Case Study 3

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  1. acute hepatic failure
    the sudden onset of liver failure
  2. advanced cardiac life support
    a set of interventions for urgent treatment of cardiac arrest; these interventions include medications, CPR, and defibrillation (delivery of electrical energy with defibrillator)
  3. alveolitis
    inflammation of the alveoli
  4. amphoric
    describing a hollow sound resulting from percussion over a lung cavity
  5. ancillary
  6. asystolic
    pertaining to asystole (absence of cardiac contraction)
  7. atrial fibrillation
    rapid, irregular contractions of the atria (upper chambers of the heart)
  8. atrial flutter
    rapid contractions of the atria, more regular than fibrillation
  9. axial sections
    referring to cross sections obtained in a horizontal plane of a structure of the body, either by slicing or by imaging techniques
  10. axillary
    pertaining to the armpit
  11. basal ganglia calcifications
    deposits of calcium in basal ganglia (groups of nerve cells in the brain)
  12. bilateral
    occurring on both sides
  13. bleb
    an abnormal air-filled of fluid-filled sac
  14. bronchoscopy
    visual examination of the bronchial passages of the lungs through a bronchoscope; a surgical procedure
  15. brushings
    cell samples that are obtained with a brush; this material is sent for examination of the cells for carcinoma or other disease processes, such as tuberculosis
  16. carina
    a downward and backward projection of the lowest tracheal cartilage, forming a ridge between the openings of the right and left main bronchi
  17. cavitary lesions
    abnormal tissue areas containing cavities
  18. cerebral edema
    excessive accumulation of fluid in the brain substance that causes swelling
  19. code blue
    medical jargon meaning a patient's heartbeat and/or respirations have ceased, calling for immediate resuscitation procedures (CPR)
  20. congestion
    swelling of blood vessels due to engorgement with blood
  21. cords
    referring to vocal cords, 2 small bands of muscle within the larynx; the vocal cords vibrate to produce the voice
  22. cortical atrophy
    death of cells in the cerebral cortex (part of the brain)
  23. coumadin
    trade name for  warfarin sodium, an anticoagulant drug
  24. CT
    abbreviation for computerized tomography
  25. dialysis catheter
    tubular instrument inserted into a major vein in order to filter the blood of impurities; dialysis is done in patients whose kidneys have less than normal function
  26. echocardiogram
    the record obtained by using ultrasound to bounce back ultrasonic waves from the heart
  27. effusion
    the escape of fluid into a body part or tissue
  28. ejection fraction
    the proportion of the volume of blood in the ventricles at the end of diastole that is ejected during systole
  29. EKG leads
    conductors connected to an electrocardiograph (EKG machine)
  30. embolectomy
    surgical removal of a blood cloth from a blood vessel
  31. endobronchial
    within the bronchi or bronchial tubes
  32. epiglottis
    the lidlike cartilaginous structure that folds back over the larynx during swallowing and that prevents food from entering the lungs
  33. ET tube
    abbreviation for endotracheal tube, a tube inserted into the trachea to assist in ventilating the patient
  34. etiology
    cause or origin of a disease or disorder
  35. fungemia
    the presence of a fungal growth in the blood stream
  36. glottis
    the vocal apparatus of the larynx consisting of several structures that form the supporting structures of the vocal cords
  37. hemoccult
    trade name for test to discover occult (hidden) blood in the stool
  38. hemodialysis
    the removal of waste substances from the blood by means of a hemodialyzer
  39. hemoptysis
    the expectoration or spitting up of blood or blood stained sputum from the bronchial tubes as a result of pulmonary or bronchial hemorrhage
  40. hepatosplenomegaly
    enlargement of the liver and spleen
  41. high-flow oxygen
    oxygen administered via the highest setting on the oxygen machine ( as opposed to low-flow oxygen, which is at a lower level)
  42. hilar
    pertaining to the depression, notch, or opening where the vessels and nerves enter an organ
  43. HPI
    abbreviation for history of present illness
  44. hydrocephalus
    an increase in the volume of cerebrospinal fluid in the ventricles of the cerebrum (brain)
  45. hypokinesia
    abnormally decreased motor function or activity
  46. hypoxic
    pertaining to deficient oxygenation of the tissues
  47. idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
    hardening of the pulmonary structures of either unknown or spontaneous origin
  48. infiltrate
    a collection of inflammatory cells, foreign organisms, and cellular debris; when present on chest x-ray it indicates pneumonia
  49. INR
    abbreviation for international normalized ratio-one of the clotting studies performed along with PT (prothrombin time)and PTT (partial thromboplastin time)
  50. intravenous
    within or into a vein
  51. intravenous contrast
    material inserted into a vein that allows differences in tissues to be delineated; used in radiology and cardiology procedures
  52. intubated
    the condition of having a tube inserted into a body canal or hollow organ
  53. intubation
    the insertion of a tube into a body canal or hollow organ
  54. klebsiella pneumoniae
    one etiologic agent of acute bacterial pneumonia (microbiology genus and species name)
  55. lesion
    any abnormality involving an organ or tissue due to a disease process or injury
  56. low-flow oxygen
    oxygen administered via the lowest setting on the oxygen machine
  57. malaise
    a vague feeling of bodily discomfort
  58. mechanical ventilation
    ventilation supported or provided by a machine
  59. mediastinal
    pertaining to the membranous partition separating the lungs or the 2 pleural sacs
  60. MVA
    abbreviation for motor vehicle accident
  61. myocardial infarction
    injury or necrosis of the heart muscle due to lack of blood supply to the area
  62. nasoduodenal feeding tube
    tube that goes through the nose and down through the esophagus and stomach to sit at the first part of the intestine; the patient is fed nutritional supplementation through the tube
  63. nephrologist
    a medical specialist in diagnosing and treating kidney disease
  64. open-lung biopsy
    taking a small sample of apparently diseased tissue in surgery while the lungs are exposed (as opposed to a brush biopsy or a procedure with the lungs not exposed)
  65. palpitations
    rapid or irregular heartbeats; primarily used in the plural form
  66. parenchymal
    pertaining to the essential elements of an organ, i.e., the functional elements of an organ
  67. pleural
    pertaining to the serous membrane that convers the lungs and lining of the thoracic cavity
  68. prothrombin time
    a test for coagulation factors of the blood; also dictated and written pro time
  69. pseudocords
    false cords; part of the anatomical structure of the larynx (voice box)
  70. pulmonary
    pertaining to the lungs
  71. pulmonary vascular congestion
    engorgement of pulmonary vessels occurring in cardiac disease, infections, and certain bodily injuries
  72. rhonchi
    sounds with a musical pitch (heard on auscultation) in bronchial tubes due to inflammation, spasm of muscle, or presence of mucus; used most commonly in the plural form
  73. S1, S2, S3, S4
    first, second, third, and fourth heart sounds; may be heard while listening to the heart via stethoscope; S1 and S2 are normal sounds, S3 and S4 are not normally heard
  74. septicemia
    toxins in the blood, formerly called "blood poisoning"
  75. sputum
    material coughed up from the lower respiratory tract
  76. subarachnoid hemorrhage
    hemorrhage at or between the arachnoid and pia mater of the brain
  77. supraventricular cardiac arrhythmias
    irregularity in the rhythm of the heart starting from a focus above the ventricles
  78. tachycardia
    fast heart rate
  79. thorax
  80. thrombosis
    formation or presence of a thrombus or blood clot
  81. tuberculosis
    an infectious disease of the lung
  82. venticles
    lower chambers of the heart
  83. versed
    trade name for a drug given intravenously either before or during surgery to produce sedation and amnesia
  84. xylocaine
    trade name for lidocaine, a topical anesthetic drug
Card Set:
Case Study 3
2013-09-17 18:11:52

words to study for quiz on 9/2
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