ANATOMY root words

Card Set Information

Author:
hrdnrdc10
ID:
232535
Filename:
ANATOMY root words
Updated:
2013-12-03 18:17:54
Tags:
anatomy root words
Folders:

Description:
anatomy root words
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user hrdnrdc10 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. a- (an)-
    without, not

    (ex: acephalia, anomoly)
  2. ab-
    of, off, away from

    (ex: abduct)
  3. acro-
    extremity

    (ex: acromegaly)
  4. ad-
    to, toward

    (ex: adduct, adrenal)
  5. adeno-
    gland

    (ex: adenocarcinoma)
  6. adip(o)-
    fat

    (ex: adipose)
  7. aer(o)-
    air or gas

    (ex: aerobic, aerospace)
  8. ala-, alaris-
    wing (pertaining to a wing)

    (ex: alar canal)
  9. alba
    white

    (ex: linea alba)
  10. -algia
    pain

    (ex: neuralgia)
  11. ambi-
    both

    (ex: ambidextrous)
  12. amphi-
    both sides

    (ex: amphibian)
  13. amyl-
    starch

    (ex: amylase)
  14. ana-
    again

    (ex: anatomy)
  15. andro-
    male

    (ex: androgen)
  16. angio-
    vessel

    (ex: angioplasty)
  17. ankon-
    elbow

    (ex: anconeal)
  18. ankylo-
    bent

    (ex: ankylosis)
  19. annular
    ring

    (ex: annular)
  20. ante-
    before

    (ex: antemortem, antebrachium)
  21. anti-
    against

    (ex: antibiotic, antidote)
  22. antron
    cave

    (ex: pyloric antrum)
  23. aqua
    water

    (ex: aqueous, aquaculture)
  24. areola
    small area or space

    (ex: areolar c.t.)
  25. arthro-
    joint

    (ex: arthritis, arthropod)
  26. articulo-
    jointed

    (ex: articular)
  27. -ase
    enzyme

    (ex: amylase)
  28. auro-, auriculo-
    ear, little ear

    (ex: auricular mm.)
  29. auto-
    self

    (ex: autopsy, autopilot)
  30. axon
    axle
  31. bi-
    two

    (ex: biped, bicycle)
  32. bio-
    live

    (ex: biology, biography)
  33. blast-
    germ, bud

    (ex: chondroblast)
  34. blephar(o)-
    eyelid

    (ex: blepharospasm)
  35. brachi-
    arm

    (ex: brachium)
  36. brachys-
    short

    (ex: brachycephalic)
  37. brady-
    slow

    (ex: bradycardia)
  38. brevis
    short

    (ex: peroneus brevis)
  39. bucca-, bucco-
    cheek

    (ex: buccinator)
  40. bulla
    blister

    (ex: tympanic bulla)
  41. bursa
    wine skin

    (ex: bursitis)
  42. cant
    angle, corner

    (ex: canthus)
  43. capit-
    head

    (ex: decapitate)
  44. cardio-
    pertaining to the heart

    (ex: epicardium, cardiologist)
  45. cauda-
    tail

    (ex: caudal)
  46. cec-
    blind

    (ex: cecum)
  47. -centesis
    perforation or tapping

    (ex: thoracocentesis)
  48. -cephalicus
    head

    (ex: biceps brachii, cephalopod)
  49. cervico-, cervix
    neck

    (ex: cervical)
  50. chol(o)-, ehole-
    bile

    (ex: cholecystitis)
  51. chondro-
    cartilage

    (ex: chondroblast)
  52. chrom-
    color

    (ex: chromosome, monochromatic)
  53. clast-
    to break

    (ex: osteoclast)
  54. cleido-
    clavicle, collar bone

    (ex: cleidobrachialis m.)
  55. coccus
    spherical bacterial cell

    (ex: streptococcus)
  56. coele
    hollow

    (ex: blastocoele)
  57. commissure
    joining together

    (ex: commissure, commission)
  58. con-
    with, together

    (ex: concurrent)
  59. conch(o)
    shell

    (ex: concha)
  60. contra-
    against, opposed

    (ex: contralateral, contrary)
  61. coracoid
    crow-like

    (ex: coracoid process)
  62. cornu-
    horn

    (ex: cornual process)
  63. cortic(o)-
    bark, shell, rind

    (ex: cortex)
  64. cost(o)-, cost(a)-
    rib

    (ex: intercostal)
  65. coxa-
    hip

    (ex: os coxae)
  66. crani(o)-, cranium
    head

    (ex: neurocranium)
  67. cruci-, crux
    cross

    (ex: cruciate, crucify)
  68. crus
    a leg-like part

    (ex: crural)
  69. cryo-
    cold

    (ex: cryosurgery, cryonics)
  70. crypt(o)-
    hidden

    (ex: cryptorchid, cryptic)
  71. cubit-
    elbow

    (ex: cubital)
  72. cutis
    skin

    (ex: subcutaneous, cuticle)
  73. cyan-
    dark blue

    (ex: cyanosis, cyanide)
  74. cyst(o)
    a sac or bladder

    (ex: cystitis)
  75. -cyte
    cell, hollow

    (ex: osteocyte)
  76. dactyl(o)-
    finger, toe

    (dactylomegaly)
  77. delta
    triangular

    (deltoideus)
  78. dent(o)-
    tooth

    (dental)
  79. derm(ato)-
    skinĀ 

    (hypodermis, dermatologist)
  80. di-
    double, twice

    (diatomic)
  81. dia-
    through, across

    (diameter)
  82. -didymos
    testes, twin

    (epididymis)
  83. diplo-
    double, twin, two-fold

    (diploid)
  84. distans
    distant

    (distal)
  85. dolicho-
    long

    (dolichocephalic)
  86. dors(o)-
    back

    (dorsal)
  87. dura
    hard

    (dura mater)
  88. dys-
    difficult, painful

    (dyspnea)
  89. ect(o)
    outside

    (ectoderm)
  90. -ectomy
    excision

    (hysterectomy)
  91. -eidos, -oid
    form, like

    (sigmoid)
  92. -emia
    blood, blood cells

    (anemia)
  93. encephal(o)
    brain

    (encephalitis)
  94. endo-
    within

    (endoderm)
  95. entero-
    intestines

    (enteritis)
  96. epi-
    upon

    (epidermis)
  97. erythro-
    red

    (erythrocyte)
  98. -esthesia
    feeling, sensation

    (hyperesthesia)
  99. exo-
    out

    (extend)
  100. extra-
    beyond, outward

    (extracapsular)
  101. -fer, ferre
    to carry

    (ferry)
  102. flav(o)-
    yellow

    (flavobacterium)
  103. foramen
    hole

    (foramen ovale)
  104. fossa
    trench or channel

    (fossa ovale)
  105. fovea
    pit, depression

    (fovea capitis)
  106. gastro-
    stomach

    (gastric ulcer)
  107. -gen, -genic
    born, producing

    (pathogen)
  108. genu-
    knee

    (genual joint, genuflect)
  109. gloss(o)-
    tongue

    (glossitis)
  110. gloutos
    buttock

    (gluteal)
  111. glyco-
    sugar, sweet

    (glycogen)
  112. gnath(o)-
    jaw

    (brachygnathia)
  113. -graph
    something written, drawn

    (biography, radiograph)
  114. gyn(eco)-
    female

    (gynecology)
  115. guttur-
    throat

    (guttural pouch)
  116. haemo- hemo-
    blood

    (hemoglobin)
  117. hemi-
    half

    (hemilaminectomy)
  118. hapar, hepat(o)-
    liver

    (hepatitis)
  119. heter(o)-
    different

    (heterosexual)
  120. hist(io)(o)-
    tissue

    (histology)
  121. holo-
    entire, whole

    (holosystolic)
  122. homo(eo)-
    like, same

    (homeostasis)
  123. homologue
    agreeing, corresponding to

    (homologous)
  124. hyal(o)-
    glassy, clear

    (hyaline)
  125. hydr(o)-
    water

    (hydrophobia)
  126. hyper-
    excessive, above, beyond

    (hyperglycemia)
  127. hypo-
    under

    (hypodermis)
  128. hyster(o)-
    uterus

    (hysterectomy)
  129. infra-
    beneath

    (infraorbital)
  130. inter-
    between

    (intercellular, interchange)
  131. intra-
    within

    (intracellular, intramural)
  132. ipsi-
    self, same

    (ipsilateral)
  133. iso-
    equal, same

    (isotonic)
  134. -itis
    inflammation

    (dermatitis)
  135. kerat(o)-
    horn or cornea

    (keratin, keratitis)
  136. kondylos, condylus
    knuckle

    (condyle)
  137. koronana
    crown

    (coronoid)
  138. labi(o)-
    lip, liplike organ

    (labia major)
  139. lacrima
    tear

    (lacrimal gland)
  140. lact(o)-
    milk

    (lactogenic)
  141. lacuna
    pit, lake

    (vascular lacuna)
  142. lamin-
    layer, plate

    (laminectomy)
  143. latissimus
    widest

    (latissimus dorsi m.)
  144. latus
    side

    (lateral)
  145. leuc(o)-
    white

    (leucocyte)
  146. linea
    line

    (linea alba)
  147. lingua
    tongue

    (lingual)
  148. lipo-
    fat

    (liposuction)
  149. -lith
    stone

    (enterolith)
  150. -logos
    treatise

    (arthrology)
  151. lysis
    destroy, divided

    (lytic)
  152. macr(o)-
    large

    (macrocyte)
  153. macula
    spot

    (macula densa)
  154. mal-
    bad, diseased, impaired

    (malabsorption)
  155. malleus
    hammer

    (malleolus)
  156. mamma; mamm(o)-
    breast

    (mammary gland)
  157. masto-
    breast

    (mastitis)
  158. mater
    mother

    (pia mater)
  159. meatus
    passage

    (dorsal meatus)
  160. medius
    middle

    (medial)
  161. medulla
    marrow

    (medullary)
  162. mega-; megaly
    large

    (megacolon)
  163. melano-
    black, dark

    (melanocyte)
  164. mens
    mind

    (mentality)
  165. mentum
    chin

    (mental foramen)
  166. mes(o)-
    middle

    (mesocolon)
  167. meta-
    change

    (metamorphosis)
  168. meter
    measure

    (thermometer)
  169. -metra; metro-
    uterus

    (pyometra)
  170. micr(o)-
    small

    (microscope)
  171. mono-
    single

    (monorchid)
  172. morphos-
    form

    (morphology)
  173. mors, morti
    death

    (postmortem)
  174. myel(o)-
    marrow or spinal cord

    (myeloblast; myelogram)
  175. myo-
    muscle

    (myology)
  176. naso-; nasus
    nose

    (nasal)
  177. natal
    pertaining to birth

    (neonatal)
  178. necro-
    dead

    (necropsy)
  179. neo-
    new

    (neoplasm)
  180. nephr(o)-
    kidney

    (nephritis)
  181. neur(o)-
    nerve

    (neuritis)
  182. nigra
    black

    (nigral)
  183. ocul(o)-
    eye

    (ocular)
  184. odont(o)-
    tooth

    (odontoblast)
  185. -oid
    like

    (cushingoid)
  186. olig(o)-
    few, scanty

    (oliguria)
  187. -oma
    tumor, neoplasm

    (hepatoma)
  188. omos
    shoulder

    (omohyoideus)
  189. onch(o)-
    nail; claw

    (onychectomy)
  190. ophthalm(o)-
    eye

    (ophthalmoscope)
  191. orchi(o)-
    testis

    (mesorchium)
  192. orth(o)-
    straight

    (orthodontist)
  193. os ?
    mouth

    (oral)
  194. os
    bone

    (os coxae)
  195. -osis
    disease, pathology

    (nephrosis)
  196. oste(o)-
    bone

    (osteocyte)
  197. ot(o)-
    ear

    (otoscope)
  198. -otomy
    to cut

    (tendotomy)
  199. ovi-; ovo-
    egg

    (oviduct)
  200. -oxia
    oxygen

    (hypoxia)
  201. palma
    palm

    (palmar)
  202. pan-
    all

    (pantropic)
  203. para-
    beside

    (perimysium)
  204. paries; parietes
    wall

    (parietal)
  205. pars
    division, part

    (pars mastoideus)
  206. path(o)-, pathy-
    disease

    (pathology)
  207. pectoralis
    breast, chest

    (pectoral)
  208. ped(o)
    foot or child

    (biped)
  209. -penia
    poverty

    (leukopenia)
  210. peri-
    around, near

    (perimysium)
  211. perone
    fibula

    (peroneus longus)
  212. phag(o)-; phagia
    to eat

    (phagocytic)
  213. phalanx
    line or array of soldiers

    (phalanges)
  214. phlebo-
    vein

    (phlebitis)
  215. phono, phonia-
    sound, speech

    (phonograph)
  216. photo-
    light

    (photograph)
  217. phrenic
    pertaining to the diaphragm

    (phrenic nerve)
  218. phyto-
    plant

    (phytotoxic)
  219. pia
    tender

    (pia mater)
  220. pilo
    hair

    (pilonidal)
  221. pirum
    pear

    (piriformis)
  222. plantare
    to plant

    (implant)
  223. -plasia
    development

    (dysplasia)
  224. -plegia
    paralysis or stroke

    (hemiplegia)
  225. pneumo
    air, lung

    (pneumonia)
  226. pod
    foot

    (podiatrist)
  227. pollex
    thumb

    (pollicus)
  228. poly-
    many

    (polyarthritis)
  229. porta
    gate

    (portal)
  230. post-
    after, behind

    (postsurgical)
  231. pre-, pro-
    before

    (prenatal)
  232. pronus
    inclined forward

    (prone)
  233. proximus
    next

    (proximal)
  234. pseudo-
    false

    (pseudopregnancy)
  235. psycho-
    related to the mind

    (psychology)
  236. ptergion
    wing

    (pterodactyl)
  237. pulmo-, pulmono-
    lung

    (pulmonary)
  238. pyelo-
    related to pelvis of kidney

    (pyelonephritis)
  239. pyon
    pus

    (pyoderma)
  240. quadr-
    four

    (quadruped)
  241. radius
    spoke

    (radius)
  242. ram
    branch

    (ramus)
  243. rect
    straight

    (rectus)
  244. ren
    kidney

    (renal)
  245. retinaculum
    rope, cable
  246. retro-
    backwards

    (retroarticular)
  247. rhino
    nose

    (rhinitis)
  248. rostrum
    beak, nose

    (rostral)
  249. rotare
    to turn

    (rotate)
  250. sagitta-
    arrow

    (sagittal)
  251. sarco
    flesh

    (sarcoid)
  252. sclera
    hard

    (sclerosis)
  253. scolio-
    bent

    (scoliosis)
  254. -scope
    see

    (microscope)
  255. sect
    to cut

    (dissect)
  256. semi-
    half

    (semicircular)
  257. sept
    wall

    (septum)
  258. serra
    a saw

    (serrated)
  259. soma
    body

    (somatic)
  260. sperm
    seed

    (spermatid)
  261. spheno-
    wedge

    (sphenoid)
  262. splanchno-
    viscera

    (splanchnic)
  263. squam
    scale

    (squamous)
  264. stasis
    standing still

    (homeostasis)
  265. stetho
    chest

    (stethoscope)
  266. -stomy
    surgical creation of an opening

    (gastrotomy)
  267. strati
    layered

    (stratified)
  268. stylos
    pillar, column

    (styloid)
  269. sub-
    under

    (subscapular)
  270. super-, supra-
    over, above

    (suprascapular)
  271. supinus
    lying on back, face upward

    (supinate)
  272. sym-, syn-
    together

    (synthesis)
  273. systole
    a drawing together, contracting

    (systolic)
  274. tachy-
    swift, rapid

    (tachycardia)
  275. tamnien
    to cut

    (anatomy)
  276. teno-
    tendon

    (tenotomy)
  277. terato-
    monster

    (teratogen)
  278. teres
    long and round

    (teres minor)
  279. tetra-
    four

    (tetraplegia)
  280. thalam
    chamber

    (thalamus)
  281. thermo-
    heat

    (thermometer)
  282. thrombo
    clot

    (thrombocyte)
  283. -tome, -tomy
    a cutting

    (enterotomy)
  284. toxo-
    poison

    (toxic)
  285. trans-
    through, across, beyond

    (transverse)
  286. tri-
    three

    (triceps)
  287. troch
    pulley

    (trochlear)
  288. trophy
    nutrition, growth

    (hypertrophy)
  289. tuber
    a swelling, protuberance

    (tubercle)
  290. tunic
    covering or coat

    (vaginal tunic)
  291. tympano
    drum

    (tympanic)
  292. ulna
    the arm
  293. unguis
    the nail

    (ungual)
  294. uni-
    one

    (unicorn)
  295. uro-
    urinary

    (urogenital)
  296. vagus
    wandering

    (vagus nerve)
  297. vaso-
    vessel

    (vascular)
  298. vastus
    great, vast

    (vast)
  299. ven-, veno-
    vein

    (vena cava)
  300. venter
    belly

    (ventral)
  301. villus
    tuft of hair

    (villi)
  302. vita-
    live

    (vitamin)
  303. vivi-
    alive

    (viviparous)
  304. xantho-
    yellow

    (xanthoma)
  305. xiphos
    sword

    (xiphoid)
  306. zoo
    animal

    (zoology)
  307. zygo
    yoke, join

    (zygote)

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview