P.T 1.1.1

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efrain12
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231946
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P.T 1.1.1
Updated:
2013-08-29 19:53:58
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psych
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chpater 1
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  1. what is the basis of psych testing?
    inference
  2. what is a test?
    is a measurement device or technique used to quantify behavior or aid in the understanding or prediction of behavior
  3. What is an item? (2)
    -is a specific stimulus to which a person responds overtly

    -this response can be scored or evaluated
  4. what is a psychological test?
    is a set of items that are designed to measure characteristics of human beings that pertain to behavior
  5. What are scales?
    relate raw scores on test items to some defined theoretical or empirical distribution
  6. 3 things test may do
    -mesure behavior

    -predict future behavior

    -infer hidden behavior
  7. individual or group test; which is the test administrator more active?
    indicivudla
  8. 3 types of human ability tests
    -achievement tests

    -aptitude tests

    -intelligence tests
  9. (human ability tests) achievement tests
    measure previous learning
  10. (human ability tests) aptitude tests
    measure potential for acquiring a particular skill
  11. (human ability tests) Intelligence tests
    predict future academic performance
  12. What does intelligence refer to? (4)
    a persons general ability to solve problems, adapt to changing circumstances, think abstractly, and profit from experience
  13. what is a structured test?
    there is a statement and the testee chooses a response to it from a limited set of possibilities
  14. What is a projective test?
    the stimulus and or the response are ambiguous
  15. (principles of psych testing) Reliability
    refers to the accuracy, dependability, consistency, or repeatability of test results
  16. (principles of psych testing) Validity (1-1)
    refers to the meaning and usefulness of tests

    ex) for what inference is this test valid?
  17. what is the act of handing out the test?
    test administration
  18. What dynasty was using test batteries?
    han dynasty 200 BC-200 AD
  19. In what year did the british east india company adopt the chinese system to select employees for overseas duty?
    1832
  20. what year did the american govt established the AMERICAN CEIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION?
    1883
  21. What was the idea behind the american civil service commission?
    idea was that the smarter you were and the more knowledge you had the more likely you were able to do your job effectively
  22. What was an important phrase that Darwin wrote on Origin of species?
    bc of difference between individuals the fitter survived to reproduce and so passed their own traits, leading to current levels of intelligence and complexity
  23. what book did francis galton write and who was he?
    Hereditary genius; Darwin's cousin
  24. who came up with the idea of mental tests?
    James Mckeen CAttell
  25. Who is credited with founding the science of psychology?
    William Wundt
  26. Where and what year did William Wundt set up a lab?
    In University of Leipzig in 1879
  27. What was the seguin form board?
    one of the first western psych tests
  28. why was seguin form board made?
    • developed to educate and evaluate the mentally handicapped
    • *it was just like fischers play shapes
  29. Who was appointed by the French Ministry of Public instruction and why?
    Alfred Binet and Theodore Simon, to develop a way to identify mentally subnormal individuals
  30. What were Binets 3 revolutionary ideas?
    -intelligence develops

    -develops at a different rate

    -can measure it by how people solve problems
  31. what where the 2 things that 1905 Binet-scale introduced?
    -norms

    - mental age
  32. In 1912, what did Stern do with mental age and chronological age?
    he made it into a ratio
  33. What did Terman do in 1916 to the Binet-Simon test? and what did he call it?
    translated into english bc it had many items that were culture specific; Standford Binet
  34. What was the name of the study Terman embarked upon?
    Genius Study
  35. What 2 groups did the army use ?
    army alpha and army beta
  36. What prompeted schools to use IQ tests?
    after world war I
  37. By end of 1930s, what did david weschler develop? what did it introduced and for who was it aimed for?
    Weshcler-Bellvue; deviation IQ and performance scales; adults
  38. what was the woodworth personal data sheet developed for?
    to weed out army recurits who were more likely to develop shell shock
  39. When did Rorschach first publish his inkblot test?
    1921
  40. What did the freudians call rorschach test?
    royal road to the unconsciousness
  41. what does the thematic apperception test (TAT) measure?
    Murrays theory about "needs" and "presses"
  42. What can the TAT be useful for?
    psychotherapy
  43. which was the first empirically developed personality test?
    MMPI in 1937
  44. what was the shakow report?
    is the foundation of formal clinical training standars in pscyhology
  45. where and when was shakow report made?
    Boulder conference; 1947
  46. what did the report specifiy? (2)
    -psych testing was unique function of clinical psychs

    -that the use of psych tests be taught only to doctoral level psych students
  47. where did the term, scientist-professional for clinical psychs, originate from?
    shakow report
  48. In shakow report, where clinical psychs allowed to do psychotherapy by themselves?
    no only with collab with physicians
  49. What two things were psyhcologistis uniquely trained in?
    scientific methods and foundations of psych functions

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