: force or drive back; disgust; offer resistance to; fight against
    E.g.Poles of the same name repel each other; poles of unlike name attract each other.
  1346. repellent: driving away; unattractive; inspiring aversion or distaste
    E.g.And the part that's most perverse and repellent is the trafficking of children into the sex industry.
  1347. repercussion: often indirect effect or result that is produced by an event or action; reflection, especially of sound
    E.g.I am afraid that this unfortunate incident will have any serious repercussion.
  1348. repertoire: list of works of music or drama; class of compositions in a genre; range or number of skills
    E.g.In fact, most of their concert repertoire is by living composers.
  1349. replenish: fill or make complete again; add a new stock or supply to
    E.g.Before she could take another backpacking trip, Carla had to replenish her stock of freeze-dried foods.
  1350. replete: filled to brim or to point of being stuffed; abundantly supplied
    E.g.The movie star's memoir was replete with juicy details about the love life of half of Hollywood.
  1351. replica: copy or reproduction of a work of art
    E.g.The iconic icehouse, demolished last year and rebuilt in replica, is situated in the west orchards.
  1352. replicate: duplicate, copy, reproduce, or repeat; fold over or bend back
    E.g.Because he had always wanted a palace, Donald decided to replicate the Tai Mahal in miniature on his estate.
  1353. repose: relaxation; leisure; freedom from worry; peace of mind
    E.g.After working hard every day in the busy city, Mike finds his repose on weekends playing golf with friends.
  1354. repository: place where things may be put for safekeeping, as storehouse, warehouse, museum, or tomb
    E.g.This library is repository of the country's best thoughts.
  1355. reprehensible: deserving blame; admonition; blameworthy
    E.g.What's reprehensible is to say one thing, then say another, then claim when you said the first thing you didn't actually say it.
  1356. repress: put down by force or intimidation ; restrain; crush; oppress; conceal or hide
    E.g.In order to curb her impetuosity, Anne's parents tried not to repress her high spirits.
  1357. reprieve: temporary relief from harm or discomfort; postponement or cancellation of punishment
    E.g.But many experts say a reprieve is all but inevitable over the next several years, because the huge number of people who will be trapped by the AMT will trigger new legislation to adjust the rates.
  1358. reprimand: reprove severely, especially in a formal or official way; rebuke formally
    E.g.Every time Ermengarde made a mistake in class, she was afraid that Miss Minchin would reprimand her and tell her father how badly she was doing in school.
  1359. reprisal: action taken in return for injury or offense
    E.g.Villagers have reported that thousands of homes have been burned to the ground in reprisal attacks mainly by the FDLR.
  1360. reprise: musical repetition; repeat performance; recurrent action
    E.g.We enjoyed the soprano's solo in Act I so much that we were delighted by its reprise in the finale.
  1361. reproach: express disapproval or disappointment; bring shame upon; disgrace
    E.g.He never could do anything wrong without imagining how the look on his mother's face would reproach him afterwards.
  1362. reprobate: person hardened in sin; person without moral scruples
    E.g.I cannot understand why he has so many admirers if he is the reprobate you say he is.
  1363. reprove: voice or convey disapproval of; rebuke; find fault with
    E.g.The principal would severely reprove the students whenever they talked in the halls.
  1364. repudiate: disown; refuse to acknowledge; reject validity or authority of
    E.g.On separating from Tony, Tina announced that she would repudiate all debts incurred by her soon-to-be ex-husband.
  1365. repugnance: extreme dislike or aversion; opposition; conflict; resistance, in a physical sense
    E.g.I can still recall my repugnance when I was told that dirty story.
  1366. repulse: force or drive back; drive back; refuse; disgust
    E.g.He had to repulse the suggestion because it gave him no room to live.
  1367. reputable: having a good reputation; honorable
    E.g.In fact, you can even find claims made by celebrated scholars, and published in reputable sources.
  1368. reputed: state of being held in high esteem and honor
    E.g.Intelligence is really not what we think it is, it is not going to college or earning a PhD in so called reputed educational institutions.
  1369. requiem: mass for dead; song or hymn of mourning composed or performed as memorial
    E.g.They played Mozart's requiem at the funeral.
  1370. requisite: necessary requirement; indispensable item
    E.g.Many colleges state that a student must offer three years of a language as a requisite for admission.
  1371. requisition: act of requiring, as of right; demand or application made as by authority.
    E.g.Adele and I had now to vacate the library: it would be in daily requisition as a reception-room for callers.
  1372. requite: repay; revenge; make repayment for or return something
    E.g.The wretch used to requite his benefactors by betraying them.
  1373. rescind: cancel; make void; repeal or annul
    E.g.To change or rescind is justified only when reestimate of all of the available facts.
  1374. resentment: indignation; deep sense of injury; strong displeasure
    E.g.That Gerry finally has let go of his resentment is an enormous relief to me.
  1375. reserve: lack of enthusiasm; skeptical caution; something saved for future use; self-restraint in expression
    E.g.The bank had put $3.9 billion in reserve to cover such costs.
  1376. residual: remaining as a residue; surplus
    E.g.Please tell us the residual quantity as soon as you finish this noon.
  1377. residue: remainder of something after removal of parts or a part; balance
    E.g.The presence of plastic residue is nothing more than an indication of possible doping.
  1378. resign: sign back; return by a formal act; yield to another; abandon
    E.g.He decided to resign his claim to the copyright.
  1379. resignation: act of resigning or giving up, as a claim, possession, or office; surrender
    E.g.He informed that his resignation was effective immediately and never back office once more.
  1380. resilient: elastic; having power of springing back or recover readily
    E.g.Based on its highly resilient, the steel is good to make excellent bedsprings.
  1381. resolution: determination; resolving to do something; formal statement of a decision
    E.g.Nothing could shake his resolution that his children would get the best education that money could buy.
  1382. resolve: determination; formal expression by a meeting; agreed to by a vote
    E.g.Civic leaders say their resolve is as strong as it was when they rebuilt downtown.
  1383. resolve: determination; formal expression by a meeting; agreed to by a vote
    E.g.Civic leaders say their resolve is as strong as it was when they rebuilt downtown.
  1384. resonant: echoing; strong and deep in tone; resounding; having lasting presence or effect
    E.g.The deep, resonant voice of the actor James Earl Jones makes him particularly effective when he appears on stage.
  1385. resort: vacation spot; act of turning to for assistance
    E.g."We lied in the morning, we lied in the evening and we lied at night", he made a speech in the resort town.
  1386. respiration: breathing; process of inhaling and exhaling; oxidative process occurring within living cells
    E.g.In the severe form of the disease, the respiration is arrested, while in the milder attacks, the breathing is difficult, slow, deep, and snoring.
  1387. respite: usually short interval of rest or relief; delay in punishment
    E.g.For David, the two weeks vacationing in New Zealand were a delightful respite from the pressures of his job.
  1388. resplendent: dazzling; glorious; shining with brilliant luster; very bright
    E.g.While all the adults were commenting how glorious the emperor looked in his resplendent new clothes, one little boy was heard to say, "But he's naked!".
  1389. responsiveness: quality of being responsive; reacting quickly
    E.g.The audience cheered and applauded, delighting the performers by its responsiveness.
  1390. restitution: reparation; getting something back again; restoring something to its original state
    E.g.He offered to make restitution for the window broken by his son.
  1391. restraint: moderation or limitation; controlling force; loss of freedom; control of feelings
    E.g.For Fatah senior leaders, this restraint is the path to a Palestinian state.
  1392. resumption: resuming; beginning again; recommencement
    E.g.During summer break, Don had not realized how much he missed university life: at the resumption of classes, however, he felt marked excitement and pleasure.
  1393. resurge: rise again; sweep or surge back again
    E.g.It was startling to see the spirit of nationalism resurge as the Soviet Union disintegrated into a loose federation of ethnic and national groups.
  1394. resurrect: bring back to life; rise from the dead; bring back into practice, notice, or use
    E.g.Kasim Reed could heal the sick, cast out demons, resurrect the dead, and walk on water, and he wouldn't be able to avoid the accusation of racism.
  1395. resuscitate: restored to life; restore consciousness, vigor, or life to; revive
    E.g.In any other operating room instruments would have been beeping wildly and doctors would be frantically shouting orders as they attempted to resuscitate me.
  1396. retain: keep; maintain possession of; hire by payment of a fee; keep in mind; remember
    E.g.I read over 100 books a year, and what I retain is usually the general storyline and my impression of the characters.
  1397. retaliate: do something harmful or negative to get revenge for some harm; fight back or respond in kind to an injury or affront
    E.g.However, attempting to retaliate is either futile or dangerous ethically.
  1398. retard: keep delaying; continue to hinder; prevent from progress; impede; hinder
    E.g.Cold weather will retard the growth of the crops.
  1399. retentive: holding; having quality, power, or capacity of retaining, as to retain knowledge with ease
    E.g.The pupil did not need to spend much time studying, for he had a retentive mind and remembered all he read.
  1400. reticent: inclined to keep silent; reserved; uncommunicative.
    E.g.It commanded its followers to be reticent � to never degrade intimate emotions by parading them in public.
  1401. retinue: following members; attendants accompanying high-ranking person
    E.g.The queen's retinue followed her down the aisle.
  1402. retiring: shy and reserved; modest
    E.g.Given Susan's retiring personality, no one expected her to take up public speaking.
  1403. retort: reply, especially to answer in a quick, caustic, or witty manner
    E.g.Even when it was advisable for her to keep her mouth shut, she was always ready with a quick retort.
  1404. retract: withdraw; take back; draw back or in
    E.g."Conditions will probably only start to retract from the middle of the first quarter of 2007," Downing said.
  1405. retrench: cut down; reduce; restrict; economize
    E.g.In order to be able to afford to send their children to college, they would have to retrench.
  1406. retribution: something justly deserved; recompense; compensation; punishment for offenses
    E.g.A robber whom a jury sentences to 10 years in retribution said something misled them.
  1407. retrieve: recover; find and bring in; get back
    E.g.They say the more they talk to these detainees, the more tips and evidence they retrieve from the area.
  1408. retroactive: extending in scope or effect to a prior time or to prior conditions
    E.g.Because the law was retroactive to the first of the year, we found she was eligible for the pension.
  1409. retrograde: go backwards; decline to inferior state; degenerate
    E.g.Instead of advancing, our civilization seems to retrograde in ethics and culture.
  1410. retrospective: looking back on, or directed to the past; applying to or influencing the past
    E.g.The Museum of Graphic Arts is holding a retrospective showing of the paintings of Michael Whelan over the past two decades.
  1411. revelry: merrymaking, especially, festivity or jollity
    E.g.The cause for the latest revelry is the fact that the government appears to be in a position to make an $8 billion gain on the stock it holds in Citigroup.
  1412. reverent: respectful; worshipful; impressed with veneration or deep respect
    E.g.Though I bow my head in church and recite the prayers, sometimes I don't feel properly reverent.
  1413. reverie: daydream; state of abstracted musing; absent-minded dreaming while awake
    E.g.He was awakened from his reverie by the teacher's question.
  1414. revert: return to a former condition, practice, subject, or belief; backslide; turn back to
    E.g.The last thing we will see is Thailand again revert to military rule or move away from democracy.
  1415. revile: attack with abusive language; vilify
    E.g.Though most of his contemporaries revile Captain Kidd as a notorious, bloody-handed pirate, some of his fellow merchant-captains believe him innocent of his alleged crimes.
  1416. revoke: void or annul by recalling, withdrawing, or reversing; cancel; retract
    E.g.He tried to revoke the ban on smoking.
  1417. revulsion: sudden strong change or reaction in feeling, especially a feeling of violent disgust
    E.g.Many people in this country who admired dictatorships underwent a revulsion when they realized what Hitler and Mussolini were trying to do.
  1418. rhapsodize: speak or write in exaggeratedly enthusiastic manner
    E.g.She greatly enjoyed her Hawaiian vacation and wanted to rhapsodize about it for weeks.
  1419. ribald: coarse or indecent; humorously vulgar or offensive
    E.g.He sang a ribald song that offended many of the more prudish listeners.
  1420. riddle: pierce with numerous holes; perforate; permeate or spread throughout
    E.g.With machine guns, they riddle the car with bullets till it looks like a slice of Swiss cheese.
  1421. rider: amendment or clause added to a legislative bill; one that rides, especially one who rides horses
    E.g.Senator Foghorn said he would support Senator Filibuster's tax reform bill only if Filibuster agreed to add an antipollution rider to the bill.
  1422. rife: excessively abundant or numerous; in widespread existence, practice, or use
    E.g.In the face of the many rumors of scandal, which are rife at the moment, it is best to remain silent.
  1423. rift: shallow area in a waterway; break in friendly relations; narrow fissure in rock
    E.g.Capello believes there will be no long-term rift between the fans and the Manchester United star.
  1424. rig: manipulate dishonestly; make or construct in haste
    E.g.The boss was able to rig the election by bribing people to stuff the ballot boxes with ballots marked in his candidate's favor.
  1425. righteous: morally justified; equitable; free from wrong, guilt, or sin
    E.g.Noah was a righteous man, the one blameless man of his time; he walked with God.
  1426. rigid: stiff and unyielding; strict; hard and unbending; not flexible
    E.g.Without integration, we are stuck in rigid, inflexible states and to face chaotic feeling or thought.
  1427. rigor: strictness or severity, as in temperament, action, or judgment; something hard to endure
    E.g.Many settlers could not stand the rigor of the New England winters.
  1428. rile: irritate; stir to anger; stir up liquid; muddy
    E.g.Red had a hair-trigger temper: he was an easy man to rile.
  1429. rip: tear or be torn violently; criticize or abuse strongly and violently
    E.g.The candidates rip into their opponents each other mercilessly.
  1430. rivet: metallic pin with a head, used for uniting two plates or pieces of material together
    E.g.Can I fasten these metal plates with rivet?
  1431. robust: vigorous; full of health and strength; vigorous
    E.g.Those levels are expected to remain robust this year, said the ratings firm, but be somewhat below 2008.
  1432. roil: make liquids murky by stirring up sediment
    E.g.Be careful when you pour not to roil the wine; if you stir up the sediment you'll destroy the flavor.
  1433. rooster: adult male chicken
    E.g.A rooster, cock or cockerel is a male chicken, the female being called a hen.
  1434. roster: list, especially of names
    E.g.When a roster is assembled, Patrick expects the team to start practicing in August.
  1435. rostrum: elevated platform for public speaking; pulpit
    E.g.The crowd murmured angrily and indicated that they did not care to listen to the speaker who was approaching the rostrum.
  1436. rote: memorizing process using routine or repetition; sound of surf breaking on the shore
    E.g.He recited the passage by rote and gave no indication he understood what he was saying.
  1437. rotundity: roundness; rounded fullness; integral entireness
    E.g.Washington Irving emphasized the rotundity of the governor by describing his height and circumference.
  1438. rousing: lively; vigorous; inducing enthusiasm or excitement; stirring
    E.g.We're more united than ever, we're feeling exhilarated again, rousing from a crushingly bleak freeze.
  1439. rout: put to disorderly flight or retreat; drive out; cause to flee; defeat overwhelmingly
    E.g.The reinforcements were able to rout the enemy.
  1440. rubble: broken fragments; irregular pieces of rock
    E.g.A Haitian woman covered in rubble is rescued in Port-au-Prince after a huge earthquake measuring 7.0 rocked the impoverished Caribbean nation.
  1441. ruddy: reddish color; healthy-looking
    E.g.He came down the steps with his jacket flapping and his cheeks still ruddy from the scraping of the razor.
  1442. rudimentary: relating to basic facts or principles; being in the earliest stages of development; incipient
    E.g.One teacher is assigned for four years to the homeroom class, which combines lessons in rudimentary social skills with those in computer and civics.
  1443. rue: feel regret, remorse, or sorrow for; mourn
    E.g.Tina seemed to rue the night she met Tony and wondered how she ever fell for such a jerk.
  1444. ruffian: bully; lawless and cruel; cruel and brutal person or gangster
    E.g.The ruffian threw stones at the police.
  1445. rumble: utter or emit low dull sounds; move or proceed with a deep, long, rolling sound
    E.g.If you've ever stood on Park Avenue, Manhattan, and felt a subway train rumble by underfoot, you know what a typical quake feels like.
  1446. ruminate: chew over and over mentally, or like cows physically; mull over; ponder
    E.g.Unable to digest quickly the baffling events of the day, Reuben had to ruminate about them till four in the morning.
  1447. rummage: make an energetic, usually hasty search
    E.g.When we rummage through the trunks in the attic, we find many souvenirs of our childhood days.
  1448. ruse: trick; use of artifice or trickery; deceptive maneuver, especially to avoid capture
    E.g.Police believe the ruse is attractive to criminal gangs because the profits are similar to those made by trafficking drugs, but with less punitive penalties.
  1449. rustic: typical of country life or country people; awkwardly simple and provincial; lacking refinement or elegance
    E.g.Schulz says the team of researchers will spend weeks at a time living and working in rustic conditions in the Mexican village.
  1450. ruthless: pitiless; cruel; having no compassion or pity; merciless
    E.g.The rule of the strongest and most ruthless is what happens when honest citizens are deprived of the right and ability to defend themselves.
  1451. saboteur: one who commits sabotage; destroyer of property
    E.g.Every member of the Resistance acted as saboteur, blowing up train lines to prevent supplies from reaching the Nazi army.
  1452. saccharine: having cloyingly sweet attitude, tone, or character; overly sweet
    E.g.She tried to ingratiate herself, speaking sweetly and smiling a saccharine smile.
  1453. sacrilegious: acting or speaking very disrespectfully toward what is held to be sacred; violating sacred things; profane
    E.g.His stealing of the altar cloth was a very sacrilegious act.
  1454. sacrosanct: regarded as sacred and inviolable
    E.g.The brash insurance salesman invaded the sacrosanct privacy of the office of the president of the company.
  1455. sadistic: inclined to cruelty; deriving pleasure from inflicting pain on another
    E.g.If we are to improve conditions in this prison, we must first get rid of the sadistic warden.
  1456. saga: any legend; long detailed report; Scandinavian myth
    E.g.In very truth the saga is a prose epic, and marked by every quality an epic should possess.
  1457. sagacious: perceptive; shrewd; having insight
    E.g.My father was a sagacious judge of character: he could spot a phony a mile away.
  1458. sage: one celebrated for wisdom, experience, and judgment; various plants of the genus Salvia
    E.g.In fear of death, the quiet saint or sage is dying all his life.
  1459. salacious: lustful; suggestive of or tending to moral looseness
    E.g.Chaucer's monk is not pious but salacious. a teller of lewd tales and ribald jests.
  1460. salient: prominent or protruding; projecting outwardly; moving by leaps or springs
    E.g.One of the salient features of that newspaper is its excellent editorial page.
  1461. saline: salty; containing salt; of or relating to chemical salts
    E.g.You can purchase a saline solution in the drug store.
  1462. salubrious: healthful; favorable to health; promoting health; wholesome
    E.g.Many people with hay fever move to more salubrious sections of the country during the months of August and September.
  1463. salutary: tending to improve; beneficial; favorable to health
    E.g.The punishment had a salutary effect on the boy, as he became a model student.
  1464. salvage: save from loss or destruction; rescue of a ship; save for further use
    E.g.He doesn't want to admit it yet, but the legacy he's so desperately trying to salvage is already broken down.
  1465. sanctimonious: excessively or hypocritically pious; possessing sanctity; sacred; holy; saintly; religious
    E.g.What we need to do is not fool ourselves and remain sanctimonious about the issue of doping in baseball.
  1466. sanction: give authorization or approval to something; penalize a state, especially for violating international law
    E.g.Nothing will convince me to sanction the engagement of my daughter to such a worthless young man.
  1467. sanctuary: place of refuge or asylum; shrine; holy place, such as a church, temple, or mosque
    E.g.The cleansing of the sanctuary is a happy token for good to any people; when they begin to be reformed they will soon be relieved.
  1468. sanguine: cheerfully confident; optimistic; of healthy reddish color; ruddy
    E.g.Let us not be too sanguine about the outcome; something could go wrong.
  1469. sap: diminish; undermine the foundations; dig
    E.g.The element kryptonite has an unhealthy effect on Superman: it can sap his strength.
  1470. sarcasm: cutting, often ironic remark intended to wound; stinging rebuke; form of humor by mocking with irony
    E.g.Your sarcasm is appreciated but what I'm trying to say is that both campaigns have been painting very dark pictures of each other.
  1471. sardonic: disdainful or ironically humorous; cynical; scornful and mocking
    E.g.The sardonic humor of nightclub comedians who satirize or ridicule patrons in the audience strikes some people as amusing and others as rude.
  1472. sartorial: relating to a tailor, tailoring, or tailored clothing
    E.g.He was as famous for the sartorial splendor of his attire as he was for his acting.
  1473. sate: satisfy appetite fully; satisfy to excess
    E.g.Its hunger might sate, the lion dozed.
  1474. satellite: small body revolving around a larger one; subordinate
    E.g.U.S. officials say the satellite is a cover for Pyongyang's efforts to perfect missile technology.
  1475. satiate: satisfy fully; overeat or eat immodestly; make a pig of oneself
    E.g.Having stuffed themselves until they satiate, the guests are so full they are ready for a nap.
  1476. satire: form of literature in which irony and ridicule are used to attack human vice and folly
    E.g.Gulliver's Travels, which is regarded by many as a tale for children, is actually a bitter satire attacking man's folly.
  1477. satirical: mocking; exposing human folly to ridicule
    E.g.The humor of cartoonist Gary Trudeau often is satirical; through the comments of the Doonesbury characters, Trudeau ridicules political corruption and folly.
  1478. saturate: soak, fill, or load to capacity; cause to unite with the greatest possible amount of another substance
    E.g.Saturate your sponge with water until it can't hold any more.
  1479. saturnine: gloomy; marked by tendency to be bitter or sardonic
    E.g.Do not be misled by his saturnine countenance; he is not as gloomy as he looks.
  1480. saunter: stroll slowly; walk at a leisurely pace
    E.g.As we saunter through the park, we stop frequently to admire the spring flowers.
  1481. savant: scholar; man of learning or science; one eminent for learning
    E.g.Our faculty includes a world famous savant.
  1482. savor: appreciate fully; enjoy or relish; have a distinctive flavor, smell, or quality
    E.g.I want to savor this great moment of accomplishment.
  1483. savory: appetizing to taste or smell; salty or Non-Sweet; pleasing, attractive, or agreeable
    E.g.Julia Child's recipes enable amateur chefs to create savory delicacies for their guests.
  1484. scabbard: case for sword blade; sheath
    E.g.The drill master told the recruit to wipe the blood from his sword before slipping it back into the scabbard.
  1485. scaffold: temporary platform for workers; bracing framework; platform for execution
    E.g.Before painting the house, the workers put up a scaffold to allow them to work on the second story.
  1486. scale: climb up or over; alter according to a standard; estimate or measure; remove in layers
    E.g.We scale the model to be one tenth of actual size.
  1487. scanty: somewhat less than needed in amplitude or extent; insufficient
    E.g.Thinking his helping of food was scanty, Oliver Twist asked for more.
  1488. scapegoat: someone who bears the blame for others
    E.g.The ploy of finding a scapegoat is as old as mankind itself - when things become too difficult at home, divert attention to adventure abroad.
  1489. scavenge: hunt through discarded materials for usable items; search, especially for food
    E.g.If you need car parts that the dealers no longer stock, try to scavenge for odd bits and pieces at the auto wreckers' yards.
  1490. scenario: screenplay; outline or model of an expected sequence of events
    E.g.The scenario is the same throughout the West countries, all of whose governments are responding to the collapse in similar ways.
  1491. schematic: relating to outline or diagram; represented simply, as using symbols
    E.g.In working out the solution to this logic puzzle, you may find it helpful to construct a simple schematic diagram outlining the order of events.
  1492. scheme: elaborate and systematic plan of action; chart or outline of a system or object
    E.g.As well as the baby bonus scheme, Prime Minister says his government is to encourage more immigration as a way of bringing in more talent.
  1493. schism: separation or division into factions; formal division or split within religious body
    E.g.Let us not widen the schism by further bickering.
  1494. scintillate: give off sparks; shine as if emanating sparks; twinkle or glow
    E.g.I enjoy her dinner parties because the food is excellent and the conversations scintillate.
  1495. scoff: mock; ridicule; show or express scorn; eat quickly and greedily
    E.g.He used to scoff at dentists after he had his first toothache.
  1496. scorch: burn superficially; parch, or shrivel, the surface of, by heat; affect painfully with heat; burn
    E.g.The meat will scorch if you don't lower the gas.
  1497. scotch: put an abrupt end to; block to prevent rolling or slipping
    E.g.The prime minister should scotch the rumors of her illness with a public appearance as soon as possible.
  1498. scourge: whip used to inflict punishment; severe punishment
    E.g.They feared the plague and regarded it as a deadly scourge.
  1499. scrap: small piece or bit; fragment; fragment; leftover bits of food; remnant
    E.g.The EU recently shredded old euro coins and sent the scrap nickel and copper to China.
  1500. scruple: hesitate as a result of conscience or principle
    E.g.Fearing that her husband had become involved in an affair, she did not scruple to read his diary.
  1501. scrupulous: exactly and carefully conducted; by extreme care and great effort; cautious
    E.g.Though Alfred is scrupulous in fulfilling his duties at work, he is less conscientious about his obligations to his family and friends.
  1502. scrutinize: examine closely and critically
    E.g.Searching for flaws, the sergeant wanted to scrutinize every detail of the private's uniform.
  1503. scuffle: struggle confusedly; move off in a confused hurry
    E.g.He tried to scuffle his funds among different accounts in various countries so as to avoid the IRS.
  1504. scurrilous: obscene; indecent; expressing offensive reproach
    E.g.Your scurrilous remarks are especially offensive because they are untrue.
  1505. scurry: go with light running steps; move about or proceed hurriedly
    E.g.Do not worry if I scurry from the grill room in a hurry.
  1506. scurvy: fit or deserving to be despised; contemptible; worthless; mean; shabby
    E.g.Peter Pan sneered at Captain Hook and his scurvy crew.
  1507. seamy: sordid; morally degraded; squalid or corrupt
    E.g.In The Godfather, Michael Corleone is unwilling to expose his wife and children to the seamy side of his life as the son of a Mafia don.
  1508. sear: make very hot and dry; become superficially burned
    E.g.Accidentally brushing against the hot grill, I sear my hand badly.
  1509. seasonal: occurring at or dependent on a particular season
    E.g.Farm workers from Russia, Belarus and Ukraine will no longer require work permits for seasonal jobs of up to three months.
  1510. seasoned: experienced, especially in terms of a profession or a hobby; aged or processed
    E.g.The picture he threw on the screen of himself must have been something else again - seasoned sailor, hardy adventurer, and who knows what else?
  1511. secession: act of seceding; withdrawal; withdrawal of 11 Southern states from the Union
    E.g.The secession of the Southern states provided Lincoln with his first major problem after his inauguration.
  1512. seclusion: isolation; solitude; secluded place; shutting out or keeping apart
    E.g.Robinson is in seclusion, recovering from major surgery and suffering greatly from the loss of her only son.
  1513. secrete: hide away; generate and separate substance from cells or bodily fluids
    E.g.The findings make sense, she said, because the glands that secrete tears bear receptors.
  1514. sect: separate religious body; faction united by common interests or beliefs
    E.g.A peculiar attribute of this sect is the character of many of its members: bankers, civil service officials, navy officers, army officers and others of the finest professions.
  1515. sectarian: relating to religious faction or subgroup; narrow-minded; limited
    E.g.Far from being broad-minded, the religious leader was intolerant of new ideas, paying attention only to purely sectarian interests.
  1516. secular: worldly rather than spiritual; not specifically relating to religion; lasting from century to century
    E.g.The church leaders decided not to interfere in secular matters.
  1517. sedate: composed, and dignified in character or manner
    E.g.The years pass and the same figure grown older and more sedate is taking command of an army of peasantry at war with their King.
  1518. sedentary: requiring sitting; accustomed to sitting or to taking little exercise; living in one area, not migratory
    E.g.Disliking the effect of her sedentary occupation on her figure, Stacy decided to work out at the gym every other day.
  1519. sedition: resistance to authority; insubordination or rebellion
    E.g.His words, though not treasonous in themselves, were calculated to arouse thoughts of sedition.
  1520. seduce: tempt; entice; lead away from duty, accepted principles, or proper conduct
    E.g.The temptation of easy money did seduce her to work in a massage parlor.
  1521. sedulous: diligent; hardworking; persevering and constant in effort or application
    E.g.After weeks of patient and sedulous labor, we completed our detailed analysis of every published SAT examination.
  1522. seedy: disreputable; tired or sick; having many seeds
    E.g.She spent much of her childhood living in seedy hotels with a mother who eventually married a taxi driver.
  1523. seemly: proper; appropriate; of pleasing appearance; handsome
    E.g.Lady Bracknell did not think it was seemly for Ernest to lack a proper family: no baby abandoned on a doorstep could grow up to be a fit match for her daughter.
  1524. seep: pass gradually or leak through, as if through small openings
    E.g.During the rainstorm, water would seep through the crack in the basement wall and damage the floor boards.
  1525. seethe: be disturbed; boil; be in state of turmoil or ferment
    E.g.The nation would seethe with discontent as the noblemen continue their arrogant ways.
  1526. seine: large fishing net made to hang vertically in the water by weights at the lower edge and floats at the top
    E.g.Megan Peters, a trooper�s spokeswoman, told the Juneau Empire the party was in possession of 148 sockeye salmon taken with a beach seine net.
  1527. seismic: caused by earthquake or earth vibration; earthshaking
    E.g.The Richter scale is a measurement of seismic disturbances.
  1528. semblance: seeming; appearance; show; figure; form
    E.g.There are piles of papers all over the desk with no semblance of order.
  1529. seminal: influential in original way; providing basis for further development; creative
    E.g.The scientist's discovery proved to be seminal in the area of quantum physics.
  1530. seminary: school, especially a theological school for training of priests, ministers, or rabbis; school of higher education, especially for girls
    E.g.Sure of his priestly vocation, Terrence planned to pursue his theological training at the local Roman Catholic seminary.
  1531. sensual: physical rather than spiritual or intellectual; affecting any of senses or sense organ; sensory
    E.g.His hand slid from the back of her neck to circle the base of her throat, and her pulse leaped as her breasts tightened in sensual hunger.
  1532. sententious: concise and full of meaning; using as few words as possible
    E.g.After reading so many redundant speeches, I find his sententious style particularly pleasing.
  1533. sentimental: emotional; Resulting from emotion rather than reason or realism
    E.g.I went back to the Philippines with MacArthur on his final journey there in 1961, what he called his sentimental journey.
  1534. sentinel: one that keeps guard; soldier stationed as a guard
    E.g.You will take care, of course, to choose a dark night, and wait till the sentinel is asleep.
  1535. septic: of the seventh degree or order; act of causing to rot; causing sepsis or putrefaction
    E.g.With your luck you'll get stuck behind a propane truck, or even worse a septic truck, the entire way up the hill.
  1536. sepulcher: burial vault; receptacle for sacred relics, especially in an altar
    E.g.Called the Chamber of Paladine, the sepulcher was a large rectangular room, built far below the ground where the destruction of the Tower did not affect it.
  1537. sequester: isolate; retire from public life; segregate; seclude
    E.g.To prevent the jurors from hearing news broadcasts about the case, the judge decided to sequester the jury.
  1538. serendipity: gift for finding valuable or desirable things by accident; accidental good fortune or luck
    E.g.Many scientific discoveries are a matter of serendipity. Newton was not sitting under a tree thinking about gravity when the apple dropped on his head.
  1539. serenity: calmness of mind; quietness; stillness; peace
    E.g.At one point, we veered off the beach, onto a golf course, where the serenity is almost overwhelming.
  1540. serpentine: winding; twisting; curving in alternate directions; having the shape or form of a snake
    E.g.The car swerved at every curve in the serpentine road.
  1541. serrated: saw-like; having a row of sharp or tooth-like projections
    E.g.The beech tree is one of many plants that have serrated leaves.
  1542. servile: slavish; suitable to slave or servant; relating to servitude or forced labor
    E.g.Constantly fawning on his employer, humble Uriah Heap was a servile creature.
  1543. servitude: forced labor imposed as a punishment for crime; lack of personal freedom
    E.g.Born a slave, Frederick Douglass resented his life of servitude and plotted to escape to the North.
  1544. sever: cut off from a whole; set or keep apart; divide or separate
    E.g.The result of England's last great colonial struggle with France was to sever from the latter all her American dependencies, her colonists becoming the subjects of alien and rival powers.
  1545. severity: extreme rigor; strictness; rigidity; harshness
    E.g.The condition ranges in severity from a mild degree of poor functioning to complete kidney failure.
  1546. shack: small, crudely built cabin
    E.g.The story of Leslie, the woman who was forced to leave her nice home and live in a shack, is also very inspiring.
  1547. shackle: chain; fetter; restraint that confines or restricts freedom
    E.g.Police had to shackle the criminal's ankles to prevent his escape.
  1548. shade: a slight amount or degree of difference; shadow; protective covering that protects something from direct sunlight
    E.g.The other guests had taken advantage of the Queen's absence, and were resting in the shade.
  1549. sham: pretend; put on false appearance of; feign
    E.g.He decided to sham sickness to get out of going to school.
  1550. shambles: wreck; scene or condition of complete disorder or ruin
    E.g.But, with the U.S. economy in shambles, is it really a priority to make good on payments to a company like Blackwater?
  1551. shard: fragment of brittle substance, as of glass or metal; piece of broken pottery, especially one found in archaeological dig
    E.g.The archaeologist assigned several students the task of reassembling earthenware vessels except the shard he had brought back from the expedition.
  1552. sheaf: bundle of stalks of grain; any bundle of things tied together
    E.g.The lawyer picked up a sheaf of papers as he rose to question the witness.
  1553. shear: cut or clip hair; strip of something; remove by cutting or clipping
    E.g.You may not care to cut a sheep's hair, but they shear sheep for Little Bo Peep.
  1554. sheathe: enclose with protective covering; encase; cover up or hide
    E.g.Until he recognized the approaching men, he did not sheathe his dagger and hail them as friends.
  1555. shed: get rid of ; cast off; cause to pour forth
    E.g.In the three decades after 1945, Britain shed virtually all of the colonies that had taken centuries to acquire.
  1556. sheer: very thin or transparent; very steep; absolute or pure
    E.g.Wearing nothing but an almost sheer robe, Delilah draped herself against the very steep temple wall.
  1557. shift: moving from one setting or context to another; moving very slightly
    E.g.Twenty-one developing nations have come together to say, that they believe the meeting will be doomed unless there's a radical shift by the rich nations.
  1558. shimmer: shine with a weak or fitful light; glimmer intermittently
    E.g.A golden-red shimmer is in the air and over the mountain-tops in the far distance.
  1559. shirk: avoid or neglect duty or responsibility; malinger
    E.g.Brian has a strong sense of duty; he would never shirk any responsibility.
  1560. shoddy: made of or containing inferior material; not genuine; of low rank; poor quality or craft
    E.g.Giving a green light to this bottomless pit of animal tests delays needed protections, wastes taxpayer funds, is cruel to animals and represents just plain shoddy science.
  1561. shove: drive along by the direct and continuous application of strength; push along, aside, or away, in a careless manner
    E.g.When we were ready to shove off, we were a quarter of a mile below the island.
  1562. shrewd: clever; characterized by keen awareness, sharp intelligence
    E.g.As a music executive and a businessman, he's in shrewd, wildly successful and not shy about it.
  1563. shuffle: disorder; move back and forth; mix so as to make a random order or arrangement
    E.g.He will shuffle his funds among different accounts in various countries.
  1564. shun: avoid deliberately; keep away from
    E.g.Cherishing his solitude, the recluse wants to shun the company of other human beings.
  1565. shyster: lawyer using questionable methods; unethical layer or politician
    E.g.On L.A. Law, Brackman is horrified to learn that his newly-discovered half brother is nothing but a cheap shyster.
  1566. sibling: brother or sister; member of a family born to the same parents
    E.g.You may not enjoy being sibling of ours, but we cannot forget that we still belong to the same family.
  1567. significant: fairly large; important in effect or meaning
    E.g.This kind of planning presents the government with a significant problem.
  1568. silt: mud, clay, or small rocks deposited by river or lake
    E.g.The river will silt up in 20 years.
  1569. simian: like an ape or monkey
    E.g.Lemurs are nocturnal mammals and have many simian characteristics, although they are less intelligent than monkeys.
  1570. simile: comparison of one thing with another, in English generally using like or as
    E.g."My love is like a red, red rose" is a simile.
  1571. simper: smirk; smile in artificial way to make an impression
    E.g.. Complimented on her appearance, Stella had to self-consciously simper.
  1572. simplistic: overly simple; simplifying something so that its complexity is lost or important details are overlooked
    E.g.Though Jack's solution dealt adequately with one aspect of the problem, it was simplistic in failing to consider various complications that might arise.
  1573. simulate: make a pretence of; reproduce someone's behavior or looks
    E.g.He tried to simulate insanity in order to avoid punishment for his crime.
  1574. sinecure: well-paid position with little responsibility
    E.g.My job is no sinecure; I work long hours and have much responsibility.
  1575. sinewy: tough; strong and firm; possessing physical strength and weight
    E.g.Great tears rolled down his sunken cheeks as he whispered the above, and Margaret Godfrey, overpowered with emotion, lightly rested her forehead on his thin sinewy arm.
  1576. singular: unique; extraordinary; being only one
    E.g.Though the young man tried to understand Father William's singular behavior, he still found it odd that the old man incessantly stood on his head.
  1577. sinister: suggesting or threatening evil
    E.g.In sudden panic, she's convinced someone sinister is trying to push her from the train.
  1578. sinuous: winding; bending in and out; not morally honest
    E.g.The snake moved in a sinuous manner.
  1579. siren: electronic device producing a similar sound as a signal or warning; something insidious or deceptive; mermaid
    E.g.He made out of the cabin at once on hearing the siren.
  1580. skeptic: doubter; person who suspends judgment until evidence has been examined
    E.g.I am a skeptic about the new health plan; I want some proof that it can work.
  1581. skiff: small, light sailboat; small boat propelled by oars
    E.g.Tom dreamed of owning an ocean-going yacht but had to settle for a skiff he could sail in the bay.
  1582. skim: pass near surface of; brush surface of; glide swiftly along surface of; read or examine superficially and rapidly, in order to cull the principal facts or thoughts
    E.g.It took me an hour to skim the book.
  1583. skimp: provide for or supply inadequately; deal with hastily, carelessly, or with poor material
    E.g.They were forced to skimp on necessities in order to make their limited supplies last the winter.
  1584. skinflint: one who is very reluctant to spend money; miser; selfish person who is unwilling to give or spend
    E.g.Scrooge was an ungenerous old skinflint until he reformed his ways and became a notable philanthropist.
  1585. skirmish: minor battle in war; minor or preliminary conflict or dispute
    E.g.Custer's troops expected they might run into a skirmish or two on maneuvers; they did not expect to face a major battle.
  1586. skulk: move furtively and secretly; hide, or get out of the way, in a sneaking manner
    E.g.He used to skulk through the less fashionable sections of the city in order to avoid meeting any of his former friends.
  1587. slacken: become slower; loosen; become less vigorous, intense, or severe
    E.g.As they passed the finish line, the runners began to slacken their pace.
  1588. slag: residue by smelting metal ore; dross; waste matter
    E.g.It will be seen from this table that the slag is always much richer in lead and poorer in copper than the metal with which it is in contact.
  1589. slake: make less active or intense; satisfy thirst
    E.g.When we reached the oasis, we were able to slake our thirst.
  1590. slander: defamation; false and malicious statement or report about someone
    E.g.I have proven that you slander the gay community.
  1591. slap: sharp blow from a flat object as an open hand; smack; sharp insult
    E.g.His decision was a slap in the face to those who had tried to change his mind.
  1592. slapdash: haphazard; careless; done hastily
    E.g.From the number of typos and misspellings I've found in it, it's clear that Mario proofread the report in a remarkably slapdash fashion.
  1593. slaughter: act of killing; extensive, violent, bloody, or wanton destruction of life; carnage
    E.g.Although we fear that Qin will be a lamb to the slaughter, "Last Train Home" is no morality tale.
  1594. slavish: blindly imitative; characteristic of a slave or servant
    E.g.Slavish devotion to her job ruled her life.
  1595. sleek: having an even, smooth surface; smooth; not rough or harsh
    E.g.I think the contrast could not be much greater between a sleek gander and a fierce falcon: between a meek sheep and the rough-coated keen-eyed dog, its guardian.
  1596. sleeper: something originally of little value becomes very valuable; unexpected hit; one that sleeps
    E.g.Unnoticed by the critics at its publication, the eventual Pulitzer Prize winner was a classic sleeper.
  1597. sleight: skillful performance or ability in using hands; dexterity
    E.g.The magician amazed the audience with his sleight of hand.
  1598. slew: rotate or turn something about its axis; veer a vehicle; pivot
    E.g.The captain could not slew the ship round in time to avoid an accident.
  1599. slink: creep away meanly; steal away; sneak.
    E.g.And then I can paddle over to town nights, and slink around and pick up things I want.
  1600. slipshod: untidy or slovenly; shabby; great carelessness; done poorly or too quickly
    E.g.As a master craftsman, the carpenter prided himself on not doing slipshod work.
  1601. slither: glide or slide like reptile; slip and slide, as on a loose or uneven surface
    E.g.Occasional drops of rain slither through the silvery mist, and the white stones of the buildings and roads of Cyad are gray with moisture.
  1602. sloth: laziness; apathy and inactivity in the practice of virtue; any of several slow-moving arboreal mammals
    E.g.The sloth is at its busiest at sunset, using the word busy here in a most relaxed sense.
  1603. slough: cast off hair, skin, horn, or feathers; discard as refuse
    E.g.Each spring, the snakes slough off their skin.
  1604. slovenly: untidy; careless in work habits
    E.g.Unshaven, sitting around in his bathrobe all afternoon, Gus didn't seem to care about the slovenly appearance he presented.
  1605. sluggard: lazy person; person habitually lazy, idle, and slow; sluggish; lazy
    E.g."You are a sluggard, a drone, a parasite," the angry father shouted at his lazy son.
  1606. sluggish: lazy; with little movement; very slow
    E.g.Technological advance is also a major factor in sluggish wage growth in the United States.
  1607. slur: speak indistinctly; pass over carelessly or with little notice
    E.g.When Sol has too much to drink, he starts to slur his words: "Washamatter? Cansh you undershtand what I shay?".
  1608. smart: clever; intelligent; showing mental alertness and calculation
    E.g.In an age of smart missiles and precision-guided weaponry President Bush is going to have to rely upon good old-fashioned charm if he is to win over America's sceptical NATO allies.
  1609. smear: overspread with anything adhesive; soil in any way; pollute
    E.g.We smear cream on our faces in the party.
  1610. smelt: melt or blend ores, changing their chemical composition
    E.g.The furnace men smelt tin with copper to create a special alloy used in making bells.
  1611. smolder: burn without flame; be liable to break out at any moment
    E.g.The rags smolder for hours before they burst into flame.
  1612. smother: conceal or hide; envelop completely; extinguish; deprive of the oxygen necessary for combustion
    E.g.They try to smother fires as soon as possible.
  1613. smug: studiously neat or nice, especially in dress; spruce; affectedly or conceitedly smart; self-satisfied in any respect
    E.g.I was called smug and haughty for simply not following this personal soap opera.
  1614. sneak: creep or steal privately; come or go meanly, as a person afraid or ashamed to be seen
    E.g.Tom Sawyer, you are just as mean as you can be, to sneak up on a person and look at what they're looking at.
  1615. snicker: laugh in half-suppressed or foolish manner; disrespectful laugh
    E.g.The boy could not suppress a snicker when the teacher sat on the tack.
  1616. snip: small cut made with scissors or shears; small piece cut or clipped off
    E.g.Here's a snip from a NASA article about the project.
  1617. soar: fly aloft, as a bird; mount upward on wings; rise in thought, spirits, or imagination
    E.g.Set the bird's wings with gold and it will never again soar in the sky.
  1618. sober: not extreme; marked by seriousness or gravity; not affected by use of drugs; self-restraint
    E.g.They agree that half the fun of being sober is watching how really stupid their drunk friends behave.
  1619. sobriety: moderation, especially regarding indulgence in alcohol; seriousness; gravity in manner or treatment
    E.g.For my brother the celebration of his sobriety is as significant as his birthday.
  1620. sodden: thoroughly soakedsoaked; expressionless, stupid, or dull, especially from drink
    E.g.He set his sodden overcoat near the radiator to dry.
  1621. sojourn: temporary stay; brief period of residence; place of temporary stay
    E.g.After his sojourn in Florida, he began to long for the colder climate of his native New England home.
  1622. solace: comfort or relieve in sorrow, misfortune, or distress
    E.g.I hope you will find solace in the thought that all of us share your loss.
  1623. solder: repair or unite by using fusible metal alloy, usually tin and lead
    E.g.To fix the leak in the pipes, the plumber planned to solder a couple of joints from which water had been oozing.
  1624. solecism: error in use of language, especially intentional use of misspelling or incorrect grammar ; violation of the conventional rules of society
    E.g.I cannot give this paper an excellent mark because it contains an critical solecism.
  1625. solemnity: seriousness; gravity; religious or ritual ceremony
    E.g.The minister was concerned that nothing should disturb the solemnity of the marriage service.
  1626. solicit: request earnestly; seek to obtain by persuasion or formal application
    E.g.Knowing she needed to have a solid majority for the budget to pass, the mayor telephoned all the members of the city council to solicit their votes.
  1627. solicitor: petitioner who seeks contributions or trade or votes; chief law officer of a city, town, or government department
    E.g.52-year-old Carol, who qualified as a solicitor before switching to journalism, showed the spirit of an iron lady.
  1628. solicitous: worried or concerned; full of desire; expressing care or concern
    E.g.The employer was very solicitous about the health of her employees as replacements were difficult to get.
  1629. soliloquy: talking to oneself; act of a character speaking to himself so as to reveal his thoughts to audience
    E.g.The soliloquy is a device used by the dramatist to reveal a character's innermost thoughts and emotions.
  1630. solitude: state of being alone; seclusion; lonely or secluded place
    E.g.She learns that she can feel happiness in solitude, at least for a period of time.
  1631. soluble: able to be dissolved; able to be explained
    E.g.Sugar is soluble in water; put a sugar cube in water and it will quickly dissolve.
  1632. solvent: able to pay all debts; capable of meeting financial obligations
    E.g.By dint of very frugal living, he was finally able to become solvent and avoid bankruptcy proceedings.
  1633. solvent: able to pay all debts; capable of meeting financial obligations
    E.g.By dint of very frugal living, he was finally able to become solvent and avoid bankruptcy proceedings.
  1634. somber: gloomy; depressing or grave; dull or dark in color
    E.g.From the doctor's grim expression, I could tell he had somber news.
  1635. somnambulist: sleepwalker; person who walks in his sleep
    E.g.The most famous somnambulist in literature is Lady Macbeth; her monologue in the sleepwalking scene is one of the highlights of Shakespeare's play.
  1636. somnolent: half asleep; inclined to drowsiness; tending to induce sleep
    E.g.The heavy meal and the overheated room made us all somnolent and indifferent to the speaker.
  1637. sonorous: having or producing full, loud, or deep sound; impressive in style of speech; easy to feel
    E.g.We witnessed Professor Obama explaining the intricacies of the policy options in sonorous tones.
  1638. sophisticated: wide-ranging knowledge; complex; intellectually appealing
    E.g.We could have secured our homeland -- investing in sophisticated new protection for our ports, our trains and our power plants.
  1639. sophistry: argument for exercise merely; plausible but misleading argument; art or process of reasoning; logic
    E.g.Instead of advancing valid arguments, he tried to overwhelm his audience with a sophistry.
  1640. sophomoric: immature; half-baked, like a sophomore
    E.g.Even if you're only a freshman, it's no compliment to be told your humor is sophomoric.
  1641. soporific: sleep-causing; marked by sleepiness
    E.g.Professor Pringle's lectures were so soporific that even he fell asleep in class.
  1642. sordid: filthy; unethical or dishonest; dirty; foul; morally degraded
    E.g.Many of these files contain sordid details about the personal lives of the litigants.
  1643. sound: sensation perceived by the ear; distinctive noise; long narrow inlet
    E.g.The sound of TV is so loud that we have to talk in next room.
  1644. sour: taste experience when vinegar or lemon juice; showing ill humor
    E.g.The incident now appears to be closed but it has left a sour taste among senior Italian diplomats responsible for relations with the Arab world.
  1645. sovereign: having supreme rank or power; self governing; excellent; independent
    E.g.Belarus, Albania, the Ukraine also have sovereign currencies, not using euro, they also have crashed.
  1646. sovereignty: autonomy; independence
    E.g.Iraq's Foreign Minister, Mr. Zebari let slip first thing this morning the news that it had been decided to bring forward the transfer of sovereignty to today.
  1647. sow: plant; place seeds in or on
    E.g.You would sow the ground with sunflower seeds.
  1648. spangle: small metallic piece sewn to clothing for ornamentation
    E.g.Each spangle on her dress sparkled in the glare of the stage lights.
  1649. spare: give up what is not strictly needed; hold back from; withhold or avoid; save or relieve from action
    E.g.The terms of their new mandate were hard for Iraq to accept, but it had no choice to spare the country war.
  1650. sparse: occurring, growing, or settled at widely spaced intervals; not thick or dense
    E.g.No matter how carefully Albert combed his hair to make it look as full as possible, it still looked sparse.
  1651. spartan: avoiding luxury and comfort; sternly disciplined
    E.g.Looking over the bare, unheated room, with its hard cot, he wondered what he was doing in such spartan quarters.
  1652. spasmodic: affected by involuntary jerky muscular contractions; periodic
    E.g.The spasmodic coughing in the auditorium annoyed the performers.
  1653. spat: minor dispute; brief quarrel
    E.g.The most recent action in this spat is a complaint from Apple that mirrors Nokia's first complaint from October.
  1654. spate: sudden flood or strong outburst; sudden heavy fall of rain
    E.g.After the spate of angry words that came pouring out of him, Mary was sure they would never be reconciled.
  1655. spatial: relating to space; existing in or connected with space
    E.g.NASA is engaged in an ongoing program of spatial exploration.
  1656. spatula: broad-bladed instrument used for spreading or mixing
    E.g.The two case knives are needed for mixing the ingredients in the bowl, and the spatula is used in handling the paste.
  1657. spawn: lay eggs; produce offspring in large numbers
    E.g.Fish ladders had to be built in the dams to assist the salmon returning to spawn in their native streams.
  1658. specious: seemingly reasonable but incorrect; misleading intentionally
    E.g.To claim that, because houses and birds both have wings, both can fly, is extremely specious reasoning.
  1659. speck: particle; a very small spot ; stain
    E.g.I sought the orchard, driven to its shelter by the wind, which all day had blown strong and full from the south, without, however, bringing a speck of rain.
  1660. spectrum: colored band produced when beam of light passes through a prism; a range of values
    E.g.The FCC plans to obtain spectrum from a number of sources, including the Wireless Communications Service Band and the Advanced Wireless Services Band.
  1661. spendthrift: one who spends money recklessly or wastefully
    E.g.Easy access to credit encourages one to turn into spendthrift who shops till he drops.
  1662. spin: turn round rapidly; move round rapidly; move swiftly
    E.g.We laid there all day, and watched the rafts and steamboats spin down the Missouri shore.
  1663. splice: fasten together; join at the ends; join by interweaving strands
    E.g.Before you splice two strips of tape together, be sure to line them up evenly.
  1664. spontaneity: naturalness; freedom from constraint; happening or arising without external cause; self-generated
    E.g.Next to his spontaneity is his rare simplicity, his gift of speaking straight from a heart that never grew old.
  1665. sporadic: occurring at irregular intervals; having no pattern or order in time
    E.g.Although you can still hear sporadic outbursts of laughter and singing outside, the big Halloween parade has passed; the party's over till next year.
  1666. sportive: playful; relating to or interested in sports
    E.g.Such a sportive attitude is surprising in a person as serious as you usually are.
  1667. sprightly: lively; brisk; animated; vigorous; airy; gay
    E.g.The patient smiled when he heard the sprightly music on the radio.
  1668. sprout: have new growth of a plant such as a new branch or a bud; shoot up
    E.g.The plant will sprout early this year.
  1669. spruce: coniferous tree of the genus Picea; neat, trim, and smart in appearance
    E.g.He looks very spruce in his new suit.
  1670. spry: vigorously active; active, as in leaping or running
    E.g.She was eighty years old, yet still spry and alert.
  1671. spurious: false; counterfeit; forged; illogical
    E.g.Natasha's claim to be the lost heir of the Romanoffs was spurious: the only thing Russian about her was the vodka she drank!.
  1672. spurn: reject disdainfully or contemptuously; scorn
    E.g.The heroine had to spurn the villain's advances.
  1673. squabble: minor quarrel; noisy quarrel, usually about a trivial matter
    E.g.Children invariably get involved in such a squabble; wise parents know when to interfere and when to let the children work things out on their own.
  1674. squalor: filthy and wretched condition or quality; dirty or neglected state
    E.g.Rusted, broken-down cars in its yard, trash piled up on the porch, tar paper peeling from the roof, the shack was the picture of squalor.
  1675. squander: spend wastefully; fail to take advantage of; lose a chance for
    E.g.The real challenge here for the Obama campaign will be to avoid taking the bait, and let McCain squander his one asset.
  1676. squash: a game played in an enclosed court by two or four players who strike the ball with long-handled rackets; crush; press; depress
    E.g.Squash is characterized as a "high-impact" exercise that can place strain on the joints, notably the knees.
  1677. squat: stocky; short and thick; low and broad
    E.g.The man with the bottle was an Ossetian, like Stalin - squat and dark, with the same sort of brows, mustache and beetle eyes.
  1678. staccato: played in abrupt manner; marked by abrupt sharp sound
    E.g.His staccato speech reminded one of the sound of a machine gun.
  1679. stagnant: not moving or flowing; lacking vitality or briskness; stale; dull
    E.g.Mosquitoes commonly breed in ponds of stagnant water.
  1680. staid: sober; serious, organized, and professional; characterized by dignity and propriety
    E.g.Her conduct during the funeral ceremony was staid and solemn.
  1681. stalemate: deadlock; situation in which further action is blocked
    E.g.Negotiations between the union and the employers have reached a stalemate; neither side is willing to budge from previously stated positions.
  1682. stalwart: marked by imposing physical strength; firmly built; firm and resolute
    E.g.His consistent support of the party has proved that he is a stalwart and loyal member.
  1683. stamina: physical or moral strength to resist or withstand illness; enduring strength and energy
    E.g.These exercises helped the monks gain stamina to withstand the long meditation sessions.
  1684. stammer: make involuntary stops in uttering syllables or words; hesitate or falter in speaking; speak with stops and difficulty
    E.g.He did not hear what Amy was saying, and whenever she paused expectantly he could only stammer an awkward assent, which was as often misplaced as otherwise.
  1685. stanch: stop or check flow of liquid; stop flow of blood from wound
    E.g.It is imperative that we stanch the gushing wound before we attend to the other injuries.
  1686. stanza: unit of poem, written or printed as a paragraph
    E.g.Do you know the last stanza of the national anthem?
  1687. stately: majestic; impressive, as in size or proportions
    E.g.One saw life-sized ladies and gentlemen dancing in stately rounds or laughing under trees and among flowers and butterflies.
  1688. static: having no motion; being at rest; fixed; stationary
    E.g.To claim that the English language will remain static is false.
  1689. statute: law enacted by legislature; decree or edict, as of a ruler
    E.g.New York's eminent domain statute is virtually capital punishment for property owners.
  1690. statutory: enacted by statute; depending on statute for its authority
    E.g.The copyright owner can sue them under the current rules and potentially obtain statutory damages of up to 150000 dollars per work -- just as they can now.
  1691. steadfast: firmly or constant loyal; fixed or unchanging
    E.g.Penelope was steadfast in her affections, faithfully waiting for Ulysses to return from his wanderings.
  1692. stealth: avoiding detection by moving carefully; acting in a covert way
    E.g.He is a coward and a very evil man who works in stealth to destroy anyone who disagrees with him.
  1693. steep: soak; make thoroughly wet
    E.g.Be sure to steep the fabric in the dye bath for the full time prescribed.
  1694. stellar: outstanding; principal; of or consisting of stars
    E.g.To alter that equation, the Indian economy would have to maintain stellar growth rates for years.
  1695. stem: stop flow of a liquid; make headway against
    E.g.They all hoped that he managed to stem the rebellion in two weeks.
  1696. stench: strong, foul odor; stink; foul quality; offensive odor
    E.g.Also, on days when the tides and wind are just right, the stench is overpowering.
  1697. stereotype: fixed and unvarying representation; conventional and oversimplified conception
    E.g.As a parent of two sons with Tourette syndrome, I have spent 10 years fighting this kind of stereotype while watching my children struggle for acceptance.
  1698. sterile: barren; infertile; incapable of reproducing; free of or using methods to keep free of pathological microorganisms
    E.g.The surgical instrument unit includes a tripod having at least two articulating arms, one of which extends into a sterile operating area.
  1699. stickler: one who insists on something unyieldingly; something puzzling or difficult
    E.g.The main stickler is that by the end of the book, the reader is left without a sense of closure.
  1700. stifle: interrupt or cut off voice; keep in or hold back; suppress; conceal or hide
    E.g.Halfway through the boring lecture, Laura gave up trying to stifle her yawns.
  1701. stigma: symbol of disgrace; small mark, as scar or birthmark; mark made with red-hot iron
    E.g.I do not attach any stigma to the fact that you were accused of this crime; the fact that you were acquitted clears you completely.
  1702. stilted: stiff and artificially formal; inflated
    E.g.His stilted rhetoric did not impress the college audience; they were immune to bombastic utterances.
  1703. stink: strong, offensive smell; disgusting odor; stench
    E.g.After viewing the bad pictures, we can't help but wonder what the big stink is all about?
  1704. stint: length of time spent in particular way; allotted amount; limitation or restriction; fixed amount of work allotted
    E.g.She added that she plans to work on winning a real Grammy now that her "Dancing" stint is done.
  1705. stint: length of time spent in particular way; allotted amount; limitation or restriction; fixed amount of work allotted
    E.g.She added that she plans to work on winning a real Grammy now that her "Dancing" stint is done.
  1706. stipend: fixed and regular payment, such as salary for services or allowance.
    E.g.There is a nominal stipend for this position, it is a good job for you.
  1707. stipulate: specify or arrange in agreement; express demand in agreement; promise in agreement
    E.g.Before agreeing to reduce American military forces in Europe, the president would stipulate that NATO inspection teams be allowed to inspect Soviet bases.
  1708. stock: certificate for shareholder of corporation; total amount of goods in a shop
    E.g.The value of corporation stock doubled during the past year.
  1709. stockade: a line of stout posts or timbers set firmly in the earth in contact with each other to form a barrier, or defensive fortification; enclosure, or pen, made with posts and stakes
    E.g.The sheep were surrounded by stockade.
  1710. stodgy: dull, unimaginative, and commonplace; old-fashioned; stuffy
    E.g.For a young person, Winston seems remarkably stodgy: you'd expect someone his age to show a little more life.
  1711. stoic: one who is seemingly indifferent to or unaffected by joy, grief, pleasure, or pain
    E.g.I wasn't particularly stoic when I had my flu shot; I squealed like a stuck pig.
  1712. stoke: stir up fire; feed plentifully; supply a furnace with fuel
    E.g.As a Scout Marisa learned how to light a fire, how to stoke it if it started to die down, and how to extinguish it completely.
  1713. stolid: dull; impassive; having or revealing little emotion or sensibility
    E.g.The earthquake shattered Stuart's usual stolid demeanor; trembling, he crouched on the no longer stable ground.
  1714. stoop: bend forward and down from the waist or the middle of the back
    E.g.She found her head pressing against the ceiling, and had to stoop to save her neck from being broken.
  1715. stout: dependable; stocky; euphemisms for fat
    E.g.John Reed was a schoolboy of fourteen years old, large and stout for his age, with a dingy and unwholesome skin; thick lineaments in a spacious visage.
  1716. stratagem: deceptive scheme; military maneuver designed to deceive or surprise enemy
    E.g.We saw through his clever stratagem.
  1717. strew: spread randomly; sprinkle; scatter
    E.g.Preceding the bride to the altar, the flower girl will strew rose petals along the aisle.
  1718. striated: having parallel lines or grooves on surface
    E.g.The glacier left many striated rocks.
  1719. stricture: restraint, limit, or restriction; adverse remark or criticism
    E.g.Huck regularly disobeyed Miss Watson's any rule and stricture upon his behavior: he wouldn't wear shoes, no matter what she said.
  1720. strident: loud and harsh; insistent; high-pitched; rough-sounding
    E.g.Whenever Sue became angry, she tried not to raise her voice; she had no desire to appear strident.
  1721. stringent: demanding strict attention to rules and procedures; binding; rigid
    E.g.I think these regulations are too stringent.
  1722. strut: display in order to impress others; swagger; walk with a lofty proud gait
    E.g.Don't strut out your resume until you have more accomplishments to list.
  1723. strut: display in order to impress others; swagger; walk with a lofty proud gait
    E.g.Don't strut out your resume until you have more accomplishments to list.
  1724. studied: knowledgeable; resulting from deliberation and careful thought
    E.g.Given Jill's previous slights, Jack felt that the omission of his name from the guest list was a studied insult.
  1725. stultify: cause to appear or become stupid or inconsistent; frustrate or hinder
    E.g.His long hours in the blacking factory left young Dickens numb and incurious, as if the menial labor might stultify his brain.
  1726. stumble: miss a step and fall or nearly fall; walk unsteadily
    E.g.They crowded together and didn't care to sob or stumble: the confusion was inextricable.
  1727. stun: surprise greatly; amaze; make senseless or dizzy by or as if by a blow
    E.g.The news should stun all of them.
  1728. stupefy: make senseless or dizzy; be mystery or bewildering to
    E.g.Disapproving of drugs in general, Laura refused to take sleeping pills or any other medicine that might stupefy her.
  1729. stupor: state of reduced or suspended sensibility; daze; lack of awareness
    E.g.In his stupor, the addict was unaware of the events taking place around him.
  1730. sturdy: robust; strong; substantially made or constructed
    E.g.More than 3,600 Filipinos rode out the typhoon in sturdy school buildings, town halls, and churches.
  1731. stymie: present obstacle; stump; cause to fail or to leave hopelessly puzzled, confused, or stuck
    E.g.The contradictory evidence should stymie the detective in the robbery investigation.
  1732. suavity: smooth and gracious in manner; quality of being sweet or pleasing to mind; agreeableness
    E.g.The elegant actor is particularly good in roles that require suavity and sophistication.
  1733. subjective: occurring or taking place in person's mind rather than external world; unreal
    E.g.Your analysis is highly subjective; you have permitted your emotions and your opinions to color your thinking.
  1734. subjugate: conquer; bring under control
    E.g.It is not our aim to subjugate our foe; we are interested only in establishing peaceful relations.
  1735. sublime: of high spiritual, moral, or intellectual worth; characterized by nobility; majestic
    E.g.What pushes this matter to the sublime is the reality the world is battling a terror threat which has given license to the authorities to treat ordinary citizens like chattel.
  1736. subliminal: below threshold of conscious perception, especially if still able to produce a response
    E.g.We may not be aware of the subliminal influences that affect our thinking.
  1737. submerge: sink; immerse; put under water
    E.g.At 17.5 feet, waters begin to submerge Harriet Island Park across the river from downtown.
  1738. submissive: yielding; inclined or ready to submit
    E.g.When he refused to permit Elizabeth to marry her poet, Mr. Barrett expected her to be properly submissive; instead, she eloped!.
  1739. subordinate: occupying lower rank; inferior; submissive
    E.g.Bishop Proudie's wife expected all the subordinate clergy to behave with great deference to the wife of their superior.
  1740. suborn: persuade to act unlawfully, especially to commit perjury
    E.g.In The Godfather, the mobsters used bribery and threats to suborn the witnesses against Don Michael.
  1741. subpoena: written order to require appearance in court to give testimony
    E.g.But you know a subpoena is an order of the court to appear and if called to appear I'll appear.
  1742. subsequent: following in time or order; succeeding; later
    E.g.In subsequent days, other polls showed that the margin hadn't narrowed all that much.
  1743. subservient: behaving like slave; subordinate in capacity or function
    E.g.He was proud and dignified; he refused to be subservient to anyone.
  1744. subside: settle down; sink to a lower level or form depression; wear off or die down
    E.g.The doctor assured us that the fever would eventually subside.
  1745. subsidiary: subordinate; secondary; serving to assist or supplement
    E.g.This information may be used as subsidiary evidence but is not sufficient by itself to prove your argument.
  1746. subsidy: direct financial aid by government
    E.g.Without this subsidy, American ship operators would not be able to compete in world markets.
  1747. subsistence: something that has real or substantial existence; means of support or maintain life
    E.g.In these days of inflated prices, my salary provides a mere subsistence.
  1748. substantial: fairly large; in essentials; material; true or real; not imaginary; solidly built
    E.g.Both the north and south are hoping for substantial progress at that meeting which starts on Tuesday.
  1749. substantiate: establish by evidence; make firm or solid; support
    E.g.These endorsements from satisfied customers substantiate our claim that Pacific Lava is a best school to enhance vocabulary.
  1750. substantive: essential; not imaginary; actual or real
    E.g.Although the delegates were aware of the importance of the problem, they could not agree on the substantive issues.
  1751. subterfuge: pretense; something intended to misrepresent
    E.g.As soon as we realized that you had won our support by a subterfuge, we withdrew our endorsement of your candidacy.
  1752. subtlety: perceptiveness; intellectual activity; subtility; delicacy; quality or state of being subtle
    E.g.That kind of subtlety is all right in print, but in real life it would put you on a false track in nineteen out of twenty cases.
  1753. subversive: tending to overthrow; in opposition to civil authority or government
    E.g.In the meantime, Nigerian security agencies have been investigating what they call subversive activities by some foreign correspondents.
  1754. succor: aid; assist and deliver from suffering; relieve
    E.g.If you believe that con man has come here to succor you in your hour of need, you're an even bigger sucker than I thought.
  1755. succulent: full of juicy; full of richness; highly interesting or enjoyable; delectable
    E.g.Beyond, the blue smoke of the sugar house curled into the bluer skies, and the odor of the kettles reached in succulent deliciousness far and wide.
  1756. succumb: submit to an overpowering force; yield to an overwhelming desire; give up or give in
    E.g.President Zardari told the two US officials that Pakistan was fighting for its survival but would not succumb to the militants.
  1757. suffocate: kill or destroy by preventing access of air or oxygen; impair the respiration of; asphyxiate
    E.g.Big cats always suffocate their prey before they eat.
  1758. suffragist: advocate of voting rights for women
    E.g.In recognition of her efforts to win the vote for women, Congress authorized coining a silver dollar honoring the suffragist Susan B. Anthony.
  1759. suitor: one who sues, petitions, or entreats; petitioner; applicant; man who is courting a woman
    E.g.If American is not interested in acquiring US Airways, a different suitor may also come from an unexpected place.
  1760. sullen: lonely; solitary; desolate; gloomy; dismal; affected with ill humor
    E.g.There was a long silence, profound and unbroken; then a deep, sullen boom came floating down out of the distance.
  1761. sultry: burning hot; extremely and unpleasantly hot
    E.g.He could not adjust himself to the sultry climate of the tropics.
  1762. summation: act of finding the total; summary; act or process of adding
    E.g.Obama, in summation, is acting just like the abject puppet of the Wall Street merchants.
  1763. sumptuous: magnificent and splendid, suggesting abundance and great expense; luxurious
    E.g.I cannot recall when I have had such a sumptuous Thanksgiving feast.
  1764. sunder: separate; break or wrench apart
    E.g.Why did they sunder northern and southern Ireland politically and religiously?.
  1765. sundry: various; miscellaneous; separate; distinct; diverse
    E.g."Indeed, mama, " pronounced the haughty voice of Blanche, as she turned round on the piano-stool; where till now she had sat silent, apparently examining sundry sheets of music.
  1766. supercilious: arrogant; feeling or showing haughty disdain; overbearing
    E.g.The supercilious headwaiter sneered at customers whom he thought did not fit in at a restaurant catering to an ultrafashionable crowd.
  1767. superficial: trivial; of little substance; involving a surface only
    E.g.We give higher ratings to job applicants who are like us in superficial and irrelevant ways: as went to same school or share same religion.
  1768. superfluous: being beyond what is required or sufficient
    E.g.Betsy lacked the heart to tell June that the wedding present she brought was superfluous; she and Bob had already received five toasters.
  1769. superimpose: place over something else; place on top of
    E.g.Your attempt to superimpose another agency in this field will merely increase the bureaucratic nature of our government.
  1770. supersede: be placed in or take the room of; replace; make obsolete; make void or useless by superior power
    E.g.The new bulk mailing postal regulation will supersede the old one. If you continue to follow the old regulation, your bulk mailing will be returned to you.
  1771. supplant: replace; usurp; displace and substitute for another
    E.g.As the younger generation replaces the older, the new alliances supplant the existing political coalitions.
  1772. supple: flexible; moving and bending with ease
    E.g.The trees had long thin supple trunks and round compact crowns to withstand the winds.
  1773. supplicate: ask for humbly or earnestly, as by praying; make humble, earnest petition; beg
    E.g.We supplicate Your Majesty to grant him amnesty.
  1774. supposition: act of supposing; something supposed; assumption
    E.g.I based my decision to confide in him on the supposition that he would be discreet.
  1775. suppress: put down by force or authority; overwhelm; keep from being revealed
    E.g.What they suppress is far more important than what they report.
  1776. surfeit: eat until excessively full; be more than full; feed someone to excess
    E.g.Every Thanksgiving we surfeit with an overabundance of holiday treats.
  1777. surge: outburst; roll or be tossed about on waves, as a boat
    E.g.Provided the mission concludes successfully though, the state media are likely to fuel a surge of triumphant patriotism.
  1778. surly: rude; sullenly ill humored; gloomy; threatening, as of weather conditions
    E.g.Two other men, grizzled and vaguely shabby, walked in surly conversation.
  1779. surmise: guess; infer something without sufficiently conclusive evidence
    E.g.I surmise that he will be late for this meeting because of the traffic issue.
  1780. surmount: overcome or conquer; climb; place something above; be above or on top of
    E.g.Could Helen Keller, blind and deaf since childhood, surmount her physical disabilities and lead a productive life?
  1781. surpass: be or go beyond, as in degree or quality; exceed
    E.g.The price of silver will double before ending the year at around 20 USD an ounce and gold will again surpass the 1000 USD mark, finishing the year at 1150 USD.
  1782. surreptitious: secret; done or made by stealth, or without proper authority; made or introduced fraudulently
    E.g.Hoping to discover where his mom had hidden the Christmas presents, Timmy took a surreptitious peek into the master bedroom closet.
  1783. surrogate: one that takes position of another; substitute
    E.g.By the way, if the surrogate is also the real mother, I would not approve.
  1784. surveillance: watching; inspection; close observation of a person or group; supervision
    E.g.I'd be surprised if anyone believes camera surveillance is a miraculous fix to reduce crime.
  1785. susceptible: easily influenced; having little resistance, as to a disease; receptive to
    E.g.We don't really know how our current immunization schedule might affect certain susceptible populations.
  1786. suspend: hang freely; postpone; delay
    E.g.As the warning of earthquake, a number of train and subway lines had to suspend services.
  1787. suspense: uncertain cognitive state; uncertainty
    E.g.He covered his head with the bedclothes and waited in a horror of suspense for his doom.
  1788. sustain: admit as valid; keep in existence; lengthen or extend in duration or space
    E.g.How can a country like Spain sustain the millions of migrants who were losing their jobs in 2009 and provide them with the same welfare state Spaniards can access in times of economic crisis?
  1789. sustenance: act of sustaining; something, especially food, that sustains life or health
    E.g.In the tropics, the natives find sustenance easy to obtain, due to all the fruit trees.
  1790. suture: joining two surfaces or edges together along a line by sewing; material used in sewing
    E.g.I was sweating and exhausted by the time the last skin suture was inserted and all that could be seen was the line of stitches.
  1791. swagger: behave arrogantly or pompously; walk with swaying motion
    E.g.The conquering hero didn't simply stride down the street; he used to swagger.
  1792. swamp: low land that is seasonally flooded; low land region saturated with water
    E.g.A Florida swamp is a bad place to be, if you don't know how to find your way around in the woods.
  1793. swarm: dense moving crowd; large group of honeybees
    E.g.But in Manhattan, the swarm is always out there, moving in its mysterious but purposeful way.
  1794. swarthy: dark; dusky; naturally having skin of a dark color
    E.g.Despite the stereotypes, not all Italians are swarthy, many are fair and blond.
  1795. swear: affirm or utter a solemn declaration; make promise or resolve on oath
    E.g."Are you in earnest? Do you truly love me? Do you sincerely wish me to be your wife?" "I do; and if an oath is necessary to satisfy you, I swear it."
  1796. swell: bulge; expand abnormally; increase in size; become filled with pride or anger
    E.g.The bellies of the starving children began to swell yesterday.
  1797. swelter: be oppressed by heat; suffer terribly from intense heat
    E.g.I am going to buy an air conditioning unit for my apartment as I do not intend to swelter through another hot and humid summer.
  1798. swerve: wander or stray; turn aside sharply; climb or move upward
    E.g.He predicted that gravitational interaction caused light from stars beyond the sun to deviate or swerve from a straight path as it passed the sun.
  1799. swill: drink greedily; flood with water, as for washing
    E.g.Singing "Yo, ho, ho, and a bottle of rum," Long John Silver and his fellow pirates started to swill their grog.
  1800. swindler: cheat; one who defrauds or makes practice of defrauding others
    E.g.She was gullible and trusting, an easy victim for the first swindler who came along.
  1801. sybarite: person devoted to pleasure and luxury
    E.g.Rich people are not always sybarite; some of them have little taste for a life of luxury.
  1802. sycophant: one who attempts to win favor by flattering influential people; bootlicker; yes man
    E.g.Fed up with the toadies and flunkies who made up his entourage, the star cried, "Get out, all of you! I'm sick of sycophant!".
  1803. symbiosis: interdependent relationship between groups or species, often mutually beneficial
    E.g.Before I read this book I knew nothing about wild mushrooms, how they live in symbiosis with trees.
  1804. symmetry: arrangement of parts so that balance is obtained; congruity
    E.g.A certain symmetry is emerging in Indo-American relations.
  1805. synoptic: providing general overview; summary
    E.g.The professor turned to the latest issue of Dissertation Abstracts for a synoptic account of what was new in the field.
  1806. synthesis: combining parts into a coherent whole; putting of two or more things togethe
    E.g.Now that we have succeeded in isolating this drug, our next problem is to plan its synthesis in the laboratory.
  1807. synthetic: artificial; involving or of the nature of synthesis as opposed to analysis
    E.g.Limnology is essentially a synthetic science composed of elements.
  1808. tablet: a small flat compressed cake of some substance; a dose of medicine
    E.g.You open your eyes like an eager bird, and make every now and then a restless movement, as if answers in speech did not flow fast enough for you, and you wanted to read the tablet of one's heart.
  1809. tacit: indicated or understood without expressed directly; not speaking; silent
    E.g.We have a tacit agreement based on only a handshake.
  1810. taciturn: silent or reserved in speech; saying little; not inclined to speak or converse
    E.g.The stereotypical cowboy is a taciturn soul, answering lengthy questions with a "Yep" or "Nope.".
  1811. tact: sense of touch; feeling; stroke in beating time; sensitive mental touch; peculiar skill or faculty
    E.g.Her patience and tact were legendary.
  1812. tactile: used for feeling; relating to sense of touch; perceptible to the sense of touch; tangible
    E.g.His callused hands had lost their tactile sensitivity.
  1813. taint: contaminate; cause to lose purity; affect with or as if with a disease; corrupt morally
    E.g.One speck of dirt on your utensils may contain enough germs to taint an entire batch of preserves.
  1814. talisman: charm to bring good luck and avert misfortune; something that apparently has magic power
    E.g.According to the myth, the talisman is the most powerful of all the magical charms.
  1815. talon: claw of a bird of prey; part of lock that key presses to shoot bolt
    E.g.The falconer wore a leather gauntlet to avoid being clawed by the hawk's talon.
  1816. tan: yellowish-brown color; brown color imparted to the skin by exposure to the sun
    E.g.It took me all summer to get this tan.
  1817. tangential: peripheral; only slightly connected; digressing
    E.g.Despite Clark's attempts to distract her with tangential remarks, Lois kept on coming back to her main question: why couldn't he come out to dinner with Superman and her?.
  1818. tangible: able to be touched; real or concrete; palpable
    E.g.It'll take awhile before GM's new direction shows up in tangible new products at the dealership.
  1819. tanner: person who turns animal hides into leather; craftsman who tans skins and hides; sixpence
    E.g.A good tanner is a skilled laborer, and these Indians were not only expert makers of dressed leather, but they tanned skins and peltries with the hair or fur on.
  1820. tantalize: tease; torture with disappointment; bait someone by showing something desirable but leaving them unsatisfied
    E.g.Tom loved to tantalize his younger brother with candy; he knew the boy was forbidden to have it.
  1821. tantamount: equivalent in effect or value
    E.g.Though Rudy claimed his wife was off visiting friends, his shriek of horror when she walked into the room was tantamount to a confession that he believed she was dead.
  1822. tantrum: burst of ill humor; display of temper; ill natured caprice
    E.g.But throwing empty points against him exactly likes that a teenage girl throws stuffed animals against her bedroom wall during a temper tantrum.
  1823. taper: give light as small wax candle; narrow toward the point; become small toward one end
    E.g.Financial aids generally taper off after the first year of college.
  1824. tarantula: any large, hairy, chiefly tropical spider
    E.g.It appears to be a fact that the bite of the tarantula is not more venomous than that of other large spiders.
  1825. tardy: late; delayed; moving slowly
    E.g.We were kind of tardy with the hotel reservation, and the governor's suites are all booked.
  1826. tarnish: make dirty or spotty; stain; dull the luster of; discolor, especially by exposure to air or dirt
    E.g.The air and days did tarnish these coins.
  1827. tarry: delay; leave slowly and hesitantly; wait
    E.g.We can't tarry if we want to get to the airport on time.
  1828. tart: a species of small open pie, or piece of pastry, containing jelly or conserve; a sort of fruit pie
    E.g.Bessie had been down into the kitchen, and she brought up with her a tart on a certain brightly painted china plate.
  1829. taunt: reproach in a mocking, insulting, or contemptuous manner; make fun of , often in an aggressive manner
    E.g.Perhaps later tonight I will dream up something else to taunt you.
  1830. taut: pulled or drawn tight; kept in trim shape; neat and tidy
    E.g.The captain maintained that he ran a taut ship.
  1831. tawdry: cheap in nature or appearance; tastelessly showy; shameful or indecent
    E.g.The bride, instead of being disguised in tawdry stuffs of gold and silver, appeared in a negligee of plain blue satin, without any other jewels than her eyes, which far outshone all that ever was produced by the mines of Golconda.
  1832. tedium: dullness owing to length or slowness; boredom
    E.g.It is an excellent film that avoids the tedium of the conventional documentary.
  1833. temper: moderate; tone down or restrain; bring to a desired consistency; adjust finely
    E.g.They begin to temper the portfolio to match investor's needs.
  1834. temperament: manner of thinking or behaving; disposition; excessive irritability or sensitiveness
    E.g.For friendship some agreement in temperament is quite essential.
  1835. temperate: restrained; self-controlled; moderate in degree or quality
    E.g.Try to be temperate in your eating this holiday season; if you control your appetite, you won't gain too much weight.
  1836. tempestuous: very stormy; turbulent; rough with wind; impassioned; violent
    E.g.Racket throwing tennis star John McEnroe was famed for his displays of tempestuous temperament.
  1837. tempo: beat or speed of music; rate or rhythm of activity; pace
    E.g.This tempo is not sustainable - and you have failed to grow the ground forces to meet national security needs.
  1838. temporal: not lasting forever; limited by time; secular or civil; of material world; worldly
    E.g.By passing both laws in temporal proximity to one another, Arizona has revealed itself to have great anxiety not merely about illegal immigration in this nation, but about diversity itself.
  1839. temporize: act evasively in order to gain time, avoid argument, or postpone a decision
    E.g.I cannot permit you to temporize any longer; I must have a definite answer today.
  1840. tenacious: sticking together; stubbornly unyielding; holding together firmly
    E.g.The insurgents holed up here remain tenacious, unleashing suicide bombers and planting lethal explosives that can blow anything off the road.
  1841. tenacity: firmness of hold or of purpose; persistence
    E.g.Jean Valjean could not believe the tenacity of Inspector Javert.
  1842. tenant: occupant; one that pays rent to use land or building
    E.g.If a tenant is too dangerous to be living among the free, the state and only the state should make that determination and restrict his abode.
  1843. tendentious: having or marked by a strong tendency
    E.g.The editorials in this periodical are tendentious rather than truth-seeking.
  1844. tenet: opinion, doctrine, or principle held as being true by person or organization
    E.g.The agnostic did not accept the any tenet of their faith.
  1845. tensile: capable of being stretched or extended; ductile
    E.g.Mountain climbers must know the tensile strength of their ropes.
  1846. tension: action of stretching something tight; anxiety; feelings of hostility
    E.g.There's a growing mood of transatlantic tension, both real and imagined; a feeling that European capitals and Washington no longer view the world in quite the same way.
  1847. tentative: hesitant; not fully worked out or developed; experimental; not definite or positive
    E.g.So, again, that's why I couched everything in tentative terms as there's a great amount of contrary evidence, at least within some critical concentrations of the population.
  1848. tenuous: long and thin; slender; having little substance
    E.g.The allegiance of our allies is held by rather tenuous ties.
  1849. tenure: holding of an office; period during which something is held; status of holding position on permanent contract
    E.g.Why the school denied her tenure is the subject of a lawsuit.
  1850. terminal: causing or ending in or approaching death; station
    E.g.In February, a jury ordered the company to pay 51 million dollars to a Marlboro smoker with terminal lung cancer.
  1851. termination: end of something in time or space; result or outcome; conclusion
    E.g.You see that you are the end of all plans, and, wherever they may begin, the termination is the same.
  1852. terminology: vocabulary of technical terms used in a particular field, subject, science, or art
    E.g.The special terminology developed by some authorities in the field has done more to confuse the layman than to enlighten him.
  1853. terminus: last stop of railroad; final point or end; boundary or border
    E.g.After we reached the railroad terminus, we continued our journey into the wilderness on saddle horses.
  1854. terrestrial: earthly, as opposed to celestial; pertaining to the land
    E.g.In many science fiction films, alien invaders from outer space plan to destroy all terrestrial life.
  1855. terse: effectively concise; appearing as if wiped or rubbed, as smooth
    E.g.There is a fine line between speech that is terse and to the point and speech that is too abrupt.
  1856. testy: irritated or impatient; easily annoyed; peevish
    E.g.That implies that whether or not it was testy is still a matter subject to dispute.
  1857. thematic: relating to motif or idea; relating to theme or topic
    E.g.Those who think of Moby Dick as a simple adventure story about whaling miss its underlying thematic import.
  1858. theocracy: government ruled by or subject to religious authority
    E.g.Though some Pilgrims aboard the Mayflower favored the establishment of a theocracy in New England, many of their fellow voyagers preferred a nonreligious form of government.
  1859. theoretical: not practical or applied; hypothetical; of or based on theory
    E.g.His work in theoretical physics, which I will not attempt to explain further here, has advance our understanding of the universe.
  1860. therapeutic: curative; having or exhibiting healing powers; relating to healing art
    E.g.Across the Washington region, enrollment in therapeutic camps soars every year, although they are far more expensive than traditional day camp.
  1861. thermal: relating to or caused by heat; designed to help retain heat
    E.g.As I already mentioned, ocean is not in thermal equilibrium with atmosphere, it is 13 degrees cooler.
  1862. thesis: paper; dissertation; an unproved statement put forward as a premise in an argument
    E.g.A good thesis makes the difference between a thoughtful research project and a simple retelling of facts.
  1863. thespian: relating to drama and acting; dramatic, theatrical
    E.g.Her success in the school play convinced her she was destined for a thespian career.
  1864. thrall: slave; bondman; slavery; bondage
    E.g.Her beauty held him in thrall.
  1865. thrash: beat severely; discuss or examine repeatedly; use a machine or flail to separate grain or seeds from straw
    E.g.Let's thrash the matter over before putting it on the agenda.
  1866. threadbare: worn through till threads show; wearing old, shabby clothing; shabby and poor
    E.g.The poor adjunct professor hid the threadbare spots on his jacket by sewing leather patches on his sleeves.
  1867. thrifty: careful about money; economical
    E.g.A thrifty shopper compares prices before making major purchases.
  1868. thrive: make steady progress; prosper; flourish
    E.g.The easy way for a group to thrive is to have an active web presence getting its message out.
  1869. throng: large group of people gathered or crowded closely together
    E.g.A throng of shoppers jammed the aisles.
  1870. throttle: windpipe, or trachea; valve that regulates the supply of fuel to the engine; pedal that controls the throttle valve
    E.g.The Toyota-designed pedal module could wear improperly and cause the throttle to stick open.
  1871. thwart: hinder or prevent of ; frustrate
    E.g.He felt that everyone was trying to thwart his plans and prevent his success.
  1872. tightwad: one who is stingy or overly cautious or defensive with money; miser
    E.g.Jill called Jack a tightwad because he never picked up the check.
  1873. timidity: lack of self-confidence or courage
    E.g.If you are to succeed as a salesman, you must first lose your timidity and fear of failure.
  1874. timorous: fearful; demonstrating fear; weakly hesitant
    E.g.His timorous manner betrayed the fear he felt at the moment.
  1875. tinge: degree, usually a slight degree, of some color, taste
    E.g.There was a tinge of sadness in her voice.
  1876. tint: color; dye with a color
    E.g.They woke, they kindled: first, they glowed in the bright tint of her cheek, which till this hour I had never seen but pale and bloodless.
  1877. tirade: extended scolding; long angry or violent speech
    E.g.Your tirade is juvenile, hypocritical, and dare I say, unprofessional.
  1878. titanic: enormous scope, power, or influence; huge or colossal
    E.g.When you’re in this kind of titanic power struggle, how you decide is just as important as what you decide.
  1879. title: right or claim to possession; mark of rank; name of a book or film
    E.g.Though the penniless Duke of Ragwort no longer held title to the family estate, he still retained as head of one of England's oldest families.
  1880. titter: laugh in a restrained, nervous way; giggle
    E.g.Her aunt's constant titter nearly drove her mad.
  1881. titular: nominal holding of title without obligations; existing in name only; nominal
    E.g.Although he was the titular head of the company, the real decisions were made by his general manager.
  1882. toady: person who flatters or defers to others for self-serving reasons; yes man
    E.g.Never tell the boss anything he doesn't wish to hear: he doesn't want an independent adviser, he just wants a toady.
  1883. token: something intended or supposed to represent or indicate another thing or an event; sign or symbol; memorial of friendship
    E.g.He gave me a necklace as a token of his affection.
  1884. toll: take away; vacate; annul; entice; allure; cause to sound, as a bell, with strokes slowly and uniformly repeated; call, summon, or notify
    E.g.We hear the church bell toll the hour again.
  1885. tome: large volume; large and scholarly book
    E.g.He spent much time in the library poring over an ancient tome.
  1886. topography: physical features of a region; detailed, precise description of a place
    E.g.Before the generals gave the order to attack, they ordered a complete study of the topography of the region.
  1887. torpor: state of mental or physical inactivity or insensibility; sluggishness; dormancy
    E.g.Throughout the winter, nothing aroused the bear from his torpor: he would not emerge until spring.
  1888. torque: turning or twisting force
    E.g.In physics, a torque is a vector that measures the tendency of a force to rotate an object about some axis.
  1889. torrent: rushing stream; flood; heavy downpour
    E.g.You can see the torrent run downhill in day after day heavy rains.
  1890. torrid: passionate; hot or scorching; hurried or rapid
    E.g.Harlequin Romances publish torrid tales of love affairs, some set in hot climates.
  1891. torso: body excluding head and neck and limbs
    E.g.Players need to understand that the torso is the engine for the golf swing, Parees said.
  1892. tortuous: marked by repeated turns or bends; winding or twisting; not straightforward; circuitous
    E.g.Because this road is so tortuous, it is unwise to go faster than twenty miles an hour on it.
  1893. toss: throw carelessly; throw to see which side comes up; move or stir about violently
    E.g.He used to toss the newspaper after reading it.
  1894. totter: walk unsteadily or feebly; stagger; sway, as if about to fall
    E.g.One witness saw the drunk totter down the hill to the nearest bar on unsteady feet,.
  1895. touching: concerning; relating to; with respect to
    E.g.Dr. Montessori giving a lesson in touching geometrical insets.
  1896. touchstone: stone used to test the fineness of gold alloys; excellent quality used to test excellence or genuineness of others
    E.g.Who can tell if that mind, when the touchstone is applied to it, will not be found of a mean and vulgar character?
  1897. touchy: tending to take offense with slight cause; oversensitive; requiring special tact or skill in handling
    E.g.When I rejected that as nonsense, he accused me of being touchy.
  1898. toxic: poisonous; caused by a toxin or other poison
    E.g.We must seek an antidote for whatever toxic substance he has eaten.
  1899. tract: expanse of land or water; system of organs that perform a specialized function; leaflet or pamphlet
    E.g.At one corner of the tract is a large Sultan Center wholesale outlet.
  1900. tractable: easily managed or controlled; governable; easily handled or worked; docile
    E.g.Although Susan seemed a tractable young woman, she had a stubborn streak of independence.
  1901. traduce: cause disgrace to by malicious and false statements; hold up or expose to ridicule or calumny; defame
    E.g.His opponents tried to traduce the candidate's reputation by spreading rumors about his past.
  1902. trajectory: path of other moving body through space; chosen or taken course
    E.g.Any abrupt change in trajectory is a potential for another delay, an opportunity to begin fishing for something that's stuck.
  1903. tramp: travel or wander through; cleanse clothes in water
    E.g.Keep the river road all the way, and next time you tramp take shoes and socks with you.
  1904. trample: destroy; step on
    E.g.It is better, therefore, for the insignificant to keep out of his way, lest, in his progress, he should trample them down.
  1905. tranquillity: calmness; peace; freedom from disturbance or agitation
    E.g.After the commotion and excitement of the city, I appreciate the tranquillity of these fields and forests.
  1906. transcendent: surpassing; exceeding ordinary limits; superior
    E.g.For the amateur chef, dining at the four-star restaurant was a transcendent experience: the meal surpassed his wildest dreams.
  1907. transcribe: copy; write over again in same words
    E.g.When you transcribe your notes, please send a copy to Mr. Smith and keep the original for our files.
  1908. transgression: violation of law, command, or duty; exceeding of due bounds or limits
    E.g.Forgive us our transgression; we know not what we do.
  1909. transient: momentary; temporary; staying for short time
    E.g.Lexy's joy at finding the perfect Christmas gift for Phil was transient, she still had to find presents for the cousins and Uncle Bob.
  1910. transition: going from one state of action to another
    E.g.We are in transition from an empire to a republic.
  1911. transitory: existing or lasting only a short time; short-lived or temporary
    E.g.Fame is transitory: today's rising star is all too soon tomorrow's washed-up has-been.
  1912. translucent: partly transparent; transmitting rays of light without permitting objects to be distinctly seen
    E.g.We could not recognize the people in the next room because of the translucent curtains that separated us.
  1913. transmute: change from one form, nature, substance, or state into another; transform
    E.g.He was unable to transmute his dreams into actualities.
  1914. transparent: easily detected; permitting light to pass through freely
    E.g.John's pride in his son is transparent; no one who sees the two of them together can miss it.
  1915. transport: carry from one place to another; carry away; deport
    E.g.What I was trying to transport is the oil that is in demand particularly.
  1916. transpose: substitute one for the other of; reverse or transfer order or place of; interchange
    E.g.This is what we must tend to transpose from the practical to the speculative order.
  1917. traumatic: relating to injury caused by violence; adapted to cure of wounds; vulnerary
    E.g.They provided toys for children in traumatic situations such as fires, kidnappings, and domestic violence.
  1918. travail: painful labor; work, especially when arduous or involving painful effort
    E.g.How long do you think a man can endure such travail and degradation without rebelling?.
  1919. traverse: go through or across, often under difficult conditions
    E.g.When you traverse this field, be careful of the bull.
  1920. travesty: comedy characterized by improbable situations; treatment aimed at making something appear ridiculous
    E.g.The main travesty is that the people who caused the current problem are now assigned to fix the problem.
  1921. tread: step on; mate with; place the foot
    E.g.If the track we tread nowadays is smooth and easy, that is because of the pioneers who have gone before us.
  1922. treatise: systematic, usually extensive written discourse on a subject
    E.g.He is preparing a treatise on the Elizabethan playwrights for his graduate degree.
  1923. trek: travel; journey or leg of a journey, especially when slow or difficult
    E.g.The next stop on the trek is an art museum in which you use your hands to get a feel for a sculpture's shape.
  1924. tremor: shaking or vibrating movement; slight quiver
    E.g.She had a nervous tremor in her right hand.
  1925. tremulous: marked by trembling, quivering, or shaking; timid or fearful; timorous
    E.g.She was tremulous more from excitement than from fear.
  1926. trenchant: forceful, effective, and vigorous; sharp or keen
    E.g.I am afraid of his trenchant wit for it is so often sarcastic.
  1927. trepidation: state of alarm or dread; nervous apprehension; involuntary trembling or quivering
    E.g.As she entered the office of the dean of admissions, Sharon felt some trepidation about how she would do in her interview.
  1928. tribunal: seat of a judge; bench on which a judge and his associates sit for administering justice; court or forum
    E.g.The tribunal has authority to settle certain types of dispute.
  1929. tribute: payment in money made by one ruler or nation; tax; mark of respect; praiseworthy quality
    E.g.Winning the scholarship was a tribute to her hard work.
  1930. trickle: flow in drops; run or flow slowly; drip
    E.g.That wealth has yet to trickle down to Indian villages where over sixty percent of Indians live.
  1931. trifle: a thing of very little value or importance
    E.g.Then Tom traded a couple of white alleys for three red tickets, and some small trifle or other for a couple of blue ones.
  1932. trifling: trivial; of slight worth or importance; frivolous or idle
    E.g.Why bother going to see a doctor for such a trifling, everyday cold?.
  1933. trigger: cause something happen; set off
    E.g.Please skip the remarks that will trigger bitter debates again.
  1934. trilogy: three-part novel; a set of three works with related subject
    E.g.A trilogy is a set of three works of art, usually literature, film, or video games that are connected and can be seen as a single work, as well as three individual ones.
  1935. trim: clip; cut down to the desired size or shape
    E.g.It's part of a restructuring programme intended to trim operating costs by a billion dollars.
  1936. trinket: cheap showy jewelry or ornament on clothing
    E.g.Whenever she traveled abroad, Ethel would pick up costume jewelry or trinket as souvenirs.
  1937. trite: repeated too often; over familiar through overuse; worn out by use
    E.g.All I can offer, and I hope it doesn't sound hollow or trite, is the suggestion that you take some real time now to count and give thanks for what you've got.
  1938. trivia: insignificant or inessential matters; trifles
    E.g.In the ads, Ram drivers sparred in trivia competitions about the two shows.
  1939. trough: container for feeding farm animals; lowest point of a wave or business cycle
    E.g.In the bottom of the trough is a length of plastic gutter that carries the liquid into a bucket.
  1940. truculence: aggressiveness; ferocity; ferociously cruel actions or behavior
    E.g.Tynan's reviews were noted for their caustic attacks and general tone of truculence.
  1941. truism: undoubted or self-evident truth; obvious truth
    E.g.Many a truism is summed up in a proverb; for example, "Marry in haste, repent at leisure.".
  1942. truncate: cut the top off; make shorter as if by cutting off
    E.g.We truncate the top of a cone in a plane parallel to its base is a circle.
  1943. trunk: stem, or body, of a tree; main stem, without the branches; body of animal apart from the head and limbs
    E.g.Nothing will save a tree after the main trunk is attacked by large numbers of this beetle.
  1944. tryst: secret meeting; agreement, as between lovers, to meet at a certain time and place
    E.g.Our tryst is the Day of the Festival, and let the people be assembled when the sun is well up.
  1945. tumult: noise, as made by a crowd; riot or uprising
    E.g.She could not make herself heard over the tumult of the mob.
  1946. tundra: rolling, treeless plain in Siberia and arctic North America
    E.g.Underneath the tundra is the active layer, a coat of peaty, semi-decomposed organic matter that passes for soil.
  1947. turbid: muddy; having sediment disturbed; heavy, dark, or dense, as smoke or fog
    E.g.The water was turbid after the children had waded through it.
  1948. turbulence: state of violent agitation; eddying motion; unstable flow of a liquid or gas; state of violent disturbance and disorder
    E.g.They aim to protect assets rather than chase returns, so short-term turbulence has less of an effect.
  1949. turgid: swollen; distended; excessively ornate or complex in style or language
    E.g.The turgid river threatened to overflow the levees and flood the countryside.
  1950. turmoil: state of extreme confusion or agitation; commotion or tumult
    E.g.Clearly, the middle class is bearing the burden of this economy, one in turmoil from the housing and financial crises.
  1951. turncoat: traitor; one who turns against previous affiliation or allegiance
    E.g.The British considered Benedict Arnold a loyalist; the Americans considered him a turncoat.
  1952. turpitude: depravity; corrupt, depraved, or degenerate act
    E.g.A visitor may be denied admittance to this country if she has been guilty of moral turpitude.
  1953. tutelage: capacity or activity of guardian; guardianship; capacity or activity of tutor; instruction or teaching
    E.g.Under the tutelage of such masters of the instrument, she made rapid progress as a virtuoso.
  1954. tycoon: wealthy and powerful businessperson or industrialist; magnate
    E.g.A new trial of the jailed former oil tycoon is set to begin Tuesday.
  1955. typhoon: tropical cyclone occurring in the western Pacific; violent whirlwind
    E.g.The most important thing about when a typhoon is approaching, it's a lot like when a hurricane is approaching in the U.S.
  1956. tyranny: oppression; cruel government; office or authority of an absolute ruler; absolute power
    E.g.We believe that extensions of law enforcement will lead inevitably to tyranny, so power of police should be shrink as possible.
  1957. tyro: beginner in learning something; novice
    E.g.For a mere tyro, you have produced some wonderfully expert results.
  1958. ubiquitous: being or existing everywhere; omnipresent
    E.g.That Christmas "The Little Drummer Boy" seemed ubiquitous; David heard the tune everywhere.
  1959. ulterior: beyond or outside of immediate interest; coming at a subsequent time or stage
    E.g.Nowadays people are alive to certain ulterior consequences that were at first overlooked.
  1960. ultimate: final; being the last or concluding; fundamental; elemental; extreme
    E.g.As the ultimate arbiter of the Constitution, the Supreme Court occupies a central place in our scheme of government.
  1961. ultimatum: last offer; final statement of terms made by one party to another
    E.g.He said it was a warning, not an ultimatum, aimed only at the bandits in the capital.
  1962. unaccountable: inexplicable; unreasonable or mysterious
    E.g.I have taken an unaccountable dislike to my doctor: "I do not love thee, Doctor Fell. The reason why, I cannot tell.".
  1963. unanimity: complete agreement in opinion or resolution of all persons concerned
    E.g.We were surprised by the unanimity with which members of both parties accepted our proposals.
  1964. unassailable: impossible to assail; without flaws or loopholes
    E.g.Penelope's virtue was unassailable; while she waited for her husband to come back from the war, no other man had a chance.
  1965. unbridled: violent; not restrained or controlled
    E.g.They observed that, throughout history, experiments in unbridled democracy led to chaos.
  1966. uncanny: strange; mysterious; peculiarly unsettling, as if of supernatural origin or nature
    E.g.Every night we hear the great owls hoot and laugh in uncanny fashion.
  1967. unconscionable: lacking conscience; greatly exceeding bounds of reason or moderation
    E.g.Such irrationality has its roots in unconscionable prejudice.
  1968. uncouth: lacking refinement or cultivation or taste
    E.g.Most biographers portray Lincoln as an uncouth and ungainly young man.
  1969. unctuous: oily; composed of oil or fat; characterized by affected, exaggerated, or insincere earnestness
    E.g.Uriah Heep disguised his nefarious actions by unctuous protestations of his "humility.".
  1970. underlying: lying under or beneath something; basic; implicit; taking precedence; prior
    E.g.We face a combination of changes in underlying conditions not seen in almost a century.
  1971. undermine: weaken by wearing away base or foundation; injure or impair; dig a mine or tunnel beneath
    E.g.What we should not allow this moment to undermine, is our commitment to South Africa, to the constitution and the reconstruction.
  1972. underscore: draw a mark or line under; emphasize; stress
    E.g.Addressing the jogging class, Kim would underscore the importance to runners of good nutrition.
  1973. undulating: moving with wavelike motion
    E.g.The Hilo Hula Festival was an undulating sea of grass skirts.
  1974. unearth: bring up out of earth; dig up; bring to public notice; uncover
    E.g.When they unearth the city, the archeologists find many relics of an ancient civilization.
  1975. unequivocal: admitting of no doubt or misunderstanding; clear and unambiguous
    E.g.My answer to your proposal is an unequivocal and absolute "No.".
  1976. unerringly: infallibly; without error, mistake, or failure
    E.g.My teacher unerringly pounced on the one typographical error in my essay.
  1977. unfetter: liberate; free from chains; set free or keep free from restrictions or bonds
    E.g.Chained to the wall for months on end, the hostage despaired that no one could unfetter him.
  1978. unfrock: strip a priest or minister of church authority; remove from status as member of clergy
    E.g.To disbar a lawyer, to unfrock a priest, to suspend a doctor's license to practice-these are extreme steps that the authorities should take only after careful consideration.
  1979. ungainly: awkward; lacking grace in movement or posture
    E.g."If you want to know whether Nick's an ungainly dancer, check out my bruised feet," said Nora.
  1980. uniformity: sameness or consistency; freedom from variation or difference
    E.g.It demands an approximately equal standard of life for all human beings and probably a certain uniformity of education.
  1981. unilateral: being on one side only; affecting but one side; one-sided.
    E.g.Pressed on whether Israel would launch a unilateral attack against Iranian nuclear facilities, as it has in the past, Netanyahu said Israel "always reserves the right to defend itself."
  1982. unimpeachable: free of guilt; not subject to blame; completely acceptable
    E.g.Her conduct in office was unimpeachable and her record is spotless.
  1983. uninhibited: open and unrestrained; free from traditional social or moral constraints
    E.g.Chanting and cheering, fully engaged in uninhibited euphoric exaltation!
  1984. uninhibited: open and unrestrained; free from traditional social or moral constraints
    E.g.Chanting and cheering, fully engaged in uninhibited euphoric exaltation!
  1985. unique: without an equal; being the only one of its kind
    E.g.You have to face a problem unique to coastal areas.
  1986. universal: affecting all; general; present everywhere; relating to the entire world or all within the world; worldwide
    E.g.This discovery of literature has as yet only partially penetrated the universal consciousness.
  1987. unkempt: untidy; dirty; uncared for in appearance
    E.g.Jeremy hated his neighbor's unkempt lawn: he thought its neglected appearance had a detrimental effect on neighborhood property values.
  1988. unmitigated: unrelieved or immoderate in intensity or severity; without exception; absolute
    E.g.He reviews the many attempts made, at various times, to form an Irish party, all of which ended in unmitigated failure.
  1989. unobtrusive: inconspicuous; not obtrusive or undesirably noticeable
    E.g.Reluctant to attract notice, the governess took a chair in a far corner of the room and tried to be as unobtrusive as possible.
  1990. unprecedented: having no previous example; novel; unparalleled
    E.g.This country entered a path of unprecedented economic growth.
  1991. unprepossessing: unattractive; unimpressive or unremarkable; dull and ordinary
    E.g.During adolescence many attractive young people somehow acquire the false notion that their appearance is unprepossessing.
  1992. unravel: undo or ravel knitted fabric of; separate and clarify; solve
    E.g.The problem I am trying to unravel is more complex than any others.
  1993. unrequited: unanswered; not returned; not reciprocated; not repaid
    E.g.I can just see Amy pining for Barack, while Jon Stewart suffers in unrequited love.
  1994. unruly: difficult or impossible to discipline, control, or rule; not according to rule; irregularly
    E.g.The only way to curb this unruly mob is to use tear gas.
  1995. unscathed: not injured or unharmed
    E.g.Unlike the U.S. and Europe, Canada has emerged relatively unscathed from the financial crisis.
  1996. unseemly: grossly improper; indecent; in poor taste
    E.g.One shouldn't be allowed to walk the streets or enter public buildings in unseemly apparel.
  1997. unsightly: ugly; displeasing to eye; unpleasant to look at
    E.g.Although James was an experienced emergency room nurse, he occasionally became queasy when faced with a particularly unsightly injury.
  1998. untenable: indefensible; not able to be maintained
    E.g.Wayne is so contrary that, the more untenable a position is, the harder he'll try to defend it.
  1999. untoward: contrary to your interests or welfare; inconvenient; troublesome
    E.g.You're obviously pretty confident nothing untoward is going to be happening in front of your webcam at these intervals!
  2000. unwarranted: having no justification; groundless; not guaranteed to be good, sound, or of a certain quality
    E.g.We could not understand Martin's unwarranted rudeness to his mother's guests.
  2001. unwieldy: difficult to use or handle because of size or weight or shape; lacking grace in movement or posture
    E.g.The large carton was so unwieldy that the movers had trouble getting it up the stairs.
  2002. unwitting: not intended; not knowing; unaware; ignorant
    E.g.She was the unwitting tool of the swindlers.
  2003. upbraid: severely criticize; reprimand; reprove sharply
    E.g.Not only did Miss Minchin upbraid Ermengarde for her disobedience, but she hung her up by her braids from a coat rack in the classroom.
  2004. upright: in an erect position or posture; perpendicular; vertical, or nearly vertical; pointing upward
    E.g."It is a very good height indeed!" said the Caterpillar angrily, rearing itself upright as it spoke.
  2005. uproarious: characterized by loud, confused noise, or by noisy and uncontrollable laughter
    E.g.Taggi and Togi, trailing leashes, galloped out of nowhere to hurl themselves at him in uproarious welcome.
  2006. upshot: final result; outcome or effect; central idea or point; gist
    E.g.The upshot of the rematch was that the former champion proved that he still possessed all the skills of his youth.
  2007. urbane: showing a high degree of refinement
    E.g.A Mini is a car that is bandy and urbane, which is to say, good on gas and easy to park.
  2008. urge: force in an indicated direction; stimulate; excite
    E.g.These changes urge his supports to intensity like madness.
  2009. urgent: pressing; compelling immediate action or attention
    E.g.The FAO called the meeting to discuss urgent and concrete measures to address the humanitarian crisis in Africa.
  2010. utopia: ideally perfect place, especially in its social, political, and moral aspects
    E.g.Fed up with this imperfect universe, Don would have liked to run off to Shangri-la or some other imaginary utopia.
  2011. vacillate: sway unsteadily from one side to the other; oscillate
    E.g.The big boss likes his people to be decisive: when he asks you for your opinion, whatever you do, don't vacillate.
  2012. vacuous: empty; showing lack of thought or intelligence; vacant
    E.g.The vacuous remarks of the politician annoyed the audience, who had hoped to hear more than empty platitudes.
  2013. vagabond: person without permanent home who moves from place to place; wanderer; tramp
    E.g.A vagabond is at home nowhere because he wanders: a child should wander because it ought to be at home everywhere.
  2014. vagrant: person without home or job; bird found outside its species' usual range
    E.g.Because he was a stranger in town with no visible means of support, Martin feared he would be jailed as a vagrant.
  2015. vagrant: person without home or job; bird found outside its species' usual range
    E.g.Because he was a stranger in town with no visible means of support, Martin feared he would be jailed as a vagrant.
  2016. vain: having no real substance, value, or importance; empty; void; worthless; unsatisfying
    E.g.The passions may rage furiously, like true heathens, as they are; and the desires may imagine all sorts of vain things: but judgment shall still have the last word in every argument, and the casting vote in every decision.
  2017. valedictory: of speech given in farewell, especially one delivered by an outstanding member of graduating class
    E.g.I found the valedictory address too long; leave-taking should be brief.
  2018. valid: logically convincing; sound; legally acceptable; well grounded
    E.g.He said the large number of people surveyed and the lack of corrupting factors mean certain valid conclusions can be drawn from the results.
  2019. validate: confirm; ratify; declare or make legally valid
    E.g.I will not publish my findings until I validate my results.
  2020. valor: bravery; courage and boldness, as in battle
    E.g.John McCain, a Vietnam War hero of almost incomprehensible bravery and valor, is also trapped by a world view from another time.
  2021. vampire: ghostly beings that sucks blood of the living; person, such as extortionist, who preys upon others
    E.g.As legend has it, there's only one way a vampire is able to enter your home - you have to invite him in.
  2022. vanguard: advance forces; leading units at front of army or fleet; persons at forefront of any group or movement
    E.g.We are the vanguard of a tremendous army that is following us.
  2023. vantage: place or situation affording some advantage, especially good view
    E.g.They fired upon the enemy from behind trees, walls and any other point of vantage they could find.
  2024. vapid: dull and unimaginative; lacking taste or flavor
    E.g."Boring!" said Jessica, as she suffered through yet another vapid lecture about Dead White Male Poets.
  2025. vaporize: turn into vapor, steam, gas, or fog; decrease rapidly and disappear
    E.g."Zap!" went Super Mario's atomic ray gun as he tried to vaporize another deadly foe.
  2026. variegated: streaked, spotted, or marked with a variety of color; very colorful
    E.g.Without her glasses, Gretchen saw the fields of tulips as a variegated blur.
  2027. varnish: deceptively attractive external appearance; paint to coat a surface with a hard, glossy, transparent film
    E.g.When she arrives at the north London studio for her interview and photo-shoot, she is so clean and shiny it is as though she has been freshly dipped in varnish.
  2028. vassal: grantee of a fief, feud, or fee; one who holds land of superior; feudatory; feudal tenant
    E.g.The vassal swore that he would be loyal to the king forever.
  2029. veer: shift to clockwise direction; turn sharply; change direction abruptly
    E.g.After what seemed an eternity, the wind might veer to the east and the storm abated.
  2030. vehement: forceful; intensely emotional; inclined to react violently
    E.g.Alfred became so vehement in describing what was wrong with the Internal Revenue Service that he began jumping up and down and frothing at the mouth.
  2031. velocity: rapidity or speed of motion; swiftness
    E.g.Koryon flapped forward, dropping slightly to gain velocity from the dive.
  2032. venal: capable of being bribed; for sale, available for a price; corrupt
    E.g.The venal policeman cheerfully accepted the bribe offered him by the speeding motorist whom he had stopped.
  2033. vendetta: feud in which members of opposing parties murder each other; blood bitter quarrel
    E.g.The rival mobs engaged in a bitter vendetta.
  2034. vendor: seller; provider; vending machine
    E.g.The main weapon of the vendor is his tongue: his stream of words builds castles in the air, blows up glistening bubbles and silences all doubt.
  2035. veneer: thin layer; coating consisting of thin layer; ornamental coating to a building
    E.g.Casual acquaintances were deceived by his veneer of sophistication and failed to recognize his fundamental shallowness.
  2036. venerable: deserving high respect; impressive by reason of age; profoundly honored
    E.g.We do not mean to be disrespectful when we refuse to follow the advice of our venerable leader.
  2037. venerate: treat with great respect and deference; consider hallowed or be in awe of
    E.g.In Tibet today, the common people still venerate their traditional spiritual leader, the Dalai Lama.
  2038. venial: pardonable; able to be forgiven; trivial
    E.g.When Jean Valjean stole a loaf of bread to feed his starving sister, he committed a venial offense.
  2039. venison: beasts of the chase; flesh of any of the edible beasts of the chase
    E.g.The hunter entertained us with venison which was very delicious.
  2040. venom: poison; poisonous secretion of animal, such as snake or spider; spite
    E.g.The insect inserts the stinger into the skin and a venom is released into the surrounding tissue.
  2041. vent: small opening; means of escape or release; outlet; hole for the escape of gas or air
    E.g.A small volume of air can be felt when the chin vent is open.
  2042. vent: small opening; means of escape or release; outlet; hole for the escape of gas or air
    E.g.A small volume of air can be felt when the chin vent is open.
  2043. ventilate: freshen; circulate through and freshen
    E.g.He said the disagreement over how to ventilate the mine showed just why the agency should have open hearings on the accident.
  2044. ventriloquist: one who can make his voice seem to come from another person or thing
    E.g.This ventriloquist does an act in which she has a conversation with a wooden dummy.
  2045. venture: put at risk; adventure
    E.g."A cheap sort of present!" thought Alice. "I'm glad they don't give birthday presents like that!" But she did not venture to say it out loud.
  2046. venturesome: willing to try new things and take risks; bold
    E.g.These venturesome butterflies are stronger fliers and reproduce more quickly compared to their less mobile relatives.
  2047. venue: scene of any event or action; locality where a crime is committed or a cause of action occurs
    E.g.Will you stay at the Olympic village if your venue is an hour away?
  2048. veracity: truthfulness; unwillingness to tell lies
    E.g.Asserting his veracity, young George Washington proclaimed, "Father, I cannot tell a lie!".
  2049. verbalize: express in speech; speak or use words to express
    E.g.I know you don't like to talk about these things, but please try to verbalize your feelings.
  2050. verbatim: using exactly the same words
    E.g.He repeated her remarks verbatim.
  2051. verbiage: pompous array of words; overabundance of words
    E.g.After we had waded through all the verbiage, we discovered that the writer had said very little.
  2052. verbose: wordy; using or containing a great and usually an excessive number of words
    E.g.Someone mute can't talk; someone verbose can hardly stop talking.
  2053. verdant: green; full of juice in vegetation
    E.g.Monet's paintings of the verdant meadows were symphonies in green.
  2054. verge: extreme edge or margin; border; enclosing boundary; space enclosed by such a boundary
    E.g.Then the entire row along the verge is laid and brought into line with the help of a string.
  2055. verisimilitude: appearance of truth; probability; likelihood
    E.g.Critics praised her for the verisimilitude of her performance as Lady Macbeth. She was completely believable.
  2056. veritable: being without question; not counterfeit or copied; agreeable to truth or fact
    E.g.In those days, Scandinavia was known as a veritable workers' paradise; not it isn't;
  2057. verity: truth, fact or reality, especially enduring religious or ethical truth
    E.g.Did you question the verity of Kato Kaelin's testimony about what he heard the night Nicole Brown Simpson was slain?.
  2058. vernacular: everyday speech of people, as distinguished from literary language; natural style
    E.g.Cut out those old-fashioned thee's and thou's and write in the vernacular.
  2059. vernal: related to spring; suggestive of youth; vigorous and fresh
    E.g.Bea basked in the balmy vernal breezes, happy that winter was coming to an end.
  2060. versatile: having many talents; capable of working in many fields
    E.g.She was a versatile athlete, especially in basketball, hockey, and track.
  2061. vertebrate: animals having a bony or cartilaginous skeleton with a segmented spinal column
    E.g.List the vertebrate pests that commonly cause problems at cattle feedlots, dairies, and poultry.
  2062. vertex: highest point; apex or summit; common point of two lines of angle
    E.g.Let us drop a perpendicular line from the vertex of the triangle to the base.
  2063. vertigo: severe dizziness; reeling sensation; feeling about to fall
    E.g.When you test potential airplane pilots for susceptibility to spells of vertigo, be sure to hand out air-sickness bags.
  2064. verve: enthusiasm or liveliness; energetic style
    E.g.She approached her studies with such verve that it was impossible for her to do poorly.
  2065. vestige: trace; remains; indication that something has been happened
    E.g.We discovered a vestige of early Indian life in the cave.
  2066. veto: rejection; vote that blocks a decision; deny; prohibit; command against
    E.g.They avoid using the veto power, but that is clearly all they are willing to accept.
  2067. vex: annoy; disturb, especially by minor irritations; be a mystery or bewildering to
    E.g.Please try not to vex your mother; she is doing the best she can.
  2068. viable: practical or workable; capable of maintaining life; capable of continuing effectiveness
    E.g.Whether the industry can remain viable is a "broader and more complex question," he said.
  2069. vibrant: active; energetic; lively
    E.g.Business occupancy rates are rising and a huge investment has been made in the Newtown area, intended as a vibrant cultural centre and home to the famous Market Theatre.
  2070. vicarious: acting as substitute; done by deputy; experienced at secondhand
    E.g.Many people get a vicarious thrill at the movies by imagining they are the characters on the screen.
  2071. vicissitude: change, especially in one's life or fortunes; regular change or succession of one thing to another; alternation
    E.g.Humbled by life's vicissitude, the last emperor of China worked as a lowly gardener in the palace over which he had once ruled.
  2072. vie: strive for victory or superiority; contend; compete
    E.g.Politicians vie with one another, competing for donations and votes.
  2073. vigilant: attentive to discover and avoid danger, or to provide for safety; wakeful; watchful; circumspect; wary
    E.g.Picking stocks is tough enough, but amidst worries of a double-dip recession, be especially vigilant in what sectors you play.
  2074. vignette: unbordered picture, often a portrait; decorative design placed at beginning or end of book or chapter; short literary sketch
    E.g.The New Yorker published her latest vignette.
  2075. vigor: active strength of body or mind; imaginative lively style, especially style of writing; exertion of force
    E.g.Although he was over seventy years old, Jack had the vigor of a man in his prime.
  2076. vile: worthless; mean; despicable; depraved by sin; hateful
    E.g.This accusation of bribery is a vile smear on an honorable citizen.
  2077. vilify: debase; degrade; spread negative information about
    E.g.Waging a highly negative campaign, the candidate attempted to vilify his opponent's reputation.
  2078. vindictive: seek revenge or intended for revenge; showing malicious will
    E.g.Her neck and arms were full of scars from a vindictive rage by her husband's relatives, who believed her guilty of his death.
  2079. violate: treat in a violent manner; abuse; do violence to; disturb; interrupt
    E.g.While you looked so, I should be certain that whatever charter you might grant under coercion, your first act, when released, would be to violate its conditions.
  2080. viper: extremely poisonous or injurious snake; person regarded as malicious
    E.g.With fangs one and a quarter-inch-long, this viper is one of the most venomous snakes in the world.
  2081. virile: marked by energy and vigor; manly; able to copulate, as for male
    E.g.I do not accept the premise that a man proves he's virile by being belligerent.
  2082. virtual: existing or resulting in essence or effect though not in actual fact; existing in mind, especially as a product of imagination
    E.g.Connecting the real world with the virtual is the best way of putting the destiny of the city back in the hands of its citizens.
  2083. virtue: goodness, moral excellence; good quality
    E.g.My virtue is that I say what I think, my vice is that what I think doesn't amount to much.
  2084. virtuoso: highly skilled artist, as musician; one who is dazzlingly skilled in his field
    E.g.The child prodigy Yehudi Menuhin grew into a virtuoso whose violin performances thrilled millions.
  2085. virulent: extremely poisonous; hostile; bitter
    E.g.Laid up with a virulent case of measles, Vera blamed her doctors because her recovery took so long.
  2086. virus: disease communicator; something that poisons one's soul or mind; program for unwanted actions in computer
    E.g.So now I guess the virus is gone but I think we have another one because yahoo still freezes sometimes when you open a new browser window.
  2087. visage: face, countenance, or look of a person or an animal
    E.g.She is always wimpled that no man can see her visage.
  2088. viscid: adhesive; gluey; covered with sticky or clammy coating
    E.g.The trunk of the maple tree was viscid with sap.
  2089. viscous: sticky; gluey; having high resistance to flow
    E.g.Melted tar is a viscous substance.
  2090. vise: tool has two jaws to hold work piece firmly in place
    E.g.Before filing its edges, the locksmith took the blank key and fixed it firmly between the jaws of a vise.
  2091. vision: ability to see; sight; vivid mental image
    E.g.The Boeing vision for a growing aviation business seems to be one of a large number of direct, or 'point to point' flights.
  2092. visionary: produced by imagination; characterized by vision or foresight; imaginary; idealistic
    E.g."Because I was so heavily involved in the implementation side of the work, becoming a visionary is a very different role for me," he says.
  2093. vital: full of life; animated; necessary to continued existence; living or breathing
    E.g.Most states are facing drastic cuts in vital services because of the recession.
  2094. vitriolic: harsh or corrosive in tone; sarcastic; bitterly scathing
    E.g.Any time that a simple request for evidence results in vitriolic personal attacks, or an attempt to censor, with no attempt to address the issue.
  2095. vituperative: marked by harsh spoken or written abuse; scolding
    E.g.He became more vituperative as he realized that we were not going to grant him his wish.
  2096. vivacious: animated; lively; vigorous and active
    E.g.She had always been vivacious and sparkling.
  2097. vivid: bright; lively; graphic; having striking color
    E.g.All that might sound as if it could be slightly irritating, but it isn't at all because it's written with tremendous verve and vigor - really short, fast, vivid, colorful sentences.
  2098. vixen: female fox; a woman regarded as quarrelsome, shrewish, or malicious
    E.g.When I wear red I feel vibrant and like a sexy vixen, when I wear grey I feel distinctly dowdy.
  2099. vociferous: offensively loud; noisy; making outcry
    E.g.The crowd grew vociferous in its anger and threatened to take the law into its own hands.
  2100. vogue: popular fashion; current state or style of general acceptance and use
    E.g.Jeans became the vogue on many college campuses.
  2101. volatile: tending to vary often or widely, as in price; inconstant or fickle; tending to violence
    E.g.Increases in volatile weather have alarming impact on business resources and insurance markets.
  2102. volley: flight of missiles; round of gunshots; tennis return made by hitting the ball before it bounces
    E.g.The troop fired a volley of bullets at the enemy, but they could not be sure how many hit their target.
  2103. voluble: fluent; glib; talkative; marked by ready flow of speech
    E.g.The excessively voluble speaker suffers from logorrhea: he runs off at the mouth a lot!.
  2104. voluminous: large in volume or bulk; large in number or quantity, especially of discourse
    E.g.A caftan is a voluminous garment; most people wearing one look as if they're draped in a small tent.
  2105. voluptuous: giving pleasure or satisfaction of the senses; having strong sexual appeal
    E.g.The nobility during the Renaissance led voluptuous lives.
  2106. voracious: ravenous; excessively greedy and grasping; devouring or craving food in great quantities
    E.g.The wolf is a voracious animal, its hunger never satisfied.
  2107. vortex: whirlwind; whirlpool; center of turbulence; spiral motion of fluid within a limited area
    E.g.The higher velocity fluid around the core of the vortex is at a lower pressure than the fluid circulating farther away.
  2108. vouchsafe: grant; promise or agree condescendingly, as a special favor; permit
    E.g.Occasionally the rock star would drift out onto the balcony and vouchsafe the crowd below a glimpse of her celebrated features.
  2109. voyeur: viewer who enjoys seeing sex acts or sex organs of others
    E.g.He felt like some kind of voyeur, but every night he'd been at the window.
  2110. vulgar: common; low; coarse; belonging or relating to the common people, as distinguished from the cultivated or educated; lacking cultivation or refinement
    E.g.As if I would talk on such a subject! Our family always HATED cats: nasty, low, vulgar things! Don't let me hear the name again!
  2111. vulnerable: susceptible to wounds; capable of being wounded or hurt
    E.g.His opponents could not harm Achilles, who was vulnerable only in his heel.
  2112. wade: paddle; walk through relatively shallow water
    E.g.Presently, without a parting word, Joe began to wade off toward the Illinois shore.
  2113. waffle: speak or write evasively; pause or hold back in uncertainty or unwillingness
    E.g.When asked directly about the governor's involvement in the savings and loan scandal, the press secretary tried to waffle, talking all around the issue.
  2114. waft: cause to go gently and smoothly through air or over water
    E.g.Daydreaming, he gazes at the leaves that waft past his window.
  2115. wag: move one way and the other with quick turns; shake to and fro; move in vibrating; cause to vibrate
    E.g.Now I growl when I'm pleased, and wag my tail when I'm angry.
  2116. wage: hazard on the event of a contest; stake; engage in, as a contest; adventure, or lay out, for hire or reward; hire; employ
    E.g.The government has pledged itself to wage a war against poverty and disease.
  2117. waggish: witty, jocular, like a wag; humorous; tricky
    E.g.He was a prankster who, unfortunately, often overlooked the damage he could cause with his waggish tricks.
  2118. waif: homeless person, especially orphaned child; abandoned young animal
    E.g.Although he already had eight cats, he could not resist adopting yet another feline waif.
  2119. waive: give up temporarily; yield; give up voluntarily; defer
    E.g.If they can waive the fees for all charities, we think the others could lower their charges.
  2120. wake: trail of ship or other object through water; path of something that has gone before
    E.g.The wake of the swan gliding through the water glistened in the moonlight.
  2121. wallow: roll in water, snow, or mud; indulge in; move with difficulty in clumsy manner; plunge into course or condition
    E.g.You may be negative about your experiences and employment status but don't wallow in it.
  2122. wan: having a pale or sickly color; unnaturally pale, as from physical or emotional distress
    E.g.They sat in wan silver moonlight that ghosted through the windows.
  2123. wane: decrease in size or strength; draw gradually to an end
    E.g.When lit, does a wax candle wane?
  2124. wanton: unrestrained; willfully malicious; immoral or unchaste
    E.g.Pointing to the stack of bills, Sheldon criticized Sarah for her wanton expenditures.
  2125. warble: sing note or song with trills; modulate tone's frequency
    E.g.Every morning the birds warble outside her window.
  2126. ward: guard; defender; protector; state under guard; division of a county; division of a hospital
    E.g.The patient lay quietly on his bed in the medical ward.
  2127. warp: rope used in hauling or moving a vessel, usually with one end attached to an anchor, a post, or other fixed object; towing line; state of being twisted or bent out of shape
    E.g.This collection of stereotypes reads like it fell through a time warp from a couple of decades ago.
  2128. warrant: guarantee; assurance by seller; authorization or certification
    E.g.Wiretapping of our citizens without a warrant is against our values and not tolerated by the Democratic Party.
  2129. wary: very cautious; on guard; watchful
    E.g.Many teachers remain wary of linking test scores to paychecks.
  2130. wastrel: one who wastes, especially one who wastes money; idler or loafer
    E.g.His neighbors denounced him as a wastrel who had dissipated his inheritance.
  2131. waver: play or move to and fro; move one way and the other; swing; be unsettled in opinion
    E.g.The disaster caused him to waver in his faith.
  2132. wax: increase gradually in size, number, strength, or intensity; show a progressively larger illuminated area
    E.g.With proper handling, his fortunes wax and he becomes rich.
  2133. waylay: lie in wait for and attack from ambush; wait in hiding to attack; intercept unexpectedly
    E.g.They agreed to waylay their victim as he passed through the dark alley going home.
  2134. wean: gradually deprive infants of mother's milk; detach affections of
    E.g.He decided he would wean himself away from eating junk food and stick to fruits and vegetables.
  2135. weary: tired; exhausted; physically or mentally fatigued
    E.g.Dressed in a sport jacket and jeans, Louis Vartan stood with his arms crossed and an expression of weary horror on his face.
  2136. weather: endure the effects of weather or other forces; come through safely; survive
    E.g.He had to weather the crisis in his personal life with difficulty.
  2137. weird: queer; of a strikingly odd or unusual character; strange
    E.g.I think it's good for a person and good for the work eventually, in weird ways that don't pop out immediately.
  2138. welter: turmoil; bewildering jumble; confused mass
    E.g.The existing welter of overlapping federal and state programs cries out for immediate reform.
  2139. welter: turmoil; bewildering jumble; confused mass
    E.g.The existing welter of overlapping federal and state programs cries out for immediate reform.
  2140. wheedle: cajole; coax; deceive by flattery
    E.g.She knows she can wheedle almost anything she wants from her father.
  2141. whelp: young offspring of a mammal, such as a dog or wolf; child or youth
    E.g.This collie whelp won't do for breeding, but he'd make a fine pet.
  2142. whine: utter a plaintive cry, as some animals; moan with a childish noise; complain, or to tell of sorrow, distress,
    E.g.Every evening my two cats whine at the door, asking to be let out.
  2143. wholesome: conducive to sound health or well-being; beneficial
    E.g.They can be made dairy free, still be delicious, and contain wholesome goodness.
  2144. wiggle: move to and fro with a quick, jerking motion; bend rapidly, or with a wavering motion, from side to side
    E.g.Children wiggle restlessly in their chairs when waiting for parents.
  2145. wring: twist; squeeze; compress, especially so as to extract liquid
    E.g.Chase hopes to wring more profits by offering more products.
  2146. wrinkle: a minor difficulty; a slight depression in the smoothness of a surface
    E.g.This new wrinkle is even more disturbing to me, I have to say.
  2147. zest: a piece of orange or lemon peel, used to give flavor to liquor; something that gives or enhances a pleasant taste; appetizer
    E.g.The element of risk gave added zest to the adventure.