veterinary dentistry

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  1. what is the most important thing in oral examination and disease recognition
  2. where is the main issue in the mouth
    under the gum line
  3. what should you look for
    • examine all structures around oral cavity
    • is head symmetrical
    • lymph node or salivary glands enlargement
    • pain or swelling around face or neck
    • halitosis-bad breath
    • is gingival tissue smooth and healthy
    • evidence of gingivitis or periodontitis
    • accumulation of soft plaque
    • presence of calculus-tartar
    • fracture or worn teeth
    • missing, crowded or rotated teeth
    • retained deciduous or supernumerary
    • smooth buccal cheek and sublingual tissue
    • lumps and bumps in oral cavity
  4. what book can you go to for help if needed that is located in dental cart
    the smile book
  5. what is the normal occlusion
    • scissor bite in dogs and cats
    • mandibular teeth come into contact with palatal side of maxillary teeth
    • mandibular canines fit in diastema (opening) between lateral incisor and maxillary canines
    • self cleaning machanism
  6. malocclusions orthodontic disease
    oral disease caused by malalignment of teeth
  7. malocclusions class 1:CIO
    • anterior cross bite
    • posterior cross bite
    • based narrowed canines
    • spearing canine
    • spearing lateral incisors
  8. malocclusions class 2:C2O
    • mandible is shorter than than normal
    • penetration of hard palate by canine and incisors causing irritation and ulceration
  9. malocclusion class 3
    • mandibular prognathism-mandible too long, mandible incisors occlude labial to maxillary incisor excessive wear, injury to teeth, crowding of teeth
    • maxillary brachygnathism- shortened maxilla, rotated maxillary teeth due to crowding, mandible may be bowed
  10. wry bite malocclusion
    • central incisors of mandible, maxilla not aligned evenly
    • due to uneven mandibular lengths or uneven development of maxilla
    • may be genetic
  11. anodontia (malocclusion)
    • missing teeth
    • never developed, slow to erupt, fall out
    • persistent primary teeth can cause abnormalities
    • fractured primary teeth
  12. supernumerary teeth (malocclusions)
    • extra teeth
    • chart symbol is SN
    • usually the incisors
    • may cause crowding
    • third set of teeth-extract innermost row
    • peg tooth-abnormally formed usually canine and incisor region
  13. periodontal disease
    • inflammation of structures around the tooth
    • graded in level of attachment loss
    • gingivitis leads to periodontalistis
  14. is gingivitis reversible
  15. is periodontal disease reversible
    • no
    • we want to do is stop it or slow it down
    • use clindoral as a antibiotic before dental procedure
  16. what is periodontal disease caused by
  17. what is plaque
    • white, slippery film that collects around gingival sulcus
    • composed of bacteria, food debris, exfoliated cells, salivary glycoproteins
    • mineralizes on teeth to form dental calculus(tartar)
    • bacterial endotoxins damage tooth as plaque build up-release toxin
    • WBC attempt to destroy bacteria-harmful byproducts released
    • normal oral heath lead to gingivitis which leads to periodontitis
  18. what should you do every time during dental procedures
    measure pocket depth and check subgingival
  19. gingivitis
    • inflammation of gingiva
    • involves mostly gram positive bacteria
  20. what are the signs of gingivitis
    • halitosis (bad breath), plaque, poor eating, drooling, bloody saliva, gingiva bleeds easily when probed
    • fibrosis of gingival tissue chronic gingivitis
  21. what is the normal pocket depth in dogs
  22. what is the normal pocket depth in cats
    up to 1mm
  23. periodontitis
    • most common oral disease in dogs and cats
    • affect surrounding tissue of tooth
    • develops from untreated gingivitis, can develop within a few days
    • involves mostly gram negative anaerobic bacteria-aggressive
    • alveolar bone absorption follows destruction of periodontal ligament
    • sub gingival plaque develops as periodontics develops which leads to sub gingival calculus (tartar)
    • irreversible
  24. root planning
    sub gingival removal of plaque and cleaning
  25. prevention a periodontal disease
    • minimize accumulation of plaque
    • routine dental cleaning when needed
    • daily teeth brushing
    • special dental diets-TD
    • mouth rinsing with 2% chlorohexidine
    • oravet application
    • special dental chew
  26. oravet
    • wax after cleaning
    • put on gum and teeth and create a barrier to prevent bacteria from getting in packet and gingiva space
  27. flori
    • helps cover and desensitize teeth and open dentin tubules
    • put on leave for a little and wipe off and prevents plaque
  28. feline stomatitis and faucitis
    • sometimes called plasma cell stomatitis
    • due to an immune reaction in which the body starts to have a reaction to the tartar that forms on the teeth
    • extremely red and inflamed tissue
    • need to get FIV test and calicvirus
    • cobblestone appearance
  29. what are signs of feline stomatitis and faucitis
    • weight loss
    • not want to eat
    • drool
    • have bleeding gums
    • halitosis
    • hide more
  30. treatment for feline stomatitis
    • control plaque by brushing or rinsing and frequent dental cleaning
    • to control pain use anti inflammatory and pain meds no long term meds
    • control bacteria with antibiotics
    • may need to extract (pull) all teeth
  31. stains
    • exposure of dentin brown
    • often confused with caries
  32. abrasions
    resulting from chewing
  33. attrition
    friction of teeth against each other
  34. enamel hypoplasia
    • damage to ameloblastes-decrease development
    • high fever, trauma or traumatic extraction to teeth
  35. caries (cavities)
    • class 1-pti and fissure on occlusal surface-very superficial
    • class V- occur on gingival 3rd crown of tooth on buccal and labial surface
    • common in cats
    • usually premolars on cats
    • cervical line lesion
  36. endodontic disease
    • treatment of disease inside tooth
    • causes fractures, trauma, iatrogenic factors
Card Set:
veterinary dentistry
2013-09-10 01:04:09

oral examination and disease recognition
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