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- DEFINITION: Describing a stereotypical and formulaic character in a novel or film
- SENTENCE: Examples of stock characters include "The Blonde Bimbo", "The Perfect Girl", and "The Popular Jock."
- SYNONYMS: trite, typical, stereotyped
- ANTONYMS: novel, original, unusual
esoteric, arcane (adj)
- DEFINITION: Hard to understand; knowledgeable to only a few
- SENTENCE: The main character in National Treasure knows a lot of esoteric knowledge about the United States that helps him find the treasure.
- SYNONYMS: abstruse, cryptic, hidden
- ANTONYMS: straightforward, evident, lucid
- DEFINITION: A strong tendency
- SENTENCE: Picasso's artistic bent guided him to create works of art.
- SYNONYMS: inclination, knack, proclivity
- ANTONYMS: n/a
- DEFINITION: To attempt to gain the favor or support of a person of group
- SENTENCE: Candidates from both political parties are working hard to court young voters.
- SYNONYMS: woo, solicit, pursue
- ANTONYMS: disregard, ignore, slight
- DEFINITION: Unaware; lacking mindful consciousness of
- SENTENCE: Even with all the commotion around him, David remained oblivious to what was happening.
- SYNONYMS: unmindful, unaware, ignorant
- ANTONYMS: conscious, mindful, understanding
- DEFINITION: To soften; moderate; mitigate
- SENTENCE: Virginia successfully persuaded Happy to temper his anger.
- SYNONYMS: assuage, alleviate, abate
- ANTONYMS: aggravate, agitate, worsen
- DEFINITION: Undistinguished; ordinary; conventional
- SENTENCE: We try to avoid using pedestrian statements like "this is not the end but the beginning".
- SYNONYMS: trite, banal, hackneyed
- ANTONYMS: novel, new, innovative
- DEFINITION: Describing an arrogant attitude/haughty disregard for others
- SENTENCE: Marie Antoinette's cavalier attitude inflamed great hatred in her people.
- SYNONYMS: supercilious, snooty, disdainful
- ANTONYMS: reverent, humble, respectful
- DEFINITION: An official approval/disapproval for an action
- SENTENCE: College Board sanctions the usage of some calculators, but not all.
- SYNONYMS: approval, authorization, consent
- ANTONYMS: disapproval, veto, refusal
garrulous, verbose, loquacious (adj)
- DEFINITION: Annoyingly talkative
- SENTENCE: Sometimes, Alyssa can be very loquacious when she talks about something she loves or hates.
- SYNONYMS: chatty, voluble, wordy
- ANTONYMS: terse, concise, reserved
- DEFINITION: Habitually quiet; uncommunicative
- SENTENCE: Kids who are usually taciturn have a difficult time speaking up in class.
- SYNONYMS: aloof, reticent, reserved
- ANTONYMS: outgoing, loquacious, garrulous
- DEFINITION: Harshly critical
- SENTENCE: Simon Cowell was known for his scathing criticism toward contestants on American Idol.
- SYNONYMS: harsh, brutal, harsh
- ANTONYMS: generous, moderate, praising
- DEFINITION: Marked by inactivity; a state of quiet repose
- SENTENCE: Mt. Vesuvius looked quiescent, but in fact it erupted in CE 79, transforming Pompeii into a ghost town.
- SYNONYMS: dormant, inert, still
- ANTONYMS: active, lively, alert
DEFINITION: Tentative; temporary; for the time being-----When you're first learning to drive, you're issued a provisional driver's license.
DEFINITION: Sensational; shocking; ghastly-----Two newspaper publishers tried to outdo each other by publishing sensational headlines and lurid stories.
truculent, pugnacious (adj)
- DEFINITION: Defiantly aggressive; eager to fight
- SENTENCE: The truculent Americans demanded that President McKinley call for a declaration of war.
- SYNONYMS: belligerent, aggressive, bellicose
- ANTONYMS: cooperative, nice, tame
- DEFINITION: To appease; to conciliate; to regain the favor or goodwill
- SENTENCE: President McKinley recognized the inevitable and propitiated both Roosevelt and the public after the terrible incident.
- DEFINITION: Derived from a variety of sources
- SENTENCE: There is an eclectic group of counselors at KAA; every counselor is from a different background.
- SYNONYMS: assorted, diverse, heterogeneous
- ANTONYMS: narrow, specific, unvaried
- DEFINITION: Something performed in a spiritless, mechanical, and routine manner.
- SENTENCE: A perfunctory kiss probably means that a relationship is lacking in passion; done so many times that there’s no real meaning behind it any longer.
- SYNONYMS: mundane, automatic, mechanical
- ANTONYMS: thoughtful, careful, attentive
DEFINITION: Self-assurance; confident composure; admirable poise-----He finished the test with aplomb.
- DEFINITION: Hard to understand; impenetrably dense and obscure
- SENTENCE: The editor went through all the passages and deleted sentences that were full of opacity.
- DEFINITION: Characterized by acting in a cowardly manner
- SENTENCE: Shaggy from Scooby-Doo is known for his craven behavior.
- DEFINITION: Corrupt, dishonest, open to bribery
- SENTENCE: The renegades were venal traitors who accepted bribes from Xerxes to betray Sparta.
- DEFINITION: Immoral; dissolute; debauched
- SENTENCE: The licentious reign of King Malcolm was decried by the public.
- DEFINITION: Harmful; injurious to physical, mental, or moral health
- SENTENCE: China's lax environmental policies and repressive political system are noxious to its citizens' physical and moral well-being.