nursing 101 exam 2

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nursing 101 exam 2
2013-09-03 00:58:00
nursing fundamentals

Nursing Fundamentals exam 2 Care, Comfort, Communication
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  1. What are the 4 types of Knowledge that are part of Nursing Practice?
    • Empirical
    • Aesthetic
    • Personal
    • Ethical
  2. Empirical Knowledge
    • Science of Nursing
    • factual, observable
  3. Aesthetic Knowledge
    • Art of Nursing
    • Creativity
  4. Personal Knowledge
    Knowledge of self and client
  5. Ethical Knowledge
    Knowing what ought to be done
  6. What are the 4 parts of communication?
    • Sender
    • Message
    • Receiver
    • Response/Feedback
  7. What are the modes of communication.
    • Verbal
    • Nonverbal
    • Electronic
  8. What is giving common advice?
    therapeutic or nontherapeutic
    • Nontherapeutic/Barrier to communication
    • telling a client what to do
  9. Passing Judgment
    therapeutic or nontherapeutic
    • Nontherapeutic/barrier of communication
    • giving opinions and using approving and disapproving responses
  10. unwanted reassurance
    therapeutic or nontherapeutic
    • nontherapeutic/barrier of communication
    • using clichés or comforting statements to reassure clients
  11. changing subjects and topic
    therapeutic or nontherapeutic
    • nontherapeutic/barrier
    • directing conversation to self interest
  12. non therapeutic techniques/barriers to communication
    • stereotyping
    • agreeing and disagreeing-imply client right or wrong
    • being defensive
    • challenging-challenge clients statement/point of view
    • probing
    • testing-asking questions to make client admit to something
    • rejecting-refusing to discuss certain topics
  13. using silence
    therapeutic or nontherapeutic
    • therapeutic
    • accepting silence without interjecting
  14. proving general leads
    therapeutic or nontherapeutic
    • therapeutic
    • using statements that encourage client to verbalize
  15. using open ended questions
    therapeutic or nontherapeutic
    • therapeutic
    • asking broad questions that invite the client to elaborate
  16. using touching
    therapeutic or nontherapeutic
    • therapeutic
    • providing appropriate forms of touch to reinforce caring feelings
  17. acknowledging
    therapeutic or nontherapeutic
    • therapeutic
    • giving recognition
  18. What is the Health Promotion Model?
    a competence or approach oriented model in which the motivational source for behavior change is based on the individual's subjective value of change.
  19. what are the stages of Health Behavior Change?
    • PCPAMT
    • Precontemplation Stage
    • Contemplation Stage
    • Preparation Stage
    • Action Stage
    • Maintenance Stage
    • Termination Stage
  20. what is the def. of health?
    • being free of symptoms
    • the presence or absence of disease
  21. Wellness
    • a state of well-being
    • engaging in attitudes and behaviors that enhance the quality of life and maximize personal potiential
  22. Well-being
    a subjective perception of balance, harmony and vitality
  23. illness
    a highly personal state when a person feels unhealthy or ill, may or may not be related to disease
  24. disease
    an alteration in body function resulting in a reduction of capacities or shortening of the normal life span
  25. Adherence?
    when people follow the direction of the doctor and take their meds and makes the changes to stay healthy
  26. what are the factors that affect health care adherence
    • clients motivation to get well
    • degree of change nes
    • in it convenient
    • belief that is will work
    • complexity/side effects
  27. Ethnicity
    characteristics of a large group of people who share specific common and distinctive language and cultural heritage
  28. Cultural Group
    made up of people who share something, (physical appearance, set of attitudes, religion, race, etc)
  29. Diversity
    A specific setting where you find people with many differences  (beliefs, religion, background, family culture)
  30. Visible Diversity
    Differences that you can see and identify with your eyes.
  31. Invisible Diversity
    Differences that you can not see, they have to be learned
  32. Cultural Norm
    • A behavior that is normal or typical for specific group.
    • it is invisible diversity
  33. language
    a systematic means of communication
  34. Stereotype
    • A commonly held public belief held about a certain type/group of people
    • generalizing
  35. Prejudice
    unreasonable often hostile opinion or attitude toward a certain group of people. You decide what you think of someone before you meet them
  36. Discrimination
    the treatment of people based on prejudice
  37. sensitivity
    being perceptive
  38. Crass Curiosity
    express the desire to know more about a person without asking, assuming something about someone based on outward appearance, religion, race...
  39. Considerate Curiosity
    asking someone what they like and listening to get the answer.uses sensitivity being open minded
  40. open-minded approach
    be open to really listening if you don't understand or agree you still hear the other person out
  41. Empathetic Listener
    Non-defensive approach to understanding the thoughts of others, wants to understand some ones differences. Taking the time to really listen to other people.