Med Term Chapter 2

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Author:
loismarie
ID:
232037
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Med Term Chapter 2
Updated:
2013-08-30 13:22:00
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Medical Terminology Chapter
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Description:
Body Structure and Directional Terminology
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  1. HOME/O
    SAME
  2. -STASIS
    CONTROLLING
  3. META
    CHANGE, BEYOND
  4. BOL/O
    THROWING
  5. -ISM
    STATE OF
  6. ANA
    UP, APART
  7. CATA
    DOWN
  8. CYT/O
    CELL
  9. -PLASM
    FORMATION
  10. LYS/O
    DISSOLVING
  11. -SOME
    BODY
  12. RIB/O
    BODY
  13. MITOCHONDRI/O
    MITOCHONDRIA
  14. -ON
    STUCTURE
  15. NUCLE/O
    NUCLEUS
  16. -US
    STRUCTURE
  17. HIST/O
    TISSUE
  18. STROM/O
    STROMAL
  19. PAR
    NEAR
  20. EN
    IN
  21. CHYM/O
    JUICE
  22. -AL
    PERTAINING TO
  23. MY/O
    MUSCLE
  24. NEUR/O
    NERVOUS
  25. VISCER/O
    ORGAN
  26. APIC/O
    APEX
  27. CORPOR/O
    SOM/O
    SOMAT/O
    BODY
  28. FORNIC/O
    FORNIX
  29. FUND/O
    FUNDUS
  30. HIL/O
    HILUM
  31. LUMIN/O
    LUMEN
  32. SIN/O

    SINUS/O
    SINUS
  33. VESTIBUL/O
    VESTIBULE
  34. MYEL/O
    SPINAL CORD OR BONE MARROW
  35. HEM/O
    HEMAT/O
    BLOOD
  36. OSTE/O
    OSSE/O
    BONE
  37. LYS/O
    BREAKDOWN/DISSOLVE
  38. CYT/O
    CELLUL/O
    CELL
  39. EPITHELI/O
    EPITHELIUM
  40. ADIP/O
    FAT
  41. CARDI/O
    HEART
  42. MYOCARDI/O
    HEART MUSCLE
  43. THEL/E
    NIPPLE
  44. KARY/O
    NUCLE/O
    NUCLEUS
  45. ORGAN/O
    VISCER/O
    ORGAN, VISCERA
  46. STROM/O
    STROMA
  47. SYSTEM/O
    SYSTEM
  48. HIST/O
    TISSUE
  49. BOL/O
    TO THROW, THROWING
  50. ana-
    up, apart, away
  51. cata-
    down
  52. en-
    in
  53. endo-
    within
  54. epi-
    above, upon
  55. meta-
    beyond, change
  56. para-
    near, beside, abnormal
  57. supra-
    upward, above
  58. -al
    -ous
    pertaining to
  59. -ia
    -ism
    condition, state of
  60. -on
    structure
  61. -plasm
    formation
  62. -some
    body
  63. -stasis
    controlling, stopping
  64. -um
    structure, thing, membrane
  65. -us
    structure
  66. bucc/o
    cheek
  67. cephal/o
    head
  68. cervic/o
    neck
  69. crani/o
    skull
  70. faci/o
    face
  71. front/o
    front
  72. ment/o
    chin
  73. nas/o
    nose
  74. ocul/o
    eye
  75. or/o
    mouth
  76. ot/o
    ear
  77. abdomin/o
    abdomen
  78. axill/o
    armpit
  79. cox/o
    hip
  80. delt/o
    triangular
  81. inguin/o
    groin
  82. mamm/o
    breast
  83. pelv/o
    pelv/i
    pelvis
  84. pub/o
    pubis
  85. stern/o
    sternum (breastbone)
  86. thorac/o
    chest
  87. umbilic/o
    umbilicus (naval)
  88. ante-
    forward
  89. cubit/o
    elbow
  90. brachi/o
    arm
  91. carp/o
    wrist
  92. crur/o
    leg
  93. digit/o
    finger/toe
  94. femor/o
    thigh
  95. man/u
    hand
  96. palm/o
    palm

    *Also termed volar
  97. patell/o
    patell/a
    kneecap
  98. ped/o
    foot

    * be careful because it can also mean children
  99. plant/o
    sole
  100. tars/o
    ankle
  101. acromi/o
    • acromion
    • (highest point of shoulder)
  102. dors/o
    back
  103. glute/o
    buttocks
  104. lumb/o
    lower back/loin
  105. nuch/o
    neck
  106. olecran/o
    elbow
  107. perine/o
    • perineum
    • *space between the external genitalia and the anus
  108. poplit/o
    back of knee
  109. sacr/o
    sacrum
  110. scapula/o
    scapula, shoulderblade
  111. sur/o
    calf
  112. vertebr/o
    vertebra/spine
  113. ventr/o
    belly
  114. super/o
    upward
  115. infer/o
    downward
  116. caud/o
    tail
  117. -ad
    toward
  118. medi/o
    middle
  119. later/o
    side
  120. ipsi-
    same
  121. contra-
    opposite
  122. uni-
    one
  123. bi-
    two

    * Be careful, bi- is two and bi/o is living, life
  124. superficial
    external
  125. deep
    internal
  126. proxim/o
    near
  127. dist/o
    far
  128. dextr/o
    right
  129. sinister/o
    left
  130. af-
    toward
  131. fer/o
    to carry
  132. -ent
    pertaining to
  133. ef-
    away from
  134. supine
    lying on one's back
  135. prone
    lying on one's belly
  136. dextrad
    toward the right
  137. sinistrad
    toward the left
  138. afferent
    pertaining to carrying toward a structure
  139. efferent
    pertaining to carrying away from a structure
  140. anter/o
    front
  141. antr/o
    cavity
  142. pleur/o
    pleural
  143. stern/o
    sternum
  144. mediastin/o
    mediastinum
  145. ili/o
    iliac(part of the hip)
  146. inguin/o
    inguinal/groin
  147. ile/o
    ileum(part of the intestine)
  148. thorac/o
    chest
  149. pariet/o
    wall
  150. -verse
    to turn
  151. -ant
    -iac
    -ic
    pertaining to
  152. epi-
    above, upon
  153. hyper-
    excessive, above
  154. hypo-
    below, deficient
  155. mid-
    middle
  156. trans-
    through
  157. omphal/o
    umbilicus
  158. spin/o
    spine
  159. viscer/o
    organ/o
    organ
  160. diaphragmat/o
    diaphragm/o
    phren/o
    diaphragm
  161. abdmoin/o
    celi/o
    lapar/o
    abdomen
  162. sagittal
    vertical planes
  163. midsagittal
    separates into equal right & left halves
  164. frontal
    divides front & back portions
  165. transverse
    divides horizontally into upper & lower
  166. oblique
    divides body at a slanted angle

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