SOCIO221 CH 1 Social Problems/Social Policy

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oathkeepr
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SOCIO221 CH 1 Social Problems/Social Policy
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2013-09-08 00:31:58
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SOCIO221 CH 1 Social Problems/Social Policy
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  1. What are the three criteria that refers to a social problem?
    • 1. threatens the values of an influencial group
    • 2. affects a large number of people
    • 3. can be remedied through collective substance
  2. Examples of social problems are...
    war, peace, poverty, wealth, substance abuse, teenage pregnancy, racism, etc.
  3. Influential Group refers to...
    a group of people that can have a significant impact on public debate and social policy
  4. An example of an influential group is...
    • When the Black Panther Party went to Sacramento to stage a protest ¬†and show a public display to impact public debate and social policy about guns in 1966.
    • This was a time when members would be present during an arrest and read rights to that person while carrying a gun that did not have bullets in them.
  5. Social Policy refers to...
    laws, administrative procedures, and other formal and informal social practices that are intended to promote social changes focused on alleviating particular social policies
  6. Examples of social policy...
    HUD's one strike rule for drug possession connected to housing projects and Section 8 certificates
  7. Example of Social Policy...
    HUD's one strike rule: Manifest Function
    The intended function was to stop the selling of illegal drugs in housing projects
  8. Example of Social Policy...
    HUD's one strike rule: Latent Function
    • There became an epidemic of homeless senior citizens.
    • The cause of this came from the grandchildren the seniors were caring for that were caught selling illegal drugs in their housing projects.
  9. Stages in Social Policy
    • 1. Problem Formulation
    • 2. Policy Formulation
    • 3. Policy Implementation
    • 4. Evaluation
    • 5. Closure
  10. Stages in Social Policy
    Problem Formulation
    Assess extent of problem, who is affected, and costs of doing nothing.
  11. Stages in Social Policy
    Policy Formulation
    Assess positive or negative impact of various policy alternatives.
  12. Stages in Social Policy
    Policy Implementation
    Assess whether a program achieves policy goals in an efficient and effective manner.
  13. Stages in Social Policy
    Evaluation
    Assess whether and how a solution has an impact on a problem or on other groups in society; determine whether any new problems are created.
  14. Stages in Social Policy
    Closure
    Assess whether any further policy application would be warranted.
  15. What are the 5 steps to help with Social Problems?
    • Prevention
    • Intervention
    • Social reform
    • Reconstruction
    • Alleviating consequences
  16. What Can We Do About Social Problems?
    Prevention
    The effort to focus on preventing a problem from arising in the first place.
  17. What Can We Do About Social Problems?
    Example of Prevention
    Drug education programs attempt to stop young people from taking drugs before they start.
  18. What Can We Do About Social Problems?
    Intervention
    To focus on intervening after a problem has emerged with an effort to reduce or eliminate it.
  19. What Can We Do About Social Problems?
    Example of Intervention
    Drug treatment programs focus on weaning people off drugs after they have become addicted.
  20. What Can We Do About Social Problems?
    Social Reform
    Involves significant change in some social institutions or social practices.
  21. What Can We Do About Social Problems?
    Social reform suggests that the problem stems, at least in part, from...
    some serious failings in social organization or social institutions. It suggests that society is not healthy, and the persistence of the social problem is a symptom of this.
  22. What Can We Do About Social Problems?
    Social reform may be a form of (1)_________ or (2)___________, but (3)_______ and (4)____________ do not necessarily involve social reform.
    • 1. prevention
    • 2. intervention
    • 3. prevention
    • 4. intervention
  23. What Can We Do About Social Problems?
    Reconstruction
    To redefine social problems by redefining their nature and extent to alleviate the problem
  24. What Can We Do About Social Problems?
    Example of Reconstruction
    Changing the law through legislation to reconstitute that marriage is no longer only accepted legally between a heterosexual couple, but to also include homosexual couples as well
  25. What Can We Do About Social Problems?
    Alleviating Consequences
    Finding ways to direct attention toward alleviate the negative consequences of the problem
  26. What Can We Do About Social Problems?
    Example of Alleviating Consequences
    Even though the problem of drug abuse persists, we can still do things such as help the victims of crimes that are committed as a part of the problem of drug abuse.
  27. What are some concerns about solutions for a social problem?
    • 1. Can we accept the costs of a solution?
    • 2. Does a solution to one problem create yet other problems?
    • 3. Is a particular solution feasible?
  28. Social Movement refers to...
    a collective, organized effort to promote or resist change institutionalized of noninstitutionalized means or conventional or unconventional means
  29. A social (1)___________ develop in response to a social (2)________.
    • 1. movement
    • 2. problem
  30. Examples of Social Movements are...
    • Black Panther Party and police brutality
    • Mothers Against Drunk Drivers (MADD) and drunk driving
    • Hip Hop Movement and self-expression
    • Punk Rock Movement and self-expression
  31. Personal Troubles refers to...
    things (such as, social conditions) that affect individuals and those immediately around them
  32. Example of a person trouble...
    a serious drug problem which affects the values and goals of one family
  33. Public Issues refers to...
    things (that is, social conditions) that have an impact on large numbers of people and are matters of public debate
  34. Examples of public issues are...
    • The possible war with Syria
    • The use of Crack and Meth
    • The new drug Molly (pure form of ecstasy that comes from the root of the plant)
  35. Norms
    • specific guidelines for behavior
    • rules of conduct that guide people's behavior
  36. Values
    • socially shared ideas about what is right or wrong
    • people's ideas about what is good or bad, right or wrong
  37. Example of a norm and value...
    • Value: Get as much education as you can.
    • Norm: take notes in class, study for tests, read chapters before class discussions, etc.
  38. deviance
    behaviors or characteristics that violate important group norms and as a consequence are reacted to with social disapproval
  39. Examples of deviance...
    • cursing in a church or classroom
    • using racial slurs in a church or classroom
  40. Social Institutions
    relatively stable cluster of social relationships that involve people working together to meet some basic needs of society
  41. Examples of social institutions...
    family, elementary school, high school, community college, university, church, etc.
  42. Social Institutions
    Everything starts with what social institution?
    The family structure.
  43. Subculture refers to...
    a group within a culture that shares some of the beliefs, values, and norms of the larger culture but also has some that are distinctly its own
  44. Subculture can be based on...
    age, sex, social standing, religion, leisure pastimes, etc.
  45. Examples of subcultures...
    teenagers, Cubans in Miami, gays in large cities, skinheads, the drug set, prison inmates, hip-hop youth of the 1990s, hippies of the 1960s
  46. Ethnocentrism refers to...
    the tendency to view one's own culture as the best and to judge other cultures or subcultures in comparison to it
  47. An example of ethnocentrism is...
    when one is a proponent of being culturally bound and not a proponent of cultural relativity
  48. Authority refers to...
    legitimate power that is obeyed because people believe it is right and proper that they obey
  49. Example of authority is...
    the congress of the USA has the legitimate authority to declare war on another country
  50. Interest Group refers to...
    a group whose members share distinct and common concerns and who benefit from similar social policies and practices
  51. An example of interest groups is...
    the top 1% may oppose the Millionaire Tax Initiative in CA as an interest group
  52. Vested Interest Group refers to...
    a interest group that benefits from existing policies, practices, and social arrangements, and generally resists social changes that might threaten their privileges
  53. An example of a vested interest group...
    the top 1% may oppose the Millionaire Tax Initiative in CA as a vested interest group because it may threaten their privileges of having lower tax rates
  54. Definition of the Situation refers to...
    people's perceptions and interpretations of what is important in a situation and what actions are appropriate
  55. Definition of the Situation involves...
    people's interpretations or definitions of the behavior of other people
  56. An example of definition of the situation...
    perceptions and interpretations of looking at others wearing different colors, sagging, and wearing ear rings

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