Medical Terminology--Chapter 1--Basic Word Structure

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jchip524
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233116
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Medical Terminology--Chapter 1--Basic Word Structure
Updated:
2013-09-05 18:51:05
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Basic Word Structure
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  1. aden/o
    gland
  2. arthr/o
    joint
  3. bi/o
    life
  4. carcin/o
    cancerous, cancer
  5. cardi/o
    heart
  6. cephal/o
    head
  7. cerebr/o
    cerebrum (largest part of the brain)
  8. cis/o
    to cut
  9. crin/o
    to secrete (to form and give off)
  10. cyst/o
    urinary bladder; a sac or a cyst (sac containing fluid)
  11. cyt/o
    cell
  12. derm/o
    skin
  13. dermat/o
    skin
  14. electr/o
    electricity
  15. encephal/o
    brain
  16. enter/o
    intestine (usually small intestine)
  17. erythr/o
    red
  18. gastr/o
    stomach
  19. glyc/o
    sugar
  20. gnos/o
    knowledge
  21. gynec/o
    woman, female
  22. hemat/o
    blood
  23. hem/o
    blood
  24. hepat/o
    liver
  25. iatr/o
    treatment, physician
  26. leuk/o
    white
  27. log/o
    study of
  28. nephr/o
    kidney
  29. neur/o
    nerve
  30. onc/o
    tumor
  31. ophthalm/o
    eye
  32. oste/o
    bone
  33. path/o
    disease
  34. ped/o
    child
  35. psych/o
    mind
  36. radi/o
    x-rays
  37. ren/o
    kidney
  38. rhin/o
    nose
  39. sarc/o
    flesh
  40. sect/o
    to cut
  41. thromb/o
    clot, clotting
  42. ur/o
    urinary tract, urine
  43. -ac
    pertaining to
  44. -al
    pertaining to
  45. -algia
    pain
  46. -cyte
    cell
  47. -ectomy
    excision, removal
  48. -emia
    blood condition
  49. -genic
    pertaining to producing, produced by, or produced in
  50. -globin
    protien
  51. -gram
    record
  52. -ic
    pertaining to
  53. -ical
    pertaining to
  54. -ion
    process
  55. -ist
    specialist
  56. -itis
    inflammation
  57. -logy
    process of study
  58. -oma
    tumor, mass, swelling
  59. -opsy
    process of viewing
  60. -osis
    condition, usually abnormal (slight increase in numbers when used with blood cells)
  61. -pathy
    disease condition
  62. -scope
    instrument to visually examine
  63. -scopy
    process of visually examining
  64. -sis
    state of; condition
  65. -tomy
    process of cutting; incision
  66. -y
    process, condition
  67. a-
    no, not, without
  68. an-
    no, not, without
  69. aut-
    self, own
  70. auto-
    self, own
  71. dia-
    complete, through
  72. endo-
    within
  73. epi-
    above, upon
  74. ex-
    out, outside of, outward
  75. exo-
    out, outside of, outward
  76. hyper-
    excessive, above, more than normal
  77. hypo-
    deficient, below, under, less than normal
  78. in-
    into, in
  79. peri-
    surrounding, around
  80. pro-
    before, forward
  81. re-
    back, backward, again
  82. retro-
    behind
  83. sub-
    below, under
  84. trans-
    across, through

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