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They were all taken in by his s_
A salesperson's sales pitch is what they say in order to persuade someone to buy something from them.
Despite its length and convoluted plot, 'Asta's Book' is a rich and rewarding read.
- If you describe a sentence, idea, or system as convoluted, you mean that it is complicated and difficult to understand. (formal, disapproval)
- I’ll get to the convoluted details of that scandal later.
Aug.15, the 68th anniversary of Japan's c_ in World War II
to stop resisting an enemy and accept that you are defeated
- If you capitulate, you stop resisting and do what someone else wants you to do.
- They were finally forced to capitulate to the terrorists' demands.
The numerous and f_ (likely to have a lot of influence or many effects) apologies by various past prime ministers only helped to a certain degree
- If you describe actions, events, or changes as far-reaching, you mean that they have a very great influence and affect a great number of things. 〔影響や効果などが〕広範囲に及ぶ、遠くまで伝わる
- The economy is in danger of collapse unless far-reaching reforms are implemented.
I'll have to d_ (to use a supply of something that is available to you) my savings.
- If you draw on or draw upon something such as your skill or experience, you make use of it in order to do something. ⇒ [vp n]
- The novelist draws heavily on her personal experiences.
I could e_ (to get information or a reaction from somebody, often with difficulty) no response from him.
- If you elicit a response or a reaction, you do or say something which makes other people respond or react.
- Her tears elicited great sympathy from her audience.
Is he always this slow o_ (to be quick/slow to understand something)?
There has been a high u_ of the free training.
- You say that someone is quick on the uptake when they understand things quickly. You say that someone is slow on the uptake when they have difficulty understanding simple or obvious things.
- After a long night studying everybody is slow on ［in］ the uptake, right?
He rued the day they had bought such a large house.
- If you rue the day that you did something, you are sorry that you did it, because it has had unpleasant results. (literary)
- But the hours made her "a mother by phone" — something she rued after her youngest daughter began to skip school.
The challenge of fully engaging women in the workforce is m_ (having many different aspects to be considered a complex and multifaceted problem)
- Multi-faceted means having a variety of different and important features or elements.
- Webb is a multi-faceted performer.
- Her job is multi-faceted.
He did well to get such a good m_ (a number or letter that is given to show the standard of somebody's work or performance or is given to somebody for answering something correctly).
A mark is a point that is given for a correct answer or for doing something well in an exam or competition. A mark can also be a written symbol such as a letter that indicates how good a student's or competitor's work or performance is.
General Mill's b_ (a stupid or careless mistake) was that it did the research after the product failed
- a stupid or careless mistake
- But the shift from startup to grown-up was filled with accounting blunders, disappointing earnings and a tumbling stock price, leading to Mason's demise.
All my plans for the party had gone awry.
- if something goes awry, it does not happen in the way that was planned
- She seems to have acted as soon as she found out something was awry.
I refuse to s_(= behave as badly as them).
- sink to their level
- They descended to the level of personal insults.
No other brand name has quite the same cachet.
- if something has cachet, it has a special quality that people admire and approve of
- "The ‘made in America' cachet is certainly more real in the United States maybe than anywhere else in the world,"
We're g_ to win.
to make a very great effort to get something or do something
- going all out
My plans d_ nicely with hers.
if two things dovetail or if one thing dovetails with another, they fit together well
- if two things dovetail or if one thing dovetails with another, they fit together well
- Of course corporate brands and their employees’ personal social media activities do not always dovetail so smoothly.
‘Who would do such a thing?’ ‘Maybe someone with an old score to settle.’
If you settle a score or settle an old score with someone, you take revenge on them for something they have done in the past.
The arguments for this problem can be cut both ways
- to have two opposite effects or results
OK, but it's going to be a r_
- rush job
- A rush is a situation in which you need to go somewhere or do something very quickly.
create a l_
a situation in which everyone has the same opportunities
You talk about a level playing field to mean a situation that is fair, because no competitor or opponent in it has an advantage over another.
I suppose we could s_ something together in a day or two
It was really a slap together job, but it wasn't entirely bad.
Is it the kind I s_, the kind I steal, the kind that makes me double your workload?
to talk about somebody/something in a way that makes it clear that you think they are stupid or ridiculous
- If you scoff at something, you speak about it in a way that shows you think it is ridiculous or inadequate.
- "You'll be scoffed at by them if you submit such a sloppy proposal." "But it's due today. I have no time to rewrite it."
She was not p_ any information contained in the letters.
allowed to know about something secret
If you are privy to something secret, you have been allowed to know about it.
screening for aneurysms
- an area of extreme swelling on the wall of an artery
These children have a huge reserve of l_ talent.
existing, but not yet very noticeable, active or well developed
- Latent is used to describe something which is hidden and not obvious at the moment, but which may develop further in the future.
Advertisements attempt to project a latent meaning behind an overt message.
We have no choice but to g_
If you grin and bear it, you accept a difficult or unpleasant situation without complaining because you know there is nothing you can do to make things better.
Their quarterly meetings were a_ affairs
unlikely to cause disagreement or offend anyone; not expressing strong opinionsbland
- If you describe something as anodyne, you are criticizing it because it has no strong characteristics and is not likely to excite, interest, or upset anyone.
- The audit files are available to regulators who continue to produce anodyne reports.
We have no choice but to s_ and take whatever they offer
You're going to have to swallow your pride and ask for your job back.
It may seem a strange story but it r_ to me.
- rings true/false/hollow
They were being sucked into the maelstrom of war.
- a situation full of strong emotions or confusing events, that is hard to control and makes you feel frightened
- inside, she was a maelstrom of churning emotions.
Her confidence had never f_.
- to become tired, weaker or less enthusiastic
- It had been a long day and the children were beginning to flag.
It was very p_ you to notice that.
- perceptive of
- having or showing the ability to see or understand things quickly, especially things that are not obvious
- A lot of my best friends are women - they're so intelligent and so perceptive.
The company is proud to be in the vanguard of scientific progress.
- the leaders of a movement in society, for example in politics, art, industry, etc
- the vanguard of modern literature
many companies offer b_ templates and cheap web hosting.
- bare bones
- The bare bones of today's news are as follows.
- Anything bare bones has only the most basic elements or parts.
As the debate went on, tempers began to fray.
〈比喩〉すり減る・Tempers are fraying. : 平常心を保つことが難しくなってきている。
She t_ him to lunch.
- he treated the children to a trip to the zoo
- to entertain somebody with something special
You picked a bad time to become i_
- showing a clear understanding of a person or situation
- “Michelle will be very experienced and insightful about what kinds of venues are useful and appropriate to help me get that message across.”
School fees can m_ your savings.
- make a big hole in
- Buying the new equipment left a big hole in the company's finances.
- a place or position that needs to be filled because somebody/something is no longer there
I left him in the market h_ the price of a shirt.
- haggling over
- to argue with somebody in order to reach an agreement, especially about the price of something
- We spent a long time haggling with the authorities over our visas.
What's the s_ in your family—who does the cooking?
I've s_ a meeting for Friday.
- to arrange for something to happen
A person who is extremely proud of his or her abilities will often suffer a setback or failure, because he or she tends to be overconfident and to make errors of judgment.
Pride comes before a fall
Many small financial firms struggle to pay their overhead while others are dependent on a handful of r_ to bring in clients.
- a person who makes a business grow and become successful
He never gets r_, even under pressure.
- to make somebody annoyed, worried or upset
- Nothing ever seems to ruffle Susan.
Subsequent experiments failed to r_ these findings.
- (formal) to copy something exactly
- Many of the supposed nanobacteria were less than 100 nanometres across, smaller than many viruses, which cannot replicate independently.
I'm not g_ very fast with this job.
- getting on
- used to talk or ask about how well somebody is doing a task
What expenses can you o_ tax?
- offset against
- to use one cost, payment or situation in order to cancel or reduce the effect of another
- Prices have risen in order to offset the increased cost of materials.
I'm b_ curfews.
- big on
- enthusiastic about
- But then I've never liked crowds myself, and I'm not that big on advertising, either.
She was still gloating over her rival's disappointment.
- If you gloat, you express great satisfaction at the misfortune of others.
- I hope you haven't just come here to gloat.
She regards living in New York as a p_; she hates big cities.
something that you have to do even though you do not like doing it
Penance is the act of doing a good deed to make up for past wrongs.
One Tuesday every month, he fasted, denying himself the meat pies he loved, in penance.
We still have plenty of l_ productionwise
the amount of freedom that you have to change something or to do something in the way you want to
Leeway is the freedom that someone has to take the action they want to or to change their plans. ⇒ [+ to-inf]
not have the leeway to focus on external issues
But next time h_ it
to keep something for somebody else or for longer than usual
If you hold on to something, you keep it for a longer time than would normally be expected.
You should hold on to this book as it will someday be valuable
S_ a sneeze in a quiet theater or s| your true emotions to not cause a teary scene.
to prevent something from growing, developing or continuing
If a natural function or reaction of your body is suppressed, it is stopped, for example by drugs or illness. ⇒ [be v-ed]
She was unable to suppress her anger.
Don't worry; the deal was completely above board.
- legal and honest; in a legal and honest way
- If you do everything above board, you will have to pay tax on your earnings.
Formal, e_ and obstinate, he was also cold, suspicious, touchy and tactless.
very accurate and careful about details
- If you describe someone as exact, you mean that they are very careful and detailed in their work, thinking, or methods.
- Exact fare, please. Please have exact fare.
They are f_. They have exhausted all of their alternatives.
no longer powerful, effective or able to continue
Someone or something that is finished is no longer important, powerful, or effective.
I thought I was finished
I assure you we'll l_ in trying to resolve this.
to try every possible course of action in order to find or achieve something
If you say that you will leave no stone unturned, you are emphasizing that you will try every way you can think of in order to achieve what you want
leave no stone unturned in meeting someone's demands
We had i_ left without paying the bill.
by accident; without intending to
An inadvertent action is one that you do without realizing what you are doing.
inadvertently go one stop beyond one's destination
Women make a lot of small decisions along the way, making a_ and sacrifices.
an agreement or arrangement between people or groups with different opinions which is acceptable to everyone; the process of reaching this agreement
The two countries should be persuaded to work towards some sort of mutual accommodation.
I g_ you there
to agree with somebody/something
If you go along with a person or an idea, you agree with them.
All my friends pretended to know nothing and went along with my act
We are going to have to sit down and do some serious s_ after this
the careful examination of your thoughts and feelings, for example in order to reach the correct decision or solution to something
Soul-searching is a long and careful examination of your thoughts and feelings, especially when you are trying to make a difficult moral decision or thinking about something that has gone wrong.
show no sign of serious soul searching
You should r_ the causes of this fiasco.
to think carefully and deeply about something
When you reflect on something, you think deeply about it.
I told him to reflect on what he'd done
We have little to lose by sticking to a c_ policy on racial matters.
We will go with a coal-and-ice policy on that matter.
That would be the o_ move at this point.
generally accepted or approved of; following generally accepted beliefs
Orthodox beliefs, methods, or systems are ones which are accepted or used by most people.
go by an orthodox method
They have two big g_ with the situation
a complaint about something
A gripe is a complaint about something. (informal)
The customer seems to have a legitimate gripe.
The staff is e_ about the new vacation policy.
very happy, excited and enthusiastic; feeling or showing great enthusiasm
If you are ecstatic, you feel very happy and full of excitement. ⇒ [+ about]
ecstatic about being alive
Discuss this o_
Whether you are conservative or liberal, pro- or anti-anything, keep that limited to personal and off-line conversations.
Spiegel rejected the e_ and posted screen shots of email conversations with Zuckerberg on Twitter.
a serious and often emotional request
- An entreaty is a very polite, serious request. (formal)
- Despite her entreaties, he left.
Zuckerberg seems p_, not upset
thinking deeply about something, especially because you are sad or worried
If you are pensive, you are thinking deeply about something, especially something that worries you slightly.
The hiring of temporary staff is a s_ with the union.
a subject that makes you feel angry or upset when it is mentioned
If something is a sore point with someone, it is likely to make them angry or embarrassed if you try to discuss it. ⇒ [+ with/for/between]
You've touched on a sore point.
The symptoms may be e_ by certain drugs.
to make something worse, especially a disease or problem
- If something exacerbates a problem or bad situation, it makes it worse. (formal)
exacerbate the anxieties that someone already feels
He spends a lot of time l_ around the employees lounge
to spend your time not doing anything, especially when you should be working
I was just loafing around in my bed
I will b_in a nice way
to say that you are unable to do something that you have agreed to do
ask someone to let one beg off on ~ this time around
He's always begging off at the last minute.
The government fiscal policy has now reached the c_
a place where two roads meet and cross each other
If you say that something is at a crossroads, you mean that it has reached a very important stage in its development where it could go one way or another.
He has reached a career crossroads (= he must decide which way to go next in his career).
ValueAct is s_ on Microsoft's consumer and hardware businesses and wants more focus on business and software products
not cheerful; bad-tempered and unpleasant
- Someone who is sour is bad-tempered and unfriendly.
- 《be ～》〈米話〉～への［に対する］興味［関心］をなくしている、～に敵意を抱いている、～に敵対している、～に嫌な顔をする
- He is pretty sour on me
As a_ as edgeless work may be, if you had the chance to stick with some specifically described job long enough, you'd probably figure out what you needed to do
having no definite shape, form or structure
- Something that is amorphous has no clear shape or structure. (formal)
They have c_ some from their original offer
if a price, a temperature, a rate, etc.comes down, it gets lower
In order to facilitate the sale of his house, he came down on the price.
You live and learn
- used to express surprise at something new or unexpected you have been told
He has a house in five European capitals—how do you t_ that?
to say or do something that is better, funnier, more impressive, etc. than something that somebody else has said or done in the past
If you top a story, remark, or action, you follow it with a better or more impressive one. ⇒ [V n]
How are you going to top that?
The increase in the price of oil had a k_ effect on the cost of many other goods.
causing other events to happen one after another in a series
If there is a knock-on effect, one action or event causes several other events to happen one after the other.
The cut in new car prices has had a knock-on effect on the price of used cars.
Nothing that you say bothers her. She has a really t_
the ability to accept criticism, insults, etc. without becoming upset
If you say that someone is thick-skinned, you mean that they are not easily upset by criticism or unpleasantness.
develop a thick skin to criticism
She retained her mental f_ (= the ability to think and understand) until the day she died.
any of the physical or mental abilities that a person is born with
Your faculties are your physical and mental abilities.
It is also a myth that the faculty of hearing is greatly increased in blind people.
He s_ into the room looking very pleased with himself.
to walk in an extremely proud and confident way
If you swagger, you walk in a very proud, confident way, holding your body upright and swinging your hips.
John Steed was an arrogant, swaggering young man.
Zara introduces styles every few weeks, spurring other retailers to s_ their own schedules.
to increase the amount, speed, etc. of something
If you step up something, you increase it or increase its intensity.
He urged donors to step up their efforts to send aid to Somalia.
If you expect to fail, you will fail. It's a s_ prophecy.
becomes true because people expect it to be true and behave in a way that will make it happen
If you describe a statement or belief about the future as self-fulfilling, you mean that what is said or believed comes true because people expect it to come true.
If you say long enough that something is smelly, it begins to be smelly, it becomes a self-fulfilling prophecy
He was c_ to a life of hardship.
to force somebody to accept a difficult or unpleasant situation
If circumstances condemn you to an unpleasant situation, they make it certain that you will suffer in that way. ⇒ [V n + to]
Their lack of qualifications condemned them to a lifetime of boring, usually poorly-paid work.
I'll schedule sometime on Wednesday to h_ you and more time on Friday to escalate to your boss.
keep following somebody and not leave them alone, especially in order to get something from them or ask them questions.
If someone hounds you, they constantly disturb or speak to you in an annoying or upsetting way. ⇒ [V n]
Newcomers are constantly hounding them for advice.
Stop p_ and come to the point.
(formal) to avoid giving a direct answer to a question in order to hide the truth
If you prevaricate, you avoid giving a direct answer or making a firm decision.
After months of prevarication, the political decision had at last been made.
He had attacked her with a s_ knife.
having a series of sharp points on the edge like a saw
A serrated object such as a knife or blade has a row of V-shaped points along the edge.
coin with a serrated edge
He said my clothes didn't suit me, and then to a_ he said I needed to lose some weight!
to make a bad relationship with somebody worse by offending them even more
You say to add insult to injury when mentioning an action or fact that makes an unfair or unacceptable situation even worse.
The questions were an i_
some television is an insult to intelligence
Sales reps need to know their products cold so they can answer the most a_ questions.
secret and mysterious and therefore difficult to understand
Something that is arcane is secret or mysterious. (formal)
the arcane rules of cricket
- without preparing
- I can't just walk in there cold and give a speech.
N_ researchers used various sensors to measure perspiration, heart rate, and eye movement.
connected with a nerve or the nervous system
Neural means relating to a nerve or to the nervous system. (medicine)
Consumers f_ through social media sites and skip right past online ads.
to move lightly and quickly from one place or thing to another
If someone flits from one thing or situation to another, they move or turn their attention from one to the other very quickly.
He's prone to flit between subjects with amazing ease.
An employee is a_
(formal) showing or feeling opposition
If a person is antagonistic to someone or something, they show hatred or dislike towards them. ⇒ [+ to/towards]
Nearly all the women I interviewed were aggressively antagonistic to the idea.
In b_ cases teachers will take the final decision, based on the student's previous work.
not clearly belonging to a particular condition or group; not clearly acceptable
Something that is borderline is only just acceptable as a member of a class or group.
borderline diabetic, performance
Malcolm's work methods appear amazingly s_.
done, or doing something, too quickly and carelessly
If you describe someone as slapdash, you mean that they do things carelessly without much thinking or planning. (disapproval)
a slapdash piece of writing
My father's notes are more c_ here.
with a meaning that is hidden or not easily understood
A cryptic remark or message contains a hidden meaning or is difficult to understand.
a cryptic message/remark/smile
(saying) if you know about problems, dangers, etc. before they happen, you can be better prepared for them
forewarned is forearmed