1.4.1 HAP

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1.4.1 HAP
2013-09-03 13:41:37

Lower appendicular
Show Answers:

  1. WHat is the pelvic girdle?
    • two hip bones
    • **ox coxae
  2. WHta is the boney pelvis made off?
    two os coxae, sacrum, coccyx
  3. What 7 bones make up the lower extremity?
    • -femur
    • -patella
    • -tibia
    • -fibula
    • -tarsals
    • -metatarsals
    • -phalanges
  4. (os coxa) Which are the 3 gluteal lines on the ala?


  5. (os coxa) What are the gluteal lines function?
    mark the origins of gluteal muscles
  6. (os coxa)what 3 fused bones is the ox coxa made off?


  7. (os coxa) What 2 parts is the illium divided into?
    body and the ala
  8. (os coxa)(ilium) what does the body help to form?

    **the body is the thickest part of that helps form the os coxa
  9. (os coxa)(illium) What does the ala form?
    the upper crest of the illium
  10. (os coxa) which is the smallest of the 3 bones?
  11. (os coxa)(pubis) What does the inferior ramus of pubis help form?
    the lower edge of the optic foramen
  12. (os coxa)(ilium) what does the posterior superior iliac spine indicate?
    the end of the iliac spine
  13. (os coxa) What is the greater sciatic notch?
    is a deep indentation on the posterior side
  14. (os coxa)(ischium) What is the ischial spine? (2)
    -attachment for some ligaments

    -separates the greater sciatic notch and the lesser sciatic notch
  15. (os coxa)(ischium) What is the ischial tuberosity? (3)
    -rough area used for muscle attachment

    -it is one of the bones we sit on

    -also the attachment of ligaments
  16. (os coxa) What part of the os coxa does the ischium form?
    interior and posterior part of os coxa
  17. (os coxa) What happens at the pubic symphysis?
    the left and right pubis articulate
  18. (os coxa) What can be determined by observing the pubic arch?
    -the wider the gap, means that it is a male

    • ***male: 50-60 degrees
    • ***female: 80-90 degrees
  19. What is considered as the thigh?
    from the hip to the knee
  20. what is considered as the leg?
    from the knee to the ankle
  21. what is considered as the foot?
    distal to the ankle
  22. (femur) what does the neck of femur do?
    connects the head to the shaft
  23. (femur) What is the patella surface?
    a smooth surface between the condyles anteriorly that articulates with a small bone called patella
  24. (femur) What is the fovea capitis? and what does it do? (2)
    -it is a small depression at the center of the head for the attachment of a ligament of the head of femur

    -helps hold the head of femur in the acetabulum
  25. (femur) Where does the head of the femur articulate?
    with the acetabulum
  26. (femur) what is the lesser trochanter attachment for?
  27. (femur) what is the gluteal tuberosity an attachment for?
    muscle attahcment
  28. (femur) what is the linea aspera?
    -rough vertical line on the posterior side of the femur that is used as muscle attachment
  29. (femur) What does the intercondyle notch do?
    separates the condyles of the femur on the posterior and femur sides
  30. (femur) what does the medial condyle do?
    -it is a rounded smooth distal structure that is used for articulation with medial condyle of tibia
  31. (femur) what does the lateral condyle do?
    -its a rounded smooth distal structure in the lateral side of the femur for articulation with the lateral condylar with tibia
  32. (femur) What attaches to the abductor tubercle?
    it is a muscle attachment
  33. FEmur  is the _______ and _____ bone in the body
    longest; strongest
  34. what two structures does the femur articulate with?
    • acetubulum in the coaxa and tibia at the knee joint
    • ***also with patella
  35. does the fibula articulate directly with the femur?
  36. is the fibula a weight bearing bone?
  37. which of the 2 bones receives the weight? tibia or fibula?
  38. (tibia)what is the intercondyler eminence?
    -it is a raised area between medial and lateral facets that projects onto the intercondylar notch of the femur
  39. (tibia) Medial condyle (2)
    -articulates with medial condyle of the femur

    -contains a smooth oval surface called medial facet or articular surface
  40. (tibia) Lateral condyle (2)
    -articulates with lateral condyle of the femur

    -contains a smooth rounded surface, lateral facet, or articular surface
  41. (tibia) tibial tuberosity
    -it is a large bump which is the site of attachment of a ligament
  42. (tibia)what is the anterior crest?
    long broder that runs from tibial tuberosity to medial malleolus
  43. (tibia) medial malleous
    • -projects medially  above the ankle joint
    • *medial ankle bone
  44. Fibula (2)
    -also called calf bone

    -serves mainly for muscular attachments
  45. (fibula) lateral malleous
    forms lateral ankle bone
  46. what is a sesamoid bone? (2)
    -type of bone that is located by tendon of a msucle

    -purpose is to modify pressure, diminish friction, and sometimes alter the direction of a muscle pull
  47. which sesamoid is the largest in our body?
    • patella
    • *knee cap
  48. What are the 7 tarsals?
    • -talus
    • -calceneus
    • -navicular bone
    • -cuboid
    • -medial cuneiform
    • -intermediate cunieform
    • -lateral cuneiform
  49. what are the metatarsals?
    • make up front of the foot
    • *numbered 1-5
    • **starts with big toe
  50. what are phalanges of foot?
    • bones that make up toes
    • 2-5 contain all 3
    • *proximal,distal,middle
    • **thumb does not contain middle