anatnotesnm2

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
233395
Filename:
anatnotesnm2
Updated:
2013-09-07 16:51:58
Tags:
leg muscles
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Description:
leg muscles ant and post thigh
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  1. TFL origin
    anterior iliac crest
  2. TFL insertion
    IT band
  3. TFL action
    flex thigh, ABD thigh, medially rotate thigh, stab knee
  4. TFL nerve
    • superior gluteal nerve
    • (L4-S1)
  5. TFL BS
    superior gluteal artery
  6. Gluteus Max origin
    • coccyx
    • posterior iliac crest
    • lateral and posterior border of sacrum
    • deep- sacrotuberous and sacrospinous ligaments
  7. Gluteus Max insertion
    • IT band
    • gluteal tuberosity
    • intermuscular septum of thigh between vastus lateralis and biceps femoris
  8. Gluteus Max action
    • extends the thigh
    • hyperextends the trunk
    • maintains erect posture
    • lateral rotation of thigh
    • ABD thigh
    • Stab knee
  9. Gluteus Max nerve
    • Inferior gluteal nerve
    • L5-S2
  10. Gluteus Max BS
    inferior gluteal artery and superior gluteal artery
  11. Gluteus Med origin
    between the anterior and superior gluteal lines
  12. Gluteus Med insertion
    lateral facet of the greater trochanter
  13. Gluteus Med action
    ABD thigh and medially rotates thigh
  14. Gluteus Med nerve
    • superior gluteal nerve
    • L4-S1
  15. Gluteus Med BS
    superior gluteal artery
  16. Gluteus Min origin
    between the anterior and inferior gluteal lines
  17. Gluteus Min insertion
    greater trochanter
  18. Gluteus Min action
    ABD thigh and medially rotate thigh
  19. Gluteus Min nerve
    • Superior gluteal nerve
    • L4-S1
  20. Gluteus Min BS
    Superior gluteal artery
  21. Piriformis origin
    1-4 of the sacral foramina
  22. Piriformis insertion
    medial side of the greater trochanter
  23. Piriformis action
    laterally rotates extended femur, ABD femur
  24. Piriformis nerve
    • nerve to piriformis
    • L5-S2
  25. Piriformis BS
    inferior gluteal artery
  26. Obturator internus origin
    circumference of obturator foramen
  27. Obturator internus insertion
    medial greater trochanter
  28. Obturator internus action
    laterally rotates extended femur; ABD thigh
  29. Obturator internus nerve
    • nerve to obturator internus
    • L5-S1
  30. Obturator internus BS
    inferior gluteal artery
  31. Superior Gem origin
    ischial spine
  32. Superior Gem insertion
    • medial part of greater trochanter
    • tendon of obturator internus to greater trochanter
  33. Superior Gem action
    laterally rotates extended femur; ABD femur
  34. Superior Gem nerve
    • nerve to obturator internus
    • L5- S1
  35. Superior Gem BS
    inferior gluteal artery
  36. Inferior Gem origin
    ischial tuberosity
  37. Inferior Gem insertion
    • medial part of the greater trochanter
    • tendon of obturator internus to greater trochanter
  38. Inferior Gem action
    laterally rotates extended femur; ABD femur
  39. Inferior Gem nerve
    • nerve to quadratus femoris
    • L5-S1
  40. Inferior Gem BS
    inferior gluteal artery
  41. Quad femoris origin
    ischial tuberosity
  42. Quad femoris insertion
    intertrochanteric crest
  43. Quad femoris action
    only laterally rotates thigh
  44. Quad femoris nerve
    • nerve to quadratus femoris
    • L5-S1
  45. Quad femoris BS
    inferior gluteal artery
  46. Psoas major origin
    posterior abdominal wall from the lateral processes of T12-L5
  47. Psoas major insertion
    lesser trochanter
  48. Psoas major action
    flexes the thigh
  49. Psoas major nerve
    anterior rami of L1, L2, L3
  50. Psoas major BS
    lumbar branch of the iliolumbar artery
  51. Iliacus origin
    iliac fossa of the ilium
  52. Iliacus insertion
    lesser trochanter
  53. Iliacus action
    flexes the thigh
  54. Iliacus nerve
    Femoral nerve L2, L3
  55. Iliacus BS
    iliac branch of the iliolumbar artery
  56. Sartorius origin
    ASIS
  57. Sartorius insertion
    medial part of the tibia just below the tibial tuberosity
  58. Sartorius action
    • dance muscle
    • flexes thigh and leg; ABD thigh; laterally rotates leg
  59. Sartorius nerve
    • femoral nerve
    • L2, L3
  60. Sartorius BS
    femoral artery
  61. Vastus medialis origin
    • medial part of the intertrochanteric crest
    • pectineal line
    • medial supracondylar line
    • medial margin of the linea aspera
  62. Vastus medialis insertion
    Quad tendon and medial patella
  63. Vastus medialis action
    extend the leg and stabilizes the patella
  64. Vastus medialis nerve
    • femoral nerve
    • L2, L3, L4
  65. Vastus medialis BS
    femoral artery
  66. Vastus lateralis origin
    • lateral part of the¬†intertrochanteric crest
    • lateral part of the gluteal tuberosity
    • lateral lip of the linea aspera
    • margin of greater trochanter
  67. Vastus lateralis insertion
    quad tendon and lateral patella
  68. Vastus lateralis action
    extends the leg and stabilizes the patella
  69. Vastus lateralis nerve
    • femoral nerve
    • L2, L3, L4
  70. Vastus lateralis BS
    lateral circumflex artery
  71. Vastus intermedius origin
    upper 2/3 of the anterior and lateral surfaces of the femur
  72. Vastus intermedius insertion
    quad tendon and lateral patella
  73. Vastus intermedius action
    extends the leg and stab patella
  74. Vastus intermedius nerve
    • femoral nerve
    • L2, L3, L4
  75. Vastus intermedius BS
    femoral artery
  76. Rectus femoris straight head origin
    AIIS
  77. Rectus femoris reflected head origin
    just superior to the acetabulum
  78. Rectus femoris insertion
    • quad tendon
    • patella and tibial tuberosity via the patellar ligament
  79. Rectus femoris action
    flexes the thigh; extends the leg; stab patella
  80. Rectus femoris nerve
    • femoral nerve
    • L2, L3, L4
  81. Rectus femoris BS
    lateral circumflex artery
  82. Biceps femoris long head origin
    • inferior ischial tuberosity
    • shares tendon with semi-tendinosus
  83. Biceps femoris long head insertion
    head of fibula
  84. Biceps femoris long head action
    flex leg, laterally rotate leg; and extend the thigh
  85. Biceps femoris long head nerve
    • tibial nerve
    • L5, S1, S2
  86. Biceps femoris long head BS
    inferior gluteal artery, perforating arteries, and popliteal artery
  87. Biceps femoris short head origin
    lateral lip of linea aspera
  88. Biceps femoris short head insertion
    head of fibula
  89. Biceps femoris short head action
    flex leg, laterally rotate leg
  90. Biceps femoris short head nerve
    • common fibular nerve
    • L5, S1, S2
  91. Biceps femoris short head BS
    inferior gluteal artery, perforating arteries, popliteal artery
  92. Semitendinosus origin
    inferior ischial tuberosity via common tendon of biceps femoris
  93. Semitendinosus insertion
    • goose foot
    • medial portion of proximal tibia
  94. Semitendinosus action
    extend the thigh, flex the leg, medially rotate the thigh and leg
  95. Semitendinosus nerve
    • tibial nerve
    • L5, S1, S2
  96. Semitendinosus BS
    inferior gluteal artery and perforating arteries
  97. Semimembranosus origin
    superolateral impression on the ischial tuberosity
  98. Semimembranosus insertion
    medial and posterior surface of medial tibial condyle
  99. Semimembranosus action
    extend thigh, flex leg, and medially rotate thigh and leg
  100. Semimembranosus nerve
    • tibial nerve
    • L5, S1, S2
  101. Semimembranosus BS
    inferior gluteal artery and perforating arteries

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