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Neolithic Revolution (agriculture)
When and what were the Paleo Indians?
- 11,000 - 9,000 BCE, Nomadic Hunters
- used clovis points
What are the five cultures of Archaic Indians?
- Pacific Coast
- Great Basin
- Great Plains
- Eastern Woodlands
Where and what was the Pacific Coast culture known for?
- fishing and arts
Where and what was the Great Basin culture known for?
- Between Rocky Mountains and Sierra Nevada
- nomadic gatherers
Where and what was the Great Plains culture known for?
- East of Rocky Mountains
- bison hunters, trappers
Where and what was the Eastern Woodlands culture known for?
- East of the Mississippi River
- earthworks, pottery
What were the three Eastern Woodland groups?
Where and what were the Algonquian people known for?
Where and what were the Iroquois people known for?
- Inland (Carolinas-New York)
- matriarchal, agriculture
What were the five nations of the Iroquois Confederacy?
One nation joined the Iroquois Confederacy late. What nation was it and when did they join?
Where and what were the Muskogean people known for?
- Naturally abundant land
Where and what was the Southwest culture known for?
- Arizona, New Mexico, Utah, Colorado
- started mostly nomadic gatherers, ended as agriculture
What were the three groups of the Southwest culture?
Where were the Mogollon settled?
Southern New Mexico
Where were the Hohokam settled?
Where were the Anasazi settled?
Southern UT & CO, Northern AR & NM
What were the four gods of the Mexica and their respective elements?
- Huitzilopochtli – war
- Tezcatlipoca – night sky
- Tlaloc – rain
- Quetzalcoatl – sustenance
Spain's civil war
Reconquista (Spain takes over Granada)
Ferdinand and Isabella got married because...
Aragon and Castile needed to unite to become Spain
Who was Prince Henry?
Most useful Portuguese explorer
Who sponsored Columbus? When?
Spain, 1492 (after Reconquista)
Which ship leaves Columbus' exploration in search of gold?
Pinta captain Pinzon left in search of Babeque.
What is encomienda?
A system that divides land amongst conquistadors.
Treaty of Tordesillas
Ferdinand Magellan circumnavigates the globe
What was the Columbian exchange?
The discovery of the Atlantic ocean created a highway between New World and European trade
Hernan Cortes' expedition of the mainland
Cortes gets other natives to overthrow the Mexica
Where and what were the Inca known for?
- partiable inheritance
The Repartimiento of 1549 - conquistadors may only enslave their natives for 45 days a year.
What was the hierarchy of the races?
- African slaves
People born in Spain
children of Peninsulares
Spanish dad, native mom
- native dad, native mom
- native dad, Spanish mom
France decided to compete with Spain by taking over Fort Caroline in Jacksonville, FL
Roanoke Expedition I & II
- Lawes Divine Morall
- and Martiall