Random A&P

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phut52
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232077
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Random A&P
Updated:
2013-09-06 12:52:52
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Random A&P
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  1. breaking of bond
    catabolism
  2. making chemical bonds (molecules)
    anabolism
  3. chemical reaction of your body
    metabolism
  4. amount of heat required to raise 1g of water by 1 celcius
    calorie
  5. molecules made of a repetitive series of identical or similar subunit
    monomer
  6. monomer + monomer=
    a dimer
  7. joining of monomers to form a polymer
    polymerzation
  8. lowers activation energy needed for metabolism
    enzymes
  9. example of a enzyme
    vitamin
  10. all digestion consist of hydrolysis
  11. water functions
    • solvent
    • cohesive
    • adhesive
    • thermal stability
  12. can dissolve in water
    hydrophilic
  13. cant dissolve in water
    hydrophobic
  14. thyroid hormone
    iodine
  15. hemoglobin
    iron
  16. nerve and muscle function
    electrolytes
  17. types of monsaccarides
    • glucose 
    • fuctose
    • galactose
  18. types of disaccharide
    • maltose
    • sucrose
    • lactose
  19. types polysaccaride
    • starch
    • celluose
    • glycogen
    • chitin
  20. glucose+glucose=
    maltose
  21. fructose+glucose=
    sucrose
  22. galactose+glucose=
    lactose
  23. a water molecule ionizes into OH neg and H+.
    a covalent bond linking one monomer to another is broken, the OH- is added to one monomer and the H+ is added to the other one.
    hydrolysis
  24. Stearic acid
    saturated fat
  25. linoleic acid
    unsaturated
  26. animal fat
    saturated fat
  27. neutral fats
    triglyceride fat
  28. when fatty acids bond with carboxl ends, the force is no longer acidic
    triglyceride
  29. stucture of triglyceride
    • 3 fatty acids 
    • one glycerol
  30. template of steroids we need
    cholesterol
  31. importance of cholesterol
    • required proper nervous system function
    • important component of cell membranes
  32. factor in good cholesterol
    • genetic
    • amount of fat eaten
    • exercise
    • avoid bad transfat
  33. how much is cholesterol is produced by our body?how much is derived from  our diet?
    15%
  34. greek word that means of first importance
    protien
  35. a polymer of amino acid
    protien
  36. monomer of a lipid
    fatty acid
  37. central carbon with three attachments
    amino acid
  38. monomer of carbs
    monosacharides
  39. two monosacharides combine to from sugar
    glycocidic bond
  40. the bond between two amino acids
    peptide bond
  41. any molecule composed of two or more amino acids joined by peptide bond
    peptide
  42. proteins sequence of amino acids, which is encoded in the genes
    primary structure
  43. coiled or folded shape held together by hydrogen bonds between the slightly negative C=O group of one peptide bond and the slightly positive N-H group of another one some distance away
    secondary
  44. formed by the further bonding and folding of protiens in to various shapes
    teritiary structure
  45. association of two or more poly perptide chains by no covalent forces such as ionic bond and hydrophylic-hydrophobic interaction
    quaternary

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