Art Vocab

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  1. Abstraction
    A process or visual effect characterized by the simplification and/or rearrangement of the image.
  2. Addition
    A sculptural term that means building up, assembling, or putting on material.
  3. Aesthetic, Aesthetics
    1. Sensitive to art of beauty. "Aesthetically pleasing" implies intellectual or visual beauty (i.e., creative, eloquent, or expressive qualities of form, as opposed to the mere recording of facts in visual, descriptive, or objective ways). 2. The study or theory of beauty- traditionally a branch of philosophy but now a compound of the philosophy, psychology, and sociology of art- dealing with the definition, inspiration, intent, forms and psychological effects of art and beauty.
  4. Art
    "The formal expression of conceived image or imagined conception in terms of a given medium" (Sheldon Cheney).
  5. Assemblage
    A technique that involves grouping found or created three-dimensional objects, which are often displayed in situ- that is, in a natural position or in the middle of the room rather than on a wall.
  6. Bauhaus
    Originally a German school of architecture that flourished between World War I and World War II. The Bauhaus attracted many leading experimental artists of both two- and three- dimensional fields.
  7. Casting
    A sculptural technique in which liquid materials are shaped by being poured into a mold. This technique is also known as substitution.
  8. Concept
    • 1. A comprehensive idea or generalization.
    • 2. An idea that brings diverse elements into a basic relationship.
  9. Conceptual Artists
    Artists who focus on the idea, or "concept", of the work and are much more concerned with conveying a message or analyzing an idea than with the final product.
  10. Conceptual Perception
    Creative vision derived from the imagination; the opposite of optical perception.
  11. Content
    The expression, essential meaning, significance, or aesthetic value of a work of art. Content refers to the sensory, subjective, psychological, or emotional properties we feel in a work of art, as opposed to our perception of its descriptive aspects alone.
  12. Craftsmanship
    Aptitude, skill or quality workmanship in the use of tools and materials.
  13. Cubism
    The name given to the painting style invented by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque between 1907 and 1912, which uses multiple views of objects to create the effect of three-dimensionality while acknowledging the two-dimensional surface of the picture plane. Signaling the beginning of abstract art, Cubism is a semiabstract style that continued the strong trend away from representational art initiated by Cezanne in the late 1800s.
  14. Decorative (art)
    The two-dimensional nature of an artwork or any of its elements, which emphasizes the essential flatness of a surface; also has generically referred to the ornamentation or enrichment of a surface.
  15. Descriptive (art)
    A type of art that is based on adherence to actual appearances.
  16. Design
    The underlying plan on which artists base their total work. In a broader sense, design may be considered synonymous with the term form.
  17. Elements of Art
    Line, shape, value, texture, and color- the basic ingredients the artist uses separately or in combination to produce artistic imagery. Their use produces the visual language of art.
  18. Expression
    • 1. The manifestation through artistic form of thought, emotion, or quality of meaning. 
    • 2. In art, expression is synonymous with the term content.
  19. Form
    • 1. Total appearance, organization, or inventive arrangement of all the visual elements according to the principles that will develop unity in the artwork; composition. 
    • 2. In sculpture, can also refer to the three-dimensional shape of the work.
  20. Glyptic
    • 1. The quality of an art material like stone, wood or metal that can be carved or engraved. 
    • 2. An art form that retains the color, tensile, and tactile qualities of the material from which it was created.
    • 3. The quality of hardness, solidity, or resistance found in carved or engraved materials.
  21. Graphic (art)
    Two-dimensional art processes such as drawing, painting, photography, printmaking, and so on that generally exist on a flat surface and can create the illusion of depth. Commercial applications include posters, newspapers, books and magazines.
  22. Installations
    Interior or exterior settings of media created by artist to heighten the viewers' awareness of the environmental space.
  23. Manipulation
    The sculptural technique of shaping pliable materials by hand or with the use of tools- also known as modeling.
  24. Mass
    • 1. In graphic art, a shape that appears to stand out three-dimensionally from the space surrounding it or that appears to create the illusion of a solid body of material.
    • 2. In the plastic arts, the physical bulk of a solid body of material.
  25. Medium, Media (pl)
    The material(s) and tool (s) used by the artist to create the visual elements perceived by the viewer.
  26. Modeling
    A sculptural term for shaping pliable material.
  27. Naturalism
    The approach to art that is essentially a description of things visually experienced. Pure naturalism would contain no personal interpretation introduced by the artist.
  28. Negative area
    Th unoccupied or empty space left after the positive images have been created by the artist. Consideration of the negative areas is just as important to the organization of form as the positive areas.
  29. Nonobjective, nonrepresentational art
    A type of art that is completely imaginative, in which the elements, their organization, and their treatment are entirely personalized and the image is not derived from anything visually perceived by the artist.
  30. Objective
    • That which is based on the physical reality of the object and reflects no personal interpretation, bias, or emotion; the opposite of subjective.
  31. Optical perception
    A purely visual experience with no exaggeration or creative interpretation of that which is seen; the opposite of conceptual perception.
  32. Organic unity
    A condition in which the components of art (subject, form, and content) are completely interdependent. Though not a guarantee of "greatness", the resulting wholeness is vital to a successful work.
  33. Picture frame
    The outermost limits or boundary of the picture plane.
  34. Picture plane
    The actual flat surface on which the artist executes a pictorial image. In some cases, the picture plane acts merely as a transparent plane of reference to establish the illusion of forms existing in a three-dimensional space.
  35. Plastic (art)
    • 1. The use of the elements to create the illusion of the third dimension on a two-dimensional surface.
    • 2. Three-dimensional art forms such as architecture, sculpture, ceramics, and so on.
  36. Positive area
    The subject- whether representational or nonrepresentational- which is produced by the art elements (shape, line, etc) or their combination. (See negative area).
  37. Principles of oganization
    Concepts that guide the arrangement and integration of the elements in achieving a sense of visual order and overall visual unity. They are harmony, variety, balance, proportion, dominance, movement and economy.
  38. Process Artists
    Artists who focus on the execution, or "process", of the work and are much more concerned with the technique they employ in creating the work than with the final product.
  39. realism, Realism (art movement)
    A style of art that emphasizes universal characteristics rather than specific information (i.e., a generalization of all "motherhood" rather than an extremely detailed portrait of a specific woman). As a movement, it relates to painters like Honore Daumier in nineteenth-century France and Winslow Homer in the United States in the 1850s.
  40. Relief sculpture
    An artwork, graphic in concept but but sculptural in application, utilizing relatively shallow depth to establish images. The space development may range from very limited projection, known as low relief, to more exaggerated space development, known as high relief. Relief sculpture is meant to be viewed frontally, not in the round.
  41. Representational art
    A type of art in which the subject is presented throught the visual art elements so that the observer is reminded of actual objects (see naturalism and  realism).
  42. Sculpture
    The art of shaping three-dimensional materials to express an idea.
  43. Shape
    An area that stands out from its surroundings because of a defined or implied boundary or because of a difference of value, color or texture.
  44. Space
    The interval, or measurable distance, between points or images; can be actual or illusionary.
  45. Style
    The specific artistic character and dominant trends of form noted during periods of history and art movements. Style may also refer to artists' expressive use of media to give their works individual character.
  46. Subject
    • 1. In a descriptive approach to art, refers to the persons or things represented. 
    • 2. In more abstract applications, refers to visual images that may have little to do with anything experienced in the natural environment.
  47. Subjective
    That which is derived from the mind, instead of physical reality, and reflects a persona bias, emotion, or innovative interpretation; the opposite of subjective.
  48. Substitution
    • In sculpture, replacing one material or medium with another. (See also casting).
  49. Subtraction
    A sculptural term meaning the carving or cutting away of material.
  50. Technique
    The manner and skill with which artists employ their tools and materials to achieve and expressive effect.
  51. Three-dimensional
    Possesses the dimensions of (or illusions of) height, width, and depth. In the graphic arts, the feeling of depth is an illusion, while in the plastic arts, the work has actual depth.
  52. Two-dimensional
    Possesses the dimensions of height and width, especially when considering the flat surface, or picture plane.
  53. Unity
    The result of bringing the elements of art into the appropriate ratio between harmony and variety to give a sense of oneness.
  54. Volume
    The measurable amount of defined or occupied space in a three-dimensional object.
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Art Vocab
2013-09-01 02:04:52

Art vocab
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