Medical Terminology Chapter 2

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cfalgo1
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233108
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Medical Terminology Chapter 2
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2013-09-05 18:09:09
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Medical Terminology Chapter
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Medical Terminology Chapter 2
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  1. uni-
    one
  2. mono-
    one
  3. bi-
    two, twice
  4. di-
    two , twice
  5. tri-
    three
  6. quad-
    four
  7. quadri-
    four
  8. hemi-
    half
  9. semi-
    half
  10. multi-
    many
  11. poly-
    many
  12. poly-
    much
  13. a-
    without, not
  14. an-
    without, not
  15. in-
    not
  16. im-
    not
  17. non-
    not
  18. dis-
    seperate, remove
  19. anti-
    opposing, against
  20. contra-
    opposing, against
  21. de-
    away from, cessation, without
  22. ex-
    out of, away from
  23. ecto-
    outer
  24. exo-
    outer, outside
  25. en-
    in, within
  26. end-
    in, within
  27. endo-
    in, within
  28. sym-
    together, with
  29. syn-
    together, with
  30. inter-
    between
  31. intra-
    within
  32. sub-
    below, beneath
  33. infra-
    below, beneath
  34. supra-
    above
  35. super-
    above
  36. pre-
    before (in time or space)
  37. post-
    after, behind
  38. peri-
    • around
    • surrounding
  39. ab-
    away from
  40. ad-
    • to 
    • toward
  41. per-
    through
  42. trans-
    across, through
  43. normo-
    normal
  44. hyper-
    above, excessive
  45. hypo-
    below, deficient
  46. mega-
    large, oversize
  47. megalo-
    large, oversize
  48. ultra-
    excess, beyond
  49. macro-
    large, long
  50. micro-
    small
  51. pan-
    all, entire
  52. eu-
    good, normal
  53. dys-
    • painful
    • difficult
    • abnormal
  54. iso-
    • equal 
    • alike
  55. homo
    same, alike
  56. homeo-
    same, alike
  57. hetero-
    other, different
  58. psuedo-
    false
  59. neo-
    new
  60. re-
    again, backward
  61. brady-
    slow
  62. tachy-
    rapid, fast
  63. -ism
    condition of
  64. -ia
    condition of
  65. -y
    condition of
  66. -osis
    abnormal condition
  67. -algia
    pain
  68. -emia
    blood (condition of)
  69. -itis
    inflammation
  70. -megaly
    enlargment
  71. -oma
    tumor
  72. -pathy
    disease
  73. -rrhea
    flow, discharge
  74. -centesis
    puncture to aspirate
  75. -ectomy
    excision, surgical removal
  76. -plasty
    • surgical repair
    • recondstruction
  77. -rrhaphy
    suture
  78. -stomy
    surgical opening
  79. -tomy
    incision
  80. -ic
    pertaining to
  81. -ac
    pertaining to
  82. -al
    pertaining to
  83. -ar
    pertaining to
  84. -ary
    pertaining to
  85. -ous
    pertaining to
  86. -genic
    • originating
    • producing
  87. -genesis
    pertainin to
  88. -gram
    • record
    • recording
  89. -graphy
    process of recording
  90. -ium
    tissue, structure
  91. -logist
    one who specializes in
  92. -ist
    one who specializes in
  93. -logy
    study of
  94. -meter
    instrument for measuring
  95. -oid
    resembling
  96. -ole
    small
  97. -scope
    instrument for examination
  98. -scopy
    process of examining, examination
  99. abbreviations
    • commonly used in health care
    • save time for busy practitioners
    • are convenient but prone to misinterpretation
    • joint commission do not use list is list of abbreviations that must never be used
  100. pt
    patient
  101. H&P
    history and physical (examination)
  102. Hx
    history
  103. Sx
    symptom
  104. Dx
    diagnosis
  105. Px
    prognosis
  106. Tx
    treatment
  107. Tr
    treatment
  108. Rx
    prescription
  109. MD
    doctor of medicine
  110. DC
    doctor of chiropractic medicine
  111. DDS
    doctor of dental surgery
  112. OD
    doctor of optometry
  113. OB
    obstetrics/ gyneocology
  114. GYN
    gynecology
  115. ENT
    ear, nose, throat
  116. Peds
    pediatrics
  117. PA
    physician's assistant
  118. ICU
    intensive care unit
  119. ER
    emergency room
  120. en
    emergency department
  121. PT
    physical therapy
  122. CAM
    complementary and alternative medicine
  123. m
    meter
  124. cm
    centimeter
  125. mm
    millimeter
  126. L
    liter
  127. mL
    milliliter
  128. g
    gram
  129. gm
    gram
  130. mg
    milligram
  131. kg
    kilogram
  132. cc
    cubic centimeter
  133. oz
    ounce
  134. C
    • celsius
    • centigrade (temperature)
  135. F
    fahrenheit (temperature)
  136. b. i. d.
    twice a day
  137. q. i. d.
    four times a day
  138. noc
    night
  139. p.c.
    after meals
  140. p.r.n.
    as needed
  141. NPO
    nothing by mouth (dont eat or drink)
  142. RBC
    red blood cell
  143. WBC
    white blood cell
  144. ADL
    activities of daily living
  145. STAT
    immediately
  146. AP
    anteroposterior (from front to back)
  147. lab
    laboratory
  148. CT
    computed tomography
  149. MRI
    magnetic resonance imaging
  150. Ht
    height
  151. Wt
    weight
  152. preop
    preoperative (before surgery)
  153. pre-op
    preoperative
  154. postop
    postoperative (after surgery)
  155. post-op
    postoperative (after surgery)
  156. VS
    vital signs
  157. BP
    blood pressure
  158. T
    temperature
  159. P
    pulse rate
  160. R
    respiratory rate

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