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2013-08-29 16:47:21
psych meds

Show Answers:

  1. What are neurotransmitters?
    Chemical substances that aid in the transmission of all information throughout the body
  2. What are the 7 types of neurotransmitters?
    Dopamine (Excitatory), Serotonin (Inhibitory), Epinephrine (Excitatory), Nor-Epinephrine (Excitatory), GABA (Inhibitory), Histamine (Neuromodulator), Acetylcholine (Excitatory/Inhibitory)
  3. What Does Dopamine(excitatory) do?
    Associated with Parkinsons, Doppy is excited to control complex movement, motivatrion, cognition. Doppy also controls emtional resonse and the ability to experience pleasure and pain
  4. What does Serotonin (inhibitory) do?
    Sarah the showstopper, She says she has had enough alot. Usually about food intake, sleep and wakefulness. It regulates temperature, pain control, sexual behavior, emotion and mood
  5. What does Epinephrine (excitatory) do?
    Eppy is the fight or fligh. He's strong and ready to fight
  6. What does Nor-Epinephrine (Excitatory) do?
    Nora can relax Eddie, she brings things into balance, alertness, memory , attention, learning, energy
  7. What does GABA gamma-aminobutyric acid (inhibitory) do?
    Gabby is every bodies friend, in the middle of everything, she helps streamline all the info being exchanged between nerves. Without here we would be all over the place
  8. What does Histamine (Neuromodulator) do?
    Henry controls alertness, gastric secretions, cardiac stimulation and peripheral allergic response
  9. What does Acetylcholine (E/I)
    Aunty Cyta is always in the background controlling everything, She controls the sleep cycle and signals muscles to become alert.
  10. What is EPS?
    Extrapyramidal Side Effects
  11. What are the EPS's?
    • *Dystonia- Acute muscular stiffness/rigiditity
    • *Pseudoparkinsonism- Tremors, pill rolling, stooped posture, shuffled gait, rigid, fixed expression.
    • *Akathisia- Intense need to move
    • *Tarrive Dyskinesia- PERMANENT involuntary movement
    • *NMS Neuroepileptic Malignant Syndrome- Rigidity, High Fever, unstable BP, Diaphoresis, pallor, delirium, elevated enzymes(CPK), confused or mute, can fluctuate from agitation to a stupor. LIFE THREATENING usually seen with older anti-psychotic drugs
    • *Anticholinergic SE- Orthostatic hypotension, Tachycardia, dry mouth, constipation, urinary retention, blurred vision, decreased memory, dry eyes, photophobia
  12. Types of Psychotropic medication?
    Antidepressants, Antipsychotics, Antoanxiety, Mood Stabilizers, Stimulants
  13. What are Antipsychotics?
    They are Neuroleptic Drugs that BLCOK DOPAMINE RECPETORS. They are used for psychosis, delusions, hallucinations, bipolart maniac phase, achizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder. OFF LABEL USES: anxiety, insomnia, aggressive behavior, Alzeheimers, Dementia, OCD, Tourettes, PTSD
  14. Common Antipsychotics are?
    Zyprexa(Olanzapine), Seroquel(Quetiapine), Abilify(Aripiprazole), Haldol(Haloperidol), Clozaril(Clozapine), Risperdal(Risperidone), Thorazine(chlorpromazine), Invega(Paliperidone)
  15. Side effects of antipsychotics
    Anticholinergic S/E, Dystonia, tartive dyskinesia, Akathisia, Pseudo parkinsonism, NMS
  16. What are Antidepressants?
    Medications that interferes with the Nor-epinephrine & Serotonin reuptake. They aare used for Major Depression, anxiety disorders, bipolar depressive phase, psychotic depression. OFF LABEL USES: Chronic pain, migraine, neuropathy, sleep apnea, panic disorders, eating disorders, dermatalogic disorders, smoking cessation, menopause
  17. What are the categories of antidepressants?
    TCS's, MAOI, SSRI, SNRI, Others