The ability of a U.S. firm to retaliate against unfair foreign competition
If a U.S. firm believes that it is damaged by unfair foreign competition, such as dumping, it can petition the U.S. International Trade Commission. However, to obtain government relief, it must prove that it has been substantially damaged. Because of this strict requirement, most claims by U.S. firms presented to the ITC are not upheld. If the claim is upheld, the U.S. government can impose countervailing or punitive tariffs against the offending nation.