AMH2010 Ch.1-3

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AMH2010 Ch.1-3
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2013-09-17 17:13:06
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  1. 1000 BCE
    Neolithic Revolution (agriculture)
  2. When and what were the Paleo Indians?
    • 11,000 - 9,000 BCE, Nomadic Hunters
    • used clovis points
  3. What are the five cultures of Archaic Indians?
    • Pacific Coast
    • Great Basin
    • Great Plains
    • Southwest
    • Eastern Woodlands
  4. Where and what was the Pacific Coast culture known for?
    • California
    • fishing and arts
  5. Where and what was the Great Basin culture known for?
    • Between Rocky Mountains and Sierra Nevada
    • nomadic gatherers
  6. Where and what was the Great Plains culture known for?
    • East of Rocky Mountains
    • bison hunters, trappers
  7. Where and what was the Eastern Woodlands culture known for?
    • East of the Mississippi River
    • earthworks, pottery
  8. What were the three Eastern Woodland groups?
    • Algonquian
    • Iroquois
    • Muskogean
  9. Where and what were the Algonquian people known for?
    • Atlantic coast
    • fishing
  10. Where and what were the Iroquois people known for?
    • Inland (Carolinas-New York)
    • matriarchal, agriculture
  11. What were the five nations of the Iroquois Confederacy?
    • Mohawk
    • Oneida
    • Onondaga
    • Cayuga
    • Seneca
  12. One nation joined the Iroquois Confederacy late. What nation was it and when did they join?
    • Tuscarora
    • 1722
  13. Where and what were the Muskogean people known for?
    • Southeast
    • Naturally abundant land
  14. Where and what was the Southwest culture known for?
    • Arizona, New Mexico, Utah, Colorado
    • started mostly nomadic gatherers, ended as agriculture
  15. What were the three groups of the Southwest culture?
    • Mogollon
    • Hohokam
    • Anasazi
  16. Where were the Mogollon settled?
    Southern New Mexico
  17. Where were the Hohokam settled?
    Southern Arizona
  18. Where were the Anasazi settled?
    Southern UT & CO, Northern AR & NM
  19. What were the four gods of the Mexica and their respective elements?
    • Huitzilopochtli – war
    • Tezcatlipoca – night sky
    • Tlaloc – rain
    • Quetzalcoatl – sustenance
  20. 1469-79
    Spain's civil war
  21. 1487-92
    Reconquista (Spain takes over Granada)
  22. Ferdinand and Isabella got married because...
    Aragon and Castile needed to unite to become Spain
  23. Who was Prince Henry?
    Most useful Portuguese explorer
  24. Who sponsored Columbus? When?
    Spain, 1492 (after Reconquista)
  25. Which ship leaves Columbus' exploration in search of gold?
    Pinta captain Pinzon left in search of Babeque.
  26. What is encomienda?
    A system that divides land amongst conquistadors.
  27. 1494
    Treaty of Tordesillas
  28. 1519
    Ferdinand Magellan circumnavigates the globe
  29. What was the Columbian exchange?
    The discovery of the Atlantic ocean created a highway between New World and European trade
  30. 1519
    Hernan Cortes' expedition of the mainland
  31. 1521
    Cortes gets other natives to overthrow the Mexica
  32. Where and what were the Inca known for?
    • Peru
    • partiable inheritance
  33. 1549
    The Repartimiento of 1549 - conquistadors may only enslave their natives for 45 days a year.
  34. What was the hierarchy of the races?
    • Peninsulares
    • Creole
    • Mestizo
    • Natives
    • African slaves
  35. Peninsulares
    People born in Spain
  36. Creole
    children of Peninsulares
  37. Mestizo
    Spanish dad, native mom
  38. Natives
    • native dad, native mom
    • native dad, Spanish mom
  39. 1564
    France decided to compete with Spain by taking over Fort Caroline in Jacksonville, FL
  40. 1530-1560
    Irish wars
  41. 1585-1587
    Roanoke Expedition I & II
  42. 1607
    Jamestowne
  43. 1611-1621
    • Lawes Divine Morall
    • and Martiall

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