collectively refers to a variety of higher mental processes such as thinking, perceiving, imagining, speaking, acting, and planning
a bridging discipline between cognitive science and cognitive psychology
how is it that physical substance can give rise to our feelings, thoughts, and emotions?
mind body problem
the position that the mind and brain are made up of different kinds of substance, even though they may interact
if dualism is true there is little hope for _____ ____ because the methods of physical and biological sciences cannot tap into the non physical domain
cognitive neuro science
argued that mind and brain were two different levels of explanation for the same thing, but not two different kinds of thing
Spinoza (1632-1677). This is also the definition for the dual aspecttheory
this position states that although cognitive, mind based concepts are currently useful for scientific exploration, they will eventually be replaced by purely biological constructs
denied existence of innate ideas, the mind is a tabula rasa, the heart is the source of the mind.
Aristotle (300's BC)
different regions of the brain perform different functions and are associated with different behaviors
He concluded that language could be localized to a particular region of the brain
Paul Broca 1892
noted link between different brain area and different behaviors. concluded that language itself was not a single entity but could be further subdivided into speech recognition, speech production and conceptual knowlege
Carl Wernicke 1874
Broca and Wernickes work was important because empirical knowledge was...
being used to determine what the building blocks of cognition are
approach of using patients with acquired brain damage to inform theories of normal cognition is called
modern foundations of cognitive psychology lie in the computer metaphor. much of cognition consists of a sequence of processing stages
the fact that stages in processing may not be strictly separate that later stages can begin before earlier stages are complete
refers to the fact that lots of different information can be processed simultaneously
the influence of later stages on the processing of earlier ones (memory influences perception)
top down processing
computational models in which information processing occurs using many interconnected nodes
neural network model
the basic units of neural network models that are activated in response to activity in other parts of the network
the accuracy with which one can measure when an event (physiological change) occurs
the accuracy with which one can measure where an event is occurring
"this derives from the familiar computer analogy that one can supposedly learn about information processing without knowing about the brain"
cognitive psychology vs cognitive neuroscience.
functional imaging and other advances in neuro science do require insights from _____ ______ to frame and approach research questions