fundamentals of nursing ch. 15

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fundamentals of nursing ch. 15
2013-08-29 14:29:48
fundamentals nursing potter perry 15

the key terms from chapter 15
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  1. clinical decision making
    problem solving approach that nurses use to define patient problems and select appropriate treatment.
  2. concept map
    care-planning tool that assists in critical thinking and forming associations between a patient's nursing diagnoses and interventions.
  3. critical thinking
    active, purposeful, organized, cognitive process used to carefully examine one's thinking and the thinking of other individuals.
  4. decision making
    process involving critical appraisal of information that results from recognizing a problem and ends with generating testing and evaluating a conclusion. comes at the end of critical thinking.
  5. diagnostic reasoning
    process that enables an observer to assign meaning to and classify phenomena in clinical situations by integrating observations and critical thinking.
  6. evidence-based knowledge
    knowledge that is derived from the integration of best research clinical expertise, and patient values.
  7. inference
    judgment or interpretation of informational cues. or... taking one proposition as a given and guessing that another proposition follows.
  8. nursing process
    systematic problem-solving method by which nurses individualize care for each patient. the five steps of the nursing process are assessment, diagnosis, planning, implementation, and evaluation.
  9. problem solving
    methodical, systematic approach to explore conditions and develop solutions, including analysis of data, determination of causative factors, and selection of appropriate actions to reverse or eliminate the problem.
  10. reflection
    process of thinking back or recalling an event to discover the meaning and purpose of that event. useful in critical thinking.
  11. scientific method
    codified sequence of stepsĀ used in the formulation, testing, evaluation and reporting of scientific ideas.