adv artic test 1

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nllutzy
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233127
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adv artic test 1
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2013-09-05 20:18:44
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adv artic test 1
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  1. The primary cortex of the ________ comprises the parts dedicated to a single type of neural input.
    cerebrum
  2. the primary auditory cortex is located on the ______ lobe
    temporal
  3. this is thought to analyze tone patterns and sound properties and may help in the localization of sound
    primary auditory cortex
  4. the primary visual cortex is located on the _____ lobe
    occipital
  5. this analyses depth & integration of visual info from both eyes.
    damage can result in a loss of concious awarenedd of visual stimuli
    primary visual cortex
  6. the ______ is located on the postcentral gyrus
    primary sensory cortex
  7. The primary sensory cortex is located on the _______ ________
    postcentral gyrus
  8. This is where the cortex receives the first neural input about bodily sensation 
    primary sensory cortex
  9. this analyses sesnsations of pressure, temp, touch and pain
    primary sensory cortex
  10. these three cortex areas are the first to analyze sensory info
    primary visual, auditory and sensory
  11. the primary motor cortex is located on the ____ _____
    precentral gyrus
  12. the __________ is located on the precentral gyrus
  13. this receives planned motor impulses from cortical and subcortical areas and sends those to the brainstem and spinal cord, where they head to the muscles.
    the primary motor cortex
  14. the primary motor cortex receives planned motor impulses from cortical and subcortical areas and sends those to ...
    the brainstem and spinal cord, where they eventually head to the muscles
  15. initial planning of a momvement formulated primarily in the...
    association cortex
  16. most planning for movement originates in the primary motor cortex
    T or F?
    F- in the assocaition cortex
  17. the _________ is the area that, along with other brain parts, makes sense of sensory impulses that have been initially analyzed by the primary cortex
    the association cortex
  18. The association cortex is in one area of the brain??
    F- it's distributed over four areas
  19. the _______ association area is located on the temporal lobe
    temporal
  20. involved with recognition of visual stimuli, integrating auditory stimuli with other brain centers, and formulation of memories.
    temporal association
  21. damage to this can cause agnosia, amnesia, and high distractibility
    temporal association
  22. the _______ assoc area is located on the frontal lobe
    frontal
  23. initiating and planning of volitional movements.... _________ assoc area
    frontal
  24. bilateral damge to this area can result in loss of spontaneity and initiative, shortened attention and difficulties w/problem solving
    frontal assoc area
  25. the ______ assoc area is located between the primary sensation cortex and the occipital lobe
    parietal assoc
  26. this is responsible for integrating bodily sensations and visual info
    parietal assoc
  27. this plays a role in visually guided movements (hand-eye coord)
    parietal assoc
  28. damage to this can result in trouble with manipulating objects, sensory neglect of half the body, and some reading and writing deficits
    parietal assoc
  29. damage here can cause motion blindness, color blindness, and prosopagnosia
    visual assoc area
  30. the assoc cortex sends its neural signals of intended motor movement to both the ______ and ______
    basal ganglia and cerebellum
  31. these two structures take rough motor impulses from the assoc cortex, smooth them out, and send them up to the primary cortex
    basal ganglia, cerebellum
  32. this is a collective term for three subcortical areas near the lateral ventricals
    basal ganglia
  33. the structures of the basal ganglia (3):
    caudate nucleus, putamen, globus pallidius
  34. these 2 are together the striatum
  35. the _____ are imprtant in planning slow, continuous movements
    basal ganglia
  36. the _______ are inactive during rapid back and forth movements
    basal ganglia
  37. the neural tract between these contains a large # of neurons that produce dopamine
    substantia nigra and striatum
  38. many neurons of the striatum are dependent on this for proper function
    dopamine
  39. low levels of this in the striatum can occur as a part of Parkinsons
    dopamine
  40. motor speech disorder of PD
    hyopkinetic dysarthria
  41. hyperkinetic dys is caused by damage to....
    basal ganglia
  42. this disease is due to progessive loss of neurons in the striatum and other brain areas
    huntingtons
  43. this disease includes rapid, involuntary movements of the extremities, face and tongue
    huntingtons
  44. this helps to regulate muscle tone, maintian balance, and coordinate skilled motor movements
    cerebellum
  45. this adjusts the motor impulses according to the body's immediate circumstance sand sends the processed signals to the primary motor cortex
    cerebellum
  46. this influences motor activities such as walking and maintaining posture
    cerebellum
  47. Ataxia is caused by damage to...
    cerebellum
  48. .... is a disturbance in speed, range and direction of movements
    ataxia
  49. a gait that is wide, lurching and stumbling is due to
    ataxia
  50. intention tremor due to damage of cerebellum
     cerebellum
  51. this type of tremor is observes only during voluntary movements
    intention tremor
  52. the motor speech disorder associated with cerebellar damage is
    ataxic dysarthria

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