Hip/Gluteal Muscles

Card Set Information

Author:
ks1215
ID:
232504
Filename:
Hip/Gluteal Muscles
Updated:
2013-09-05 21:15:15
Tags:
origins insertions
Folders:

Description:
muscles
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user ks1215 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Gluteus Maximus Origins
    • lateral and posterior edge of sacrum,posterior
    • iliac crest, internal fibers are fromunderlying fascia and sacrotuberous and sacrospinous ligaments
  2. Gluteus Maximus Insertion
    upper portion into iliotibial tract, lower fibers insert into gluteal tuberosity of femur,lateral intermusclular septum between the vastus lateralis and biceps femoris
  3. Gluteus Maximus Functions
    extension of thigh at hip,used to maintain erect posture, external rotation, abduction, knee stabilization
  4. Gluteus Maximus Innervations and Arterial Supply
    Innervation: inferior gluteal nerve which exits by piercing the piriformis muscle (L5,S1, S2)

    Arterial Supply:inferior gluteal artery and superior gluteal artery
  5. Iliotibial Tract Origin, Insertion and Function
    • O: tubrical of iliac crest
    • I: Lateral Tibial Condyle 
    • F: Works with GMax and TFL to hold thigh in extended position once leg is extended at knee
  6. Tensor Fasciae Latae Insertion
    Iliotibial tract
  7. Tensor fasciae latae Origin
    anterior portion of iliac crest
  8. tensor fasciae latae function
    assists GMax in stabilizing the hip joint, assists in flexion and ABD of thigh, stabilizes the knee in extension and weak medial rotator of thigh
  9. Tensor Fasciae Latae Innervation and Arterial Supply
    • Inn: Superior Gluteal nerve (L4, L5, S1)
    • AS: Superior gluteal artery
  10. Gluteus Medius Origin
    between the anterior and posterior gluteal lines of the iliac fossa
  11. Gluteus Medius Insertion
    lateral superior aspect of greater trochanter of the femur (attaches as tendon)
  12. Gluteus Medius Function
    works with GMin to prevent pelvic drop, opposes body's natural tendency to fall by pulling hip up, works in conjunction of TFL, medially rotates thigh, ABD thigh at hip
  13. Gluteus Medius Innervation and Arterial Supply
    • In: superior gluteal nerve (L4, L5, S1)
    • AS: superior gluteal artery
  14. Gluteus Minimus Origin
    inferior and anterior gluteal lines
  15. Gluteus Minimus Insertion
    lateral superior side of greater trochanter of the femur
  16. Gluteus Minimus Function
    works with GMed to prevent pelvic drop, opposes body's natural tendency to fall by pulling hip up, works in conjunction of TFL, medially rotates thigh, ABD thigh at hip
  17. Glutues Minimus Innervation and Arterial Supply
    • In: Superior gluteal nerve (L4, L5, S1)
    • AS: superior gluteal artery
  18. Piriformis Origin
    anterior surface of sacrum between the 1st and 4th sacral foramina
  19. Piriformis insertion
    medial aspect of the greater trochanter
  20. Piriformis function
    laterally rotates the extended femur, ABDs flexed thigh at hip
  21. Piriformis Innervation and Arterial Supply
    • In: nerve to piriformis (L5, S1, S2)
    • AS: inferior gluteal artery
  22. Obturator Internus Origin
    circumference of obturator foramen, anterior wall of pelvis, obturator membrane
  23. Obturator internus insertion
    medial aspect of the greater trochanter
  24. Obturator internus function
    laterally rotates extended thigh at hip, ABD's flexed thigh at femur
  25. Obturator internus innervation and arterial supply
    • In: nerve to obturator internus (L5, S1
    • AS: inferior gluteal artery
  26. Gemellus Inferior Origin
    ischial tuberosity
  27. Gemellus Inferior Insertion
    medial aspect of greater trochanter (attaches as tendon of obturator internus)
  28. Gemellus Inferior Function
    only when the thigh is flexed does it act as an ABD and only when the thigh is extended does it laterally rotate
  29. Gemellus Inferior innervation and arterial supply
    • In: nerve to quadratus femoris (L5, S1)
    • AS: inferior gluteal artery
  30. Gemellus Superior Orgin
    ischial spine
  31. gemellus superior insertion
    medial aspect of greater trochanter (attaches as tendon of obturator internus)
  32. Gemellus Superior Function
    only when the thigh is flexed does it act as an ABD and only when the thigh is extended does it laterally rotate
  33. Gemellus Superior Innervation and Arterial Supply
    • In: nerve to obturator internus (L5, S1
    • AS: inferior gluteal artery
  34. Quadratus Femoris Origin
    ischial tuberosity
  35. Quadratus Femoris Insertion
    longer insertion of the intertrochanteric crest
  36. Quadratus Femoris Function
    laterally rotates the thigh when hip is extended
  37. Quadratus Femoris Innervation and Arterial Supply
    • In: nerve to quadratus femoris (L5,S1)
    • AS: Inferior gluteal artery

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview