Orgo ppt. Pt. 4
Card Set Information
Orgo ppt. Pt. 4
How to determine the number of H in a saturated hydrocarbon
multiply the number of C by two and add two
True or False:
pi bonds rotate.
sigma bonds rotate
__ and __, as well as __, will reduce the number of Hydrogens in a line-angle structure
= and triple bonds
What are the most common rings? %
6- membered rings
Common template for steroids
6 membered ring fused to 6 membered ring fused to 5 membered ring
When transferring electrons, where does the flow start?
from electron rich
Most acidic functional group in orgo?
What do we use pKa for?
Most organic reactions are __
to determine whether something is acidic enough
Are line angle structures straight?
37 degrees C
23 degrees C
What is NSAID? Pertains to?
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug
Bronsted-Lowry acids and bases
: donates a proton
: accepts it
BL reactions are __
Lewis deals with the __
formation of a new bond
Lewis acids and bases
: accepts a pair of electrons
: donates a pair of electrons
In Lewis reactions, what will change?
What is the broadest definition?
Lewis; BL is a subsection under it
What does the stronger acid do?
pushes the reactiona way froms elf
Bases donate in the form of either a __ or __.
What is the equilibrium constant?
concentration of products/ concentration of reactant
Differences in pKa by one unit are really differences by __
__ is more acidic than H3O+
Arrows always go from __ to __.
base to acid
The more __ possible, the stronger the acid.
When acids react with base, what is formed?
The __ controls the reaction.
Which is more acidic, carboxylic acid or alcohol?
Usually, even if there are ten+ hydrogens present, there is __
only one that will dissolve
When an atom, such as Na+ is found in a reaction, what will it do?
it is there to counteract any charge, such as the negative for Na+. It will follow that charge
__ helps strengthen acids.
Increase in __ leads to increase in acidity.
receives a pair of electrons to form a new bond
donates a pair of electrons to form a new bond