Anatomy Chapter 1

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Author:
jalberts1
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232707
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Anatomy Chapter 1
Updated:
2013-09-03 21:59:05
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Anatomy
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Diagrams, Pictures, and Terms from Chapter 1
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  1. What are the components of Microscopic Anatomy?
    • Cytology-study of cells
    • Histology-study of tissues
  2. What are the components of Macroscopic Anatomy?
    • Surface-skin
    • Systemic-the body systems
    • Regional-body systems in specific body regions
  3. What is Developmental Anatomy?
    Embryology- formation of the body from a single cell
  4. What is Comparitive Anatomy?
    Comparing similar body structures in different organisms
  5. What is Pathological Anatomy?
    The study of tissue damage and change due to disease
  6. What is Radiographic Anatomy?
    Using radiation to capture images of the body and being able to interpret and understand them
  7. What is Surgical Anatomy?
    The process of entering and reaching specific parts of the body
  8. What are the levels of organization?
    • Atom
    • Molecule
    • Organelle
    • Cell
    • Tissue
    • Organ
    • Organ System
    • Organism
  9. What are the properties and processes of living things?
    • Responsiveness
    • Growth
    • Metabolism
  10. Responsiveness and sub-components
    • The ability to react to stimuli
    •    -Irritability
    •    -Adaptability
  11. What are the components of growth?
    • -Increase in size due to increase in number of cells
    • -Differentiation, specialization to perform specific functions
    • -Reproduction, creating identical or similar organisms
    • -Movement, either internal or external
  12. What is Metabolism and its components?
    • All of the body's chemical processes
    •    -Catabolism-break down molecules
    •    -Anabolism-build up molecules
  13. What is an organ system?
    A collection of cells and tissues with similar functions and specialized tasks
  14. What are the 11 organ systems?
    • Integumentary
    • Skeletal
    • Muscular
    • Nervous
    • Endocrine
    • Cardiovascular
    • Lymphoid
    • Respiratory
    • Digestive
    • Urinary
    • Reproductive
  15. What is the Integumentary System primary parts and function
    skin, hair follicles, sweat glands, nails

    protect against environmental hazards and regulates body temperature

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