Ch. 4 Terms - Pathophysiology for the Health Professions

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Ch. 4 Terms - Pathophysiology for the Health Professions
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2013-09-06 00:36:39
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Ch. 4 Terms - Pathophysiology for the Health Professions
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  1. Antiseptics
    Chemicals used to reduce transmission that are applied to the skin that do not usually cause tissue damage.
  2. Autoclaving
    Technique to reduce transmission by exposure to heat.
  3. Culture
    Growth of microorganisms on a specific nutritious medium in a laboratory.
  4. Disinfectants
    Chemical solutions that are known to destroy microorganisms or their toxins on inanimate objects.
  5. Endemic
    Infections that consistently occur in a certain area of population.
  6. Epidemics
    Infection that occurs outside their normal geographic range or in higher than expected numbers.
  7. Fimbriae
    Tiny, hairlike structures found on some bacteria, usually in the gram-negative class.
  8. Infection
    When a microbe or parasite is able to reproduce in or on the body's tissues.
  9. Leukocytosis
    Increase in WBCs.
  10. Leukopenia
    Reduction in the number of leukocytes in the blood.
  11. Lymphadenopathy
    Disease affecting the lymph nodes.
  12. Monocytosis
    Monocytosis is an increase in the number of monocytes circulating in the blood.  Monocytes are white blood cells that give rise to macrophages and dendritic cells in the immune system.
  13. Mutation
    Change in the genetic makeup of a cell, which will be inherited.
  14. Neutropenia
    A granulocyte disorder characterized by an abnormally low number of neutrophils.
  15. Nosocomial
    An infection acquired while hospitalized.
  16. Obligate
    Obligate parasite is a parasite that cannot reproduce without exploiting a suitable host.
  17. Parasite
    Virus that requires a living host for cell replication.
  18. Pathogens
    Disease causing microbes, often referred to as germs.
  19. Pili
    Tiny, hairlike structures found on some bacteria, usually in the gram-negative class.
  20. Prions
    Protein-like agents that are transmitted by consumption of contaminated tissues such as muscle or use of donor tissues contaminated with the protein.
  21. Prosthetic
    A foreign material that can be used by organisms to lodge and initiate infection.
  22. Seizures
    A sever infection of the nervous system resulting in confusion or disorientation, or convulsions and loss of consciousness.
  23. Septicemia
    Overwhelming systemic infection
  24. Sterilization
    Technique to reduce transmission by exposure to heat.
  25. Toxins
    Bacteria that secrete toxic substances.  Two types are exotoxins and endotoxins.
  26. Unicellular
    Single cellular organisms

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