PSY 469 - Exam 1

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  1. Brandeis Brief
    A legal, argumentative document submitted to the 1908 US Supreme Court in Muller v. Oregon. This document set a precedent for the courts to consider research in their decisions.
  2. Legal Realism
    Early 20th-century movement that attempted to redefine the purpose of law. It was based on the idea that social policy goals and research evidence should play a major role in judicial decisions.
  3. Culture
    a set of shared basic assumptions about the relative importance of competing goals, how disputes should be resolved, and what procedures to follow in striving for goals
  4. Empirical Legal Studies (ELS)
    early 21st century movement in law schools in which law is studied through data collection and research analysis
  5. Precedent
    a past judicial decision that guides judges in making future decisions about similar legal situations
  6. stare decisis
    the principle that future judicial decisions should be based on precedent.
  7. Adversarial System
    a system of justice in which opposing parties present competing versions of the evidence in an effort to win a favorable judgment.
  8. Code of Professional Responsibility
    a set of ethical rules, developed by the American Bar Association (ABA), governing the conduct of lawyers: lawyers must "represent their clients zealously within the bounds of the law."

    It focuses on the legal efficacy of an argument as opposed to its veracity.
  9. Suborning Perjury
    the criminal act of persuading or purposefully allowing another person to lie about a material issue while under oath
  10. Forensic Psychology
    the use of psychological knowledge or research methods to advise, evaluate, or reform the legal system
  11. Trial Consultants
    advisors hired to provide expertise in the service of litigants.

    • - jury selection
    • - witness preparation
    • - trial strategy
  12. amicus curiae brief
    a written document submitted to the court by parties with no direct involvement, but a strong interest in the case. APA uses this to summarize relevant research and to clarify the overall meaning of a set of findings
  13. brief
    written documents submitted to the judge/ panel of judges. Typically offers interpretations of relevant law and summarizes facts and arguments for a party to the dispute
  14. Daubert Trilogy
    3 court cases that expanded the role of judge as gatekeeper. Together, their precedents delegated authority to the trial judge for evaluating the validity and relevance of proposed expert testimony and determining its admissibility in court.
  15. Evaluation Research
    an empirical assessment of a program's effectiveness in achieving its intended goals.
  16. Expert
    one who has acquired specialized knowledge though significant education or relevant experience. usually allowed to provide an opinion in court pertaining to their specialized field
  17. Gatekeepers
    judges must assess the scientific validity of potential testimony before allowing it to be heard at trial
  18. Trier of Fact
    the persons given responsibility to for evaluating the evidence presented at trial and rendering a verdict
Card Set:
PSY 469 - Exam 1
2013-09-11 05:23:31


Psychology and Law: A Cautious Alliance
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