medical terminology Mod 1

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Author:
jskunz
ID:
233049
Filename:
medical terminology Mod 1
Updated:
2013-09-05 23:35:27
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Anat Phys
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Anat/phys
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  1. head
    • cephalic
    • consists of skull and face
  2. Skull
    cranial
  3. base of skull
    occipital
  4. Face
    • facial
    • Consists of: forehead, temple, eye, ear, cheek, nose, mouth and chin
  5. forehead
    frontal
  6. temple
    temporal
  7. eye
    orbital, ocular
  8. ear
    otic
  9. cheek
    buccal
  10. nose
    nasal
  11. mouth
    oral
  12. chin
    mental
  13. neck
    cervical
  14. spinal column
    vertebral
  15. trunk
    consists of chest, abdomen, and pelvis
  16. chest
    • thoracic
    • consists of breastbone, breast, shoulder blade and back
  17. breastbone
    sternal
  18. breast
    mammary
  19. shoulder blade
    scapular
  20. back
    dorsal
  21. abdomen
    • abdominal
    • consists of navel, hip, loin, and btwn hips
  22. navel
    umbilical
  23. hip
    coxal
  24. loin
    lumbar
  25. btwn hips
    sacral
  26. Pelvis
    • pelvic
    • consists of groin, pubis, buttock, and perineal
  27. groin
    inguinal
  28. pubis
    pubic
  29. buttock
    gluteal
  30. perineal
    region btwn anus and external genitals
  31. armpit
    axillary
  32. arm
    brachial
  33. front of elbow
    antecubital
  34. back of elbow
    olecranal, cubital
  35. forearm
    antebrachial
  36. wrist
    carpal
  37. hand
    manual
  38. thumb
    pollux
  39. palm
    palmar, volar
  40. back of hand
    dorsum
  41. fingers
    digits, phalangeal
  42. thigh
    femoral
  43. knee
    • anterior surface: patellar
    • posterior surface: popliteal
  44. leg
    crural
  45. calf
    sural
  46. foot
    pedal
  47. ankle
    tarsal
  48. sole
    plantar (bottom of foot)
  49. top of foot
    dorsum
  50. heel
    calcaneal
  51. toes
    digital, phalangeal
  52. great toe
    hallux
  53. superior
    • toward the head, top, or above
    • EX: the heart is superior to the liver
  54. inferior
    • away from head, bottom or below
    • Ex: the stomach is inferior to the lungs
  55. Anterior
    • *also called ventral
    • nearer to or at the front of the body
    • EX: the sternum is anterior to the heart
  56. posterior
    • *also called dorsal
    • nearer to or at the back of the body
    • EX: the esophagus is posterior to the trachea
  57. medial
    • nearer to the midline
    • Ex: the ulna is medial to the radius
  58. lateral
    • farther from the midline
    • ex: the lungs are lateral to the heart
  59. proximal
    • *usually refers to extremity
    • closer to the point of origin or attachment
    • ex: The humerus is proximal to the radius
  60. distal
    • *usually refers to extremity
    • further away from the point of origin or attachment
    • ex: The phalanges are distal to the carpals.
  61. Ipsilatersl
    on same side of midline
  62. contralateral
    on opposite sides of midline
  63. superficial
    toward surface
  64. deep
    means toward the core
  65. intermediate
    btwn two structures
  66. parietal
    • the surface closest to the cavity wall
    • *parietal lining is the lining furthest away
  67. visceral
    • the surface closest to the organ inside the cavity
    • *visceral lining is on organ itself
  68. sagittal plane
    • a vertical plane that divides into right and left sides.
    • midsagittal divides body into two equal, mirror image halves
    • parasagittal is parallel to midsagittal, but is not equal halves
  69. transverse plane
    • also called horizontal
    • dividing superior from inferior
  70. frontal plane
    • also called coronal plane
    • dividing anterior from posterior (dorsal from ventral)
  71. oblique plane
    pass through the body at an angle
  72. longitudinal sections
    Sections that are produced by a plane running along the long axis of a long narrow structure, such as a blood vessel
  73. axial
    pertaining to the central part of the body, the head and trunk
  74. coxal
    hip
  75. acromial
    pertaining to highest point of shoulder
  76. axillary
    pertaining to armpit
  77. brachial
    pertaining to arm
  78. cubital
    pertaining to elbow
  79. anticubital
    pertaining to anterior part of elbow
  80. Olecranal (oh-LEK-ra-nul)
    Pertaining to the posterior (back) surface of the elbow
  81. Manual
    hand
  82. Sural
    Pertaining to the posterior (back) surface of the leg (calf)
  83. Crural
    Pertaining to the anterior (front) surface of the leg
  84. Fibular or peroneal
    Pertaining to the lateral side of the leg
  85. Patellar
    Pertaining to the anterior (front)surface of the knee or patella
  86. Popliteal (pop-lih-TEE-ul)
    Pertaining to the posterior (back) surface of the knee
  87. ventral
    pertaining to the belly

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