PSY 469 - Exam 1

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PSY 469 - Exam 1
2013-09-11 00:29:03

Interrogations and Confessions
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  1. Authentic-Coerced False Confession
    a suspect becomes convinced they committed a crime they did NOT commit due to a long or intense interrogation
  2. Authentic-Voluntary False Confessions
    occurs when someone suffering from delusions falsely confesses to a crime with little/no pressure from interrogators
  3. Certainty of Guilt
    the interrogation tactic of persistently confronting the suspect with accusations of guilt and using evidence ploys to bolster the accusations
  4. Equal-Focus Camera Perspective
    a neutral point of view in a video recording showing both the subject and the interrogator.
  5. Evidence Ploys
    a technique used to strengthen "certainty of guilt" strategy in interrogations.  Police site real OR fake evidence that establishes guilt
  6. Exculpatory Scenarios
    the interrogation strategy of offering excuses for committing the crime. Works by redefining the act as less serious, by shifting blame onto someone else, or blaming the circumstances surrounding the act.
  7. Fundamental Attribution Error
    the tendency to attribute other people's behavior to dispositional causes and to dismiss the situational pressures acting on the person.
  8. Good Cop-Bad Cop Approach
    psychological interrogation technique where 2 interrogators work as a team: 1 plays the intimidator and the other plays the sympathetic
  9. Instrumental-Coerced False Confession
    as a result of a long/intense interrogation, a suspect falsely confesses to a crime in order to end the interrogation/ because they become convinced that confession is their best option.
  10. Instrumental-Voluntary False Confession
    occurs when a suspect freely admits to a crime they didn't commit - usually to protect someone or for "fame and glory"
  11. Loss of Control
    during an interrogation, the interrogator controls the environment and removes the psychological comfort of familiar surroundings
  12. Miranda Rights
    constitutional guarantees that must be read to all suspects in police custody - consists of 4 parts.
  13. Police and Criminal Evidence Act (PACE)
    England 1986 - regulates interrogation tactics:

    cannot lie, bully, threaten, etc ...

    All interrogations must be recorded & all vulnerable suspects must be accompanied by an "appropriate adult."
  14. Reid Technique
    a method of interrogation consisting of 9 steps which focuses on how to facilitate the interrogation, how to communicate with the suspect, and what to say to the suspect
  15. Social Isolation
    during the interrogation, the suspect is held alone to deprive him or her of emotional support and to reduce contradictory information
  16. Totality of Circumstances Standard
    a decision is based on all the surrounding facts that give context to a case.  This standard is used to evaluate the "voluntariness" of a defendant's confession
  17. Waterboarding
    an abusive interrogation method that involves causing a suspect to experience the sensation of drowning