Microbiology "Prokaryotes, Eukaryotes, and Viruses"

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Author:
janieu
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233167
Filename:
Microbiology "Prokaryotes, Eukaryotes, and Viruses"
Updated:
2013-09-06 00:34:14
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mcro251
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  1. describe what a virus is
    -are not alive, replicate in living cells, obligate intracellular parasites
  2. describe prion
    • -infectious protein that lacks genetic material
    • -replicates by changing normal protein into an infectious form
    • -can be transmitted by ingestion
  3. cocci
    sphere
  4. bacillus
    rod
  5. coccobacillus
    short rod/ long sphere
  6. vibrio
    curved rod
  7. spiral/spirillium
    spiral rod
  8. spirochete
    helical rod, corkscrew, very motile
  9. pleomorphic
    many shaped (not a specific shape)
  10. diplo
    two
  11. strepto
    chains
  12. staphlo
    clusters
  13. packets
    tetrads
  14. what is used to generate energy in prokaryotes
    • proton motive force
    • -electrochemical gradient across the membrane.
    • H+ protons outside are electrically attracted to OH- ions inside
  15. In active transport, what is the major facilitator superfamily?
    Proton motive force, as proton is brought into the cell, another substance is expelled or brought into the cell
  16. In active transport, what is ABC transporter
    utilize ATP to bring molecules in
  17. Group translocation
    transport process that chemically alters molecule during passage through cytoplasmic membrane

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