Cells and Tissues - 1

Card Set Information

Author:
fidelforde
ID:
231887
Filename:
Cells and Tissues - 1
Updated:
2013-09-02 15:25:41
Tags:
Cells Tissues Massage Prep
Folders:

Description:
Cells and Tissues Practice Study Guide Exam 1
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user fidelforde on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. What is the function of the serous membrane and serous fluid?

    A) Absorb toxins from the blood
    B) Reduce friction between articulating bones with joint capsule
    C) None of these options
    D) Reduce friction between visceral organs
    D) Reduce friction between visceral organs
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. What is the name of the process whereby a cell duplicates itself by dividing?

    A) Mitosis
    B) Endocytosis
    C) Phagocytosis
    D) Meiosis
    A) Mitosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Ultimately, energy for ATP synthesis comes from where?

    A) Breakdown of foods
    B) Proper rest
    C) Exercise
    D) ADP
    A) Breakdown of foods
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. For which of the following cells is the statement true: All of the cells that a person has and will have for his entire life are present at birth?

    A) Skin cells
    B) Bone cells
    C) Muscle cells
    D) Blood cells
    C) Muscle cells
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Which is not connective tissue?

    A) Hyaline cartilage
    B) Squamous epithelium
    C) Adipose tissue
    D) Disc cartilage
    B) Squamous epithelium
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Which is not a function of epithelial tissue?

    A) Secretion
    B) Stimulus detection
    C) Exchanges of gases
    D) Absorption
    C) Exchanges of gases
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Which of the following is not part of a cell?

    A) Ribosome
    B) Centrosome
    C) Mitochondria
    D) Hyaline cartilage
    D) Hyaline cartilage
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Which of the following best describes a progression of the levels of organization of the human body from simple to complex

    A) System, organs, tissues, cells, organism
    B) Cells, organism, system, organs, tissue
    C) Cells, tissues, organs, systems and organism
    D) Tissue, organsm, organm systems
    C) Cells, tissues, organs, systems and organism
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Which of the following is mainly of dense fibrous connective tissue?

    A) Elastic tissue
    B) Adipose tissue
    C) Bone
    D) Tendon
    D) Tendon
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Which is not considered connective tissue?

    A) Areola
    B) Adipose
    C) Myeloid
    D) Blood
    C) Myeloid (bone marrow or spinal cord)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. What type of cells are in the nervous system?

    A) Fibroblast
    B) Chondrocytes
    C) Neuroglia
    D) Red Bone Marrow
    C) Neuroglia

    The supportive tissue of the nervous system, including the network of branched cells in the central nervous system (astrocytes, microglia, and oligodendrocytes) and the supporting cells of the peripheral nervous system (neurilemma and satellite cells). Also called glia.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. What type of tissue forms serous membranes?

    A) Dense fibrous
    B) Adipose
    C) Epithelial
    D) Muscle
    C) Epithelial 

    Serous membranes: a mesothelial tissue that lines certain internal cavities of the body, forming a smooth, transparent, two-layered membrane lubricated by a fluid derived from serum. The peritoneum, pericardium, and pleura are serous membranes.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Types of fibers located in dense fibrous tissue

    A) Elastin
    B) Keratin
    C) Collagen
    D) Keloid
    C) Collagen

    (contains bundles of white collagen fibers)
    Dense fibrous tissue: compact, strong, inelastic bundles of mostly parallel collagenous fibers that are glistening white.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. What does osseous tissue store?

    A) Neurons
    B) Platelets
    C) Calcium
    D) Lipids
    C) Calcium

    Osseous (bone)
    *major structural and supportive connective tissue
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. What is the defining characteristic of all epithelial tissue?

    A) Flat
    B) A mucous membrane
    C) Avascular
    D) Ciliated
    C) Avascular

    *without blood flow
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. What is the function of epithelial tissue?

    A) Protection
    B) Secretion
    C) Absorption
    D) All of the above
    D) All of the above
  17. What is another word for areolar tissue?

    A) Flat
    B) Dense irregular
    C) Dense regular
    D) Loose connective tissue
    D) Loose connective tissue

    areolar: relating to or like or divided into areolae; "areolar tissue"
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Where can you find chondrocytes?

    A) Epidermis
    B) Cartilage
    C) Osseous tissue
    D) Blood
    B) Cartilage

    *Condros = cartilage
    chondrocytes: cell that has secreted the matrix of cartilage and become embedded in it.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. What does blood tissue contain?

    A) White blood cells
    B) Red blood cells
    C) Platelets
    D) All of the above
    D) All of the above
  20. What type of tissue is red bone marrow?

    A) Blood
    B) Bone
    C) Hemopoietic
    D) Vascular
    C) Hemopoietic

    hematopoietic: pertaining to the formation of blood or blood cells; "hemopoietic stem cells in bone marrow"
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Nerve tissue is derived from which type of derm layer?

    A) Ectoderm
    B) Endoderm (most proximal layer)
    C) Endoderm and mesoderm
    D) Mesoderm (middle layer)
    A) Ectoderm

    *most exterior layer
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. What is the most widespread and abundant tissue in the body?

    A) Epithelial
    B) Connective
    C) Muscle
    D) Nervous
    B) Connective

    *connective tissue is a fibrous tissue.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Where can you find hemopoietic tissue

    A) Spleen
    B) Thymus
    C) Tonsils
    D) All of the above
    D) All of the above
  24. Which of the following tissue primary characteristic stretches in all directions?

    A) Epithelial
    B) Ligaments
    C) None of these options
    D) Tendon
    A) Epithelial
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. What is the type of white fibrous tissue called

    A) Bone
    C) Ligament
    D) Epithelial
    D) Muscle
    C) Ligament
  26. What is composed of dense fibrous connective tissue?

    A) Tendon
    B) Adipose tissue
    C) membrane
    D) Muscle
    A) Tendon
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. What is the most vascular tissue in the body

    A) Viscera
    B) Skeletal
    C) Sphincter
    D) Smooth muscle
    B) Skeletal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. What are two major characteristics of nervous tissue

    A) Chemical productions and contractionWhich of the following describes the structure of the plasma membrane of a cell?
    B) Flexion and extension
    C) Activity and contraction
    D) Irritability and conductivity
    D) Irritability and conductivity
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. Which of the following describes the structure of the plasma membrane of a cell?

    A) Two lipid layers arranged tail to tail in which protein molecules float
    B) Two protein layers arranges with space between then to allow for maximum permeability
    C) A net-like structure of proteins and carbohydrates that serve as receivers of nutrient
    D) Randomly arranged microtubules held together by positively charged sodium ionsPlasma membrane is selectively permeable.
    A) Two lipid layers arranged tail to tail in which protein molecules float
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. Which of the following are permeable

    A) Ions
    B) Gases onlyWhat is Cytosol
    C) Water and most lipid-soluble molecules
    D) Charged molecules that carry nutrients
    C) Water and most lipid-soluble molecules

    Permeable: allowing liquids or gases to pass through it.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. What is Cytosol

    A) Another name for cytoplasm
    B) A water-soluble nutrient in the cell
    C) The liquid portion of the cytoplasm
    D) None of the above
    C) The liquid portion of the cytoplasm

    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. Main function of microvilli on the cell membrane

    A) Increase cell's surface area of absorption
    B) To aid in the cell's movement through interstitial fluid
    C) To hold organelles in place
    D) To protect the cell from pathogens
    A) Increase cell's surface area of absorption

    microvilli: tiny hairlike folds in the plasma membrane that extend from the surface
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. About two-thirds of the fluid in the hum body is contained inside body cells. What is this fluid called?

    A) Interstitial fluid
    B) Extracellular fluid
    C) Plasma
    D) Intracellular fluid
    D) Intracellular fluid
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. What is interstitial fluid?

    A) another name for cytoplasm
    B)Fluid that surrounds and transport nutrients from outside the cell, through the cell membrane and into the cytoplasm where the nutrients are then released as fluid breaks down
    C) The portion of extracellular fluid that fills microscopic spaces between cells of tissue
    D) None of the options
    C) The portion of extracellular fluid that fills microscopic spaces between cells of tissue
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. What is it called when a pressure gradient forces fluid or dissolved particles across the cell membrane?

    A) Filtration
    B) Diffusion
    C) Osmosis
    D) Active transport
    A) Filtration
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. At what phase of mitosis does the centromere separate and chromatids become individual chromosomes that move to opposite sides of the cell?

    A) Prophase
    B) Metaphase
    C) Anaphase
    D) Telophase
    • C) Anaphase
    • Anaphase: stage of cell division in which the chromosomes move away from one another to opposite poles of the spindle.

    Prophase: first stage of cell division, before metaphase, during which the chromosomes become visible as paired chromatids and the nuclear envelope disappears. 

    Metaphase: second stage of cell division, between prophase and anaphase, during which the chromosomes become attached to the spindle fibers.

    Telophase: the final phase of cell division, between anaphase and interphase, in which the chromatids or chromosomes move to opposite ends of the cell and two nuclei are formed.
  37. What is the difference between mitosis and meiosis?

    A) Mitosis doubles the number of chromosomes while meiosis haves the number of chromosomes.
    B) Mitosis occurs in males, meiosis occurs in females
    C) Meiosis is the term for the end of mitosis
    D) None of the above
    A) Mitosis doubles the number of chromosomes while meiosis haves the number of chromosomes.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. Where in the cell are the organelles?

    A) In the Golgi complex
    B) In the cytoplasm
    C) Organelles make up the structure of the cell membrane
    D) In the nucleus
    B) In the cytoplasm

    (organelles are specialized structure of a cell, such as a mitochondrion, Golgi, lysosome, endoplasmic reticulum, ribosome, centriole, chloroplast, cilium, or flagellum)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. Which part of the cell contains a variety of digestive enzymes and has demolition site as it’s nick name
    A) Lysosome
    B) Mitochondria
    C) Ribosome
    D) Smooth endoplasmic reticulum
    A) Lysosome
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. 44. Which part of the cell is the site of most ATP production and has the nickname power house of the cell?

    A) Ribosome
    B) Mitochondria
    C) Rough endoplasmic reticulum
    D) Lysosome
    B) Mitochondria
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. Which part of the cell is studded with ribosomes and provides vesicles to transport synthesized protein?

    A) Lysosome
    B) Smooth endoplasmic reticulum
    C) Mitochondria
    D) Rough endoplasmic reticulum
    D) Rough endoplasmic reticulum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. Which part of the cell functions is to metabolize lipids as well as provide detoxification of a variety of harmful substances?

    A) Golgi complex or Golgi apparatus
    B) Mitochondria
    C) Lysosome
    D) Smooth endoplasmic reticulum
    D) Smooth endoplasmic reticulum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. 48) What is the part of the cell modifies and packages proteins and has traffic director as its nickname?

    A) Smooth endoplasmic reticulum
    B) Mitochondria
    C) Golgi complex or Golgi apparatus
    D) Lysosome
    C) Golgi complex or Golgi apparatus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. Which part of the cell is the site for protein synthesis?

    A) Ribosome
    B) Mitochondria
    C) Lysosome
    D) Rough endoplasmic reticulum
    A) Ribosome
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. Which of the following is the term for a cell that does not have a nucleus?

    A) Eukaryote
    B) Macrophage
    C) Organelle
    D) Prokaryote
    D) Prokaryote

    Karyote - nucleus
    Pro - before
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. What is the name given to a spherical bodies inside the nucleus of a cell that produces ribosomes?
    A) Nucleoli
    B) Chromosomes
    C) Genes
    D) DNA
    A) Nucleoli
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. Which of the following are the small spindle-like organelle that supervise cell division and aid in distributing DNA during cell division?
    A) Phagocytes
    B) Centrioles
    C) Collagen
    D) Oocytes
    B) Centrioles
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48. The Sodium-potassium is part of the active transport process. What is the essential of the function of the sodium-potassium pump?

    A) The sodium-potassium pump helps control the production of phagocytes in order to maintain a healthy immune system
    B) None of the options
    C) Normal transmission of nerve cell impulses requires the sodium-potassium pump to move sodium ions out of the cells and potassium ions into the cell
    D) The sodium-potassium pump aids in the digestions of nutrients
    C) Normal transmission of nerve cell impulses requires the sodium-potassium pump to move sodium ions out of the cells and potassium ions into the cell
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. Which is the name for the process of cell drinking by which fluids are engulfed by the cell?

    A) Exocytosis
    B) Phagocytosis
    C) Pinocytosis
    D) Endocytosis
    C) Pinocytosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  50. What is the definition of histology

    A) The study of family genetic
    B) The study of tissue
    C) The study of the history of science
    D) The study of disease
    B) The study of tissue
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  51. What are pleura, pericardium, and peritoneum?
    A) Serous membranes (serosa)
    B) Tissue layers of the heart
    C) Synovial membranes
    D) Mucous membranes (mucosa)
    • A) Serous membranes (serosa)
    • tissue that lines certain internal cavities of the body, forming a smooth, transparent, two-layered membrane lubricated by a fluid


    • Pleura- each of a pair of serous membranes lining the thorax and enveloping the lungs 
    • pericardium- membrane enclosing the heart, consisting of an outer fibrous layer and an inner double layer of serous membrane
    • peritoneum- the serous membrane lining the cavity of the abdomen and covering the abdominal organs.
  52. Which tissue is characterized as having rapid cell division to replace injured dead cells?

    A) Muscle tissue
    B) Connective tissue
    C) Nervous tissue
    D) Epithelial tissue
    D) Epithelial tissue
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  53. From what kind of tissue do endocrine and exocrine glands develop?

    A) Connective tissue
    B) Muscle tissue
    C) Nervous tissue
    D) Epithelial tissue
    (Endocrine and exocrine glands develop from epithelial tissue
    D) Epithelial tissue

    (Endocrine and exocrine glands develop from epithelial tissue)

    Endocrine - secrete  hormones, directly into the blood (ductless glands) The main endocrine glands include the pituitary gland, pancreas, ovaries, testes, thyroid gland, and adrenal glands 
    En - in (no ducts)

    Exocrine - secrete their products (excluding hormones and other chemical messengers) into ducts (duct glands) Ex - Exit
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview