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What are neurotransmitters?
Chemical substances that aid in the transmission of all information throughout the body
What are the 7 types of neurotransmitters?
Dopamine (Excitatory), Serotonin (Inhibitory), Epinephrine (Excitatory), Nor-Epinephrine (Excitatory), GABA (Inhibitory), Histamine (Neuromodulator), Acetylcholine (Excitatory/Inhibitory)
What Does Dopamine(excitatory) do?
Associated with Parkinsons, Doppy is excited to control complex movement, motivatrion, cognition. Doppy also controls emtional resonse and the ability to experience pleasure and pain
What does Serotonin (inhibitory) do?
Sarah the showstopper, She says she has had enough alot. Usually about food intake, sleep and wakefulness. It regulates temperature, pain control, sexual behavior, emotion and mood
What does Epinephrine (excitatory) do?
Eppy is the fight or fligh. He's strong and ready to fight
What does Nor-Epinephrine (Excitatory) do?
Nora can relax Eddie, she brings things into balance, alertness, memory , attention, learning, energy
What does GABA gamma-aminobutyric acid (inhibitory) do?
Gabby is every bodies friend, in the middle of everything, she helps streamline all the info being exchanged between nerves. Without here we would be all over the place
What does Histamine (Neuromodulator) do?
Henry controls alertness, gastric secretions, cardiac stimulation and peripheral allergic response
What does Acetylcholine (E/I)
Aunty Cyta is always in the background controlling everything, She controls the sleep cycle and signals muscles to become alert.
What is EPS?
Extrapyramidal Side Effects
What are the EPS's?
- *Dystonia- Acute muscular stiffness/rigiditity
- *Pseudoparkinsonism- Tremors, pill rolling, stooped posture, shuffled gait, rigid, fixed expression.
- *Akathisia- Intense need to move
- *Tarrive Dyskinesia- PERMANENT involuntary movement
- *NMS Neuroepileptic Malignant Syndrome- Rigidity, High Fever, unstable BP, Diaphoresis, pallor, delirium, elevated enzymes(CPK), confused or mute, can fluctuate from agitation to a stupor. LIFE THREATENING usually seen with older anti-psychotic drugs
- *Anticholinergic SE- Orthostatic hypotension, Tachycardia, dry mouth, constipation, urinary retention, blurred vision, decreased memory, dry eyes, photophobia
Types of Psychotropic medication?
Antidepressants, Antipsychotics, Antoanxiety, Mood Stabilizers, Stimulants
What are Antipsychotics?
They are Neuroleptic Drugs that BLCOK DOPAMINE RECPETORS. They are used for psychosis, delusions, hallucinations, bipolart maniac phase, achizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder. OFF LABEL USES: anxiety, insomnia, aggressive behavior, Alzeheimers, Dementia, OCD, Tourettes, PTSD
Common Antipsychotics are?
Zyprexa(Olanzapine), Seroquel(Quetiapine), Abilify(Aripiprazole), Haldol(Haloperidol), Clozaril(Clozapine), Risperdal(Risperidone), Thorazine(chlorpromazine), Invega(Paliperidone)
Side effects of antipsychotics
Anticholinergic S/E, Dystonia, tartive dyskinesia, Akathisia, Pseudo parkinsonism, NMS
What are Antidepressants?
Medications that interferes with the Nor-epinephrine & Serotonin reuptake. They aare used for Major Depression, anxiety disorders, bipolar depressive phase, psychotic depression. OFF LABEL USES: Chronic pain, migraine, neuropathy, sleep apnea, panic disorders, eating disorders, dermatalogic disorders, smoking cessation, menopause
What are the categories of antidepressants?
TCS's, MAOI, SSRI, SNRI, Others