Biology

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Author:
8thgradeclass
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232386
Filename:
Biology
Updated:
2013-09-02 12:48:23
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Chapter 1
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  1. What is the largest animal living on Earth?
    Blue Whale
  2. All living things and all the places that they are found makes up the ______.
    biosphere
  3. Deserts, grassland, and different types of forests are included in which part of the biosphere?
    Land enviroments
  4. Across the  biosphere, the vsriety of life is called ___________.
    Biodiversity
  5. Where is the most biodiversity found? Why?
    near the equator; because more living things are able to survive in consistently warm temperatures than in areas that have large temperature changes during a year and more food supply is found
  6. What are particular types of living things that can reproduce by interbreading among themselves?
    Species
  7. About how many known species are there?
    two million
  8. Over half of the known species are _____.
    insects
  9. What is the study of all forms of life, or all types of organisms?
    Biology
  10. What is an organism?
    Any individual living thing
  11. A _____ is the basic unit of life.
    cell
  12. What is a single-celled organism called? One with many cells?
    Unicellular; multicellular
  13. What is the ability to cause change or to do work?
    Energy?
  14. What for of energy is used by all living things?
    Chemical energy
  15. All the chemical processes that build up or breaks down materials is called _________.
    metabolism
  16. When organisms pass their genetic material to their offspring they ______.
    reproduce
  17. The genetic material is a module called deoxyribonucleic acid or ______.
    DNA
  18. What is an organized group of related parts that interact to form a whole?
    System
  19. What is a physical enviroment with different species that interact with one another and with nonliving things?
    Ecosystem
  20. What is a protein molecule that extends through the membrane, or outer layer, of a cell?
    channel
  21. What is the maintenance of constant internal conditions in an organism?
    homeostasis
  22. What is the change in things over time?
    evolution
  23. An inherited trait that gives an advantage to individual organisms and isn passed on to future generations is an ___________.
    adaption
  24. What are the two types of data?
    qualitative and quantitative data
  25. ______ data are descriptions of an organism phenomenon such as sights, sounds, and smells.
    qualitative
  26. ______ data are characteristics that can be measured or counted such as mass, volume, and temperature.
    quantitate
  27. What is a proposed answer to a scientific question?
    hypothesis
  28. What are the two possible outcomes of statistical analysis?
    Nonsignificant or Statistically significant
  29. The ______ variable is a condition that is manipulated or changed by a scientist.
    independent
  30. The _______ variable is observed and measured during an experiment; it is the experimental data.
    dependent
  31. The conditions that does not change in an experiment is called the ______.
    constant
  32. What is a proposed explanation for a wide range of observation and experimental results that i supported by a wide range of evidence?
    theory
  33. A _______ provides an enlarged image of an object.
    microscope
  34. A ______ is a segment of DNA that stores genetic information.
    gene
  35. What is the study and manipulation of DNA on a molecular level?
    Molecular gene

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