4.2 Meiosis

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4.2 Meiosis
2013-09-06 02:23:33
IB Biology meiosis

questions from the IB biology syllabus
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  1. Meiosis is what type of division?
    Meiosis is a reduction division of a diploid nucleus to form haploid nuclei
  2. What is a homologous chromosome?
    Homologous chromosomes: chromosomes with the same genes as each other, in the same sequence but do not necessarily have the same allele of those genes.
  3. Outline the process of meiosis
    Meiosis involves two divisions. Meiotic cells have an interphase stage before the start of meiosis I which is similar to mitosis. It includes G1, S and G2 phases. After meiosis I there is another brief interphase stage which is followed by meiosis II.
  4. What trisomy causes down syndrome?
  5. How does non- disjunction lead to changes in chromosome numbers?
    A number of problems can arise during meiosis. A common problem is non-disjunction. This is when the chromosomes do not separate properly during meiosis, either in meiosis I  (in anaphase I) or meiosis II (in anaphase II). This leads the production of gametes that either have a chromosome too many or too few. Gametes with a missing chromosome usually die quite fast however gametes with an extra chromosome can survive. When a zygote is formed from the fertilization of these gametes with an extra chromosome, three chromosomes of one type are present instead of two. An example of this is Down syndrome
  6. What are methods to collect cells  for Karyotyping used for pre-natal diagnosis
    chorionic villus sampling(CVS) or amniocentesis