cognition quiz 1

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brianklein
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232474
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cognition quiz 1
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2013-09-02 16:59:51
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cognition
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quiz 1 for cognition
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  1. collectively refers to a variety of higher mental processes such as thinking, perceiving, imagining, speaking, acting, and planning
    cognition
  2. a bridging discipline between cognitive science and cognitive psychology
    cognitive neuroscience
  3. how is it that physical substance can give rise to our feelings, thoughts, and emotions?
    mind body problem
  4. the position that the mind and brain are made up of different kinds of substance, even though they may interact
    dualism
  5. if dualism is true there is little hope for _____ ____ because the methods of physical and biological sciences cannot tap into the non physical domain
    cognitive neuro science
  6. argued that mind and brain were two different levels of explanation for the same thing, but not two different kinds of thing
    Spinoza (1632-1677). This is also the definition for the dual aspect theory
  7. this position states that although cognitive, mind based concepts are currently useful for scientific exploration, they will eventually be replaced by purely biological constructs
    reductionism
  8. denied existence of innate ideas, the mind is a tabula rasa, the heart is the source of the mind.
    Aristotle (300's BC)
  9. different regions of the brain perform different functions and are associated with different behaviors
    functional specialization
  10. He concluded that language could be localized to a particular region of the brain
    Paul Broca 1892
  11. noted link between different brain area and different behaviors. concluded that language itself was not a single entity but could be further subdivided into speech recognition, speech production and conceptual knowlege
    Carl Wernicke 1874
  12. Broca and Wernickes work was important because empirical knowledge was...
    being used to determine what the building blocks of cognition are
  13. approach of using patients with acquired brain damage to inform theories of normal cognition is called
    cognitive neuropsychology
  14. modern foundations of cognitive psychology lie in the computer metaphor. much of cognition consists of a sequence of processing stages
    information processing
  15. the fact that stages in processing may not be strictly separate that later stages can begin before earlier stages are complete
    interactivity
  16. refers to the fact that lots of different information can be processed simultaneously
    parallel processing
  17. the influence of later stages on the processing of earlier ones (memory influences perception)
    top down processing
  18. computational models in which information processing occurs using many interconnected nodes
    neural network model
  19. the basic units of neural network models that are activated in response to activity in other parts of the network
    nodes
  20. the accuracy with which one can measure when an event (physiological change) occurs
    temporal resolution
  21. the accuracy with which one can measure where an event is occurring
    spatial resolution
  22. "this derives from the familiar computer analogy that one can supposedly learn about information processing without knowing about the brain"
    cognitive psychology vs cognitive neuroscience.
  23. functional imaging and other advances in neuro science do require insights from _____ ______ to frame and approach research questions
    cognitive psychology

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