AP Euro

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AP Euro
2013-09-04 19:58:49

Section 2
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  1.  Peace of Augsburg
    also called the Augsburg Settlement, was a treaty between Charles V and the forces of the Schmalkaldic League, an alliance of Lutheran princes, in 1555 at Augsburg
  2. Cardinal Thomas Wolsey
    was cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. When Henry VIII became king of England in 1509, Wolsey became the King's almoner. Wolsey's affairs prospered, and was the controlling figure in virtually all matters of state and extremely powerful within the Church.
  3. Henry VIII
    Besides his six marriages, Henry VIII is known for his role in the separation of the Church of England from the Roman Catholic Church. Henry's struggles with Rome led to the separation of the Church of England from papal authority, the Dissolution of the Monasteries, and his own establishment as the Supreme Head of the Church of England.
  4. Sir Thomas More
    was an English lawyer, social philosopher, author, statesman, and noted Renaissance humanist. He was an important councillor to Henry VIII of England and Lord Chancellor. Opposed the Protestant Reformation, in particular the theology of Martin Luther and William Tyndale, whose books he burned and followers he persecuted.
  5. Catherine of Aragon
    daughter of Queen Isabella I of Castile and King Ferdinand II of Aragon, and was Queen of England from 1509 until 1533 as the first wife of King Henry VIII.
  6. Anne Boleyn
    Queen of England from 1533 to 1536 as the second wife of King Henry VIII. Made her a key figure in the political and religious upheaval that was the start of the English Reformation.
  7. Thomas Cranmer
    a leader of the English Reformation and Archbishop of Canterbury during the reigns of Henry VIII, Edward VI and, for a short time, Mary I. During Cranmer's tenure as Archbishop of Canterbury, he was responsible for establishing the first doctrinal and liturgical structures of the reformed Church of England.
  8. Act of Supremacy
    a piece of legislation that granted King Henry VIII of England Royal Supremacy, which means that he was declared the supreme head of the Church of England.
  9. Book of Common Prayer
    published in 1549, in the reign of Edward VI, was a product of the English Reformation following the break with Rome. Prayer books, unlike books of prayers, contain the words of structured services of worship.
  10. Leviticus 18:16 & 20:21
    -Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of thy brother's wife: it is thy brother's nakedness.

    -And if a man shall take his brother's wife, it is an unclean thing: he hath uncovered his brother's nakedness; they shall be childless.
  11. Other Wives of Henry VIII
    • Jane Seymour (died days after giving birth, widely believed to be following birth complications);
    • Anne of Cleves (marriage annulled);
    • Catherine Howard (executed);
    • Catherine Parr (widowed).
  12. The Council of Trent
    was an Ecumenical Council of the Catholic Church. It is considered to be one of the Church's most important councils.[1] It convened in Trento, Italy, then the capital of the Prince-Bishopric of Trent of the Holy Roman Empire.